On This Day

Historical Events in 1975 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 684

  • May 2 Apple records closes down
  • May 3 101st Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Foolish Pleasure wins 2:02
  • May 3 Christa Vahlensieck runs female world record marathon (2:40:15.8)
  • May 4 Ed Bullins' "Taking of Miss Jane" premieres in NYC
  • May 4 Houston's Bob Watson scores baseball's one-millionth run of all time
  • May 4 Italian film "Seven Beauties" directed by Lina Wertmüller, starring Giancarlo Giannini, and Shirley Stoler released - first film directed by a women to be nominated for an Academy Award
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara for historical novel "Killer Angels"
  • May 5 A's release pinch runner Herb Washington, who played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding. He did steal 30 bases and score 33 runs.
  • May 6 Bundy victim Lynette Culver disappears from Pocatello, Idaho
  • May 6 Early warnings provided by REACT (ham radio operators) means only
  • May 6 3 people die in tornado that strikes Omaha, Nebraska

Historic Event

May 7 US President Gerald Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"

  • May 7 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays
  • May 9 Brian Oldfield shot puts 22.86 m (world record)
  • May 10 Brian Oldfield of US put shot 75', an unofficial record
  • May 11 Israel signs an agreement with European Economic Market

Album Release

May 11 Natalie Cole releases her debut album "Inseparable" (wins 2 Grammys)

  • May 12 US merchant ship Mayaguez seized by Cambodian forces
  • May 13 "Rodgers & Hart" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 108 performances
  • May 13 Hail stones as large as tennis balls hit Wernerville, Tennessee
  • May 14 Dynamo Kyiv of the Soviet Union win 15th European Cup Winner's Cup over Ferencvár osi TC of Hungary 3-0
  • May 14 French press reports massive deportation from Cambodia
  • May 14 US forces raid Cambodian island of Koh Tang to free Mayaguez ship
  • May 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 14 Cult feminist film "Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles" written and directed by Chantal Ackerman and starring Delphine Seyrig premieres at Cannes
  • May 16 India annexes Principality of Sikkim
  • May 16 Junko Tabei from Japan becomes 1st woman to reach summit of Mt Everest

Boxing Title Fight

May 16 Muhammad Ali TKOs Ron Lyle in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

  • May 16 Wings release "Listen to What the Man Said" in UK
  • May 17 "Funky Gibbon" by The Goodies hits #79
  • May 17 100th Preakness: Darrel McHargue aboard Master Derby wins in 1:56.4
  • May 17 10CC releases "I'm Not in Love"

Music History

May 17 Mick Jagger punches a restaurant window, gets 20 stitches

  • May 17 NBC pays $5M for rights to show "Gone With The Wind" one time

Emmy Awards

May 19 27th Emmy Awards: "The Mary Tyler Moore Show", Robert Blake & Jean Marsh win

  • May 19 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
  • May 21 Lowell W Perry confirmed as chairman of US Equal Opportunity Commission
  • May 21 Trial against Baader-Meinhof-group begins in Stuttgart
  • May 22 8th ABA Championship: Kentucky Colonels beat Ind Pacers, 4 games to 1
  • May 23 28th Cannes Film Festival: "Chronicle of the Years of Fire" directed by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina wins the Palme d'Or
  • May 24 Dutch government of De Uyl decides to obtain an F-16
  • May 25 29th NBA Championship: Golden Warriors sweep Wash Bullets in 4 games
  • May 25 Cleveland's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shutting out the A's 6-0
  • May 25 Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser wins rain-shortened race ahead of defending champion Johnny Rutherford and pole-sitter A. J. Foyt for his second Indy title
  • May 26 Tennis game in Surrey championships lasts 31 minutes

Music Single

May 26 "Rhinestone Cowboy" single released by Glen Campbell (Billboard Song of the Year, 1975)

Album Release

May 27 Paul McCartney & Wings release "Venus andMars" album

  • May 27 Stanley Cup Final, The Aud, Buffalo, NY: Philadelphia Flyers win back-to-back titles; shutting out Buffalo Sabres, 2-0 for a 4-2 series win; goaltender Bernie Parent wins 2nd consecutive Conn Smyth trophy as playoff MVP
  • May 27 Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; brakes fail on a bus full of elderly women and it plunges 17 feet off the road at Dibble's Bridge, Yorkshire, killing 33; a similar accident occurred there killing 11 in 1925
  • May 28 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 18 launches
  • May 28 19th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Leeds United 2-0 at Paris
  • May 28 Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is established by the Treaty of Lagos
  • May 30 European Space Agency (ESA) forms
  • May 31 "Goodtime Charley" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 104 performances
  • May 31 Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
  • May 31 "Fight the Power" single released by The Isley Brothers (Billboard Song of the Year, 1975)
  • Jun 1 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Chicago" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 947 performances

LPGA Championship

Jun 1 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pine Ridge GC: Kathy Whitworth wins her 3rd LPGA C'ship by 1 stroke from Sandra Haynie

Sports History

Jun 1 California Angels pitcher Nolan Ryan records his record equalling 4th MLB career no-hitter in beating the Baltimore Orioles, 1-0

  • Jun 1 Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
  • Jun 1 Ronnie Wood replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stones guitarist
  • Jun 2 First recorded snowfall in London in June
  • Jun 2 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • Jun 2 VP Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA
  • Jun 4 Oldest animal fossils in US discovered in North Carolina
  • Jun 5 48th US National Spelling Bee: Hugh Tosteson wins spelling incisor
  • Jun 5 United Kingdom electorate votes 67% to 33% in a referendum to remain part of the European Common Market

Historic Event

Jun 5 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat reopens Suez Canal (closed since 1967)

  • Jun 5 The California Agricultural Labor Relations Act (CALRA), which establishes collective bargaining for farmworkers, becomes law
  • Jun 6 British voters decide to remain in Common Market
  • Jun 6 Nolan Ryan's bid for 2nd no-hitter broken in 6th inning
  • Jun 6 Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established

#1 in the Charts

Jun 7 "Thank God I'm a Country Boy" by John Denver hits #1

  • Jun 7 Dennis Lillee takes 1st one-day 5WI, 5-34 v Pakistan World Cup
  • Jun 7 Sri Lanka's 1st one-day international, v WI Cricket World Cup
  • Jun 7 Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public
  • Jun 8 2 passenger trains collided near Munich, Germany killing 35
  • Jun 8 USSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing

Sports History

Jun 9 107th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Avatar wins in 2:28.2

  • Jun 9 Fire in prison hospital at Sanford, Florida, kills 10 prisoners and 1 guard
  • Jun 9 UK House of Commons is broadcast live by radio for first time
  • Jun 9 Tony Orlando & Dawn receives gold record for "He Don't Love You"
  • Jun 10 Rockefeller panel reports on 300,000 illegal CIA files on Americans
  • Jun 10 Yanks sponsor Army Day at temporary home, Shea Stadium during 21-gun salute, part of fence is blown away, & another part is set afire
  • Jun 11 1st oil pumped from North Sea oilfield
  • Jun 11 Greece adopts constitution
  • Jun 11 One-day international cricket debut of Javed Miandad aged 17 yrs 364 days

Film Release

Jun 11 "Nashville", directed by Robert Altman and starring Ned Beatty and Ronee Blakley, is released

  • Jun 12 Billy Williams's 400th career HR

Baseball Event

Jun 12 Hank Aaron smacks his first home run in Milwaukee since 1965 as his new team, the Brewers beat Oakland A's, 9-7

  • Jun 14 Janis Ian releases "At Seventeen"
  • Jun 14 USSR launches Venera 10 for Venus landing

French Open Women's Tennis

Jun 14 French Open Women's Tennis: Chris Evert beats Martina Navratilova 2-6, 6-2, 6-1 for her 2nd of 7 French singles titles

Sports History

Jun 16 NBA Milwaukee Bucks trade Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Walt Wesley to L.A. Lakers for 4 players

  • Jun 16 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • Jun 16 Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, South Dakota
  • Jun 16 US Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation
  • Jun 17 Voters in Northern Mariana Islands approve commonwealth status with US
  • Jun 18 Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs in a single Red Sox game in a 15-1 victory over the Detroit Tigers
  • Jun 18 Left-arm fast bowler Gary Gilmour takes 6-14 to guide Australia to a 4 wicket win with 188 balls remaining in Cricket World Cup semi final v England at Leeds
  • Jun 18 NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) premieres on radio

Film Release

Jun 20 "Jaws", based on the book by Peter Benchley, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Roy Scheider is released

Music History

Jun 21 Elton John, The Eagles and The Beach Boys play to 72,000 fans at Wembley Stadium, London

Music History

Jun 21 British rock guitarist Ritchie Blackmore quits Deep Purple, forms Rainbow

  • Jun 21 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
  • Jun 21 Cricket World Cup, Lord's, London: Player of the Match Clive Lloyd scores 102 as West Indies beats Australia by 17 runs; first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) tournament
  • Jun 21 Ruffian leads all the way to win the Coaching Club American Oaks at Belmont and clinch American thoroughbred racing's Triple Tiara for fillies
  • Jun 22 Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion to let the train pass safely)
  • Jun 23 US Open Men's Golf, Medinah CC: Lou Graham defeats John Mahaffey by 2 strokes in an 18-hole Monday playoff to win his only major championship

Music History

Jun 23 Rocker Alice Cooper falls off stage in Vancouver, breaks 6 ribs

  • Jun 24 Eastern 727 crashes at JFK Airport NY, kills 113
  • Jun 24 Moon tremor perceived (hit by Taurid meteors)
  • Jun 25 After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique

Music History

Jun 25 Barry White's "Can't Get Enough of Your Love Babe" is released

Historic Event

Jun 26 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency

  • Jun 26 Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • Jun 26 U.S. Supreme Court's rules unanimously in "O'Connor v. Donaldson" that non-dangerous people can't be confined to psychiatric facilities without adequate treatment if able to live viably in outside society
  • Jun 27 25th Berlin International Film Festival: "Adoption" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 28 Reigning PGA Championship winner Lee Trevino and playing partners Jerry Heard, Bobby Nichols, Jim Ahern and Tony Jacklin are struck by lightning at Western Open; suffer minor burns
  • Jun 28 The South African rugby team beats France 33-18 in Pretoria
  • Jun 29 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), St. George's CC: JoAnne Carner wins in a playoff with Carol Mann
  • Jun 29 8.10" (20.57 cm) of rainfall, Litchville No Dakota (state 24-hr rec)
  • Jun 30 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado
  • Jun 30 University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance
  • Jun 30 Muhammad Ali retains world heavyweight boxing crown by beating Englishman Joe Bugner by unanimous points decision in a re-match in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Jul 1 WEDway People Mover opens in Tomorrowland, Disney World, Florida

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Billie Jean King outclasses Evonne Goolagong 6-0, 6-1 for her 6th Wimbledon singles title

Historic Event

Jul 4 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 5 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Ashe becomes first African-American to win Wimbledon, beats countryman Jimmy Connors 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4

  • Jul 5 Cape Verde Islands gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule

Music History

Jul 5 At Knebworth Festival in England, Pink Floyd debut their album "Wish You Were Here" with pyrotechnics and an exploding plane which flies into the stage

  • Jul 6 Argentine government falls
  • Jul 6 Comoros declare independence from France (most of them)

Music History

Jul 6 Dmitri Shostakovich completes Sonate for alto opus 147

  • Jul 6 Art Wall Jr. at 51 years, 7 months, 10 days becomes the second oldest to win a PGA Tour event, beating Gary McCord by 1 at the Greater Milwaukee Open (oldest Sam Snead)
  • Jul 7 TV soap opera "Ryan's Hope" premieres

Historic Event

Jul 8 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

  • Jul 8 US President Gerald Ford announced he'll seek Republican presidential nomination
  • Jul 8 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • Jul 9 The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system
  • Jul 10 Gladys Knight and Pips Summer Series premieres on NBC-TV

Sports History

Jul 10 Test Cricket debut of Graham Gooch, v Australia, out for a pair

British Golf Open

Jul 12 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: American Tom Watson wins 18-hole playoff by 1 stroke over Jack Newton of Australia; first of 8 major titles; first of 5 Open Championships

  • Jul 12 Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire
  • Jul 12 Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • Jul 13 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
  • Jul 14 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
  • Jul 15 46th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-3 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • Jul 15 All star MVP: Bill Madlock (Pittsburgh Pirates) & John Matlock (NY Mets)
  • Jul 15 Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 launched; will rendezvous 2 days later

Election of Interest

Jul 16 Major League Baseball owners re-elect Commissioner Bowie Kuhn to a 7-year term

  • Jul 17 Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 make 1st US/USSR linkup in space
  • Jul 17 Four British soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote-controlled bomb near Forkill, County Armagh; attack the first major breach of a February truce
  • Jul 18 Jury can't decide on trial of Dave Forbes of Boston Bruins (1st athlete indicted for excessive violence during play)
  • Jul 19 Apollo and Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate
  • Jul 19 New York Yankees catcher Thurman Munson's 1st-inning single & RBI are nullified because tar on his bat handle exceeds 18" limit; Minnesota Twins win, 2-1

US Women's Golf Open

Jul 20 US Open Women's Golf, Atlantic City CC: Sandra Palmer wins her second major title by 4 strokes from JoAnne Carner, Sandra Post and Nancy Lopez

  • Jul 20 India expels three reporters from "The Times", "The Daily Telegraph", and "Newsweek" because they refuse to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship
  • Jul 20 62nd Tour de France won by Bernard Thevenet of France

Sports History

Jul 21 Billy Martin fired as Texas Rangers manager

  • Jul 21 NY Met Félix Millán hits 4 singles; erased by Joe Torres 4 double plays

Historic Event

Jul 22 US House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee

  • Jul 23 Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends" premieres in London
  • Jul 23 LA Dodgers W Crawford and Lee Lacy are 5th to hit consecutive pinch HRs

Historic Event

Jul 24 Giorgio Armani and Sergio Galeotti found Giorgio Armani S.p.A. in Milan, Italy

Music Single

Jul 25 David Bowie releases single "Fame"

  • Jul 26 Soyuz 18B returns to Earth
  • Jul 27 The British government closes its consulate in Angola following increasing fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola and South African troops
  • Jul 29 Ford became 1st US President to visit Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
  • Jul 29 Military coup by General Mohammed leads to firing of President Jakubu Gowon
  • Jul 30 Simon Gray's "Otherwise Engaged" premieres in London
  • Jul 30 US Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit; Hoffa legally declared dead in 1982
  • Jul 30 7th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • Jul 30 Murtala Mohammed overthrows General Gowon to become Nigerian Head of State
  • Jul 31 The Miami Showband killings: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, shoot dead three members of an Irish showband at Buskhill, County Down, Ireland
  • Aug 1 41st Chicago Charities College All-Star Game: Pittsburgh 21, All-Stars 14 (54,103)
  • Aug 1 35 countries (33 European nations, Canada, and the U.S.) sign the"Helsinki Final Act" agreement concerning boundary integrity; human rights; and economic co-operation
  • Aug 1 CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe
  • Aug 2 104°F (40°C) at Providence, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Aug 2 107°F (42°C) at Chester/New Bedford, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 3 500 drown when 2 river boats collide and sink in China's West River
  • Aug 3 Louisiana Superdome is dedicated
  • Aug 3 Poland and West Germany reach accord about returning ethnic Germans

Music History

Aug 4 Led Zeppelin singer Robert Plant is seriously hurt in a car crash in Rhodes, Greece

  • Aug 5 Philadelphia Phillies create MLB record when first 8 batters get hits off Bill Bonham, beat Cubs 13-5

Contract of Interest

Aug 5 Stevie Wonder signs a 7-year, 7 album, with /$13M advance contract with Motown Records

Music History

Aug 8 Hank Williams Jr. falls off the side of Ajax Peak in Montana

  • Aug 8 As a result of rainfall from Typhoon Nina, the Banqiao Dam in China fails, causing the collapse of almost 6 million buildings and 229,000 deaths
  • Aug 9 1st NFL game in Louisiana Superdome, Houston beats Saints 13-7
  • Aug 9 Dodger Davey Lopes steals record 32nd consecutive base without being caught

PGA Championship

Aug 10 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 4th PGA crown by 2 shots from Australian Bruce Crampton

Historic Event

Aug 10 David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview former US President Richard Nixon

  • Aug 11 Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game
  • Aug 11 US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN
  • Aug 13 Batsman Viv Richards out for 291 v England for the West Indies, at the cricket Oval, London
  • Aug 13 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed

Coup d'état

Aug 14 -15] Pakistani military coup against Bangladeshi President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

  • Aug 14 Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich is buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow
  • Aug 14 Norwegian King Olav V opens Longyearbyen Airport on Spitsbergen