Historical Events on December 28

  • 418 St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 457 Roman armies proclaim Majorian Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 801 Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona

Westminster Abbey Consecrated

1065 New church devoted to St Peter the Apostle built by Edward the Confessor - later called the 'west minister' consecrated in London (rebuilt mid 13th century) [1]

  • 1308 The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan, begins

Historic Event

1537 French king Francis I issues decree to booksellers and printers requiring them to deposit their work in the King's Library, world's first legal depository requirement [1]

Historic Event

1612 First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a "fixed star" without realising it is a planet

  • 1614 Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk
  • 1767 King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital

Historic Event

1781 Comte de Rochambeau and Nicolas Luckner are the last generals to be made Marshal of France by Louis XVI before the Revolution

  • 1816 American Colonization Society organizes

Music History

1821 Composer Gioachino Rossini moves to Bologna

  • 1828 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed

Historic Event

1832 John C. Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with President Jackson)

  • 1835 Second Seminole War between United States and Native Americans begins with the Dade Massacre in Sumter County, Florida; Senminole fighters kill nearly all 110 of US Army troops under Major Francis Langhorne Dade [1] [2]
  • 1836 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out near The Old Gum Tree, in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North, by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • 1836 Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico
  • 1846 Iowa becomes 29th state of the United States of America
  • 1849 Jean Baptiste Jolly opens “Teinturerier Jolly Belin”, 1st modern dry cleaning shop in Paris
  • 1850 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Historic Event

1860 Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn, New York, on her last mission to free slaves, having evaded capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad

  • 1864 Battle of Egypt Station, Mississippi
  • 1867 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
  • 1869 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • 1877 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill

Catholic Encyclical

1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)

  • 1879 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1887 John Layton Jarvis becomes first British race horse trainer to be knighted for services to racing
  • 1893 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 1895 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
  • 1897 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1902 Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US

Theater Premiere

1903 Clyde Fitch's play "Glad of It" premieres in NYC

  • 1904 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • 1905 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of US founded (becomes NCAA in 1910)
  • 1905 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253
  • 1906 Ecuador adopts its second liberal constitution
  • 1908 Earthquake strikes Messina in Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • 1910 Opera "Konigskinder" is produced (NYC)
  • 1912 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)
  • 1912 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1914 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915 San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • 1915 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones

Sports History

1918 Montreal's Georges Vezina becomes the first NHL goalie to record an assist during the Canadiens’ 6-3 win over the Toronto Arenas

  • 1921 The beginning of the Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa; the rebellion started as a strike by white mineworkers on and became an open armed rebellion against the state

Theater Premiere

1923 George Bernard Shaw's play "Saint Joan" premieres at Garrick Theatre in NYC

Music Premiere

1925 George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes" premieres in New York City

  • 1926 Arthur Mailey takes 4-362 off 64 overs (no maidens) NSW v Vic
  • 1926 Imperial Airways begins England-India mail & passenger service
  • 1926 Ponsford scores 352 & Ryder 295 against NSW
  • 1926 Victoria all out for 1107 against NSW at the MCG Crowd 22,348

Music Premiere

1927 Arthur Honegger's opera "Antigone" premieres with a libretto by Jean Cocteau, sets by Pablo Picasso and costumes by Coco Chanel at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie, Brussels

Historic Event

1927 George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Royal Family" premieres in NYC

  • 1928 Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues" makes her last record "Big Feelin' Blues"

Historic Event

1931 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Film Premiere

1934 Film "Bright Eyes" premieres starring Shirley Temple and featuring the song "On the Good Ship Lollipop"

  • 1934 First ever Women's cricket international begins England vs Australia in Australia
  • 1935 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union
  • 1935 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC
  • 1937 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1938 Paul Gibb scores 106 on Test Cricket debut v South Africa
  • 1940 Cricketer Arthur Morris scores 111 in 2nd innings of 1st game after 148
  • 1941 State of siege goes into effect in Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1942 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • 1942 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • 1943 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
  • 1944 Dutch Resistance fighter Corrie ten Boom is accidentally released from the Ravensbrück concentration camp, living to speak and educate of her experience in "The Hiding Place"

Meeting of Interest

1944 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium

  • 1944 Former Wash 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross

Music Premiere

1944 Leonard Bernstein's musical "On the Town" premieres in NYC

Sports History

1944 Montreal right wing Maurice 'Rocket' Richard becomes first player in NHL history to score 8 points in one game with 5 goals and 3 assists in the Canadiens' 9-1 win over the Detroit Red Wings

  • 1945 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"
  • 1946 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Melbourne, Australia: Jack Kramer & Ted Schroeder give US unassailable 3-0 lead; beat Australians John Bromwich & Adrian Quist 6-2, 7-5, 6-4; ends 5-0
  • 1947 Chic Cards beat Philadelphia Eagles 28-21 in NFL championship game
  • 1947 National Football League Championship, Comiskey Park, Chicago: Chicago Cardinals beat Philadelphia Eagles, 28-21; Cardinals' only title victory
  • 1948 IDF crosses Egyptian border
  • 1948 Middel-Java as a whole in Dutch hands
  • 1948 The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami, Florida.
  • 1948 US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite
  • 1949 20th Century Fox announces it will produce TV programs
  • 1950 Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
  • 1950 The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's 1st National Park
  • 1951 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, White City, Sydney: Frank Sedgman outclasses Vic Seixas 6-4, 6-2, 6-2 in the deciding rubber as Australia beats US, 3-2 in Sydney to retain Cup
  • 1952 National Football League Championship, Cleveland Municipal Stadium: Detroit Lions beat Cleveland Browns, 17-7
  • 1953 WLBT TV channel 3 in Jackson, MS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 43rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Sydney (3-2)
  • 1954 KEPR TV channel 19 in Pasco-Kennewick-Richl, WA (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0)
  • 1956 Miss Frances [Horwich], last Ding Dong School on NBC-TV
  • 1957 46th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Melbourne (3-2)
  • 1957 CBS states it won't broadcast baseball where minor league games are on
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 "The Greatest Game Ever Played": Baltimore Colts win the 26th NFL championship against the New York Giants 23-17 at Yankee Stadium, in the first ever sudden-death overtime game in NFL history. 17 future members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame were involved in the game.
  • 1958 Chipmunks (Alvin, Simon & Theodore with David Seville) hits #1
  • 1960 49th Davis Cup: Australia beats Italy in Sydney (4-1)
  • 1961 50th Davis Cup: Australia beats Italy in Melbourne (5-0)

Historic Event

1961 Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana" premieres in NYC

  • 1962 51st Davis Cup: Australia beats Mexico in Brisbane (5-0)
  • 1962 UN troops occupies Elizabethstad Katanga
  • 1963 "Double Dublin" closes at Little Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1963 "Jennie" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 82 performances

Davis Cup

1963 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Adelaide: American Chuck McKinley beats Australia's John Newcombe 10-12, 6-2, 9-7, 6-2 in the deciding rubber to give US a thrilling 3-2 victory

Music History

1963 Merle Haggard's 1st appearance on country music chart with "Sing a Sad Song"

  • 1963 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins his record 7th Grand Prix of the F1 season, the South African event at Prince George Circuit; first Scotsman to win the World Drivers Championship

Music History

1964 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's cantata "The Execution of Stepan Razin"

Film & TV History

1964 Principal filming on film "Doctor Zhivago" begins

  • 1965 Ballon d'Or: Benfica striker Eusébio wins award for best European football player; first Portuguese national to win, and still only Benfica player
  • 1965 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Sydney: John Newcombe & Tony Roche beat José Luis Arilla & Manuel Santana of Spain 6-3, 4-6, 7-5, 6-2 to give Australia unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1966 13 die in a train crash in Everett, Massachusetts
  • 1966 55th Davis Cup, Melbourne: Australian Roy Emerson beats Ramanathan Krishnan of India 6-0, 6-2, 10-8 for an unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1967 56th Davis Cup: Australia beats Spain in Brisbane (4-1)
  • 1967 KTSB (now KSNT) TV channel 27 in Topeka, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Muriel Siebert is 1st woman to own a seat on New York Stock Exchange

Music History

1968 100,000 attend Miami Pop Festival; performers included: The Jimi Hendrix Experience; The Mothers of Invention; Chuck Berry; John Lee Hooker; The Crazy World of Arthur Brown; and Blues Image,

  • 1968 57th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Adelaide (4-1)
  • 1968 Beatles' "White Album" goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
  • 1968 Israeli assault on Beirut Airport
  • 1968 KVOF (KUDO, now KWBB) TV channel 38 in San Francisco, California (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 Dallas Cowboy kicker Mike Clark, attempting an on-side kick against Cleveland, missed the ball

Film & TV History

1969 Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers" premieres in NYC

  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 "Lovely Ladies, Kind Gentlemen" opens at Majestic NYC for 19 performances
  • 1970 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution

Ballon d'Or

1971 Ballon d'Or: Ajax forward Johan Cruyff wins award for best European football player ahead of Inter forward Sandro Mazzola and Manchester United winger George Best; first Dutch national and Ajax player to win award

  • 1971 Hashish now falls under the Dutch Opium Law (Opiumwet)
  • 1972 2 people are killed in a Loyalist bomb attack on the village of Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland
  • 1972 Kim Il-song becomes president of North Korea

Historic Event

1972 Nazi leader Martin Bormann's skeleton and remains are found in Berlin

  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 Akron Ohio's Chamber of Commerce terminates itself from Soap Box Derby

Historic Publication

1973 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn publishes "Gulag Archipelago" - a literary investigation of the police-state system in the Soviet Union

  • 1973 Comet Kohoutek at perihelion
  • 1973 US President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law
  • 1974 6.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan: 5200 killed
  • 1974 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1975 "The Hail Mary", with 32 seconds left in the NFC Divisional Playoff Game, Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach throws a legendary 50-yard winning touchdown pass to Drew Pearson to defeat the Minnesota Vikings, and the "Hail Mary" play is born
  • 1975 1st broadcast of radio Hilversum IV (classic music)
  • 1975 Earthquake in Pakistan, 4,000 die
  • 1975 Gary Cosier scores 109 v West Indies at MCG on Test Cricket debut
  • 1975 In the aftermath of the Cold War, the New York Rangers become first team in NHL history to face a touring Soviet hockey squad; Soviet Army beats the Rangers, 7-3 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1975 Red Army beats NY Rangers 7-3 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1976 "Fiddler on the Roof" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • 1976 Ballon d'Or: Bayern Munich defender Franz Beckenbauer wins title of Europe's best football player for a 2nd time; beats Anderlecht winger Rob Rensenbrink and Dukla Prague goalkeeper Ivo Viktor
  • 1976 Genie Francis joins "General Hospital" as Laura Vining
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

1978 30th hat trick in Islander history (Mike Bossy)

  • 1980 Mexico terminated fishing agreements with US
  • 1981 1st American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr is born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1981 Cleveland Metroparks Administrative offices move from downtown to Zoo (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1981 Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98
  • 1982 Ballon d'Or: Juventus striker Paolo Rossi is named best European football player; beats Bordeaux midfielder Alain Giresse and Juventus' Polish midfielder Zbigniew Boniek
  • 1983 72nd Davis Cup: Australia beats Sweden in Melbourne (3-2)
  • 1983 US threatens to leave UNESCO after objecting to its domination by a coalition of third world and Soviet bloc nations
  • 1983 Warren Cromartie signs 3 year $2.5M contract with Yomiuri Giants
  • 1984 Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old

Election of Interest

1984 Rajiv Gandhi's Congress party wins the general election in India

Appointment of Interest

1984 Ted Hughes is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

  • 1984 TV soap "Edge of Night" ends 28 year run
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 Warring Lebanese Muslim & Christian leaders sign peace agreement
  • 1986 75th Davis Cup: Australia beats Sweden in Melbourne (3-2), helped by Pat Davis ranked 412th in the world
  • 1987 In Arkansas R Gene Simmons kills 2, later bodies of 14 of his relatives are found at his home near Dover Ark
  • 1988 John Tarrant, 1st Australian born Zen teacher, receives Dharma Transmission
  • 1988 US 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals affirms Yonkers is guilty of racism
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Election of Interest

1989 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia

  • 1989 Earthquake at Newcastle Australia, 11 die
  • 1990 2 die and 188 injured in a NYC subway electrical fire in tunnel near Clark Street, Brooklyn
  • 1990 Blockbuster Bowl 1: Florida State beats Penn State, 24-17
  • 1991 8 are crushed to death at a RAP basketball game at City College, NYC
  • 1991 Irene the Icon of Greek Orthodox church returns after being stolen
  • 1991 Ninibeth Beatriz Leal Jiminez, 20, of Venez, crowned 41st Miss World

Historic Event

1991 Ted Turner is named Time Magazine Man of Year

Music Concert

1993 Andrea Bocelli makes his classical debut singing at a concert at Teatro Romolo Valli in Reggio Emilia

  • 1993 Ballon d'Or: Juventus' Italian striker Roberto Baggio is named Europe's best football player ahead of Inter forward Dennis Bergkamp and Manchester United striker Eric Cantona
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3793.49
  • 1993 Dutch Antilles government of Yandi Paula forms
  • 1993 John Maclean passes Kirk Muller as all-time NJ Devils scorer (521 pts)

Film Premiere

1994 "The Madness of King George" film based on the play by Alan Bennett, directed by Nicholas Hytner, starring Nigel Hawthorne and Helen Mirren premieres in the US

Music History

1994 American country singer Tammy Wynette admitted to the hospital with bile duct infection

Cricket History

1994 David Boon completes his 20th Test Cricket century (131 v England, MCG)

  • 1996 India all out for 66 at Durban after making 100 in cricket 1st innings
  • 1997 Sting beats Hollywood Hogan for WCW Championship
  • 1999 Saparmurat Niyazov is proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan
  • 2000 U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.
  • 2001 OPEC oil ministers meeting in Cairo agree to reduce their crude oil output quotas by a combined 1.5 million barrels per day

Historic Event

2002 LinkedIn is founded by Reid Hoffman and others in Mountain View, California

  • 2005 A U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II.
  • 2007 Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.
  • 2008 Detroit Lions crash to a 31-21 loss to Green Bay Packers at Lambeau Field; first team in NFL history to go winless in a 16-game season
  • 2009 43 people die in a suicide bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims were observing the Day of Ashura.

Theater Premiere

2009 Scarlett Johansson makes her debut on Broadway in the Arthur Miller play "A View from the Bridge"

  • 2012 13 people are killed and 19 are injured after a bus plunges into a river in western Nepal

Historic Event

2012 Vladimir Putin signs into law a ban on US adoption of Russian children