On This Day

Historical Events in October 1978

  • Oct 1 Comoros adopts constitution
  • Oct 1 Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) declares independence from UK
  • Oct 1 The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • Oct 2 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

Baseball Record

Oct 2 NY Yankees win 3rd straight AL East title beating Boston Red Sox, 5-4 in a dramatic single playoff game; Ron Guidry wins #25 aided by Bucky Dent's 3-run homer

  • Oct 3 Gold hits record $223.50 an ounce in London
  • Oct 4 Pier 39 opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 4 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I

Film Premiere

Oct 4 Film adaptation of Ira Levin's novel "The Boys from Brazil", starring Gregory Peck and Laurence Olivier premieres

  • Oct 5 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
  • Oct 5 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • Oct 5 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • Oct 6 Hannah H Gray inaugurated as 1st female head of a US university (Chicago)

Historic Event

Oct 6 Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an undesirable person

Music History

Oct 6 Mick Jagger apologizes for racist lyrics in "Some Girls"

Baseball Record

Oct 6 Royals' George Brett hits 3 HRs, Yanks win championship game 3, 6-5

  • Oct 6 "Midnight Express" film premieres directed by Alan Parker starring Brad Davis, Randy Quaid and John Hurt

Film Premiere

Oct 6 Terrence Malick's "Days of Heaven" film premieres starring Richard Gere

  • Oct 7 LA Dodgers win the pennant
  • Oct 7 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 7 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 7 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Kansas City Royals, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 8 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • Oct 8 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City

Sports History

Oct 8 American Mario Andretti in a Lotus finishes 10th in the season ending Canadian Grand Prix at Île Notre-Dame Circuit, but wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 13 points from Ronnie Peterson

Historic Event

Oct 9 P.W. Botha succeeds John Vorster as Prime Minister of South Africa

Music Awards

Oct 9 12th Country Music Association Award: Dolly Parton, Crystal Gayle, and Don Williams win

  • Oct 9 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Ballroom" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 10 Aerosmith's Steve Tyler & Joe Perry injured by a cherry bomb
  • Oct 10 British pop music magazine "Smash Hits" first published

Historic Event

Oct 10 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

Historic Event

Oct 10 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya

  • Oct 10 Steve Perry joins Journey
  • Oct 11 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
  • Oct 11 Belgium government of Tindemans resigns

Baseball Record

Oct 11 Dodgers Bob Welch dramatically strikes out Reggie Jackson in 9th

Music History

Oct 11 Columbia Records releases "52nd Street", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's sixth studio album; it becomes his 1st chart-topper, and wins 3 Grammy Awards

  • Oct 12 Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington

Murder of Interest

Oct 12 Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen

Radio History

Oct 13 US President Jimmy Carter answers callers' questions on National Public Radio

  • Oct 13 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • Oct 13 Tiros N, US's 1st third generation weather satellite, is launched
  • Oct 13 Graig Nettles at 3rd makes many spectacular plays in WS game 3 as Guidry beats Dodgers, after trailing 2 games to 0 Yanks win next 4
  • Oct 13 "52nd Street" 6th studio album by Billy Joel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year 1979)

Film & TV History

Oct 14 1st TV movie from a TV series-"Rescue from Gilligan's Island"

  • Oct 14 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Oct 14 NY outfielder Reggie Jackson causes World Series controversy; interferes with a throw to 1st, deflects ball away during Yankees, 4-3 Game 4 win over LA Dodgers at Yankee Stadium

Sports History

Oct 14 Despite Denis Potvin hat trick in 3:21 NY Islanders lose 7-10 making Islander record when scoring a hat trick-22-2-1

  • Oct 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 16 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Herbert A Simon

Papal Inauguration

Oct 16 Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II

Sports History

Oct 16 Test debut of Kapil Dev, India v Pakistan at Faisalabad

  • Oct 17 NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
  • Oct 17 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees repeat as champions; beat LA, 7-2 at Dodger Stadium for 4-2 series victory; MVP: NY shortstop Bucky Dent
  • Oct 17 President Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring US citizenship to Jefferson Davis
  • Oct 17 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Oct 17 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
  • Oct 18 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance
  • Oct 18 NY Islanders 1st scoreless tie, vs LA Kings
  • Oct 20 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
  • Oct 20 Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs)
  • Oct 20 US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2
  • Oct 21 Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • Oct 22 "King of Hearts" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 48 performances

New York City Marathon

Oct 22 New York City Marathon: Grete Waitz of Norway wins in her race debut in world record 2:32:30; Bill Rodgers wins his third straight title in 2:12:12

  • Oct 22 Grete Weitz runs female world record marathon (2:32:29.8)
  • Oct 22 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession
  • Oct 22 Pope John Paul II is inaugurated as Pope
  • Oct 23 CBS raises LP prices to $8.98
  • Oct 23 China & Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension
  • Oct 23 Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC

Music History

Oct 24 Keith Richards convicted of heroin possession in Toronto

  • Oct 24 NHL Toronto Maple Leafs set own team record of 28 pts vs NY Islanders
  • Oct 25 Israeli government approves "in principle", a draft compromise peace
  • Oct 25 Padres Gaylord Perry is 1st to win Cy Young in both leagues (NL)

Film Release

Oct 25 "Halloween", directed by John Carpenter, starring Donald Pleasence and Jamie Lee Curtis in her film debut, is released

  • Oct 26 Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
  • Oct 27 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill
  • Oct 28 Don Ritchie runs world record 100k (6:10:20)

Sports History

Oct 28 Bobby Orr scores his last career NHL goal (vs Detroit Red Wings)

  • Oct 28 NBC's premiere of Kiss' acting debut, "Kiss Meets The Phantom of the Park" TV film
  • Oct 30 Laura Nickel & Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime, 2 ^ 21701-1
  • Oct 30 Uganda troops attack Tanzania
  • Oct 31 Iranian oil workers go on strike
  • Oct 31 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) adopts constitution