On This Day

Historical Events in 1976

Events 1 - 200 of 668

  • Jan 1 "A Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 92 performances

Liberty Bell

Jan 1 Liberty Bell moves to new home across the street from Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Jan 1 NBC replaces "peacock" logo with large block "N"; Design of new logo approached $1M, and was subject to copyright infringement suit costing NBC an additional $800K
  • Jan 1 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields

Sports History

Jan 1 After 45 years of coaching, Paul Brown (Cleveland Browns; Cincinnati Bengals) announces his retirement from the National Football League

  • Jan 1 42nd Orange Bowl: #3 Oklahoma beats #5 Michigan, 14-6
  • Jan 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Australian Open Women's Tennis

Jan 3 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title

  • Jan 4 "Candide" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 740 performances
  • Jan 4 "Home Sweet Homer" opens & closes at Palace Theater NYC
  • Jan 4 The Ulster Volunteer Force shoot dead 6 Catholic civilians in 2 coordinated attacks in County Armagh, North Ireland
  • Jan 4 Australian Open Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Mark Edmondson upsets John Newcombe 6-7, 6-3, 7-6, 6-1 for his first and only Grand Slam title

AFC Championship

Jan 4 AFC Championship, Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Oakland Raiders, 16-10

  • Jan 4 NFC Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Dallas Cowboys beat Los Angeles Rams, 37-7
  • Jan 5 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • Jan 5 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia at SCG against West Indies
  • Jan 5 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh
  • Jan 6 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Sports History

Jan 6 Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million

  • Jan 8 Franklin Mint strikes 1st gold coins for Netherlands Antilles

Sports History

Jan 9 Bryan Trottier failed in 4th Islander penalty shot

  • Jan 9 C. W. McCall CB song "Convoy" hits #1 on the country music charts

Music Single

Jan 9 Ringo Starr releases single "Oh My My" in the UK

Sports History

Jan 11 Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consecutive national figure skating championship

  • Jan 11 Military coup in Ecuador, President Guillermo Lara leaves

Music Premiere

Jan 11 Stephen Sondheim's musical "Pacific Overtures" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 193 performances, wins 2 Tony and 2 Drama Desk Awards

  • Jan 11 US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka
  • Jan 12 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organization
  • Jan 13 Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NYC Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata"
  • Jan 13 Future undisputed world middleweight boxing champion Marvin Hagler suffers his first career loss in a controversial 10-round majority decision to Bobby Watts at the Philadelphia Spectrum

Historic Invention

Jan 13 American inventor Ray Kurzweil and the National Federation of the Blind unveil the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first omni-font optical character recognition system

  • Jan 14 "The Bionic Woman" with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC)
  • Jan 14 Ted Turner becomes CEO of Atlanta Braves

Historic Event

Jan 15 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford

  • Jan 15 US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit
  • Jan 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jan 16 "Donny & Marie" [Osmond] musical variety show premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 16 Peter Frampton released platinum live album "Frampton Comes Alive"

#1 in the Charts

Jan 17 "I Write the Songs" cover by Barry Manilow hits #1

  • Jan 17 Hermes rocket launched by European Space Agency
  • Jan 17 Blondie release their debut single "X Offender" written by Debbie Harry and Gary Valentine
  • Jan 18 Super Bowl X, Miami Orange Bowl, Miami, FL: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17; MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR
  • Jan 20 29th NHL All-Star Game, Spectrum, Philadelphia: Wales Conference beats Campbell Conference, 7-5; MVP: Peter Mahovlich, Montreal, C
  • Jan 21 Supersonic Concorde has its 1st commercial flights
  • Jan 22 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)
  • Jan 23 Ian Redpath hits his only 2 sixes in Cricket Tests, v WI Adelaide
  • Jan 23 Wash Caps end 25 game winless streak (0-22-3) beat NY Rangers 7-5
  • Jan 23 The Provisional Irish Republican Army truce of February 1975 is officially brought to an end
  • Jan 23 The results to U.S. advice columnist Ann Landers' question (if they could do it all over, would parents still become parents) state that 70% of 10,000 responding parents were negative about being parents

Album Release

Jan 23 RCA releases "Station to Station", David Bowie's 10th studio album, recorded in Los Angeles; it peaks in the U.S. charts at No.3, and No. 5 in the U.K.

  • Jan 24 Cleveland Cavaliers biggest margin victory-43 pts (beat Milwaukee 132-89)

Boxing Title Fight

Jan 24 Former world heavyweight boxing champion George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round at Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; Foreman knocked down twice in 4th; 'The Ring' Fight of the Year

Golden Globes

Jan 24 33rd Golden Globes: "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", Jack Nicholson, & Louise Fletcher win

  • Jan 25 Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut Ind v NZ Auckland
  • Jan 26 Belgium Catholic elite starts amnesty campaign for war criminals

Historic Event

Jan 26 David Mamet's "American Buffalo" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 26 Israel opens "Good Fence" to Lebanon
  • Jan 26 NFL Pro Bowl, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans: NFC beats AFC, 23-20; MVP: Billy Johnson, Houston Oilers, WR

Television Premiere

Jan 27 "Laverne & Shirley" TV spinoff from "Happy Days" starring Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams premieres on ABC TV

  • Jan 27 9th ABA All-Star Game: Denver 144 beats ABA 138 at Denver
  • Jan 27 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara
  • Jan 27 Viv Richards scores his 1st Test century against Australia
  • Jan 28 E. A. S. Prasanna takes 8-76 to rip through NZ at Eden Park
  • Jan 28 NBA Atlanta Hawks begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • Jan 29 Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire
  • Jan 29 Bombs set off in London's West End by the IRA; 1 person is injured
  • Jan 30 1st-class debut of Dav Whatmore, in Johannesburg
  • Jan 30 George H. W. Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)
  • Jan 30 William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA
  • Jan 31 "Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1
  • Jan 31 In his final Test, West Indian cricket spin bowler Lance Gibbs dismisses Australian opener Ian Redpath for 101 in 6th Test in Melbourne; becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308
  • Feb 1 "Rich Man, Poor Man" mini-series premieres on ABC TV

Music History

Feb 1 Sonny & Cher resume TV show, despite real-life divorce

  • Feb 1 62nd Rose Bowl: #11 UCLA beats #1 Ohio State, 23-10
  • Feb 2 "The Honeymooners Second Honeymoon" airs on TV
  • Feb 2 "Rich Little Show" debuts on NBC-TV
  • Feb 2 Roger Connor, Fred Lindstrom & umpire Cal Hubbard elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Feb 3 26th NBA All-Star Game, Spectrum, Philadelphia, Pa: East beats West, 123-109; MVP: Dave Bing, Washington Bullets, PG
  • Feb 4 XII Winter Olympic Games open in Innsbruck, Austria
  • Feb 4 7.5 earthquake kills 22,778 in Guatemala & Honduras
  • Feb 4 US Federal Judge Oliver upholds Seitz's decision on Andy Messersmith free agency
  • Feb 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

Feb 4 Hua Guofeng becomes Premier of the People's Republic of China

  • Feb 5 Australia complete 5-1 series drubbing of West Indies
  • Feb 5 Last day of Test cricket for West Indian spin bowler Lance Gibbs & Australian opening batsman Ian Redpath, 6th Test in Melbourne

Music Single

Feb 6 George Harrison releases single "This Guitar (Can't Keep From Crying)"

NHL Record

Feb 7 Toronto center Darryl Sittler sets NHL record with 10 points in a Maple Leafs' 11-4 win over Boston at Maple Leaf Gardens; 6 goals, 4 assists

  • Feb 7 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WCPR (Brooklyn New York)
  • Feb 7 Larry Groce's "Junk Food Junkie" peaks at #9
  • Feb 7 World's largest telescope (600 cm) begins operation (USSR)
  • Feb 8 Largest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Wash-21,130)

Film Release

Feb 8 "Taxi Driver" directed by Martin Scorsese, starring Robert De Niro and Jodie Foster, is released (Palme d'Or 1976)

  • Feb 9 Oscar Charleston selected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Feb 11 Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st African American US Secretary of Army
  • Feb 11 John Curry wins Britain's first Olympic gold medal in figure skating at Innsbruck Winter Games; finishes men's singles ahead of Soviet skater Vladimir Kovalyov and Canadian Toller Cranston
  • Feb 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 13 American Dorothy Hamill wins the free skate to clinch the women's figure-skating gold medal at the Innsbruck Winter Olympics
  • Feb 13 Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 hours
  • Feb 13 Major-General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes military ruler of Nigeria
  • Feb 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 15 XII Winter Olympic Games close in Innsbruck, Austria

Daytona 500

Feb 15 18th Daytona 500: David Pearson makes contact with Richard Petty just yards from finish line into a wall and to infield; Petty stalls whilst Pearson restarts to win

  • Feb 17 "Rockabye Hamlet" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • Feb 17 Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
  • Feb 17 NZ scores their 1st innings win in Test Cricket, v India

Sports History

Feb 17 Richard Hadlee takes 7-23 New Zealand v India, his 1st match-winning spell

  • Feb 19 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara

Boxing Title Fight

Feb 20 Muhammad Ali's bout against Belgian boxer Jean Pierre Coopman in San Juan, Puerto Rico is often regarded as a glorified sparring session; Ali wins by 5th round KO

  • Feb 20 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
  • Feb 21 Cliff Jones' theatrical rock opera "Rockabye Hamlet",starring Beverly D'Angelo closes at Minskoff Theater, NYC, after 7 performances
  • Feb 21 Cardinal Willebrands installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • Feb 23 Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
  • Feb 24 Cuba adopts its constitution
  • Feb 24 Jules Feiffer's "Knock Knock" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Feb 24 Leonid Brezhnev opens 25th congress of CPSU

  • Feb 26 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Grammy Awards

Feb 28 18th Grammy Awards: "Love Will Keep Us Together" Record of the Year; Natalie Cole 1st African American to win Best New Artist

  • Feb 28 Spain withdraws from Western Sahara, leaving Ceuta & Melilla (Spanish Morocco) as the last European possessions in Africa
  • Feb 29 ABC-TV broadcasts premiere of 1965's hit "The Sound of Music"
  • Feb 29 American driver Richard Petty wins the only Winston Cup race run on Leap Day, taking the Carolina 500 at Rockingham by 2 laps over Darrell Waltrip

Music Awards

Mar 1 11th Academy of Country Music Awards: Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn win

PGA Players Championship

Mar 1 PGA Tournament Players Championship, Inverrary CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his second TPC title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up J. C. Snead

  • Mar 2 Musical revue featuring song from the Harlem Renaissance "Bubbling Brown Sugar" opens at ANTA Theater, NYC; runs for 766 performances
  • Mar 2 Walt Disney World logs its 50 millionth guest
  • Mar 3 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • Mar 3 5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
  • Mar 4 John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio
  • Mar 4 MLB's San Francisco Giants are bought for $8 million by Bob Lurie and Bud Herseth

Film and TV Awards

Mar 4 2nd People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Katharine Hepburn win (Motion Picture) and Telly Savalas & Carol Burnett win (TV)

  • Mar 5 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
  • Mar 6 Ice Dance Championship at Gothenburg won by Pakhomova & Gorshkov (URS)
  • Mar 6 Ice Pairs Championship at Gothenburg won by Rodnina & Zaitsev (Soviet Union)
  • Mar 6 European Men's Figure Skating Championship in Gothenburg, Sweden won by John Curry (Great Britain)
  • Mar 6 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Gothenburg won by American Dorothy Hamill
  • Mar 6 23rd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Virginia beats North Carolina, 67-62

Sports History

Mar 6 In his 10th title defence, WBA light welterweight champion Antonio Cervantes of Colombia is beaten by 17 year old Puerto Rican boxer Wilfred Benítez in a 15-round split decision in San Juan, Puerto Rico; Benitez youngest ever world champion

  • Mar 6 Wales clinch their 7th Five Nations Rugby Championship title, 7th Grand Slam and 13th Triple Crown with a 19-13 win over France at the National Stadium, Cardiff
  • Mar 7 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria
  • Mar 8 1,774 kg (largest observed) stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China
  • Mar 12 South African troops leave Angola

Sports History

Mar 14 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race

  • Mar 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 15 Failed coup in Niger

Historic Event

Mar 16 British Prime Minister Harold Wilson announces his resignation

  • Mar 17 Malikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.76)
  • Mar 17 Boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter is retried in the US after being convicted of murder in 1967 (sentence is upheld but overturned 1985)
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 4 Catholic civilians (including 2 children) are killed and twelve wounded when the Ulster Volunteer Force explode a car bomb at Hillcrest Bar, Dungannon
  • Mar 20 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70)
  • Mar 20 Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery
  • Mar 23 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)

Coup d'état

Mar 24 Argentine President Isabel Martínez de Perón is deposed in a military coup headed by Jorge Rafael Videla

  • Mar 25 "My Fair Lady" opens at St James Theater NYC for 384 performances
  • Mar 25 "Rex" opens at Lunt-Fontaine Theater NYC for 48 performances
  • Mar 25 Argentine military junta bans leftist political parties
  • Mar 26 AL approves purchase of Toronto franchise by LaBatt Brewing for $7M
  • Mar 26 Wings release "Wings at the Speed of Sound" album

Historic Event

Mar 26 Queen Elizabeth II sent out the first royal email, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment

  • Mar 27 Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens
  • Mar 28 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta States beat Immaculata, 69-64 at Pennsylvania State University
  • Mar 29 38th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Michigan, 86-68; first time 2 teams from same conference (Big Ten) play in title game
  • Mar 29 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students
  • Mar 29 48th Academy Awards: "One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest", its stars Jack Nicholson & Louise Fletcher, and director Miloš Forman win
  • Mar 30 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • Mar 31 Cleveland Cavaliers beat Jazz, 110-101 in New Orleans to clinch club's first ever NBA playoff berth
  • Mar 31 NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator

Apple Macintosh Personal Computer

Apr 1 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs' parents house in Cupertino, California

  • Apr 1 Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
  • Apr 1 Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.

Television Premiere

Apr 1 "Helter Skelter", detailing Charles Manson's cult "family", their capture, trial, conviction and aftermath, premieres on CBS

  • Apr 2 Cambodia Khieu Sampan succeeds Prince Sihanouk as Premier
  • Apr 2 Portuguese constitution assumed

Sports History

Apr 2 Oakland Athletics trade 2 key members from recent World Series C'ship team, sending outfielder Reggie Jackson and pitcher Ken Holtzman to Baltimore Orioles in exchange for outfielder Don Baylor and pitchers Mike Torrez and Paul Mitchell

  • Apr 3 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Apr 3 Philadelphia Flyers win record tying 20th straight NHL home game
  • Apr 3 130th Grand National: John Burke wins aboard Rag Trade; equal record 4th winner trained by Fred Rimell and 2nd winner owned by Pierre Raymond Bessone
  • Apr 3 21st Eurovision Song Contest: Brotherhood of Man for United Kingdom wins singing "Save Your Kisses for Me" in The Hague
  • Apr 4 Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand

Election of Interest

Apr 5 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Theater Premiere

Apr 5 Tom Stoppard's play "Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land" premieres in London

Music History

Apr 6 1st quadrophonic movie track: "Ladies & Gentlemen The Rolling Stones"

Historic Event

Apr 7 Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping

  • Apr 8 1976 NFL Draft: Lee Roy Selmon from University of Oklahoma first pick by Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • Apr 9 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use

Film Release

Apr 9 "All the President's Men", directed by Alan J. Pakula, based on the non-fiction book by journalists Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation, starring Dustin Hoffman and Robert Redford, is released

  • Apr 10 Brewers' Don Money's grand slammer disallowed-Yanks win 9-7
  • Apr 10 Cleveland Cavaliers win their 1st NBA Central Division title

US Masters Golf

Apr 11 40th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Raymond Floyd wins his only Masters title, 8 strokes ahead of runner-up Ben Crenshaw

Historic Event

Apr 11 The Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak is released

  • Apr 12 India set 403 to win by WI They get them, 6 wkts 7 overs spare

Historic Publication

Apr 12 Anne Rice's debut novel "Interview with a Vampire" is published by Knopf

  • Apr 13 1st NBA playoff game for Cleveland Cavliers, they lose 100-95 to Washington
  • Apr 13 US Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes
  • Apr 15 Yankee stadium reopens, Yanks beat Twins after trailing 4-0

Baseball Record

Apr 17 NL greatest comeback: trailing 12-1, Philadelphia Phillies beat Chicago Cubs, 18-16 in 10 innings at Wrigley Field; Mike Schmidt hits 4 consecutive HRs

Sports History

Apr 17 Australian tennis star Evonne Goolagong Cawley wins her second WTA Tour Championship at the Los Angeles Sports Arena; beats Chris Evert 6–3, 5–7, 6–3

  • Apr 18 30th Tony Awards: "Travesties" & "A Chorus Line" win
  • Apr 19 80th Boston Marathon: US double; Jack Fultz is men's winner in 2:20:19; Kim Merritt takes women's section in 2:47:10