On This Day

Historical Events in 1977 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 699

US Women's Golf Open

Jul 24 US Open Women's Golf, Hazeltine National GC: Hollis Stacy wins wire-to-wire by 2 strokes from Nancy Lopez

Sports History

Jul 24 Pete Rose passes Frankie Frisch as switch-hit leader with 2,881

  • Jul 24 Seattle's John Montague pitches 6 2/3 innings of perfect relief tying 2 game record of retiring 33 consecutive batsmen
  • Jul 24 64th Tour de France won by Bernard Thevenet of France
  • Jul 26 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 26 The 'Committee of 10' formed by prominent Soweto residents, issues a programme for the election of a new community board to have total autonomy in Soweto, South Africa

Music History

Jul 27 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US

  • Jul 28 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • Jul 28 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks

Sports History

Jul 28 Legendary England cricket all-rounder Ian Botham on debut takes 5 for 74 in the Australian 1st innings in a 7 wicket 3rd Test win at Trent Bridge

Music History

Jul 30 "I Just Want to Be Your Everything" by Andy Gibb reaches number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100

  • Jul 31 E. Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Jul 31 John F. Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA

Baseball Record

Aug 1 San Francisco Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits NL record 18th MLB career grand slam

Historic Event

Aug 1 Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles

  • Aug 2 In his comeback Test, England cricket batsman Geoff Boycott is unbeaten on 80 after a 1st innings 107 as England beats Australia by 7 wickets in the 3rd Test at Trent Bridge
  • Aug 3 Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 personal computer, within weeks thousands were ordered
  • Aug 3 United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.
  • Aug 4 US President Carter establishes Department of Energy
  • Aug 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 7 Gary Geld and Peter Udell'c musical "Shenandoah", based on the film of the same name, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC after 1,050 performances and 2 Tony Awards
  • Aug 7 Mount Usu volcano in Hokkaido, Japan erupts for the first time in over 30 years
  • Aug 8 Maurine Stuart, ordained as Zen priest by Eido Tai Shimano Roshi
  • Aug 8 Texas Rangers turn their 1st triple play (vs A's)
  • Aug 9 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • Aug 9 NHL refuses merger of 6 WHA clubs
  • Aug 9 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • Aug 10 Phillies & Expos play a doubleheader that ends at 3:23 AM
  • Aug 10 US & Panama sign Panama Canal Zone accord
  • Aug 10 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • Aug 10 Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers NY, accused of being "Son of Sam" 44 caliber killer
  • Aug 10 About 100 white sympathisers joined evicted black squatters in a protest against the demolition of shanty dwellings outside Cape Town, South Africa
  • Aug 11 Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley
  • Aug 12 For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
  • Aug 12 High Energy Astronomy Observatory {HEAO] 1 launched into Earth's orbit by NASA
  • Aug 12 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric test flight
  • Aug 13 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • Aug 13 Randy Bachman quits band Bachman-Turner Overdrive, they then disband
  • Aug 14 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pebble Beach: Lanny Wadkins wins his only major title in event's 1st sudden-death playoff with Gene Littler
  • Aug 14 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giants Stadium
  • Aug 15 England regain cricket Ashes by taking a 3-0 series lead over Australia
  • Aug 15 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • Aug 15 "Wow" possible alien radio signal from deep space received at "The Big Ear", Ohio State's radio telescope in Delaware
  • Aug 16 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 16 Yanks blow 9-4 lead in 9th but beat Chicago 11-10 in bottom of 9th
  • Aug 17 Russian nuclear sub "Artika" is 1st to North Pole
  • Aug 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Aug 17 Thomas Wessinghage, Harald Hudak, Michael Lederer and Karl Fleschen walk world record 4x1500m (14:38.8)
  • Aug 18 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
  • Aug 18 Dodgers pitcher Don Sutton throws his NL record tying 5th one-hitter
  • Aug 18 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is arrested at a roadblock (dies of police beating 12 September)
  • Aug 19 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

Voyager 2 Spacecraft

Aug 20 NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, (later Uranus and Neptune also)

  • Aug 21 American water skier Donna Patterson Brice sets women's high speed record 111.11 mph at Long Beach, California
  • Aug 23 1st man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
  • Aug 23 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR

Hall of Fame

Aug 25 Canadian NHL player Tim Horton posthumously inducted into Hockey Hall of Fame

  • Aug 26 Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
  • Aug 27 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Chicago" closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 947 performances
  • Aug 27 Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry, Guinea
  • Aug 27 Toby Harrah and Bump Wills hit back-to-back inside-the-park-homers off Yankee Ken Clay at Yankee Stadium, Rangers won 8-2

Sports History

Aug 28 NY Yankee Ron Guidry faces just 28 men & beats Texas Rangers 1-0

Baseball Record

Aug 28 Nolan Ryan strikes out 300 batters for 5th straight year

  • Aug 28 NY Cosmos defeat Seattle Sounders, 2-1, at Civic Stadium in Portland Ore, winning their 2nd North American Soccer League championship

Baseball Record

Aug 29 MLB St Louis Cardinals Lou Brock eclipses Ty Cobb's 49-year-old career stolen bases record at 893 as Padres win 4-3

Album Release

Aug 29 Iggy Pop releases his second album "Lust for Life", a collaboration with David Bowie

  • Aug 31 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • Aug 31 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • Aug 31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote

Sports History

Sep 1 Tracy Austin at age 14 years, 8 months, 20 days, becomes the youngest female to play in the US Open, beating German Heidi Eisterlehner 3-6, 6-3, 6-1 in a 1st round match

  • Sep 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Sports History

Sep 2 One of the great anti-climaxes in sport; 43-year-old transsexual Rene Richards, who fought for over a year for right to play in a major event, is beaten 6-1, 6-4 by Wimbledon champion Virginia Wade at the US Open

  • Sep 3 Japanese baseball superstar Sadaharu Oh hits his 756th career home run to surpass Hank Aaron as all-time career leader in professional baseball
  • Sep 4 "Godspell" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 527 performances
  • Sep 5 Cleveland Indians stage 1st "I hate the Yankee Hanky Night"

Telethon

Sep 5 Jerry Lewis' 12th Muscular Dystrophy telethon

  • Sep 5 Red Army Faction kidnaps and subsequently murders West German business executive Hanns Martin Schleyer
  • Sep 5 NASA launches Voyager 1 on a mission to initially just fly-by Jupiter and Saturn, later Uranus and Neptune also (2012 becomes the first human-made object to leave the solar system)
  • Sep 6 Angels acquire Dave Kingman from Padres for cash, 9 days later Yankees buy Kingman (started with Mets) who plays in all 4 divisions in 1977
  • Sep 7 Ethiopia drops diplomatic relations with Somalia

Historic Event

Sep 7 US President Jimmy Carter and Panama's General Omar Torrijos sign the Panama Canal treaties, guaranteeing Panama control of the Panama Canal after 1999

  • Sep 7 Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy is released from prison after serving 4 years and 4 1/2 months
  • Sep 8 Interpol sends a resolution concerning video piracy
  • Sep 8 Jimmy McCulloch quits Wings
  • Sep 9 Tiger rookies Lou Whitaker & Allan Trammell debut together & will play together for 19 years
  • Sep 10 Blue Jays beat Yankees 19-3 with 20 hits
  • Sep 10 Christa Vahlensieck runs female world record marathon (2:34:47.5)
  • Sep 10 Susan Perkins (Ohio), crowned 50th Miss America 1978
  • Sep 10 Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by Guillotine in France

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 10 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Chris Evert wins her 3rd straight US singles title; beats Wendy Turnbull of Australia 7-6, 6-2; final time event played at West Side Tennis Club

Emmy Awards

Sep 11 29th Emmy Awards: "The Mary Tyler Moore Show", Carroll O'Conner & Bea Arthur win; "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" accumulates a then record 29 awards over its 7 season run

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 11 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Guillermo Vilas becomes the only Argentine to win US title; beats Jimmy Connors 2-6, 6-3, 7-6, 6-0; final time event played at West Side Tennis Club

The Atari 2600

Sep 11 The Atari 2600, originally known as the Atari Video Computer System (Atari VCS) is released in North America, revolutionizing the video game industry

  • Sep 12 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police
  • Sep 13 1st TV viewer discretion warning-Soap
  • Sep 13 2nd Test flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • Sep 13 General Motors introduces 1st US diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88)
  • Sep 14 Christmas Tinto sentenced to 7 years in Robben Island, South Africa
  • Sep 15 revival of musical "Man of La Mancha" opens at Palace Theater, NYC; runs for 124 performances

Sports History

Sep 15 Orioles forfeit to Blue Jays when mgr Earl Weaver pulls team off field in 5th citing hazardous condition (small tarpaulin on bullpen mound)

  • Sep 15 US President Jimmy Carter meets with 15 record company executives
  • Sep 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Sep 15 TV LA drama "CHiPs" debuts on NBC in US
  • Sep 16 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV

Music Single

Sep 16 Ringo Starr releases single "Drowning in Sea of Love" in the UK

  • Sep 16 Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
  • Sep 17 Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: US wins 12½-7½; last time a Great Britain & Ireland team competes for Ryder Cup
  • Sep 17 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Sep 17 Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
  • Sep 17 Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
  • Sep 18 Courageous (US) sweeps Australia (Aust) in 24th America's Cup
  • Sep 18 US Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together
  • Sep 18 2nd Toronto International Film Festival opens
  • Sep 20 "Estrada" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • Sep 20 Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
  • Sep 20 Russell Means addresses the UNHCR in Geneva: criticizes the United States, describing Native Americans as "people who live in the belly of the monster"
  • Sep 22 Minn Twin Bert Blyleven no-hits California Angels, 9-0
  • Sep 22 Preston Jones' "Texas Trilogy" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht
  • Sep 23 3rd test of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • Sep 23 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on TV show "Charlie's Angels"
  • Sep 23 "I Just Fall in Love Again" single released by The Carpenters
  • Sep 24 "Estrada" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • Sep 24 1st broadcast of "Love Boat" on ABC-TV
  • Sep 24 Ken Hinton of CFL British Columbia Lions returns a punt 130 yards
  • Sep 26 Cleveland Browns play their 1st overtime game, beat Patriots 30-27
  • Sep 26 Sir Freddie Laker begins cut-rate "Skytrain" service, London to NY
  • Sep 27 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title
  • Sep 29 "Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band" by Meco hits #1
  • Sep 29 Eva Shain is 1st woman to referee a heavyweight championship

Music History

Sep 29 James Brown's band walks out claiming they were underpaid & overworked

Boxing Title Fight

Sep 29 Muhammad Ali beats Earnie Shavers in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Sep 29 Peter Schats circus opera "Houdini" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Sep 29 Soviet space station Salyut 6 launched into Earth orbit

Album Release

Sep 29 Columbia Records releases "The Stranger", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's fifth studio album; it becomes the label's all-time best selling non-compilation record

  • Sep 30 Dutch Antillean government-Evertsz resigns
  • Sep 30 Ringo Starr releases album "Ringo the 4th"
  • Sep 30 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 30 Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • Sep 30 Philippine political prisoners, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III successfully escaped from Fort Bonifacio Maximum Security Prison in the Philippines

Sports History

Oct 1 Brazilian soccer great Pelé plays his final game for the New York Cosmos in an exhibition against Santos in front of 75,000 at Giants Stadium; 1,281 goals in 1,363 games

  • Oct 1 US Department of Energy established

Hall of Fame

Oct 1 Elton John honored by Madison Square Garden's MSG Hall of Fame

  • Oct 1 New York Yankees end MLB season with 100-62 record; win 2nd consecutive AL East title; go on the win World Series 4-2 v LA Dodgers
  • Oct 2 Pakistani general Zia ul-Haq bans all opposition

Baseball Record

Oct 2 Dusty Baker hits his 30th homer of the season against Astros' J.R. Richard; Dodgers become the first team in MLB history to have 4 players hit 30 or more HRs; joins Steve Garvey (33), Reggie Smith (32) and Ron Cey (30)

Sports History

Oct 2 Austrian Ferrari driver Niki Lauda finishes 4th in the US Grand Prix East at Watkins Glen to clinch his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship; Englishman James Hunt wins the race

Music History

Oct 3 "Comedy with Music (Victor Borge)" opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 66 performances

  • Oct 5 "Hair" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 43 performances
  • Oct 6 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 Yankees win AL pennant by rallying for 3 runs in 9th to beat KC Royals 5-3 in 5th & deciding playoff game
  • Oct 6 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.

Music History

Oct 7 Guitarist Steve Hackett quits progressive rock band Genesis

  • Oct 7 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • Oct 8 Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
  • Oct 8 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 9 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
  • Oct 9 Yanks rally for 3 in 9th & beat Royals 5-3 for pennant #31
  • Oct 9 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Kansas City Royals, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 10 11th Country Music Association Award: Ronnie Milsap wins
  • Oct 11 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth

Historic Invention

Oct 11 American inventor Gordon Gould issued his first US patent for a optically pumped laser amplifier, 20 years after first claiming to have invented the laser

  • Oct 12 "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
  • Oct 12 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 12 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
  • Oct 12 US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School

Sports History

Oct 14 Linda Ronstadt sings national anthem prior to World Series Game 3 at Dodger Stadium; criticised for casual attire but ranked by Washington Examiner as second-best rendition ever at a sporting event

  • Oct 14 Princess Beatrice opens Amsterdam metro
  • Oct 14 Rock band Kiss release their 2nd live album "Alive II"
  • Oct 15 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • Oct 15 Debbie Boone's "You Light Up My Life" goes #1 & stays #1 for 10 weeks
  • Oct 15 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)
  • Oct 15 "Serpentine Fire" single released by Earth, Wind & Fire (Billboard Song of the Year 1978)
  • Oct 17 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
  • Oct 17 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
  • Oct 18 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
  • Oct 18 NY Yankees win their 21st World Championship, 4 games
  • Oct 18 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu

Baseball Record

Oct 18 Baseball World Series: Reggie Jackson hits 3 consecutive HRs tying Babe Ruth's WS record; NY Yankees beat LA Dodgers, 8-4 to clinch, 4-2 series win; MVP: Yankees outfielder Reggie Jackson

  • Oct 18 Yanks beat Dodgers 8-4 for 21st world championship, 1st in 15 years
  • Oct 19 Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found
  • Oct 19 Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC

Historic Event

Oct 20 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 20 Revival of stage play "Dracula" premieres in NYC starring Frank Langella as Dracula
  • Oct 20 Plane chartered by rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd runs out of fuel and crashes in a wooded area near Gillsburg, Mississippi. Six people are killed, including band members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gains, and Cassie Gaines, and road manager Dean Kilpatrick
  • Oct 21 US recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa
  • Oct 21 The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • Oct 22 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit

New York City Marathon

Oct 23 New York City Marathon: defending champion Bill Rodgers wins in 2:11:38; Miki Gorman retains women's title in 2:43:10

  • Oct 23 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
  • Oct 23 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth
  • Oct 23 Despite not driving in season ending Japanese Grand Prix, Austrian Niki Lauda wins his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from Jody Scheckter of South Africa
  • Oct 25 Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • Oct 26 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 26 Dr Clifford R Wharton Jr named chancellor of State University of New York
  • Oct 26 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 26 Last natural case of smallpox discovered in Merca district, Somalia. Considered the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination
  • Oct 27 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped