On This Day

Historical Events in October 1984

  • Oct 1 Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus

Sports History

Oct 1 Peter Ueberroth replaces Bowie Kuhn as 6th commissioner of Major League Baseball; he has a 4 year tenure

  • Oct 2 3 cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit
  • Oct 2 Due to a strike by MLB umpires, first 4 NLCS games played with replacement umpires; Game 1: Chicago Cubs beat SD Padres, 13-0
  • Oct 2 Richard Miller becomes 1st (former) FBI agent to be charged with espionage
  • Oct 2 Papa John's Pizza is founded by John Schnatter in Jeffersonville, Indiana; it would go on to become the fourth-largest pizza delivery restaurant chain in the United States
  • Oct 3 US government shuts down due to lack of agreement over passage of bills

Historic Event

Oct 5 13th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41G): Challenger 6 launches with Marc Garneau, the first Canadian in space, on board

  • Oct 7 Striking umps return for Game 5 of NLCS, San Diego Padres win pennant

Sports History

Oct 7 Walter Payton passes Jim Brown as NFL's career rushing leader

  • Oct 7 MLB National League Championship: San Diego Padres beat Chicago Cubs, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 8 18th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins
  • Oct 8 NBC's premiere of TV made "The Burning Bed", based on Francine Hughes
  • Oct 9 Astronaut Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle Challenger mission (STS-41-G)
  • Oct 11 1st space walk by US woman (Dr Kathryn D Sullivan)

Historic Event

Oct 11 August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 11 NASA launches space vehicle S-208

Historic Event

Oct 11 US Vice Presidential candidates' debate - Geraldine Ferraro (D) and George H. W. Bush (R), in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

Oct 12 IRA bombs the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die

  • Oct 13 Blackhawk Bill Gardner scores on 10th penalty shot against Islanders
  • Oct 13 John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
  • Oct 13 STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • Oct 14 "Quilters" closes at Jack Lawrence Theater NYC after 24 performances
  • Oct 14 Browns' Ozzie Newsome sets club records with 14 receptions for 191 yds
  • Oct 14 Baseball World Series: Detroit Tigers beat San Diego Padres, 8-4 at Tiger Stadium to clinch series, 4 games to 1; MVP: Detroit shortstop Alan Trammell
  • Oct 15 Central Intelligence Agency Information Act passes
  • Oct 15 Centrum party expels 2nd Member of parliament Janmaat due to fraud

Nobel Prize

Oct 16 Desmond Tutu, South African Anglican Archbishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • Oct 17 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • Oct 18 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51A mission
  • Oct 18 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 20 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed

NHL Record

Oct 20 Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals

  • Oct 20 The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
  • Oct 21 Cleveland Browns' Steve Cox sets club record with a 60-yd field goal

Sports History

Oct 21 Austrian Ferrari driver Niki Lauda becomes a 3-time Formula 1 World Drivers champion when he finishes 2nd in the season ending Portuguese Grand Prix at Estoril; wins title by just 0.5 from Alain Prost

  • Oct 21 Steve Jones runs Chicago Marathon in world record 2:08:05
  • Oct 22 Future Pro Football HOF quarterback Ken Stabler retires after 17 seasons in the NFL with Oakland Raiders, Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints

Music History

Oct 22 Paul McCartney releases "Give My Regards to Broad Street" soundtrack

  • Oct 23 Cubs Rick Sutcliffe, selected as a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young
  • Oct 23 NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine
  • Oct 23 STS 51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad
  • Oct 24 11 members of Colombo crime family arrested
  • Oct 24 Intelsat 5 re-enters Earth's atmosphere 5 months after it failed
  • Oct 25 "Give My Regards to Broad Street" premieres (Gotham Theater-NYC)
  • Oct 25 King Boudouin opens Museum for Modern Art in Brussels
  • Oct 25 Rangers beat Devils 11-2
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 25 West German Chancellor Rainer Barzel resigns due to corruption
  • Oct 26 Stephanie Fae Beauclair ("Baby Fae") gets baboon heart transplant, lives 21 days
  • Oct 27 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 27 Washington State University's running back Rueben Mayes sets collegiate football record of 357 yards rushing in one game (at Oregon)

NYC Women's Marathon

Oct 28 14th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:29:30

  • Oct 28 15th NYC Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato in 2:14:53
  • Oct 29 NY Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato (2:14:53) and Greta Weitz (2:29:30)
  • Oct 30 Tigers reliever Willie Hernandez wins AL Cy Young Award
  • Oct 31 Howard Goodall & Melvyn Bragg's musical "Hired Man" premieres in London
  • Oct 31 Puerto Rican tanker 'San Francisco' explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as ship caught fire

Assassination

Oct 31 Rajiv Gandhi takes office as India's 6th Prime Minister succeeding his mother Indira Gandhi who was assassinated

Assassination

Oct 31 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh at her home in New Delhi