On This Day

Historical Events in 1978 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 702

  • Apr 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Baseball Record

Apr 24 Angels Nolan Ryan strikes out 15 Mariners, 20th time he has 15 in game

  • Apr 25 Phillie Phanatic makes 1st appearance
  • Apr 25 Supreme Court rules pension plans can't require women to pay more
  • Apr 25 ABC premiere of crime drama "Vega$"
  • Apr 26 France sends troops to Chad
  • Apr 26 NASA launches space vehicle S-201
  • Apr 27 Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, kills 51
  • Apr 27 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
  • Apr 30 "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" closes at Palace NYC after 101 performances
  • Apr 30 British film "The Stud" starring Joan Collins, based on the book by her sister Jackie Collins premieres in UK
  • May 1 1st African American mayor of New Orleans, Ernest Nathan Morial, inaugurated
  • May 1 Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone

Film Release

May 1 Jackie Chan's breakthrough film "Snake in the Eagle's Shadow" directed by Yuen Woo-ping, is released in Hong Kong

  • May 2 1978 NFL Draft: Earl Campbell from University of Texas first pick by Houston Oilers
  • May 3 "Sun Day" - solar energy events are held in US
  • May 3 Last cricket test match appearance for Bobby Simpson, at Kingston
  • May 3 WI all set to lose cricket test v Aust at Kingston till riots end game
  • May 3 First unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail ("spam") is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the US west coast
  • May 4 Russian leader Brezhnev visits West-Germany

Baseball Record

May 5 Cincinnati Red Pete Rose becomes 14th player to get 3,000 hits

  • May 6 104th Kentucky Derby: Steve Cauthen wins aboard Affirmed - first and only Derby victory and 1st-leg of Triple Crown
  • May 6 South Africa military goes into Angola
  • May 8 ABC TV airs "Stars Salute Israel at 30"
  • May 9 "Ain't Misbehavin'" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 1604 performances

Historic Event

May 9 Corpse of kidnapped Italian ex-premier Aldo Moro found

  • May 9 Fee Waybill of Tubes breaks a leg falling off stage
  • May 10 "Angel" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • May 10 22nd European Cup: Liverpool beats Club Brugge 1-0 at London
  • May 11 Margaret A Brewer is 1st female general in the US Marine Corps
  • May 12 US Commerce Department says hurricane names will no longer be only female
  • May 13 "Angel" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • May 13 Musical "Runaways" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 199 performances, with Elizabeth Swados
  • May 13 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)
  • May 13 Joie Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels
  • May 14 "Working" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 25 performances
  • May 14 First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta
  • May 17 Los Angeles Dodgers Lee Lacy hits record 3rd consecutive pinch-hit home run
  • May 18 Italy legalizes abortion
  • May 18 Russian dissident Yuri Orlov exiled to compulsory work
  • May 20 103rd Preakness: Steve Cauthen wins aboard Affirmed for the 2nd-leg of the Triple Crown
  • May 20 3 PFLP members kill a police officer near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris
  • May 20 US launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus
  • May 21 118 Unification church couples wed in England
  • May 21 Yamada Mumon Roshi appointed head of Zen Rinzai Sect
  • May 23 AL approves transfer of Red Sox to Jean Yawkey for $15M
  • May 23 General strike in Peru
  • May 24 Dutch Investment bill (WIR) law goes into effect
  • May 24 American management consultant Marilyn Loden first coins the term "glass ceiling" to describe invisible career barriers for women

Sports History

May 25 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: 3-peat for Montreal Canadiens; beat Boston Bruins, 4-1 as Mario Tremblay scores twice; 4-2 series victory

  • May 26 1st legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City
  • May 28 Indianapolis 500: Al Unser Snr in a Lola dominates second half of race to hold off Tom Sneva for his third Indy victory
  • May 28 Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. The election is won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.
  • May 29 US 1st class postage rises to 15 cents (13 cents for 3 years)
  • May 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • May 30 31st Cannes Film Festival: "The Tree of Wooden Clogs" directed by Ermanno Olmi wins the Palme d'Or

Sports History

Jun 1 Future England cricket captain David Gower makes his Test debut in 1st Test against Pakistan in Birmingham; England win by an innings and 57 runs

Historic Event

Jun 1 High Council destroys judgment against Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten

  • Jun 1 The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed
  • Jun 1 England cricket fast bowler Chris Old becomes only third man to capture 4 wickets in 5 balls in a Test, as Pakistan dismissed for 164 in 1st Test at Edgbaston; Old 5 for 70

Album Release

Jun 2 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen fourth studio album "Darkness on the Edge of Town"

  • Jun 3 Phillies Dave Johnson is 1st to hit 2 pinch hit grand slams in a year
  • Jun 4 "Working" closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 25 performances
  • Jun 4 32nd Tony Awards: "Da" and "Ain't Misbehavin'" win
  • Jun 4 Canadian Open Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Lachute GC: JoAnne Carner wins by 8 strokes from Hollis Stacy
  • Jun 4 Liberal Julio Turbay Ayola wins Colombia elections
  • Jun 6 Proposition 13 cuts California property taxes 57%

Television Premiere

Jun 6 US TV news program "20/20", created by Roone Arledge premieres on ABC

  • Jun 7 32nd NBA championship: Washington Bullets defeat Seattle Supersonics in 7 games
  • Jun 7 Emmy 5th Daytime Award presentation
  • Jun 8 51st National Spelling Bee: Peg McCarthy wins spelling deification
  • Jun 8 Braves draft Bob Horner #1

Historic Event

Jun 8 Nevada jury rules Howard Hughes "Mormon Will" is a forgery

Historic Event

Jun 9 Johannes Gutenberg's Bible, the first book produced using the printing press, (1 of 21 complete versions) sells for $2.4 million, London

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 9 Larry Holmes beats Ken Norton in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Jun 9 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) strikes down 148 year policy of excluding black men from priesthood
  • Jun 10 110th Belmont: Steve Cauthen wins aboard Affirmed to wrap up the Triple Crown
  • Jun 10 Yankees trade Ken Holzman for Ron Davis
  • Jun 10 Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

French Open Women's Tennis

Jun 10 French Open Women's Tennis: Virginia Ruzici of Romania claims her lone major singles title; beats Mima Jaušovec of Yugoslavia 6-2, 6-2

LPGA Championship

Jun 11 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Nancy Lopez wins by 6 strokes from fellow American Amy Alcott

  • Jun 11 Christa Tybus of London sets record of 24½ hrs of hula-hoop
  • Jun 11 Joseph Freeman Jr is 1st black priest in Church Of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

French Open Men's Tennis

Jun 11 French Open Men's Tennis: Sweden's Björn Borg wins his 3rd French title; beats Guillermo Vilas of Argentina 6-1, 6-1, 6-3

  • Jun 12 David Berkowitz sentenced in NY Supreme Court to 25 yrs to life
  • Jun 12 US House of Representatives allows live radio coverage
  • Jun 13 Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • Jun 14 Sierra Leone adopts constitution
  • Jun 15 Belgian government resigns
  • Jun 15 Italy's pres Leone resigns due to Lockheed affair
  • Jun 15 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days

Film Release

Jun 16 Film "Grease" opens, starring John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John, based on the 1971 musical

Sports History

Jun 16 Cincinnati Red Tom Seaver no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0

  • Jun 17 "Cheeseburger In Paradise" by Jimmy Buffett peaks at #32

Sports History

Jun 17 Ron Guidry sets Yankee record with 18 strike-outs

  • Jun 17 The Provisional Irish Republican Army kill an RUC officer and kidnap another near Crossmaglen, County Armagh

US Golf Open

Jun 18 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Andy North holds on for a 1-stroke victory over runners-up Dave Stockton and J. C. Snead to claim the first of his 2 US Open titles

  • Jun 18 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • Jun 19 "Best Little Whorehouse..." opens at 46th St NYC for 1577 performances

Historic Event

Jun 19 Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip

Sports History

Jun 19 Ian Botham takes 8-34 v Pakistan, his best Test cricket bowling

  • Jun 20 1st 6 teams of Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) granted-Iowa, NJ, Milwaukee, Chicago, Minnesota & Dayton

Music Premiere

Jun 21 Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice's musical "Evita", starring Elaine Page, premieres at the Prince Edward Theatre, London

  • Jun 21 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack
  • Jun 22 James Christy's discovery of Pluto's moon Charon announced
  • Jun 22 Neo-Nazis call off plans to march in Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois
  • Jun 25 FIFA World Cup Final, El Monumental, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Striker Mario Kempes scores 2 goals as Argentina beats the Netherlands, 3-1 after extra time
  • Jun 25 First use of the rainbow flag, symbol of gay pride, made by Gilbert Baker at a march in San Francisco
  • Jun 26 Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
  • Jun 26 First dedicated oceanographic satellite, SEASAT 1, launched
  • Jun 26 Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.
  • Jun 27 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m, 7:32.1
  • Jun 27 Soyuz 30 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to Salyut 6 space station
  • Jun 27 US Seasat 1, 1st oceanographic satellite, launched into polar orbit
  • Jun 28 UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as Ambassadors of Goodwill
  • Jun 28 Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected

Historic Event

Jun 29 US Vice President Walter Mondale begins trip to Middle East

Baseball Record

Jun 30 Giants' Willie McCovey becomes 12th to hit 500 HRs

  • Jun 30 Future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Larry Doby becomes only the second African-American manager in MLB with the Chicago White Sox
  • Jul 1 "Act" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 233 performances

Historic Event

Jul 1 Former US President Richard Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974

  • Jul 1 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
  • Jul 2 MLB pitcher Ron Guidry beats Detroit 3-2 for a NY Yankee record 13-0 start to the season
  • Jul 3 US Supreme Court rules 5-4, FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin's "Filthy Words"
  • Jul 4 Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
  • Jul 5 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan
  • Jul 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 6 Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Muslim West Beirut
  • Jul 6 A sleeping car catches fire in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her first Grand Slam singles title beating Chris Evert 2-6, 6-4, 7-5

  • Jul 7 Solomon Islands declares independence from UK
  • Jul 7 NBA approves franchise swap; Buffalo Braves owner John Y. Brown and Harry Mangurian acquire Boston Celtics, while the Celtics owner Irv Levin gets Braves, later moved to San Diego to become the Clippers
  • Jul 8 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Björn Borg of Sweden wins his 3rd straight Wimbledon singles crown; beats American Jimmy Connors 6-2, 6-2, 6-3
  • Jul 8 Sandro Pertini elected the 7th President of the Italian Republic
  • Jul 8 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
  • Jul 9 "Hello, Dolly!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 152 performances
  • Jul 9 American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
  • Jul 9 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington, D.C. for ERA
  • Jul 10 Bloodless military coup in Mauritania, President Moktar flees

Film & TV History

Jul 10 World News Tonight premieres on ABC with Max Robinson the first black anchor on a network newscast in the US

  • Jul 11 49th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at San Diego Stadium

Sports History

Jul 11 All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers) collects his second award

  • Jul 11 Auto with liquid gas crashes and explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • Jul 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 13 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • Jul 13 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • Jul 13 Lee Iacocca fired as president of the Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford II
  • Jul 13 Russian dissidents Ginsburg, Piatkus and Sjtsjaranki sentenced to work camps
  • Jul 13 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
  • Jul 14 Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
  • Jul 14 Umpire Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
  • Jul 14 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode" - blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado

British Golf Open

Jul 15 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Jack Nicklaus completes 3rd career grand slam; wins by 2 strokes from Ben Crenshaw & Ray Floyd

Sports History

Jul 17 NY Yankee manager Billy Martin and Reggie Jackson fight in dug out after Jackson refuses to bunt, causing Martin to suspend him

  • Jul 18 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • Jul 19 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 19 New York Yankees start historic 14 game comeback with 2-0 win over the Minnesota Twins at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, MN
  • Jul 21 Bolivian military coup under General Juan Pereda, President Hugo Banzer flees
  • Jul 21 US Postal Service & unions agree on a contract averting mail strike
  • Jul 21 World's strongest dog, 80-kg St Bernard, pulls 2909-kg load 27 m

Film Premiere

Jul 21 "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" film starring The Bee Gees, based on the Beatles' album of the same name, premieres in NYC

  • Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Indianapolis: Hollis Stacy successfully defends title by 1 stroke from Sally Little and JoAnne Carner
  • Jul 23 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas

Sports History

Jul 23 MLB Philadelphia Phillies Steve Carlton becomes 78th MLB pitcher to win 200

  • Jul 23 Mayence returns to helps Yankees win their 5th straight game
  • Jul 23 65th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • Jul 23 Franklin Bradshaw is murdered in Salt Lake City by his grandson Marc Schreuder at the instigation of his mother Frances Schreuder
  • Jul 24 Margaret Gardiner, of South Africa, crowned 27th Miss Universe
  • Jul 24 Pete Rose ties NL hitting streak of 37 games

Sports History

Jul 24 Billy Martin resigns as Yankee manager after "one is a born liar the other a convicted one" comment about Steinbrenner and Jackson

Music History

Jul 25 John Lydon forms rock group Public Ltd Image

  • Jul 25 The Cerro Maravilla Incident occurs.
  • Jul 26 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

Baseball Record

Jul 26 Johnny Bench hits his 300th career home run

  • Jul 26 11th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • Jul 27 Indians Duane Kuiper is 3rd to hit 2 bases-loaded triples (vs Yanks)

Historic Event

Jul 27 Portuguese President António Ramalho Eanes fires Premier Mário Soares

  • Jul 28 600,000 attend the "Summer Jam" rock festival at Watkins Glen, New York, at the time the largest ever audience at a pop festival
  • Jul 28 At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
  • Jul 28 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • Jul 28 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 29 American Penny Dean swims English Channel in record 7 hrs, 40 min; record holds until 1995
  • Jul 29 On Old Timer's Day, NY Yankees announce that Billy Martin will return as NY Yankee manager in 1980 and Bob Lemon will become GM
  • Jul 30 Expos crush Braves, 19-0, collecting 28 hits & NL-record-tying 8 HRs
  • Jul 31 Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
  • Jul 31 Cincinnati infielder Pete Rose singles off Phil Niekro to extend his hitting streak to 44 games as Reds edge Atlanta Braves, 3-2; ties Willie Keeler's 81-year-old NL record
  • Aug 1 Atlanta Braves trounce Cincinnati Reds, 16-4 and halt Pete Rose's NL record hitting streak at 44 games
  • Aug 1 Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead
  • Aug 3 11th Commonwealth Games open in Edmonton, Canada
  • Aug 5 New Orleans Saints beat Philadelphia Eagles 14-7 in an NFL exhibition at Mexico City's Olympic Stadium
  • Aug 5 The first all-seater stadium is opened in Aberdeen, Scotland; Aberdeen & London club Tottenham Hotspurs play a friendly to inaugurate the Pittodrie Stadium

PGA Championship

Aug 6 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: John Mahaffey recovers from 7 down with 14 to play to force playoff; beats Tom Watson & Jerry Pate on 2nd hole

  • Aug 7 Eddie Mathews, Addie Joss and Larry MacPhail are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

Historic Event

Aug 7 Thousands of mourners file past body of Pope Paul VI

  • Aug 8 Pioneer-Venus 2 with 5 atmospheric probes launched toward Venus
  • Aug 9 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test