On This Day

Historical Events in July 1985

  • Jul 2 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • Jul 2 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 CBS announces a 21% stock buy-back to thwart Ted Turner's takeover

Founder of CNN Ted Turner
Founder of CNN
Ted Turner
  • Jul 3 Tinker Bell's first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 3 "Back to the Future" directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd is released

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Jul 5 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert 4-6, 6-3, 6-2 for her 6th Wimbledon singles title

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
  • Jul 6 Mom's Command wins the Coaching Club American Oaks at Belmont to clinch American thoroughbred racing's Triple Tiara for fillies

Sport awardWimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 7 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Boris Becker beats South African Kevin Curren 6-3, 6-7, 7-6, 6-4 to become the youngest man (17) to win a Wimbledon singles title

Tennis Legend Boris Becker
Tennis Legend
Boris Becker
  • Jul 8 Marge Schott becomes CEO of Cincinnati Red
  • Jul 9 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • Jul 10 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

Jul 10 French foreign intelligence agents blow up the Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbor, New Zealand to prevent it interfering with French nuclear tests in the South Pacific. Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira is killed.

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The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Playboy (and also Penthouse) publish nude pictures of Madonna

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan

  • Jul 11 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • Jul 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 12 "Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • Jul 12 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • Jul 13 "Live Aid" concerts held at both Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 NY Yankees retire Roger Maris (9) and Elston Howard (32) uniforms

Baseball Player Roger Maris
Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • Jul 14 US Open Women's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Kathy Baker (later Guadagnino) wins her first LPGA Tour event and only major title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Judy Clark (later Dickinson)
  • Jul 14 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • Jul 14 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • Jul 15 Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
  • Jul 16 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
  • Jul 16 All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (San Diego Padres)
  • Jul 16 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • Jul 18 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 19 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • Jul 19 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • Jul 20 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • Jul 20 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles
  • Jul 21 "Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 performances

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

Jul 21 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: Scotsman Sandy Lyle wins his only Open title by 1 stroke from runner-up Payne Stewart; last time event features double cut (after 36 and 54 holes), introduced in 1968

  • Jul 21 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
  • Jul 21 72nd Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signs a peace accord with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai to settle the three-year Punjab crisis [1]

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • Jul 24 French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirms he has AIDS

  • Jul 25 Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 25 Uganda suspends constitution following coup
  • Jul 27 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway becomes first woman to run 10,000m in under 31 minutes; takes world record down to 30:59.42 in Oslo, Norway

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 28 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), Beaconsfield GC: Pat Bradley wins by 1 from Jane Geddes

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer Jane Geddes
LPGA Golfer
Jane Geddes
  • Jul 28 Alan Garcia sworn in as President of Peru
  • Jul 28 L Brock, Enos Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jul 29 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched
  • Jul 30 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • Jul 30 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss