On This Day

Historical Events in 1977 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 699

Baseball Event

Apr 18 Eddie Murray hits his 1st HR

  • Apr 18 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"
  • Apr 20 Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses

Film Release

Apr 20 "Annie Hall", directed by Woody Allen and starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1978)

Sports History

Apr 21 Billy Martin pulls Yankee line-up out of a hat, beats Blue Jays 8-6

  • Apr 21 C Strouse & M Charnin's musical "Annie" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 2377 performances
  • Apr 21 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh

Historic Event

Apr 22 Shimon Peres becomes Acting Prime Minister of Israel

  • Apr 23 ADO Den Haag soccer team forms in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Apr 23 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
  • Apr 23 Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa
  • Apr 23 Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10
  • Apr 25 Cincinnati Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9
  • Apr 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 26 Opening of Studio 54 in New York, N.Y.
  • Apr 27 Bloody riots in Soweto, South Africa
  • Apr 27 HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
  • Apr 27 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
  • Apr 28 American defense employee Christopher John Boyce convicted for selling secrets to the Soviet Union

Historic Event

Apr 28 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

  • Apr 28 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed
  • Apr 29 British Aerospace forms
  • Apr 30 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at Morosco NYC after 92 performances
  • Apr 30 Wrestler "Superstar" Billy Graham beats Bruno Sammartino in Baltimore, to become WWF champion
  • Apr 30 Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April

Historic Event

Apr 30 Human rights group Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo begin protesting at the forced disappearances of thousands, under the military dictatorship of Jorge Rafael Videla, in Buenos Aires

  • May 1 French runner Chantal Langlacé sets female world marathon record (2:35:15.4) in Oyarzun, Spain
  • May 1 American golfer Debbie Austin wins the Birmingham Classic, the first of 5 LPGA Tour victories in a 4-month span
  • May 1 36 people are killed in Taksim Square, Istanbul, during the Labour Day celebrations.
  • May 1 American golfer Gene Littler wins the Houston Open, his 29th and final PGA title

Music Premiere

May 2 Revival of Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "The King & I"', with Yul Brynner reprising the role he created in 1951, opens at Uris Theater, NYC; runs for 695 performances

  • May 3 1977 NFL Draft: Ricky Bell from USC first pick by Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • May 4 US Catholic bishops rescind automatic excommunications for divorced and remarried Catholics (receiving communion still outlawed if the previous marriages were not annulled by Church tribunals)
  • May 6 "Beatles at Hollywood Bowl" released in UK
  • May 7 "Happy End" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 75 performances
  • May 7 103rd Kentucky Derby: Jean Cruguet on Seattle Slew wins in 2:02.2
  • May 7 22nd Eurovision Song Contest: Marie Myriam for France wins singing "L'oiseau et l'enfant" in London
  • May 9 Hotel Poland in Amsterdam destroyed by fire, 33 killed
  • May 9 Mabel Murphy Smythe confirmed as ambassador to Rep of Cameroon
  • May 9 Patty Hearst let out of jail

Sports History

May 11 Ted Turner manages an Atlanta Braves game

  • May 12 Emmy 4th Daytime Award presentation: "Ryan's Hope" and "Family Feud" win

Historic Event

May 13 Howard Stern begins broadcasting at WRNW, Briarcliff Manor NY

  • May 14 English football international Bobby Moore retires
  • May 14 KC Royals Jim Colborn no-hits Texas Rangers, 6-0
  • May 14 Netherlands State Delta Kappa Gamma Society forms

Sports History

May 14 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Jacques Lemaire scores twice as Montreal Canadiens edge Boston Bruins, 2-1 in OT for a 4 game sweep and back-to-back titles

  • May 16 5 die as NY Airway helicopter topples on Pan Am building in NYC

Boxing Title Fight

May 16 Muhammad Ali beats Alfredo Evangelist in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • May 16 TV drama “Alexander: The Other Side of Dawn”, starring Leigh McCloskey, follow up to "Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway" premieres on US network NBC, focusing on what happened to him after Dawn left L.A. to return to her hometown

Election of Interest

May 17 Menachem Begin's Likoed party wins election in Israel

  • May 18 Menachem Begin becomes Prime Minister of Israel
  • May 18 US, USSR and other nations sign the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects

Film Premiere

May 19 Film "Smokey & the Bandit" starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field and Jackie Gleason premieres in NYC

  • May 21 "Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Winter Garden NYC after 167 performances
  • May 21 102nd Preakness: Jean Cruguet aboard Seattle Slew wins in 1:54.4
  • May 21 Albert Innaurato's "Gemini" premieres in NYC
  • May 21 Fire in hotel Duc de Brabant Brussels, kills 19
  • May 21 San Diego Padres beat Mont Expos, 11-8, in 21 innings
  • May 21 Electric Light Orchestra releases "Telephone Line" in the UK; it would peak in the Top 10 in the UK and US

#1 in the Charts

May 21 Stevie Wonder's single "Sir Duke", a tribute to Duke Ellington and other musical influences of Wonder's, begins a 3-week run at #1

The Orient Express

May 22 Final European scheduled run of the Orient Express (after 94 years)

  • May 22 Red Sox (6) & Brewers (5) tie single game HR record of 11
  • May 23 Benin adopts its constitution

Music History

May 23 US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell

  • May 23 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
  • May 24 USSR President Podgorny resigns
  • May 25 "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released

Television Finale

May 25 "Brady Bunch Hour" last airs on ABC-TV

  • May 25 Dutch social democratic party wins parliamentary election
  • May 25 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Film Release

May 25 Original "Star Wars" movie (Episode IV – A New Hope), directed by George Lucas and starring Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher and Harrison Ford, first released

  • May 25 21st European Cup: Liverpool beats Borussia Monchengladbach 3-1 at Rome
  • May 26 George Willig climbs the South Tower of NYC's World Trade Center, famously fined 1 cent for each of 110 stories he climbed
  • May 27 30th Cannes Film Festival: "Padre Padrone" directed by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani wins the Palme d'Or

Music History

May 27 The Sex Pistols release "God Save the Queen", sparking major controversy and leading to a ban on the song by the BBC

  • May 28 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire in Southgate, Kentucky kills 168

Sports History

May 29 Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt. becomes first driver to win Indy 500 four times; last time winning car built entirely within US; Janet Guthrie first female to qualify, lasts 27 laps

  • May 29 NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) ends on radio
  • May 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • May 29 Australian Sue Prell first female golfer to hit consecutive holes-in one; 13th and 14th holes at Chatswood Golf Club, Sydney
  • May 30 Cleveland Indian Dennis Eckersley no-hits California Angels, 2-0
  • May 31 "Beatlemania" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 920 performances
  • May 31 Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
  • May 31 Trans-Alaska oil pipeline completed, one of the world's largest pipeline systems
  • Jun 1 British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
  • Jun 1 Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason
  • Jun 1 Dutch soccer club FC Volendam is established as a result of split up with RKSV; 6-time Eerste Divisie champions
  • Jun 2 New Jersey allows casino gambling in Atlantic City
  • Jun 3 Baltimore Orioles pull their 6th triple play (9-6-4-6-6 vs KC Royals)
  • Jun 3 Belgium government of Tindemans forms
  • Jun 3 US & Cuba talk about diplomatic relations
  • Jun 4 Violence during Puerto Rican Day in Chicago kills 2

French Open Women's Tennis

Jun 4 French Open Women's Tennis: Mima Jaušovec of Yugoslavia wins her lone Grand Slam singles title; beats Florența Mihai of Romania 6-2, 6-7, 6-1

  • Jun 4 An estimated 20,000 Scottish football fans invade the Wembley Stadium pitch after Scotland beats England, 2-1; goalposts and advertising hoardings destroyed
  • Jun 5 31st NBA Championship: Port Trailblazers beat Philadelphia 76er, 4 games to 2
  • Jun 5 31st Tony Awards: Shadow Box & Annie win
  • Jun 5 Coup in Seychelles (National Day)
  • Jun 5 Los Angeles Dodgers retire Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman and manager Walter Alston's #24

French Open Men's Tennis

Jun 5 French Open Men's Tennis: Guillermo Vilas of Argentina wins first career Grand Slam event; outclasses American Brian Gottfried 6-0, 6-3, 6-0

Historic Event

Jun 5 National Council of Women of Kenya led by Wangari Maathai march to Kamukunji Park, Nairobi, and plant seven trees - beginning of the Green Belt Movement

  • Jun 6 "Washington Post" reports US has developed neutron bomb
  • Jun 6 Doobie Brothers sponsor a Golf Classic & Concert at Calabasas Park Country Club & Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles to benefit the United Way
  • Jun 6 Joseph L Howze installed as bishop of Roman Catholic diocese (Miss)
  • Jun 6 Supreme Court tosses out automatic death penalty laws
  • Jun 7 Anita Bryant leads successful crusade against Miami gay rights law
  • Jun 7 White Sox draft Harold Baines #1

Sex Pistols' Break Up

Jun 7 During the Queen's Jubilee, the Sex Pistols attempt to perform on a boat on the River Thames, but are forced to stop by the police

Baseball Record

Jun 8 MLB California Angels pitcher Nolan Ryan notches his 4th career 19-strikeout game, in 10-inning, 2-1 win over visiting Toronto Blue Jays

  • Jun 9 50th National Spelling Bee: John Paola wins spelling cambist

Notable Fireworks

Jun 9 Silver jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain celebrated with fireworks

Apple Macintosh Personal Computer

Jun 10 Apple Computer ships its first Apple II computers

Historic Event

Jun 10 James Earl Ray (Martin Luther King's killer) escapes from prison

  • Jun 10 International Labour Organisation and United Nations meet to discuss apartheid in South Africa and potential actions to prevent further violence and state repression.
  • Jun 10 American golfer Al Geiberger becomes first player in history to post a sub-60 score, 59 (−13) in a PGA Tour-sanctioned event, during the 2nd round Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at Colonial CC in Cordova, Tennessee
  • Jun 11 109th Belmont: Jean Cruguet riding Seattle Slew wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 11 Dutch marines rescued hostages from a Moluccan held train in Holland
  • Jun 11 Main Street Electrical Parade premieres in the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World
  • Jun 11 "I'm Your Boogie Man" by KC and the Sunshine Band peaks at #1
  • Jun 12 Stephen Schwartz's musical "Pippin", starring Ben Vereen, closes at Imperial Theater, NYC, after performances, and 5 Tony Award wins

LPGA Championship

Jun 12 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Bay Tree Plantation GC: Chako Higuchi of Japan wins her only LPGA major title by 3 from Pat Bradley, Sandra Post & Judy Rankin

Historic Event

Jun 12 Groundbreaking ceremony for John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum in Boston, Massachusetts; architect I. M. Pei's design would take over 2 years to build

Sports History

Jun 15 NY Mets trade Tom Seaver to Reds for Pat Zachry

  • Jun 15 Spain's 1st free elections since 1936 (41 years)
  • Jun 15 Wim Polak becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 "Beatlemania" opens on Broadway
  • Jun 16 Fianna Fail party wins Irish elections

Historic Event

Jun 16 Leonid Brezhnev named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

Sports History

Jun 16 Ron Guidry's 1st complete game, 7-0 over KC Royals

Historic Event

Jun 16 Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates

Music History

Jun 18 Sex Pistols johnny rotten & Paul Cook, beaten by a group of rabble-rousers outside of a London pub

  • Jun 18 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, it was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • Jun 19 US Open Golf, Southern Hills CC: Hubert Green shoots 2-under 278 to beat Lou Graham by 1 stroke

Sports History

Jun 19 MLB Cleveland Indians fire manager Frank Robinson and replace him with Jeff Torborg

Historic Event

Jun 19 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint

  • Jun 19 Red Sox set 3 game record of 16 HRs, all against Yanks
  • Jun 20 Menachem Begin forms Israeli government
  • Jun 20 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez
  • Jun 21 Former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman enters prison
  • Jun 21 Menachem Begin (Likud) becomes Israel's 6th Prime Minister
  • Jun 21 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month
  • Jun 22 Former AG John Mitchell starts 19 months in Alabama prison
  • Jun 22 Walt Disney's "Rescuers" released, first Disney film to get a sequel
  • Jun 23 Violence erupts in Soweto, South Africa, again and the police make at least 146 arrests

Historic Event

Jun 24 IRS reveals Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976

  • Jun 24 Josiah Mutabuzi Isaya Kibira is the first African to be elected president of the Lutheran World Federation (LWF)
  • Jun 24 27th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Ascent" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 25 Roy C. Sullivan of Virginia is struck by lightning for 7th time!
  • Jun 25 8th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats Great Britain 13-12
  • Jun 26 42 die in fire inmate causes at Maury County Jail in Columbia Tenn

Music Concert

Jun 26 Elvis Presley sings in Indianapolis, the last performance of his career

  • Jun 26 The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • Jun 26 Tim Severin aboard the Brendan reaches Newfoundland in attempt to prove sixth-century Irish monks could have voyaged across the Atlantic
  • Jun 27 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise
  • Jun 27 Djibouti (Afars & Issas) claims Independence from France

Baseball Record

Jun 27 Willie McCovey smashes 2 HRs in inning for 2nd time (Apr 12, 1973)

  • Jun 28 Billy Hunter becomes Rangers' 4th manager in 6 days
  • Jun 28 Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers
  • Jun 28 The United Party, main political opposition party in South Africa, is formally disbanded by the majority faction after members leave the party to join other new political parties
  • Jun 29 Supreme Court rules out death penalty for rapists of adults

Sports History

Jun 29 Future Hall of Fame outfielder Willie Stargell hits his 400th career HR as his Pittsburgh Pirates rout the St Louis Cardinals, 9-1 at Busch Stadium

  • Jun 29 South Africa opposition party, the New Republic Party (NRP), is formed after the integration of the United Party (UP) and Democratic Party (DP)
  • Jun 30 Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"

Historic Publication

Jun 30 Marvel Comics publish "Kiss book" tributing rock group Kiss

  • Jun 30 US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Washington, D.C.)
  • Jun 30 Yankee DH Cliff Johnson hit 3 consecutive HRs in Toronto

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Hometown favourite Virginia Wade beats Betty Stove of the Netherlands 4-6, 6-3, 6-1

  • Jul 1 East German sprinter Marlies Göhr sets world record for 100m (10.88) in Dresden, Germany

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sweden's Björn Borg beats American Jimmy Connors 3-6, 6-2, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4 for the second of 5 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles

  • Jul 3 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Lachute GC: Judy Rankin wins by 3 strokes from Pat Meyers and Sandra Palmer
  • Jul 3 The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded
  • Jul 3 Triple Crown champion Seattle Slew's 9-race win streak ends in the Swaps Stakes at Hollywood Park, finishes 4th
  • Jul 4 Nigel Harrison replaces Gary Valentine as bassist of Blondie
  • Jul 4 Red Sox end 9-game losing streak by smashing a MLB-record 8 HRs in a 9-6 win vs Toronto at Fenway Park
  • Jul 5 Pakistani army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power
  • Jul 6 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 7 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City

Film Premiere

Jul 7 "The Spy Who Loved Me", 10th James Bond film starring Roger Moore and Barbara Bach, premieres in London

  • Jul 8 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)

British Golf Open

Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, Turnberry: Tom Watson wins second of 5 Open titles by a stroke from Jack Nicklaus; pair play together in final 2 rounds; separate themselves from field under rare clear skies, remembered as the "Duel in the Sun"

  • Jul 10 "Happy End" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 75 performances

Historic Event

Jul 11 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr.

  • Jul 12 John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
  • Jul 13 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • Jul 14 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • Jul 14 US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • Jul 16 Janelle Commissiong, of Trinidad & Tobago crowned 26th Miss Universe
  • Jul 18 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • Jul 18 Vietnam becomes a member of the UN
  • Jul 19 48th MLB All Star Game, Yankee Stadium, NYC, NY: NL wins, 7-5; MVP: Don Sutton, LA Dodgers, P
  • Jul 19 Floods in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kill 76
  • Jul 20 Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kills 80 and causes $350 million damage
  • Jul 20 The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments
  • Jul 20 10th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • Jul 21 Libyan-Egyptian border fights

Election of Interest

Jul 21 Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike loses general election

  • Jul 21 Sanjiva Reddy is elected sixth President of India unopposed
  • Jul 23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges