On This Day

Historical Events in 1981 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 764

  • Jun 25 Supreme Court upholds male-only draft registration as constitutional
  • Jun 25 Microsoft is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington

Film Premiere

Jun 26 "Stripes", American military comedy film, directed and produced by Ivan Reitman, starring Bill Murray, Harold Ramis, and John Candy premieres

#1 in the Charts

Jun 27 "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes returns to #1 slot

  • Jun 27 Cambodia adopts its constitution
  • Jun 27 Pamela Jenks, aged 21, is crowned the 14th Miss Black America

Assassination Attempt

Jun 27 Ali Khamenei narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by the Mujaheddin-e Khalq, when a bomb concealed in a tape recorder, explodes on a desk in front of him

  • Jun 28 "Piaf" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 165 performances
  • Jun 28 74 government officials die in attack in Iran
  • Jun 29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed

Historic Event

Jun 29 Hu Yaobang succeeds Hua Guofeng as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Historic Event

Jun 30 China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy

  • Jun 30 Zwelakhe Sisulu, President of the Black Media Workers Association of South Africa, is detained
  • Jul 1 Laurel Canyon California murders (4 die, 1 wounded)
  • Jul 1 Nell Dunn's "Steaming" premieres in London

Historic Event

Jul 1 Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam

  • Jul 1 Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Chris Evert beats Hana Mandlíková 6-2, 6-2 for her third and final Wimbledon singles title

  • Jul 3 NYC transit fare rises from 60 cents to 75 cents, new brass Y-cut-out token

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John McEnroe ends Björn Borg's streak of 5 straight Wimbledon titles with a famous 4-6, 7-6, 7-6, 6-4 victory

Golf Tournament

Jul 5 Canadian Open Women's Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Summerlea GC: Jan Stephenson of Australia wins by 1 shot from Pat Bradley & Nancy Lopez

  • Jul 5 Premier Begin's Likud party wins Israeli elections
  • Jul 5 Rajan Mahadevan recites 31,811 digits of π (Pi) from memory
  • Jul 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 7 The solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, successfully completes a 163 mile flight across the English Channel

Historic Event

Jul 7 Sandra Day O'Connor nominated for the Supreme Court, 1st female Supreme Court justice

Sports History

Jul 7 England cricket captain Ian Botham resigned after no wins in 12 matches under his reign and a pair in the 2nd Test v Australia at Lord's

  • Jul 8 France performs nuclear test
  • Jul 8 French Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
  • Jul 8 Senate confirms Sandra Day O'Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
  • Jul 9 Jacksons begin a 36-city tour
  • Jul 9 Nintendo releases arcade game Donkey Kong in Japan (July 31 in the US)
  • Jul 10 Walt Disney's "Fox & The Hound" released
  • Jul 10 CERN achieves 1st proton-antiproton beam collision (570 GeV)
  • Jul 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Film Premiere

Jul 10 "Escape from New York" directed by John Carpenter and starring Kurt Russell and Donald Pleasence, premieres in the US

  • Jul 11 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 11 Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony

Sports History

Jul 11 Sebastian Coe of UK sets record for 1K (2:12.18)

Sports History

Jul 12 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Arnold Palmer comfortably wins 18-hole playoff against Billy Casper and Bob Stone

  • Jul 14 Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
  • Jul 16 India performs nuclear Test
  • Jul 16 Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
  • Jul 17 "This is Burlesque" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • Jul 17 Humber Estuary Bridge in UK opens, world's longest span (1.4 km)
  • Jul 17 Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut
  • Jul 17 Lobby walkways at Kansas City's Hyatt Regency hotel collapse killing 114 and injuring over 200
  • Jul 17 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 17 Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta
  • Jul 17 Glasdrumman ambush: the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a British Army post in South Armagh, killing 1 soldier and injuring another
  • Jul 18 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek

British Golf Open

Jul 19 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: American Bill Rogers wins his only major title, 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Bernhard Langer of Germany

  • Jul 19 68th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • Jul 20 England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls
  • Jul 20 Irene Sáez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe
  • Jul 21 Australia set 130 to win, all out 111 at Headingley Willis 8-43
  • Jul 22 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • Jul 23 14th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • Jul 24 Mohammed Ali Rajai elected president of Iran
  • Jul 25 Anti-apartheid protesters in Hamilton, New Zealand, force the cancellation of a rugby test between New Zealand's All Blacks and South Africa’s Springboks by invading the pitch during the game
  • Jul 26 2 climbers fall 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela
  • Jul 26 US Open Women's Golf, La Grange CC: Pat Bradley shoots final round 66 (−6) to finish 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Beth Daniel; second of Bradley's 6 major titles

Historic Event

Jul 26 New York Mayor Ed Koch is given the Heimlich maneuver in a Chinese restaurant

  • Jul 29 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Amphitheater is dedicated (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • Jul 29 Former Iranian president Bani Sadr flees to Paris
  • Jul 29 Anti-apartheid protesters against the Springbok rugby tour are confronted by police who use batons to stop them marching to South Africa’s Consul in New Zealand
  • Jul 30 Belgian Senate accept laws against racism
  • Jul 30 Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms" premieres in London
  • Jul 31 Mid-season strike by MLB players ends after 42 days causing cancellation of 713 games; players and owners come to an agreement on free agent compensation
  • Jul 31 Arnette Hubbard installed as 1st woman president of National Bar Association
  • Aug 1 MTV premieres at 12:01 AM
  • Aug 1 Poland premier Jagielski resigns

Music Single

Aug 1 "Endless Love" single released by Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (Billboard Song of the Year 1981, Billboard Greatest Song Duet of All-Time)

  • Aug 2 England cricket all-rounder Ian Botham takes 5 for 11 to end Australia's chase of 151 target, all out 121 for 29 run defeat in 4th Test at Edgbaston

Historic Event

Aug 3 13,000 Air Traffic Controllers (PATCO) begin their strike; US President Ronald Reagan offers ultimatum to workers: 'if they do not report for work within 48 hours, they have forfeited their jobs and will be terminated'

  • Aug 3 France performs nuclear test in Pacific
  • Aug 3 Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launch the Antiimperialist Action Front-Suxxali Reew Mi.
  • Aug 4 Columbia mated with SRBs and external tank for STS-2 mission

Historic Event

Aug 4 Oliver North is assigned to White House duty

  • Aug 5 US President Ronald Reagan fires 11,500 striking air traffic controllers
  • Aug 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 6 Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron freed
  • Aug 6 NASA launches US Navy communication system Fltsatcom-5 - fails after being damaged during flight
  • Aug 7 "The Washington Star" ceases all operations after 128 years of publication
  • Aug 8 At a summit South African Trade Unions resolve to defy apartheid and labour laws
  • Aug 9 52nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
  • Aug 9 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)

PGA Championship

Aug 9 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Atlanta Athletic Club: Larry Nelson wins by 4 strokes from Fuzzy Zoeller

  • Aug 9 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos)
  • Aug 9 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • Aug 10 Coca-Cola Bottling Co agrees to pump $34 million into black business

Sports History

Aug 10 Pete Rose, 3,631 career hit, breaks Stan Musial's NL hit record

  • Aug 10 Richard Nixon Museum in San Clemente, California closes
  • Aug 12 IBM introduces its first Personal Computer (PC & PC-DOS version 1.0)
  • Aug 12 Jon Erikson (US) becomes 1st to triple cross English Channel (38:27)
  • Aug 13 American swimmer Mary T. Meagher breaks her own world women's 200 m butterfly record (2:05.96) in Brown Deer, Wisconsin
  • Aug 13 Last broadcast of "The Waltons" on CBS-TV
  • Aug 14 George Foster hits his 8th HR into red seats at Riverfront

Sports History

Aug 14 Phils Mike Schmidt hits his 300th career HR off NY Met Mike Scott

  • Aug 15 Ian Botham scores a century in 86 balls v Australia at Old Trafford
  • Aug 15 Robin Leamy of US swims record 7.98 kph for 50 m
  • Aug 16 Highest score in World Cup soccer match (New Zealand-13, Fiji-0)
  • Aug 16 American swimmer Mary T. Meagher breaks her own world women's 100 m butterfly record (57.93) in Brown Deer, Wisconsin; holds 100/200m double WR
  • Aug 18 "My Fair Lady" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 119 performances

Telethon

Aug 18 Jerry Lewis appears on "Donahue" to defend Telethons

  • Aug 18 Football running back, Herschel Walker, of U of Georgia, takes out a Lloyd's of London insurance policy for $1 million
  • Aug 19 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
  • Aug 24 American Charles Chapman is 1st black to swim English Channel

Murder of Interest

Aug 24 Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 yrs to life for John Lennon's murder

  • Aug 25 Jeff Schwartz, sets solo record for trampoline bouncing (266:09)

Voyager 2 Spacecraft

Aug 25 Voyager 2's closest approach to Saturn (63,000 miles/100,000 km)

  • Aug 26 Space Shuttle vehicle moves to Launch Complex 39A for STS-2 mission
  • Aug 26 Voyager 2 takes photos of Saturn's moon Titan
  • Aug 27 Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard sunken Italian liner Andrea Doria
  • Aug 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 28 Sebastian Coe of UK sets 1-mi record of 3:47.33 (since broken)
  • Aug 28 National Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis & Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men
  • Aug 29 28th Walker Cup: US wins 15-9
  • Aug 29 Phillies minor leaguer Jeff Stone steals pro baseball record 121st base en route to 122 (Spartanburg (South Atlantic League))

Sports History

Aug 30 Bill Shoemaker becomes the first jockey to win a $1 million thoroughbred horse race when John Henry takes the inaugural Arlington Million by a nose over The Bart

  • Aug 31 Dirk Wellham scores 103 on Test Cricket debut, v England at Lord's
  • Aug 31 MLB Kansas City Royals fire manager Jim Frey, replace him with Dick Howser
  • Sep 1 Fast bowler Terry Alderman takes his 42nd wicket of the series on the last day of the 5th cricket Test vs England at The Oval; haul remains record by an Australian bowler in England; England wins series 3-1
  • Sep 1 Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH)
  • Sep 1 Military coup under general Kolingba in Central African Republic, President Dacko flees
  • Sep 1 RKO radio network premieres America Overnight talk show
  • Sep 1 Northern Ireland’s first religiously integrated secondary school opens
  • Sep 1 Mike Brearley's last day as England cricket captain in 6th Test draw v Australia at The Oval; maintains his unbeaten record at home as England's 3-1 series win confirmed

Appointment of Interest

Sep 1 Uruguay's Ruling Council names Gregorio Álvarez as transitional President (he rules till 1985)

  • Sep 2 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Sep 2 38th Venice Film Festival: "Die bleierne Zeit" directed by Margarethe von Trotta wins Golden Lion
  • Sep 3 Longest MLB game in Fenway Park history is suspended after 19 innings at Seattle Mariners 7, Boston Red Sox 7; Mariners win 8-7 in 20 the following morning
  • Sep 4 Longest MLB game at Fenway Park ends in 20 innings; Seattle Mariners beat Boston Red Sox, 8-7

Film & TV History

Sep 4 Newscaster David Brinkley is released by NBC

  • Sep 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Sep 6 Musical "They're Playing Our Song" closes at Imperial NYC after 1082 performances
  • Sep 6 Robert Granville "Bob" Lemon named NY Yankee manager for 2nd time
  • Sep 7 Cleveland Browns' Brian Sipe sets club record with 57 pass attempts
  • Sep 7 Jerry Lewis' 16th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $31,500,000
  • Sep 7 West Tampa Fl defeats Rich Va, 6-4 to win American Legion World Series
  • Sep 8 British TV comedy "Only Fools and Horses" created by John Sullivan, starring David Jason, Nicholas Lyndhurst and Lennard Pearce premieres on BBC One
  • Sep 9 Vernon E Jordan resigns as president of National Urban League
  • Sep 10 "Guernica" by Pablo Picasso returns to Spain
  • Sep 11 2nd government of Van Agt forms in Netherlands
  • Sep 12 Elizabeth Ward (Arkansas), 20, crowned 54th Miss America 1982

Sports History

Sep 12 Red Sox rookie Bob Ojeda no-hits Yanks for 8 innings before Rick Cerone & Dave Winfield lead off 9th with back-to-back doubles

The Smurfs TV Debut

Sep 12 "The Smurfs" animated cartoon series by Hanna-Barbera first broadcasts in North America

  • Sep 13 33rd Emmy Awards: "Taxi", "Hill Street Blues", Judd Hirsch and Isabel Sanford win
  • Sep 13 April Moon sets women's handbow distance record of 1,039 yds & 13"
  • Sep 13 Atlanta Falcons tie record of 31 points in 4th quarter (vs Green Bay)
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 13 US Open Men's Tennis: John McEnroe wins 3rd straight US title; beats Björn Borg 4-6, 6-2, 6-4, 6-3 in Borg's last Grand Slam match
  • Sep 14 Judge Wapner & People's Court premiere on TV
  • Sep 14 Entertainment Tonight premieres on TV
  • Sep 15 US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor for the US Supreme Court

Catholic Encyclical

Sep 15 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

  • Sep 15 The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 15 Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.

Sports History

Sep 17 Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season

  • Sep 18 Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
  • Sep 19 Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket
  • Sep 19 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a NYC Central Park concert for an audience estimated at 500,000 members
  • Sep 19 6th Toronto International Film Festival: "Chariots of Fire" directed by Hugh Hudson wins the People's Choice Award

Ryder Cup

Sep 20 Ryder Cup Golf, Walton Heath GC: US wins 18½-9½; 6th and final Ryder Cup for Jack Nicklaus as a player; wins all 4 of his matches

  • Sep 20 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
  • Sep 21 Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK

Baseball Record

Sep 21 MLB Philadelphia Phillies lefthander Steve Carlton strikes out NL record 3,118th (Andre Dawson)

Sports History

Sep 25 Nolan Ryan's 5th career no-hitter as Astros beat Dodgers 5-0

  • Sep 25 Rolling Stones begin their 6th US tour (JFK Stadium, Philadelphia)
  • Sep 26 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Sep 27 "Day in Hollywood, A Night.." closes at John Golden NY after 588 performances
  • Sep 27 Iran defends its besieged port of Abadan, driving back Iraqi forces
  • Sep 28 Joseph Paul Franklin, avowed racist, sentenced to life imprisonment for killing 2 black joggers in Salt Lake City

Music Single

Sep 28 “Physical” single released by Olivia Newton-John (Billboard Song of the Year 1982)

  • Sep 30 Last game at Minn's Metropolitan Stadium, lose to KC 5-2
  • Sep 30 International Olympic Committee votes to award Seoul, South Korea as host of the 1988 Summer Olympic Games
  • Sep 30 French parliament votes to abolish the death penalty, led by Minister of Justice Robert Badinter
  • Oct 1 J Chodorov/N Panama's "Talent for Murder" premieres in London
  • Oct 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya

Historic Event

Oct 1 US's largest private investment bank Salomon Brothers sold to commodities trader Phibro Corporation for $483 million

  • Oct 2 Ali Chamenei elected president of Iran
  • Oct 2 17 year old gelding Behavin Jerry, the oldest winning racehorse in modern times, sets record for most career starts by a thoroughbred, 307
  • Oct 3 Milwaukee Brewers and Montreal Expos clinch their first-ever postseason appearances; Brewers beat Detroit, 2 - 1, for AL East title; Expos defeat NY Mets, 5 - 4, for NL East second playoff spot
  • Oct 3 Irish Nationalists at Maze Prison near Belfast end 7-month hunger strike

Boxing Title Fight

Oct 3 After a year's inactivity, American boxer Mike Weaver outpoints countryman James 'Quick' Tillis in 15 rounds in Chicago to retain his WBA heavyweight title

  • Oct 4 Meadowlands Arena opens in New Jersey
  • Oct 5 Dutch guilder/Deutsche mark revalued up 5.5%
  • Oct 5 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American (posthumously)

Historic Event

Oct 7 Hosni Mubarak becomes acting-president of Egypt

  • Oct 7 In 1st Eastern Division championship Yanks beat Brewers 5-3
  • Oct 9 United States Auto Club appeals panel restores disputed Indianapolis 500 victory to disqualified first-across-the-line Bobby Unser
  • Oct 9 Abolition of capital punishment in France.

Historic Event

Oct 10 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo