On This Day

Historical Events on December 2

  • 1409 The University of Leipzig opens
  • 1620 English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1682 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam following the failure of his plots to prevent a Catholic succession should King Charles II die

Historic Event

1697 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)

  • 1755 The second Eddystone Lighthouse on Eddystone Rocks off English southern coast is destroyed by fire
  • 1763 Touro shul of Newport, Rhode Island dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
  • 1777 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1790 Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • 1802 Britain sells Suriname to the Netherlands

Coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte

1804 General Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of the French at the Notre Dame de Paris in a ceremony officiated by Pope Pius VII

  • 1805 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz

Election of Interest

1812 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President

  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • 1816 First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
  • 1822 In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US

Historic Event

1823 US President James Monroe declares the "Monroe Doctrine" opposing European colonialism in the Americas, arguing any European political intervention in the New World would be a hostile act against the United States

  • 1840 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "La Favorita" premieres in Paris

Election of Interest

1840 William Henry Harrison elected the 9th President of the United States of America

Historic Event

1845 US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West, a widely held belief termed "manifest destiny" by newspaper editor John O'Sullivan

Historic Event

1848 Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia

  • 1851 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.

Murder of Interest

1859 Abolitionist John Brown hanged for murder, treason, and conspiring slaves to revolt at Charles Town, Virginia

  • 1864 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia

Historic Event

1867 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

Historic Event

1868 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli resigns

  • 1877 Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar
  • 1882 Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium

Music Premiere

1883 Johannes Brahms' "3rd Symphony in F" premieres with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

  • 1885 Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna
  • 1887 Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
  • 1887 French president Jules Grévy resigns
  • 1887 International Baseball League disbands; teams in Syracuse, Toronto, Hamilton, and Buffalo form the International Association; those in Newark, Jersey City, Wilkes-Barre, and Scranton become the Central League
  • 1891 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • 1895 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes

Theater Premiere

1896 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

  • 1899 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • 1899 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.

Historic Event

1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses to meet him

Historic Event

1901 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

  • 1902 Dutch soccer club Be Quick - later Go Ahead, forms in Deventer; suffix 'Eagles' added in 1971
  • 1907 Association of Football Players' and Trainers' Union (English Professional Football Players' Association) is formed by Charlie Roberts and Billy Meredith in Manchester, England

Boxing Title Fight

1907 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns retains his title; KOs Englishman Gunner Moir in 10th round at the National Sporting Club, Covent Garden, London

  • 1908 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • 1909 National Hockey Association (NHA) is formed in Montreal; original members include Montreal Wanderers and Montreal Canadiens; becomes NHL after some NHA teams leave due to ownership disagreements, and create their own league
  • 1913 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • 1913 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • 1914 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1916 National Baseball Commission orders that injured players get full pay for duration of their contracts; injury clause previously let clubs suspend players after 15 days' pay
  • 1917 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
  • 1922 CFL Grey Cup, Richardson Stadium, Kingston: Queen's University win first of 3 straight titles; defeat Edmonton Elks, 13-1
  • 1924 British-German trade agreement signed
  • 1927 1st Model A Ford sold, for $385

Historic Event

1927 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

  • 1928 Cardinals' 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
  • 1929 First skull of Peking man found in the caves of Zhoukoudian, 50 km outside of Peking, China. Later dated roughly 750,000 years old. [1]
  • 1932 "Adventures of Charlie Chan" 1st heard on NBC-Blue radio network
  • 1932 Australia ends Day 1 of controversial 'Bodyline' cricket series v England at 290/6 in Sydney; Stan McCabe 127no (finishes at 187no); notorious England fast bowler Harold Larwood takes 4 wickets; England wins by 10 wickets
  • 1934 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • 1938 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • 1939 British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
  • 1939 NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight
  • 1941 Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill, New York
  • 1941 New York Giants name Mel Ott as player-manager; replaces another future Baseball Hall of Famer Bill Terry, who heads Giants' farm system
  • 1941 US Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul

Historic Event

1941 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone

Historic Event

1942 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicago Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

  • 1943 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • 1944 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
  • 1944 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 1944 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • 1944 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar

Sports History

1946 In rain affected 1st Test in Brisbane, Australia compiles 1st innings total 645 on Day 3 v India (Bradman 187, Hassett 128); Australia wins by an innings and 332

  • 1947 13th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Lujack, Notre Dame (QB)

Baseball Record

1948 After one of the best seasons in baseball history, St Louis Cardinals utility Stan Musial is named NL MVP; leads NL in batting average (.365), runs (135), RBI (131), hits (230), doubles (46), triples (18) & slugging (.702), with 39 HRs

  • 1950 South African world bantamweight boxing champion Vic Toweel sets a record for knockdowns in a title fight against Englishman Danny Sullivan in Johannesburg; Sullivan floored 14 times in 10 rounds before fight stopped

Historic Publication

1950 "I Robot" collection of sci-fi short stories by Isaac Asimov published by Gnome Press in the US

  • 1951 "Borscht Capades" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • 1951 Philadelphia Eagles set NFL record of 25 1st-downs rushing in 35-21 win over Washington Redskins at Griffith Stadium

Sports History

1951 Future Pro Football Hall of Fame wide receiver Don Hutson has his #14 jersey retired by the Green Bay Packers; first number retired in franchise history

  • 1952 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)
  • 1952 First human birth televised to public on KOA-TV Denver, Colorado
  • 1954 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • 1954 "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1954 Milwaukee Hawks shooting guard Frank Selvey sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws as he scores 42 points in 117-108 win over the Minneapolis Lakers at Milwaukee Arena
  • 1954 US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"

Historic Event

1956 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

  • 1957 1st US large scale nuclear power plant for peacetime use opens, Shippingport, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Sam Cooke's single "You Send Me" reaches #1
  • 1957 NFL Draft: Rice quarterback King Hill #1 pick by Chicago Cardinals
  • 1957 Pacific Coast League franchises forced to relocate when Dodgers and Giants confirm their move to California for 1958 MLB season; Hollywood Stars move from LA to Salt Lake City; LA Angels move to Spokane, and San Francisco Seals transfer to Phoenix
  • 1958 24th Heisman Trophy Award: Pete Dawkins, Army (HB)
  • 1958 Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
  • 1958 KNOP TV channel 2 in North Platte, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 1959 NFL Draft: Randy Duncan from University of Iowa first pick by Green Bay Packers
  • 1959 Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus

Scientific Discovery

1960 Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey discovers 1.4 million year old Homo erectus (Olduvai Hominid 9) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • 1961 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism
  • 1961 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
  • 1961 CFL Grey Cup, CNE Stadium, Toronto: A 6th title for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers; beat Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 21-14
  • 1962 50th Grey Cup, Exhibition Stadium, Toronto: Winnipeg Blue Bombers edge Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 28-27; play starts 1 December; only final ever suspended during play (fog), and first to be finished on a Sunday
  • 1963 First Dutch rocket launched, reaches height of 10 km
  • 1963 MLB Rules Committee bans oversized catcher's mitts; rule effective only in 1965
  • 1963 1964 NFL Draft: Dave Parks from Texas Tech first pick by San Francisco 49ers

Music History

1964 Ringo Starr's tonsils are removed

  • 1967 CFL Grey Cup, Landsdowne Park, Ottawa: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeat Saskatchewan Roughriders, 24-1; Alan Ford's 87 yard punt, on a quick kick, is the longest in Grey Cup history
  • 1969 "Buck White" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 1969 Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)
  • 1969 Two years after doubling its size from six to 12, the NHL announces 2 new teams would be joining the League the following year; Buffalo Sabres and Vancouver Canucks
  • 1970 Environmental Protection Agency begins in the US under Director William Ruckelshaus
  • 1970 Michael Tippett's opera "The Knot Garden" premieres in London
  • 1971 Soviet space probe Mars 3 is first to soft land on Mars
  • 1971 United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK
  • 1971 Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates

Appointment of Interest

1971 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is appointed President of the United Arab Emirates

Sports History

1971 Frank Robinson is traded from the Baltimore Orioles to the Los Angeles Dodgers

  • 1972 "December Giant" largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama)
  • 1972 "Via Galactica" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 7 performances

Sports History

1972 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase successfully defends his ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6–3, 6–2, 3–6, 2–6, 6–3 win over American Stan Smith in Barcelona, Spain

  • 1972 USC tailback Anthony Davis becomes first to score 6 touchdowns against Notre Dame; in a 45-23 victory over the Fighting Irish Davis at the LA Coliseum he scores on runs of 1, 4, 5 & 8 yards and 2 kickoff returns

Davis Cup

1973 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Cleveland: After clinching a famous victory the previous day, Australians Rod Laver and John Newcombe finish a 5-0 rout of the US with wins over Stan Smith and Tom Gorman

  • 1973 Capital Centre (USAir Arena) opens in Landover Maryland; NBA's Washington Bullets beat Seattle SuperSonics, 98-96 in opening game; arena demolished 2002
  • 1974 Giant Baba beats Jack Brisco in Kagoshimi, to become NWA champ
  • 1974 Soyuz 16 launched into Earth orbit for 6 days
  • 1974 MLB Rules Committee changes long time philosophy to permit the use of cowhide, rather than just horsehide in the manufacture of baseballs
  • 1975 7 South Moluccans hijack train at Wijster, Drente (NL), 3 killed
  • 1975 Greg Chappell in his debut as Australian cricket captain completes a fine double in 8 wicket win in 1st Test v West Indies in Brisbane; scores 109no in 2nd innings to follow his 1st innings 123
  • 1975 Laos king Sisavang Vatthana resigns, Lao People's Democratic Republic founded (National Day)
  • 1976 Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
  • 1977 First day of World Series Cricket at VFL Park in Melbourne; barely 200 people see Australia dismissed for 256 by West Indies; Ray Bright top scores with 69; Michael Holding captures 4 wickets & Andy Roberts 3; WI go on to win 1st WSC 'Test' by 3 wickets

Sports History

1978 Sunil Gavaskar scores his second double century (205) in Test cricket (as well as 73 on the final day) to guide India to a draw against the West Indies in the 1st Test in Bombay

  • 1978 Protesters chant "Allah is great" at an Anti-Shah protest in Tehran, Iran
  • 1978 The Sporting News announces Baltimore Orioles shortstop Mark Belanger winner of his 8th (and final) MLB Gold Glove Award
  • 1979 Crowds attack US embassy in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1979 Foots Walker becomes 1st Cleveland Cavalier to score a triple-double
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador

Sports History

1981 Pitcher Fernando Valenzuela becomes 3rd consecutive LA Dodgers player to be named National League Rookie of the Year; Rick Sutcliffe 1979, Steve Howe 1980

  • 1981 Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, opens at 11:30 AM
  • 1981 Spanish government requests membership of NATO
  • 1981 American 1,500m record holder Steve Scott sets record for fastest round of golf played on a regulation course; posts a 92, completing 18 holes in 29:33.05s at Miller GC in Anaheim, California
  • 1982 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart
  • 1984 Australian Test cricket spin bowler Bob Holland takes a career best 9-83 for NSW in the Sheffield Shield match against South Australia in Sydney
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1984 Miami quarterback Dan Marino breaks NFL single-season touchdown pass record when he throws his 37th in the Dolphins' 45-34 loss to the Raiders; finishes season with 48 TD passes

  • 1985 Philipine Chief of Staff General Fabian speaks of Benigno Aquino's murder
  • 1985 Rupert Holmes' musical "Mystery of Edwin Drood" premieres in NYC at Imperial Theater NYC (608 performances)
  • 1985 NFL quarterback legends Dan Marino and John Elway (Denver Broncos) face each other for the first time, a 30-26 win for Marino's Miami Dolphins (390 yards and 3 TDs)

Sports History

1985 Chicago Bears' head coach Mike Ditka and defensive coordinator Buddy Ryan almost come to blows at halftime in a 38-24 loss to the Miami Dolphins at the Orange Bowl, Miami; Chicago's only loss of the NFL season

  • 1986 Dow-Jones index hits record 1,955.57
  • 1987 Chicago City Council elects Eugene Sawyer acting mayor
  • 1987 Jennifer Steele, 17, of Colorado becomes Miss Teen of America [Approx]
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 "334" club forms as 334 brave Devil fans journey through 20" of snow to attend New Jersey Devils 7-5 NHL victory over Calgary at Meadowlands
  • 1988 "Naked Gun" movie based on TV's "Police Squad" premieres
  • 1988 5 gunmen who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet surrender in Israel
  • 1988 STS-27 Atlantis launched (Secret military mission)
  • 1988 UN votes 151-2 (Israel and US) to move PLO debate to Geneva, Great Britain abstains
  • 1988 ESPN airs its 10,000th edition of 'Sports Center', making it the most televised cable program in history
  • 1989 55th Heisman Trophy Award: Andre Ware, Houston (QB)
  • 1989 KHJ-TV in Los Angeles CA changes call letters to KCAL-TV
  • 1989 V. P. Singh sworn in as the 8th Prime Minister of India
  • 1990 First parliamentary election in newly reunified Germany
  • 1990 First time 12 people in space at the same time
  • 1990 US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) launches into orbit
  • 1991 Former Pittsburgh Pirates outfielder Bobby Bonilla becomes highest paid player in MLB when he agrees to record $29 million-5 year deal with New York Mets
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release American hostage Joseph Cicippio held in Lebanon
  • 1991 Australia routs India by 10 wickets in the 1st cricket Test in Brisbane; first Test to be officiated by a match referee; former England captain MJK Smith does the honours
  • 1992 WQEW-AM radio replaces WQXR on 1560 in NYC
  • 1992 Kiwi opening batsman John Wright becomes first New Zealander to make 5,000 runs in Test cricket when he scores 14 in the 2nd innings of the drawn 1st Test against Sri Lanka in Moratuwa
  • 1993 A Webster's musical "Sunset Promenade" premieres in Los Angeles, California
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11
  • 1993 Space shuttle STS-61 (Endeavour 5), launches

NBA Record

1993 Houston Rockets score a 94-85 win over the Knicks at New York’s Madison Square Garden, recording their 15th straight win to start the season; tie Washington Capitols' all-time NBA record 1948-49; streak ends next game

Film Premier

1994 "Cobb" a film about baseball player Ty Cobb, starring Tommy Lee Jones premieres

  • 1994 Cruise liner Achille Lauro (Willem Ruys) sinks off the coast of Somalia

Music History

1994 Andrew Lloyd Webber admitted to hospital for ulcer treatment

  • 1994 Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring
  • 1995 17th ACE Cable Awards: TLC wins the Golden CableACE for "KnowTV: Changing What, Why and How You Watch"

Sports History

1995 Montreal Canadiens coach Mario Tremblay leaves goaltender Patrick Roy in the game too long, allowing an embarrassing 9 goals in 11-1 rout by Detroit Red Wings; Roy demands trade; moves to Colorado Avalanche and wins Stanley Cup that season

  • 1997 MCI Center opens in Washington, D.C., Wizards vs SuperSonics
  • 1997 For only the second time in English Football League history, 5 players are sent from the field; 4 Bristol Rovers players and 1 from Wigan are dismissed in the Division 2 match at JJB Stadium; four of the red cards come in 45th minute
  • 1999 The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive
  • 2000 England holds off a determined comeback by South Africa to notch up their 3rd Southern Hemisphere rugby scalp of the autumn with a 25-17 win at Twickenham; previously beat Australia, 22-19 and Argentina, 19-0
  • 2001 Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the Southern District of New York

Historic Event

2001 Tony Fernandes' company Tune Air Sdn Bhd buys the heavily indebted AirAsia for 1 MYR (about USD 0.26 at the time)

  • 2001 Davis Cup Tennis, Melbourne: Nicolas Escudé defeats Wayne Arthurs of Australia 7-6, 6-7, 6-3, 6-3 to give France a 3-2 victory; 9th French title, despite not playing a single match on home soil

Film & TV History

2003 US reality show "The Simple Life" with Paris Hilton and Nicole Richie premieres on Fox

  • 2005 Van Tuong Nguyen is executed in Singapore for drug trafficking.
  • 2008 Thai Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat resigns after the 2008 Thailand political crisis

Football Awards

2008 Ballon d'Or: Manchester United's Portuguese forward Cristiano Ronaldo wins his first award as best football player in the world; Barcelona forward Lionel Messi 2nd, Liverpool striker Fernando Torres 3rd

  • 2012 9 people are killed after 30 cars are trapped in Sasago Tunnel, Japan
  • 2012 Borut Pahor is elected President of Slovenia
  • 2012 Pier Luigi Bersani is elected Italian Prime Minister
  • 2013 China launches its first moon rover mission

Film Premier

2013 "The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug", 2nd film in the Hobbit series, directed by Peter Jackson, starring Martin Freeman and Ian McKellen, premieres in Los Angeles

Historic Event

2014 Stephen Hawking claims that Artificial Intelligence could be a "threat to mankind" and spell the end of the human race

Film & TV History

2014 Comedian Bill Cosby resigns from the board of trustees of an American university following renewed sexual assault allegations