On This Day

Historical Events on December 27

  • 418 [Etalius] begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Hagia Sophia

537 Hagia Sophia inaugurated by the Emperor Justinian I as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral

  • 795 Leo III begins his reign as Pope after his election the previous day
  • 1437 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia
  • 1512 Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World
  • 1521 The "Zwickau Prophets" appear in Wittenberg

Flushing Remonstrance

1657 "Flushing Remonstrance" petition signed in the Dutch colony of New Netherland, protesting the ban on Quaker worship

  • 1679 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java
  • 1703 England & Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
  • 1741 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
  • 1814 Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.

Darwin Discovers The Secrets of Life

1831 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board departs England for a survey of South America, a voyage Darwin later said "determined my whole career"

  • 1836 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • 1845 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
  • 1850 Hawaiian Fire Department established
  • 1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
  • 1862 Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
  • 1867 Ontario & Quebec legislatures hold 1st meeting
  • 1884 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1892 Foundation Stone of Cathedral of St John laid (NYC)
  • 1892 Biddle University beats Livingstone College 5-0 in 1st black college football game, in Salisbury, North Carolina
  • 1897 Stanley Cup, Victoria Rink, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
  • 1900 Carrie Nation's 1st public smashing of a bar (Carey Hotel, Wichita, Kansas)
  • 1903 "Sweet Adeline", a barbershop quartet favorite, is first sung
  • 1904 Stage play "Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London
  • 1904 W B Yeats and Lady Gregory's "On Baile's Strand" premieres in Dublin
  • 1905 M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW v Victoria
  • 1906 1st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1915 US Iron and Steel workers begin a 3-week strike in Ohio for a eight-hour-day; they are successful as the US needs steel for armaments
  • 1918 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1919 Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season
  • 1924 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • 1924 The US signs a treaty with the Dominican Republic, which supersedes that of 1907: in July, the Us had withdrawn its Marines and ended its occupation
  • 1926 Depot Square in Bronx renamed Botanical Square
  • 1926 Latkin Square in Bronx named for 1st US Jewish soldier to die in WW I

Music History

1927 Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's "Show Boat" premieres in New York City

  • 1927 Philip Barry's "Paris Bound" premieres in NYC

Assassination Attempt

1932 Emperor Hirohito of Japan narrowly evades an assassination attempt by a Korean independence activist, Lee Bong-chang

  • 1932 Radio City Music Hall opens in New York City
  • 1934 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)

Historic Event

1934 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi declares Persia now Iran

Music Premiere

1934 Musical revue "Thumbs Up", including music and lyrics by Vernon Duke, James Hanley, and Ira Gershwin (among others), premieres at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performance

  • 1937 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany

Radio History

1937 Mae West performs Adam & Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio

  • 1939 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)
  • 1939 Between 20,000 and 40,000 die in magnitude 8 earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey
  • 1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"

Music History

1941 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 7th Symphony in Siberia

  • 1942 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
  • 1942 5th NFL All Star Game, Shribe Park, Philadelphia: NFL All-Stars beat Washington Redskins, 17-14
  • 1942 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded.
  • 1943 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
  • 1943 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea

Historic Event

1943 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith

  • 1944 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1945 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries based on ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes

  • 1945 The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • 1947 1st "Howdy Doody Show" (Puppet Playhouse), telecast on NBC
  • 1949 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia
  • 1953 National Football League Championship, Briggs Stadium, Detroit: Detroit Lions beat Cleveland Browns, 17-16 to retain title
  • 1954 Gian Carlo Menotti's Pulitzer Prize winning opera "The Saint of Bleecker Street" opens at Broadway Theater in ,NYC; runs for 92 performances
  • 1956 45th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Adelaide (5-0)

Sports History

1956 Bill Sharman (Boston) ends NBA free throw streak of 55 games

  • 1959 National Football League Championship, Memorial Stadium, Baltimore: Baltimore Colts beat New York Giants, 31-16; Colts score 24 straight points in 4th quarter
  • 1960 France performs nuclear test
  • 1960 1961 NFL Draft: Tommy Mason from University of Tulane first pick by Minnesota Vikings
  • 1961 Belgium & Congo resume diplomatic relations
  • 1961 Jule Styne, Betty Comden and Adolph Green's musical "Subways Are For Sleeping" premieres at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 205 performances
  • 1962 28th Heisman Trophy Award: Terry Baker, Oregon State (QB)
  • 1964 National Football League Championship, Cleveland Stadium: Cleveland Browns shutout Baltimore Colts, 27-0; last championship win by a major-league pro sports team from Cleveland until 2016 NBA Cavaliers

TV Show Appearance

1964 1st appearance of The Supremes on "The Ed Sullivan Show", singing "Come See About Me"

  • 1966 "At the Drop of Another Hat" opens at Booth Theater, NYC; runs for 105 performances
  • 1966 Ballon d'Or: Manchester United midfielder Bobby Charlton wins award for best European football player; claims award by a single point ahead of Benfica striker Eusébio

Album Release

1967 Columbia Records releases Leonard Cohen's debut album "Songs of Leonard Cohen"

  • 1968 Apollo 8 returns to Earth
  • 1968 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1970 Jerry Herman's musical "Hello, Dolly!" closes at the St. James Theatre, NYC, after 2844 performances and 10 Tony Awards
  • 1971 1st Fiesta Bowl: #8 Arizona State beats Florida State, 45-38
  • 1972 "Purlie" opens at Billy Rose Theater, NYC; runs for 14 performances
  • 1972 Belgium recognizes German DR
  • 1972 LA Kings start Islanders on 12 game losing streak
  • 1972 New North Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1973 LA Dodgers announce night games will start at 7:30 instead of 8
  • 1974 40th Heisman Trophy Award: Archie Griffin, Ohio State (RB)
  • 1974 Dear Abby show ends run on CBS radio after 11 years
  • 1974 FSLN seizes government hostages at a private Managua party
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Explosion at Chasnala Colliery collapses drowning 350 in Dhanbad, India
  • 1976 Albania constitution goes into effect

Football Awards

1977 Ballon d'Or: Borussia Mönchengladbach's Danish forward Allan Simonsen is named Europe's best football player ahead of Hamburg forward Kevin Keegan and Nancy midfielder Michel Platini

  • 1978 Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship as King Juan Carlos ratifies Spain's 1st democratic constitution

Television Premiere

1978 CBS Television's premiere of its version of "Les Miserables", starring Richard Jordan and Anthony Perkins

  • 1978 Ballon d'Or: Hamburg's English forward Kevin Keegan wins his 1st of 2 consecutive trophies as best football player in Europe; beats Barcelona striker Hans Krankl and Anderlecht winger Rob Rensenbrink
  • 1979 Soap Opera "Knots Landing" premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1979 Red Army beats NY Rangers 5-2 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1979 After invading Afghanistan two days earlier Soviet forces pull off a coup in Kabul, killing President Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979 Los Angeles left wing Charlie Simmer scores in a Kings' 3-0 shutout of the Quebec Nordiques to extend his modern day NHL goal-scoring streak to 13 straight games (ends next game)

Album Release

1979 Sire Records releases "Pretenders", the debut album of The Pretenders, in US

  • 1980 Calvin Murphy (Rockets) begins longest NBA free throw streak of 78
  • 1981 Lillee becomes the leading wicket-taker in test cricket with 310

Sports History

1981 Oiler Wayne Gretzky becomes fastest NHLer to get 100 pts (38th game)

  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1982 Imran Khan 8-60 to bring innings victory v India at Karachi

Historic Event

1983 Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him (Mehmet Ali Agca)

  • 1983 Propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo
  • 1983 Ballon d'Or: Juventus' French midfielder Michel Platini claims first of 3 trophies for Europe's best football player ahead of Liverpool midfielder Kenny Dalgleish and Vejle BK striker Allan Simonsen
  • 1984 Padres' free agent pitcher Ed Whitson signs with NY Yankees

Historic Event

1985 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

  • 1986 "Les Miserables" opens at Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C.
  • 1986 2nd Soap Opera Digest Awards - Days of Our Lives wins
  • 1987 Steve Largent sets all-time NFL record for career catches when he catches his 752nd pass
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades
  • 1988 Ballon d'Or: Milan 1-2-3; Dutch striker Marco van Basten wins his 1st of 3 best football player in Europe awards ahead of Ruud Gullit and Frank Rijkaard
  • 1989 Oregon begins taking bids on NBA games
  • 1990 Edmonton Oilers beat the Calgary Flames, 4-1 to record their 500th all-time NHL victory; set in just 915 games for a record of 500-295-120, good for a winning % of .612; best in history upon reaching milestone
  • 1991 Bengals hire Dave Shula as youngest NFL coach (32)
  • 1991 Chuck Knox retires as Seattle Seahawk coach
  • 1992 "3 From Brooklyn" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • 1992 "Les Miserables" opens at Ostregaswerks, Copenhagen
  • 1992 "Tommy Tune Tonite! Song & Dance Act" opens at Gershwin Theatre, NYC; runs for 10 performances
  • 1992 13th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000

Music History

1992 American jazz singer and piano player Harry Connick Jr is caught with 9mm gun in NY's JFK airport

  • 1993 "Candles, Snow, & Mistletoe" opens at Palace Theater, NYC; runs for 7 performances
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3792.93

Sports History

1995 Australian cricketer David Boon completes his 21st Test Cricket century (110 v SL, MCG)

  • 1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.
  • 1997 Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.

Sports History

1999 Joe Sakic records his 1,000th career point, an assist against the St. Louis Blues

Sports History

2000 Pittsburgh Penguins center and part-owner Mario Lemieux scores a goal and 2 assists in his return to the NHL after more than 3 years out with injury problems and lingering cancer issues; Penguins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 5-0

  • 2001 The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.
  • 2002 Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya.

Film Release

2002 "Chicago" (Best Picture 2003), based on John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical, directed by Rob Marshall, starring Renée Zellweger, Richard Gere, and Catherine Zeta-Jones released.

  • 2002 Kenyan General Election: National Rainbow Coalition headed by Mwai Kibaki wins, overthrowing 39 year rule by the Kenya African National Union
  • 2004 Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.

Assassination

2007 Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated by a suicide bomber in Rawalpindi

  • 2008 Israel launches Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip, beginning with an airstrike that hits 100 targets in 220 seconds killing around 250 people
  • 2009 The World Health Organization says 208 countries, territories and communities have reported H1N1 cases, including at least 12,220 deaths
  • 2012 NASA unveils plans to capture a 500 ton asteroid in 2025
  • 2013 29 people are killed after a bus plunged off the Huay Tong Bridge, Thailand
  • 2015 Iraqi forces retake IS held city of Ramadi (ISIS first captured in May)
  • 2017 Raheem Sterling scores to give Manchester City 1-0 win over Newcastle United at St. James' Park; EPL record 18th consecutive win; streak ends with 0-0 draw at Crystal Palace 31/12