On This Day

Historical Events in 1975

Events 1 - 200 of 683

Historic Event

Jan 1 H. R. Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell and Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes

  • Jan 1 International Women's Year begins
  • Jan 1 Sweden adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 1 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Home favourite John Newcombe wins 7th and last career Grand Slam singles title; beats Jimmy Connors of the US 7-5, 3-6, 6-4, 7-6

  • Jan 1 61st Rose Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #3 Ohio State, 18-17
  • Jan 1 41st Orange Bowl: #9 Notre Dame beats #2 Alabama, 13-11
  • Jan 2 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • Jan 4 "Good News" closes at St James Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Jan 4 "Gypsy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 120 performances
  • Jan 4 "Over Here" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 341 performances
  • Jan 4 Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)
  • Jan 4 Ice thickness measured at 4776 m, Wilkes Land, Antarctica
  • Jan 4 Montreal Canadiens shutout Washington Capitals 10-0
  • Jan 4 New Orleans Jazz set a then NBA record (with 24-second shot clock) by scoring only 20 points in the first half of a 111-89 loss in Seattle; unwanted record stands for nearly 25 years
  • Jan 5 Charlie Smalls' "Wiz" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1672 performances
  • Jan 5 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • Jan 5 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • Jan 6 "AM America" premieres on ABC-TV with Bill Beutel as host
  • Jan 6 "Wheel Of Fortune" debuts on NBC-TV
  • Jan 6 1000 Led Zeppelin fans, waiting overnight inside the lobby of the Boston Garden for tickets to the group's February 4th gig to go on sale, cause a riot and an esimated $30,000 damage
  • Jan 7 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)
  • Jan 7 Gary Geld & Peter Udell's musical "Shenandoah" premieres in NYC for 1050 performances
  • Jan 7 Led Zeppelin fans riot before Boston concert causing $30,000 damage

Historic Event

Jan 8 Judge John Sirica orders release of Watergate's John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison

  • Jan 9 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • Jan 9 Australia beat England by 171 runs in 4th Test to regain Ashes
  • Jan 11 Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
  • Jan 12 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
  • Jan 12 Super Bowl IX, Tulane Stadium, New Orleans, LA: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6; MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB

Historic Event

Jan 13 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

  • Jan 14 Anita Wold (Norway) sets women's ski jump distance record-98 m
  • Jan 14 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • Jan 14 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England

NBA All-Star Game

Jan 14 25th NBA All-Star Game, Arizona Vets Memorial Coliseum, Phoenix, Az: East beats West, 108-102; MVP: Walt Frazier, NY Knicks, PG

  • Jan 15 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence
  • Jan 15 Space Mountain opens at Disneyland

Film & TV History

Jan 15 Pioneering American female comedian Phyllis Diller gets a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

  • Jan 18 "The Jeffersons" spinoff from "All in the Family" premieres on CBS
  • Jan 19 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • Jan 19 Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • Jan 20 25th NFL Pro Bowl, Miami Orange Bowl: NFC beats AFC, 17-10; MVP: James Harris, LA Rams, QB
  • Jan 20 Terrence McNally's play "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 21 28th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum: Wales Conference beats Campbell Conference, 7-1; MVP: Syl Apps Jr., Pittsburgh, C
  • Jan 22 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • Jan 23 "Barney Miller" premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 23 Former Pittsburgh Pirates slugger Ralph Kiner is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jan 24 "Hot l Baltimore" situation comedy premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 24 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

Sports History

Jan 25 10th hat trick in NY Islander history, Denis Potvin's 1st

Historic Event

Jan 25 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Golden Globes

Jan 25 32nd Golden Globes: "Chinatown", Jack Nicholson, & Gena Rowlands win

Historic Event

Jan 26 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 28 8th ABA All-Star Game: East 151 beats West 124 at San Antonio
  • Jan 28 1975 NFL Draft: Steve Bartkowski from University of California first pick by Atlanta Falcons
  • Jan 29 "Men on the Moon" opens at Little Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Jan 29 First American Annual Comedy Awards, hosted by Alan King
  • Jan 29 West Indies win fifth test against India to win an exciting series 3-2

Historic Invention

Jan 30 Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention, later to be known as a Rubik's cube

Music Single

Jan 31 Barry Manilow's single "Mandy" goes gold

Music Single

Jan 31 John Lennon releases single "#9 Dream"

  • Feb 1 "Hoppy, Gene & Me" by Roy Rogers peaks at #65
  • Feb 1 "Men on the Moon" closes at Little Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Feb 1 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department
  • Feb 2 Army offensive against rebels in Eritrea

Sports History

Feb 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill

  • Feb 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • Feb 3 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • Feb 4 Haicheng earthquake, M 7.3, strikes Haicheng, Liaoning, China
  • Feb 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

Feb 8 Pete Maravich scores 47 points as the New Orleans Jazz end a 28 game NBA road losing streak with a 106-102 win over the Hawks in Atlanta

  • Feb 8 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • Feb 8 Caps only got one shot in a period against Islanders
  • Feb 9 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth
  • Feb 10 William "Judy" Johnson selected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • Feb 10 The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire

Leadership Contest

Feb 11 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

  • Feb 11 Tv drama “Sarah T: Portrait of A Teenage Alcoholic”, starring Linda Blair, premieres on US network NBC
  • Feb 13 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash proclaims Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • Feb 14 Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
  • Feb 16 Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating KC Scouts 3-0
  • Feb 16 17th Daytona 500: Benny Parsons wins after Cale Yarborough sends race leader David Pearson spinning on the backstretch; Parsons avoids the accident and takes the victory
  • Feb 18 Italy broadens abortion law
  • Feb 20 Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
  • Feb 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Feb 20 A feud begins between the official Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army; the two groups assassinate a number of each other's volunteers until the feud ends in June 1975
  • Feb 21 John Lennon releases "Rock 'n' Roll" album
  • Feb 21 Watergate figures John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 yrs for conspiracy and obstruction of justice
  • Feb 23 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
  • Feb 25 Ewen Chatfield flattened by Peter Lever & seriously injured
  • Feb 26 "Night... Made America Famous" opens at Barrymore NYC for 75 performances
  • Feb 26 1st televised kidney transplant (Today Show)
  • Feb 27 CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin
  • Feb 27 US House of Representatives pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill
  • Feb 28 EG signs accord of Lome with 46 developing countries
  • Feb 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 28 A major London tube train crash at Moorgate station kills 43 people and injures a further 74.
  • Mar 1 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
  • Mar 1 Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
  • Mar 1 Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
  • Mar 1 Five Nations Rugby Championship match between Scotland and Wales at Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh attracts a world record attendance of 104,000; Scots win 12-10
  • Mar 3 "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances

Music History

Mar 3 Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana

Film and TV Awards

Mar 3 1st People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Pictures) and Alan Alda, Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

  • Mar 6 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • Mar 7 US Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate
  • Mar 7 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 7 "Mirror", Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, starring Margarita Terekhova and Ignat Daniltsev, is released

Album Release

Mar 7 RCA releases "Young Americans", David Bowie's 9th studio album, recorded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York City; featuring appearances by John Lennon on two tracks, it peaks in the U.S. charts at No. 9, and No. 2 in the U.K.

  • Mar 8 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 8 22nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats NC State, 70-66
  • Mar 9 "Lieutenant" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • Mar 10 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • Mar 10 Dog spectacles patented in England
  • Mar 10 John Lennon releases single "Stand By Me", a cover of Ben E. King song, originally released in 1961
  • Mar 10 Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • Mar 11 Rightist military coup in Portugal under General António de Spínola fails
  • Mar 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Mar 12 Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot, South Vietnam
  • Mar 13 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 15 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colorado
  • Mar 15 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • Mar 15 "That's the Way of the World" 6th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1975)
  • Mar 15 Wales trounce Ireland, 32-4 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 18th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • Mar 16 "Lieutenant" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 9 performances
  • Mar 16 US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury
  • Mar 17 Valeri Muratov skates world record 1000m (1:16.92)
  • Mar 18 Kurds end fight against Iraqi army
  • Mar 19 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Mar 19 Pennsylvania is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
  • Mar 21 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • Mar 22 Netherlands' "Ding-a-dong" performed by Tech-In wins Eurovision Song Contest in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Mar 22 "Dr Jazz" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Mar 22 "Letter for Queen Victoria" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 18 performances
  • Mar 22 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beats Immaculata 90-81 in Harrisonburg
  • Mar 22 Walt Disney World Shopping Village opens
  • Mar 22 A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels
  • Mar 22 20th Eurovision Song Contest: Teach-In for Netherlands wins singing "Ding-a-dong" in Stockholm

Boxing Title Fight

Mar 24 Muhammad Ali TKOs Chuck Wepner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Music Single

Mar 25 Linda Ronstadt releases cover of the Everly Brothers' 1960 song "When Will I Be Loved" as a single; climbs to No. 2 in the charts

Film Premier

Mar 26 Ken Russell's film "Tommy", based on the rock opera by The Who, premieres in London; Roger Daltrey and Ann-Margret star, Tina Turner and Elton John are featured

  • Mar 26 Washington Capitals play record NHL 37th road game without a win & NHL record of 17 straight loses
  • Mar 26 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • Mar 28 NHL Washington Capitals win 1st game on road after 37 straight road loses
  • Mar 29 Only 2nd time Islanders beat Rangers
  • Mar 29 "Lady Marmalade" by Labelle reaches #1 on US singles chart
  • Mar 30 Ron Lalonde scores the 1st hat trick by a Washington Capital
  • Mar 30 James Rupert kills 11 members of his family on Easter Sunday in Hamilton, Ohio
  • Mar 31 37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky, 92-85; 10th title under coach John Wooden who had announced his retirement 2 days earlier
  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

Sports History

Apr 3 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it, title awarded to Russian Anatoly Karpov

  • Apr 4 138 killed as a USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes on approach during an emergency landing at Tân Sơn Nhứt Air Base in South Vietnam
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes

Founding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

  • Apr 4 British sitcom "The Good Life" starring Richard Briers, Felicity Kendal, Paul Eddington and Penelope Keith debuts on BBC One
  • Apr 5 "Letter for Queen Victoria" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances
  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 5 129th Grand National: Irish combination of jockey Tommy Carberry aboard L'Escargot wins by 15 lengths from 7/2 favourite and 1973-74 winner Red Rum

Sports History

Apr 5 American tennis #1 Chris Evert wins her 3rd WTA Tour Championship at the Los Angeles Sports Arena; beats Martina Navratilova 6-4, 6-2

  • Apr 6 "Night... Made America Famous" closes at Barrymore NYC after 75 performances
  • Apr 6 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colorado
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries

Sports History

Apr 8 Frank Robinson debuts as 1st African American baseball manager (Cleveland Indians beat New York Yankees, 5-3)

  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 10 Rangers score 8 goals against Islanders in playoffs

Sports History

Apr 11 Hank Aaron returns to County Stadium as a Milwaukee player after his off-season trade from the Atlanta Braves; Brewers beat Cleveland Indians, 6-2

  • Apr 11 J. P. Parisé scores an 11 sec OT goal, to see the NY Islanders eliminate the NY Rangers in their ever 1st playoff advance
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland

US Masters Golf

Apr 13 39th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 5th Masters title, 1 stroke ahead of Johnny Miller and Tom Weiskopf; Lee Elder, first African-American to compete in the tournament

  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 The Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia marking the end of the Cambodian Civil war (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win

Boston Marathon

Apr 21 79th Boston Marathon: American Bill Rodgers wins men's section in race record 2:09:55; Liane Winter of West Germany women's champion in 2:42:24 (female world record)

Historic Event

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Theater Premiere

Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London

  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Election of Interest

Apr 25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974

  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden

Baseball Record

Apr 26 Phillies Mike Schmidt's 2 HRs ties NL record of 11 HRs in April

  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

TV Show Appearance

Apr 28 Ringo Starr appears on "The Smothers Brothers Show", singing Hoyt Axton's "No No Song", and John Lennon is the guest on Tom Snyder's "Tomorrow" program, in what turns out to be his final television interview

  • Apr 28 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • Apr 29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

The Fall of Saigon

Apr 29 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war

  • Apr 29 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 North Vietnamese troops capture Saigon, ending the Vietnam War