On This Day

Historical Events in January 1976

  • Jan 1 "A Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 92 performances

Liberty Bell

Jan 1 Liberty Bell moves to new home across the street from Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Jan 1 NBC replaces "peacock" logo with large block "N"; Design of new logo approached $1M, and was subject to copyright infringement suit costing NBC an additional $800K
  • Jan 1 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields

Sports History

Jan 1 After 45 years of coaching, Paul Brown (Cleveland Browns; Cincinnati Bengals) announces his retirement from the National Football League

  • Jan 1 42nd Orange Bowl: #3 Oklahoma beats #5 Michigan, 14-6
  • Jan 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Australian Open Women's Tennis

Jan 3 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title

  • Jan 4 "Candide" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 740 performances
  • Jan 4 "Home Sweet Homer" opens & closes at Palace Theater NYC
  • Jan 4 The Ulster Volunteer Force shoot dead 6 Catholic civilians in 2 coordinated attacks in County Armagh, North Ireland
  • Jan 4 Australian Open Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Mark Edmondson upsets John Newcombe 6-7, 6-3, 7-6, 6-1 for his first and only Grand Slam title

AFC Championship

Jan 4 AFC Championship, Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Oakland Raiders, 16-10

  • Jan 4 NFC Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Dallas Cowboys beat Los Angeles Rams, 37-7
  • Jan 5 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • Jan 5 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia at SCG against West Indies
  • Jan 5 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh
  • Jan 6 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Sports History

Jan 6 Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million

  • Jan 8 Franklin Mint strikes 1st gold coins for Netherlands Antilles

Sports History

Jan 9 Bryan Trottier failed in 4th Islander penalty shot

  • Jan 9 C. W. McCall CB song "Convoy" hits #1 on the country music charts

Music Single

Jan 9 Ringo Starr releases single "Oh My My" in the UK

Sports History

Jan 11 Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consecutive national figure skating championship

  • Jan 11 Military coup in Ecuador, President Guillermo Lara leaves

Music Premiere

Jan 11 Stephen Sondheim's musical "Pacific Overtures" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 193 performances, wins 2 Tony and 2 Drama Desk Awards

  • Jan 11 US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka
  • Jan 12 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organization
  • Jan 13 Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NYC Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata"
  • Jan 13 Future undisputed world middleweight boxing champion Marvin Hagler suffers his first career loss in a controversial 10-round majority decision to Bobby Watts at the Philadelphia Spectrum

Historic Invention

Jan 13 American inventor Ray Kurzweil and the National Federation of the Blind unveil the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first omni-font optical character recognition system

  • Jan 14 "The Bionic Woman" with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC)
  • Jan 14 Ted Turner becomes CEO of Atlanta Braves

Historic Event

Jan 15 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford

  • Jan 15 US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit
  • Jan 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jan 16 "Donny & Marie" [Osmond] musical variety show premieres on ABC TV
  • Jan 16 Peter Frampton released platinum live album "Frampton Comes Alive"

#1 in the Charts

Jan 17 "I Write the Songs" cover by Barry Manilow hits #1

  • Jan 17 Hermes rocket launched by European Space Agency
  • Jan 17 Blondie release their debut single "X Offender" written by Debbie Harry and Gary Valentine
  • Jan 18 Super Bowl X, Miami Orange Bowl, Miami, FL: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17; MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR
  • Jan 20 29th NHL All-Star Game, Spectrum, Philadelphia: Wales Conference beats Campbell Conference, 7-5; MVP: Peter Mahovlich, Montreal, C
  • Jan 21 Supersonic Concorde has its 1st commercial flights
  • Jan 22 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)
  • Jan 23 Ian Redpath hits his only 2 sixes in Cricket Tests, v WI Adelaide
  • Jan 23 Wash Caps end 25 game winless streak (0-22-3) beat NY Rangers 7-5
  • Jan 23 The Provisional Irish Republican Army truce of February 1975 is officially brought to an end
  • Jan 23 The results to U.S. advice columnist Ann Landers' question (if they could do it all over, would parents still become parents) state that 70% of 10,000 responding parents were negative about being parents

Album Release

Jan 23 RCA releases "Station to Station", David Bowie's 10th studio album, recorded in Los Angeles; it peaks in the U.S. charts at No.3, and No. 5 in the U.K.

  • Jan 24 Cleveland Cavaliers biggest margin victory-43 pts (beat Milwaukee 132-89)

Boxing Title Fight

Jan 24 Former world heavyweight boxing champion George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round at Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas; Foreman knocked down twice in 4th; 'The Ring' Fight of the Year

Golden Globes

Jan 24 33rd Golden Globes: "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", Jack Nicholson, & Louise Fletcher win

  • Jan 25 Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut Ind v NZ Auckland
  • Jan 26 Belgium Catholic elite starts amnesty campaign for war criminals

Historic Event

Jan 26 David Mamet's "American Buffalo" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 26 Israel opens "Good Fence" to Lebanon
  • Jan 26 NFL Pro Bowl, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans: NFC beats AFC, 23-20; MVP: Billy Johnson, Houston Oilers, WR

Television Premiere

Jan 27 "Laverne & Shirley" TV spinoff from "Happy Days" starring Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams premieres on ABC TV

  • Jan 27 9th ABA All-Star Game: Denver 144 beats ABA 138 at Denver
  • Jan 27 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara
  • Jan 27 Viv Richards scores his 1st Test century against Australia
  • Jan 28 E. A. S. Prasanna takes 8-76 to rip through NZ at Eden Park
  • Jan 28 NBA Atlanta Hawks begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • Jan 29 Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire
  • Jan 29 Bombs set off in London's West End by the IRA; 1 person is injured
  • Jan 30 1st-class debut of Dav Whatmore, in Johannesburg
  • Jan 30 George H. W. Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)
  • Jan 30 William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA
  • Jan 31 "Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1
  • Jan 31 In his final Test, West Indian cricket spin bowler Lance Gibbs dismisses Australian opener Ian Redpath for 101 in 6th Test in Melbourne; becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308