On This Day

Historical Events in October 2018

  • Oct 1 Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology awarded to James Allison and Tasuku Honjo for cancer treatment innovations
  • Oct 1 French photographer Jean-Claude Arnault, at the center of a Nobel prize sexual assault scandal, sentenced to two years in prison for rape
  • Oct 1 New trade deal announced between United States, Canada and Mexico (USMCA), replacing NAFTA
  • Oct 1 The United States, Mexico and Canada agree a new trade deal to replace NAFTA
  • Oct 1 More than 80,000 American died of the flu during 2017-2018 winter, highest in ten years, according to US heath officials

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 US First Lady Melania Trump arrives in Ghana to begin a four-nation tour of Africa

US First Lady and Model Melania Trump
US First Lady and Model
Melania Trump

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Saudi American journalist Jamal Khashoggi enters the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, never to be seen again prompting a diplomatic crisis

Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • Oct 2 Nobel prize in Physics awarded to Arthur Ashkin (optical tweezers), Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland ( both for laser beams)
  • Oct 3 Wife of former Malaysian Prime Minister Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor arrested on corruption charges
  • Oct 3 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter for discoveries in enzyme research
  • Oct 3 Cervical Cancer could be eliminated in Australia within decades because of government vaccination program, according to report in "The Lancet Public Health"
  • Oct 3 First exomoon, moon outside the solar system, discovered 8,000 years away (size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University
  • Oct 3 259 people have died taking selfies since 2011 according to study in "Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care"
  • Oct 3 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances Arnold, Gregory Winter and George Smith for their use of evolution to produce new enzymes and antibodies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 New England's Tom Brady becomes only 3rd NFL quarterback to record 500 career touchdown passes as he connects with Josh Gordon in Patriots' 38-24 win over the Indianapolis Colts at Foxborough

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady
  • Oct 5 Nobel Peace Prize awarded jointly to Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege and Yazidi activist Nadia Murad for "efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war"

  • Oct 5 US unemployment figures hit lowest level since 1969 - 3.7% according to Department of Labor
  • Oct 5 Most expensive whisky ever sold at auction for $1.1 million, the Macallan Valerio Adami 1926, in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Oct 6 Australia records the biggest comeback in Rugby Championship history in beating Argentina 45-34 in Salta; Wallabies trial 31-7 at halftime but score 5 second half tries to none to overwhelm Pumas
  • Oct 6 Brett Kavanaugh is confirmed and sworn onto the US Supreme Court amid protests and after an FBI investigation
  • Oct 6 Khabib Nurmagomedov of Dagestan beats Irishman Conor McGregor by 4th round submission in UFC lightweight title fight in Las Vegas; instantly marred by ugly post-fight brawling incident; belt withheld pending investigation
  • Oct 6 Oil tanker collision with a car leaves at least 50 people dead and one hundred with serious burns near Kisantu, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Oct 6 New Zealand claims 6th overall, and 3rd straight Rugby Championship with 32-20 win over South Africa in Pretoria; All Blacks outscore Springboks 4 tries to 3
  • Oct 7 Romanian referendum to ban same sex marriage fails with only 20.4% voting
  • Oct 7 China confirms it has detained Interpol chief Meng Hongwei, who resigns from his position after being reported missing
  • Oct 7 Limousine crash kills 20 people, including two pedestrians in Schoharie, New York
  • Oct 7 Jodie Whittaker debuts in her first full episode as the 13th and first female Doctor Who on BBC television
  • Oct 8 New Orleans quarterback Drew Brees becomes NFL's all-time leader in passing yards; needs 201 yards to pass Peyton Manning's record; gets 363 & 3 TD's in Saints 43-19 win v Washington Redskins at the SuperDome
  • Oct 8 Major climate report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the UN says planet will warm 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) by 2040 with dire results
  • Oct 8 Nobel prize for Economics awarded to William Nordhaus for climate change and Paul Romer for endogenous growth theory
  • Oct 9 President Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley says she is resigning at the end of the year
  • Oct 10 Hurricane Michael makes landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida, as a category 4 hurricane with winds of 155 mph (250 km/h), going on to kill 27, having killed 15 in Central America
  • Oct 10 Flash floods kills at least 10 in Sant Llorenç des Cardassar, Majorca, Spain
  • Oct 11 World's new longest flight flies from Singapore to Newark Airport, New Jersey takes 17 hours 52 mins
  • Oct 11 Russian Soyuz spacecraft makes emergency landing when rocket fails two minutes after liftoff, with American astronaut and Russian cosmonaut aboard
  • Oct 12 20 year old Russian Evgeni Malkin scores in the 1st period to become the first NHL player in 89 years with goals in his first 6 games as the Pittsburgh Penguins beat the Kings, 4-3 in Los Angeles
  • Oct 12 Banksy work "Girl With Balloon" automatically shreds moments after being sold for 1 million pounds in London, re-named "Love is in the Bin"
  • Oct 12 US air strike in central Somalia kills about 60 al-Shabab militants
  • Oct 13 Oldest known human remains from Poland at 115,000 years from revealed to be Neanderthal child from Ciemna Cave eaten by a large bird

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 13 Pope Francis defrocks two Chilean bishops for alleged sexual abuse of minors

  • Oct 14 Afghan batsman Hazratullah Zazai becomes only the 6th player in cricket history (3rd in T20) to hit 6-sixes in an over; scores 62 in 17 balls in Kabul Zwanan loss v Balkh Legends in Afghanistan Premier League

  • Oct 14 Flash floods in Aude region, France kill at least 10 people
  • Oct 15 Caravan of up to 4,000 Central American migrants that started in Honduras reaches Guatemala, heading for Mexico and the US
  • Oct 15 American retailer Sears files for bankruptcy
  • Oct 15 At least 180,000 migrants driven out of Anglo and back into the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Oct 15 Indian minister and editor MJ Akbar files a defamation case after being accused of sexual harassment by multiple women in #MeToo case

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman denies knowledge of the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi according to President Trump

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Mohammed bin Salman
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • Oct 16 Man Booker Prize is won by Anna Burns' "Milkman", the first winner from Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Duchess of Sussex begin their first royal tour visiting Australia and New Zealand

Prince of Wales Prince Harry
Prince of Wales
Prince Harry
  • Oct 16 Chairman of China's Xinjiang’s government defends its detention camps for Uighur Muslims saying they provided “vocational education and training”
  • Oct 17 India's junior foreign minister MJ Akbar is highest official to resign in #MeToo case after sexual harassment accusations by numerous women
  • Oct 17 Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch puppeteer Caroll Spinney leaves "Sesame Street" after 50 years
  • Oct 17 Canada legalizes the sale of recreational cannabis, the second country after Uruguay
  • Oct 17 Australian state of Queensland decriminalizes abortion

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Oct 17 The revived "The Connors" debuts on ABC TV starring Sara Gilbert, Laurie Metcalf and John Goodman, without fired former star Roseanne Barr

Actor John Goodman
Actor
John Goodman
Comedienne and Actress Roseanne Barr
Comedienne and Actress
Roseanne Barr
  • Oct 17 Student shoots and detonates a bomb killing 20 with 40 injured at Kerch polytechnic college, Crimea
  • Oct 19 "Halloween" film reboot starring Jamie Curtis makes a record $77m for a horror film with a female lead, biggest debut any film with female lead over 55 in US
  • Oct 20 Australia's center-right coalition government loses its 1-seat majority by losing the Wentworth by-election
  • Oct 20 12,000 year old fossil called "Luzia", oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after devastating fire at Brazil's National Museum

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 20 President Trump threatens to pull the US out of an arms control agreement with Russia because Russia has violated its terms

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • Oct 20 All-England Lawn Tennis Club announces tie break to be used when scores reach 12-12 in deciding set at Wimbledon
  • Oct 21 Train derails in Yilan County, Taiwan, killing 18 and injuring 178
  • Oct 21 Sectarian fighting between Muslim and Christian youths kill 55 at Kasuwan Magani, Nigeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Julia Louis-Dreyfus is presented with the Mark Twain Prize, comedy's top honor, at a ceremony in New York

Seinfeld Comedienne Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Seinfeld Comedienne
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
  • Oct 22 Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison makes a public apology to victims of child sexual abuse in institutions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Actress Selma Blair reveals she has been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis

Actress Selma Blair
Actress
Selma Blair
  • Oct 22 Cameroon's President Paul Biya wins seventh term in office, extending his 36 years in office, in election marred by intimitation and low turnout

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Pipe bomb sent to George Soros' New York home address, first Democrat to receive series of pipe bombs in US

Investor and Political Activist George Soros
Investor and Political Activist
George Soros
  • Oct 23 Microplastics found in human stools for the first time by Austrian scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 World's longest sea-crossing bridge, the Hong Kong Macau Zhuhai bridge at 55km, opened by Chinese President Xi Jinping

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping
  • Oct 23 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejects Saudi claim journalist Jamal Khashoggi killed accidentally, says it was premeditated murder
  • Oct 23 World's oldest intact shipwreck, ancient Greek vessel 2,400 years old, found at bottom of the Black Sea by archaeologists
  • Oct 23 European Commission rejects Italy's budget, first country to be rejected
  • Oct 23 Megyn Kelly is criticized after making comments supporting blackface on her NBC show

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 23 Freddie Mercury bio film "Bohemian Rhapsody" directed by Bryan Singer, starring Rami Malek (Best Actor Academy Awards 2019) premieres in London

Singer-Songwriter Freddie Mercury
Singer-Songwriter
Freddie Mercury
Actor Rami Malek
Actor
Rami Malek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Pipe bombs sent to prominent US Democrats including the Obamas, Clintons, John Brennan and CNN, but safely defused

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • Oct 24 Largest jackpot in US history at 1.6 billion won by one person in Southern Carolina
  • Oct 24 Kenyan marathon runner Eliud Kipchoge named UN Person of the Year for setting a new marathon world record and for his work with AIDS/HIV in Kenya
  • Oct 24 Scientists confirm East Island in Hawaii, half a mile long, has been wiped out after contact with Hurricane Walaka
  • Oct 24 EU directive bans single-use plastics by 2021

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Indian cricketer Virat Kohli becomes the 12th and the fastest-ever to score 10,000 runs in one day international matches, taking just 205 innings

Cricketer Virat Kohli
Cricketer
Virat Kohli
  • Oct 25 First work of art produced by artificial intelligence "Edmond de Belamy" concieved by Obvious sells for $432,500 at Christie's in New York
  • Oct 25 Flash floods near the Red Sea in Jordan kill 17 as a school bus is washed away
  • Oct 25 Super Typhoon Yutu strikes the Northern Mariana Islands of Saipan and Tinian with winds of 180mph (290km/h)
  • Oct 25 Sahle-Work Zewde becomes Ethiopia's first female President and Africa's only female head of state after being elected by parliament
  • Oct 25 Google says it has fired 48 people for sexual harassment after New York Times reveals Android creator Andy Rubin got $90 package when let go for sexual harassment
  • Oct 26 Trump supporter Cesar Sayoc arrested for sending 14 pipe bombs to prominent US Democrats

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Irish singer Sinéad O'Connor announces she has converted to Islam

Singer-Songwriter Sinead O'Connor
Singer-Songwriter
Sinead O'Connor
  • Oct 26 Longest Baseball World Series game by both innings and time; LA Dodgers beat Boston Red Sox, 3-2 in the 18th inning (7 hours, 20 mins) in Game 3 at Dodger Stadium with Max Muncy walk-off homer
  • Oct 26 Rhine River in drought with lowest levels since 1920s forces German government to release oil reserves after barge shipments disrupted
  • Oct 27 Gunman shoots and kills 11 people and injures six at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in an anti-Semitic attack
  • Oct 27 EPL club Leicester City’s billionaire Thai owner, Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha dies in a helicopter crash in the carpark outside the club’s King Power Stadium following 1-1 draw against West Ham United
  • Oct 27 Australian 7-year old mare Winx wins unprecedented fourth consecutive Cox Plate at Moonee Valley in Melbourne; her record 29th-straight win and her 22nd Group 1 racing success
  • Oct 28 Michael D. Higgins is re-elected Irish president
  • Oct 28 Political crisis in Sri Lanka after President Sirisena sacks Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe and the cabinet, suspends parliament for two weeks with one man killed in protests

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 British Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton finishes 4th in the Mexican Grand Prix at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez to clinch his 5th Formula 1 World Drivers Championship

Formula 1 Driver Lewis Hamilton
Formula 1 Driver
Lewis Hamilton
  • Oct 28 Boston Red Sox beats LA Dodgers, 5-1 in Game 5 at Dodger Stadium to win 9th Baseball World Series in franchise history
  • Oct 28 Ukrainian tennis star Elina Svitolina registers biggest win of her career when she rallies for a 3-6, 6-2, 6-2 triumph over American Sloane Stephens in a classic WTA Finals title decider in Singapore
  • Oct 29 Golden State shooting guard Klay Thompson breaks NBA record previously held by teammate Stephen Curry for most 3-pointers in a game with 14 in Warriors' 149-124 win over the Bulls in Chicago

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 29 Far-right politician Jair Bolsonaro wins Brazil's presidential election defeating Fernando Haddad

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro
  • Oct 29 New mega airport opened in Istanbul by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, planning to be world' busiest with 90 million passengers by 2021

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 German Chancellor Angela Merkel announces she will not seek re-election in 2021 and step down as party leader

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • Oct 29 Japanese Princess Ayako of Japan marries commoner Kei Moriya at Meiji Shrine in Tokyo, giving up her royal status
  • Oct 29 World Scrabble Championship won for the fourth time by New Zealand Malaysian Nigel Richards with the word "groutier" (bad-tempered)
  • Oct 29 New research says cacao tree first used in Ecuador by Mayo Chinchipe culture, 5000 years ago, not in central America as previously thought
  • Oct 29 Storms in Italy kill at least 11 with 75% of Venice flooded and two tornadoes striking Terracina
  • Oct 29 Lion Air flight JT 610 crashes into the sea just after takeoff near Jakarta, Indonesia, with the loss of all 189 on board
  • Oct 30 Boston mob boss James "Whitey" Bulger killed in prison at the Penitentiary Hazelton in Bruceton Mills, West Virginia
  • Oct 30 WWF conservation group says "exploding human consumption" has caused a 60% decline in all wildlife between 1970 and 2014
  • Oct 30 US Pentagon sends 5,200 troops to Mexican border in advance of migrant caravan from Central America
  • Oct 30 German ex-nurse Niels Högel admits in court to killing over 100 patients, making him one of the world's worst serial killers
  • Oct 31 In landmark verdict, Pakistani Supreme Court acquits Christian woman of blasphemy against the prophet Mohammed after eight years on death row
  • Oct 31 US and Great Britain call for a cease-fire in Saudi-led war in Yemen, in 3-year war that has claimed over 10,000 lives and created famine conditions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Worlds biggest statue, the Statue of Unity is unveiled of Indian independence leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at 182 meters in Gujarat state

Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician Sardar Patel
Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician
Sardar Patel
  • Oct 31 BLACKPINK become the first K-pop girl group to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 with multiple hits