On This Day

Historical Events in 1978

Events 1 - 200 of 700

  • Jan 1 "Your Arm's Too Short..." closes at Lyceum NYC after 429 performances
  • Jan 1 Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213
  • Jan 1 News editor Donald Woods finally arrives in London after escaping the apartheid regime in South Africa
  • Jan 1 Los Angeles Police chief Edward Davis retires from police force

AFC Championship

Jan 1 AFC Championship, Mile High Stadium, Denver: Denver Broncos beat Oakland Raiders, 20-17

  • Jan 1 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium, Irving: Dallas Cowboys beat Minnesota Vikings, 23-6
  • Jan 2 Rhino Records releases their 1st album "Wildmania"
  • Jan 2 64th Rose Bowl: #13 Washington beats #4 Michigan, 27-20
  • Jan 2 44th Sugar Bowl: #3 Alabama beats #9 Ohio State, 35-6
  • Jan 2 44th Orange Bowl: #6 Arkansas beats #2 Oklahoma, 31-6
  • Jan 3 Indian cricket spin bowler B. S. Chandrasekhar becomes first in Test history to register identical figures in both innings (6 for 52) in Indian innings win over Australia in 3rd Test in Melbourne
  • Jan 5 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time
  • Jan 6 1st postage stamp copyrighted by US (Carl Sandburg stamp)
  • Jan 6 US hand over St Stephan crown to Hungary
  • Jan 7 Angola revises its constitution in include a state security law
  • Jan 8 Israeli government votes to 'strengthen' settlements in occupied Sinai

Election of Interest

Jan 8 Harvey Milk becomes the 1st openly gay person elected to public office in California

Television Debut

Jan 8 TV series "All Creatures Great and Small" debuts on BBC TV, based on the books by James Herriot, starring Robert hardy and Christopher Timothy

Sports History

Jan 8 American Jimmy Connors beats Björn Borg of Sweden 6-4, 1-6, 6-4 to win his first and only season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis title at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • Jan 9 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
  • Jan 10 Soyuz 27 launches, carrying 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
  • Jan 11 Soyuz 27 links with Salyut 6 & Soyuz 26 (1st time 3 spacecraft link)
  • Jan 13 NASA select its first American women astronauts

Music Concert

Jan 14 Sex Pistols' final concert held in Winterland, San Francisco

  • Jan 15 Theodore Bundy kills Fla State U coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman
  • Jan 15 Super Bowl XII, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, LA: Dallas Cowboys beat Denver Broncos, 27-10; MVP: Harvey Martin, Dallas, DE & Randy White, Dallas, DT

Music Awards

Jan 16 5th American Music Awards: Stevie Wonder, Fleetwood Mac & Conway Twitty

  • Jan 16 Soyuz 27 returns to Earth

Music History

Jan 17 After a tumultuous final tour The Sex Pistols break up as a band, which is announced the following day

  • Jan 18 Geoff Boycott captains England for the 1st time, v Pakistan at Karachi
  • Jan 18 Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut collapses (no injuries)
  • Jan 18 Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB
  • Jan 19 Eddie Mathews elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jan 19 Judge William H. Webster appointed head of FBI

Volkswagen Beetle

Jan 19 The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.

  • Jan 20 Columbia Pictures pays $9.5 million for movie rights to "Annie"

Sports History

Jan 21 Panamanian boxer Roberto Durán becomes undisputed world lightweight champion with a 12th-round TKO of Esteban De Jesus at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas; defends his WBA title for 12th time, also takes De Jesus’ WBC title

  • Jan 23 Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris
  • Jan 23 NFL Pro Bowl, Tampa Stadium: NFC beats AFC, 14-13; MVP: Walter Peyton, Chicago Bears, RB
  • Jan 23 Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer.
  • Jan 24 31st NHL All-Star Game, Buffalo Municipal Auditorium, Buffalo, NY: Wales beats Campbell, 3-2 (OT); MVP: Billy Smith, NY Islanders, G
  • Jan 24 Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)
  • Jan 25 Muriel Humphrey (D-Mn) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat
  • Jan 25 Padres trade pitcher Dave Tomlin & $125,000 to Rangers for Gaylord Perry (He wins 1978 Cy Young Award)
  • Jan 26 Frank Herbert completes his novel "Destination: Void"
  • Jan 26 International Ultraviolet Explorer placed in Earth orbit

Historic Event

Jan 26 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government

  • Jan 26 Strikers riot in Tunisia, killing about 40
  • Jan 28 Ranger's Don Murdoch failed on 4th penalty shot against Islanders
  • Jan 28 Ted Nugent autographs a fan's arm with his knife
  • Jan 29 JoAnne Carner wins Colgate Triple Crown Match-Play Golf Championship
  • Jan 29 Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban.
  • Jan 30 Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

Radio Premiere

Jan 30 Mutual Broadcasting Network begins airing Larry King Show on radio

  • Jan 31 "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 101 performances
  • Jan 31 Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements

Historic Event

Feb 1 Harriet Tubman is 1st African American woman to be honored on a US postage stamp

Film & TV History

Feb 1 Director Roman Polanski skips bail & fled to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl

  • Feb 3 Australia beat India 3-2 on 6th day of final test, after India are all out for 445 chasing 493 to win

Historic Event

Feb 3 Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat and US President Jimmy Carter discuss the Middle East peace process in Washington, D.C.

  • Feb 5 Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded
  • Feb 5 28th NBA All-Star Game, Omni Coliseum, Atlanta, Ga: East beats West, 133-125; MVP: Randy Smith, SD Clippers, G
  • Feb 5 Blizzard forms in US North East, 100 people killed in New England and New York over 3 days

Historic Event

Feb 6 Muriel, wife of late Hubert Humphrey (Sen-D-Minn) takes his office

  • Feb 6 Snowstorm hits New England, parts of Rhode Island (54" / 137cm)
  • Feb 7 Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert
  • Feb 8 Crown Prince Sad Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah becomes Prime Minister of Kuwait
  • Feb 8 Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.
  • Feb 10 Frank C. Carlucci succeeds John F. Blake as deputy director of CIA
  • Feb 10 U.S. premiere of "Blue Collar", Paul Schrader's first film direction
  • Feb 11 16 Unification church couples wed in NYC

Sports History

Feb 11 25th hat trick in NY Islander history, Denis Potvin's 2nd

  • Feb 11 EOKA disbands in Cyprus
  • Feb 12 "Jesus Christ Superstar" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 96 performances
  • Feb 12 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • Feb 12 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • Feb 13 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 14 1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments
  • Feb 14 In girls' HS basketball, Chicago Latin beats Harvard St George
  • Feb 15 England all out 64 for 1st loss to NZ in cricket (Geoffrey Boycott captain)

Historic Event

Feb 15 Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Florida

  • Feb 15 Zaire revises its constitution
  • Feb 16 1st Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy's CBBS, Chicago)
  • Feb 17 11 civilians and 1 RUC officer are killed and 30 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army incendiary bomb at the La Mon Restaurant near Belfast
  • Feb 18 1st Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii
  • Feb 19 "On the 20th Century" opens at St James Theater NYC for 460 performances
  • Feb 19 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • Feb 19 Coleman, Comden & Green's musical premieres in NYC
  • Feb 19 20th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison takes lead with 11 laps remaining; lowest starting position (33rd) for winner until 2007

Film and TV Awards

Feb 20 4th People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and James Garner & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

  • Feb 20 Bob Backland beats "Superstar" Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champion
  • Feb 20 Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
  • Feb 22 2 tankers with propane gas explode killing 15 at Waverly, Tenn
  • Feb 22 28th Berlin International Film Festival: "Las truchas" and "What Max Said" win the Golden Bear (tie)
  • Feb 23 20th Grammy Awards: Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone wins
  • Feb 24 Kevin Porter, NJ, sets NBA record with 29 assists in a game

Sports History

Feb 25 England cricket all-rounder Ian Botham scores first Test century, 103 v New Zealand in Christchurch

  • Feb 26 Ira Levin's "Deathtrap" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 27 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Mar 1 "Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 243 performances

Film & TV History

Mar 1 Charlie Chaplin's coffin and remains are stolen from a Swiss cemetery in an extortion plot

  • Mar 2 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • Mar 3 1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI v Australia)
  • Mar 4 Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue
  • Mar 4 25th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Wake Forest, 85-77
  • Mar 5 "Hello, Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 152 performances
  • Mar 5 Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, California

Historic Event

Mar 6 Hustler publisher Larry Flynt and his lawyer shot by a militant white supremacist sniper in Georgia, leaving Flynt crippled and wheelchair bound

  • Mar 7 Belgian baron Charles Bracht kidnapped
  • Mar 7 Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 5th penalty shot against Islanders
  • Mar 7 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes against neutron bomb

Radio Premiere

Mar 8 The first-ever radio episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4.

  • Mar 9 Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa Canada won by Linichuk & Karponosov
  • Mar 9 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Rodnina & Zaitsev (Soviet Union)
  • Mar 9 Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Anett Pötzsch (East Germany)
  • Mar 9 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Charles Tickner (USA)
  • Mar 10 Soyuz 28 returns to Earth

Television Premiere

Mar 10 "The Incredible Hulk", starring Bill Bixby as David Banner, premieres on CBS

  • Mar 11 Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed
  • Mar 11 USF-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust NC

World Record

Mar 12 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:14.99)

  • Mar 13 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • Mar 14 Marines terminate Moluccan action in Province house (1 dead)
  • Mar 14 NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge)
  • Mar 15 -21] operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon
  • Mar 15 A's trade Vida Blue to Giants for 7 players & $390,000
  • Mar 15 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Mar 16 Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

Historic Event

Mar 16 Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

  • Mar 16 Soyuz 26 returns to Earth
  • Mar 16 US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty
  • Mar 16 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 Amoco Cadiz tanker spills 1.6 mil gallons of oil off French coast
  • Mar 17 Reds don green uniforms for St Patricks Day
  • Mar 18 250,000 attend rock concert California Jam II in Ontario, California
  • Mar 18 Former Pakistani premier Ali Bhutto sentenced to death
  • Mar 18 Wales beats France, 16-7 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch its 20th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, a record 8th Grand Slam and record 3rd consecutive Triple Crown
  • Mar 19 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb

PGA Players Championship

Mar 19 PGA Tournament Players Championship, Sawgrass CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 3rd TPC title, 1 stroke ahead of Lou Graham; 4th straight start for Nicklaus that ends with a top-2 finish

  • Mar 20 Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders
  • Mar 21 Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training)
  • Mar 21 San Francisco passes its and the U.S.' most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
  • Mar 22 France performs nuclear test

Historic Event

Mar 22 Robert Frost Plaza, at California, Drumm & Market, San Francisco, dedicated

  • Mar 22 Karl "The Great" Wallenda, German acrobat (The Flying Wallendas) dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico, at 73
  • Mar 22 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" debuts on NBC television
  • Mar 23 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 24 Wings release "With a Little Luck"
  • Mar 25 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, UCLA beat Maryland 90-74 in Los Angeles
  • Mar 27 40th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Duke, 94-88; Wildcats 5th title; forward Jack Givens scores 41 points
  • Mar 27 Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1,774 performances
  • Mar 27 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • Mar 28 Daryl Gates becomes the 49th Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department

Television Finale

Mar 29 Variety TV show "The Carol Burnett Show" last airs on CBS in the US, having won 25 Emmy Awards

  • Mar 30 "History of the American Film" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • Mar 31 USSR launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite
  • Mar 31 Wings release "London Town" album

Television Finale

Apr 1 "The Bob Newhart Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • Apr 1 Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by presidential decree
  • Apr 1 132nd Grand National: Bob Davies aboard 14/1 chance Lucius wins by half a length from Sebastian V

Sports History

Apr 1 New York Islanders right wing Mike Bossy becomes first NHL rookie to score 50 goals in a season after scoring #50 and #51 in the closing moments in a 3-2 win over Washington

  • Apr 2 Jamaican batsman Basil Williams scores 100 on debut for the West Indies in Australia's 3 wicket 3rd Test victory in Georgetown, Guyana

Television Premiere

Apr 2 TV show "Dallas" starring Larry Hagman and Barbara Bel Geddes premieres on CBS as a 5 week mini-series; ratings success leads to a 13 year run

  • Apr 2 Georges de Mestral's patent for "velvet type fabric" expires, puts "Velcro" in the open market

Sports History

Apr 2 Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova wins her first WTA Tour Championship; beats Evonne Goolagong Cawley of Australia 7-6, 6-4 at Oakland Coliseum Arena

  • Apr 3 European market & China signs trade agreement
  • Apr 3 Larry King moves his radio show from Miami to Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 6 Karnataka beat Uttar Pradesh by inn & 193 to win Ranji Trophy
  • Apr 7 Guttenberg bible sells for $2,000,000 in New York City
  • Apr 7 US President Jimmy Carter defers production of neutron bomb

Sports History

Apr 7 US Court of Appeals upholds Commissioner Bowie Kuhn's voiding of attempted player sales by A's owner Charlie Finley in June 1976

US Masters Golf

Apr 9 42nd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: 42 year old Gary Player shoots a record-tying final round 64 (−8) to win by 1 stroke from Rod Funseth, Tom Watson and Hubert Green

  • Apr 9 Brewers sweep Orioles 11-3, 16-3, & 13-5 (each with a grand slam)

Sports History

Apr 9 In separate NBA games Denver's David Thompson scores 73 points & San Antonio's George Gervin scores 63 points (33 in 1 quarter)

  • Apr 10 Formation of Major Indoor Soccer League announced
  • Apr 12 Gyorgy Ligeti's opera "Le Grand Macabre" premieres in Stockholm

Music Awards

Apr 12 13th Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Rogers and Crystal Gayle win

  • Apr 13 Jackson slugs a 3-run HR in the 1st inning, & the field is showered
  • Apr 14 David Hare's "Plenty" premieres in London
  • Apr 14 Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia
  • Apr 14 WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM
  • Apr 14 Thousands of Georgians demonstrate in the capital Tbilisi against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
  • Apr 15 43 die as 2 express trains collide head-on south of Bologna, Italy
  • Apr 15 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • Apr 16 "History of the American Film" closes at ANTA NYC after 21 performances
  • Apr 16 St Louis Card Bob Forsch no-hits Phillies, 5-0
  • Apr 16 NBC's premiere of miniseries "Holocaust"
  • Apr 17 63,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)

Boston Marathon

Apr 17 82nd Boston Marathon: US double; Bill Rodgers wins his 2nd men's title in 2:10:13; Gayle Barron women's champion in 2:44:52

  • Apr 17 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for "Dragons of Eden"
  • Apr 18 Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999
  • Apr 19 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • Apr 22 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony
  • Apr 22 23rd Eurovision Song Contest: Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta for Israel wins singing "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" in Paris