On This Day

Historical Events on December 3

  • 741 St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 1347 Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Cola di Rienzo as heretics
  • 1557 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia
  • 1639 1st annulment by court decree passes
  • 1676 Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1678 Edmond Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1685 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1694 English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
  • 1699 Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1730 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under King George II

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736 Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • 1775 First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
  • 1818 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1828 Andrew Jackson elected 7th US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1833 Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational college, opens

  • 1834 First US dental society organized (NY)
  • 1835 First US mutual fire insurance company issues first policy (Rhode Island)
  • 1844 RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1847 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

AustraliaEureka Stockade

1854 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences
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The battle at Eureka Stockade in Australia, crucial to developing democracy in the country
The battle at Eureka Stockade in Australia, crucial to developing democracy in the country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • 1864 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1878 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1883 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • 1901 At the MLB meeting, the Milwaukee Brewers franchise is officially dropped from the American League and replaced by the St. Louis Browns
  • 1903 Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • 1907 George Cohan's musical "Talk of the Town" premieres in NYC

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1908 Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A performed by the Hallé Orchestra conducted by Hans Richter, premieres in Manchester, England

Composer Edward Elgar
Edward Elgar
  • 1910 Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Willis Carrier presents his influential "Rational Psychrometric Formulae" on air conditioning to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Engineer Willis Carrier
Willis Carrier
  • 1912 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • 1912 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1912 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • 1914 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • 1915 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • 1917 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1917 The Supreme Allied War Council, meeting at Versailles to define war aim, fails to reach an agreement
  • 1920 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty

  • 1921 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts win 2nd Championship; beat Edmonton Eskimos, 23-0
  • 1922 First successful technicolor movie (Tall of the Sea), shown in NYC
  • 1923 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1926 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days

Novelist Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1929 Boston Bruins beat the Montreal Canadiens 3-1, the first win of an NHL record 14-game winning streak, and a 22-game home winning streak

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • 1930 Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
  • 1930 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • 1930 Richard Rodgers/L Hart's musical "Evergreen" premieres in London
  • 1931 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • 1932 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers defeat Regina Roughriders, 25-6 for their 5th Championship
  • 1932 Gen Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 As part of a famous MLB fire sale of players, Philadelphia A's owner Connie Mack sells catcher Mickey Cochrane to Detroit for $100,000; Cochrane is immediately named Tigers manager

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • 1933 Joe Lilliard QBs Chic Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
  • 1934 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • 1934 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1938 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1939 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Symphony premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB)
  • 1943 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1943 Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • 1944 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • 1944 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • 1944 Temporary merger of 2 NFL teams, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Chicago Cardinals, dissolves at finish of season; WWII ends before start of 1945 season, so both teams resume normal operations
  • 1944 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • 1944 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1946 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US government asks UN to order dictator Francisco Franco out of Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Tennessee Williams' "Streetcar Named Desire" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1948 "Pumpkin Papers" come to light (claimed to be from Alger Hiss)
  • 1948 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman scores 123 for the Bradman XI in his own testimonial match against the Lindsay Hassett's XI in front of 52,360 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1948 Chinese refugee ship "Kiangya" explodes in East China Sea killing 1,100
  • 1949 KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (CBS) begins
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns last NFL team with no-pass game (beat Philadelphia 13-7)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1952 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii
  • 1952 Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela
  • 1953 "Kismet" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 583 performances

<b>Republican</b> PartyRepublican Party

1953 Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich' 5th String Quartet
  • 1953 "In the Jailhouse Now" single recorded by Webb Pierce (Billboard Song of the Year 1955)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber
  • 1954 William Walton's opera "Troilus & Cressida" premieres in London
  • 1955 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Britain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • 1956 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Basketball icon Wilt Chamberlain makes his much anticipated varsity debut; scores 52 points and grabs 31 rebounds, breaking both all-time Kansas records in an 87–69 win against Northwestern

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1956 Australian 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of Kevin O'Halloran, John Devitt, Murray Rose & Jon Henricks swim world record 8:23.6 to take the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Rose's 2nd of 3 gold at the Games
  • 1957 23rd Heisman Trophy Award: John Crow, Texas A&M (HB)
  • 1958 Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
  • 1959 State of emergency in Cyprus ends
  • 1960 "Camelot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 873 performances
  • 1960 Frederick Loewe nd Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Dutchman Anton Geesink becomes 1st non-Japanese judo world champion
  • 1961 The Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein
  • 1961 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st US black female judge
  • 1962 Pravda criticizes western art
  • 1962 1963 NFL Draft: Terry Baker from Oregon State first pick by Los Angeles Rams
  • 1964 KHQL (now KCAN) TV channel 8 in Albion, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Police arrests 800 sit-in students at University of California at Berkeley
  • 1965 The Beatles begin final UK concert tour in Glasgow
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 8; it crashes on the Moon
  • 1966 US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
  • 1967 1st human heart transplant performed in South Africa by Dr Christiaan Barnard on Louis Washkansky

  • 1967 Australian Derek Clayton runs world marathon record 2:09:36.4 at the Fukuoka Marathon in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Fomrer Indonesian president Sukarno placed under house arrest

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1967 Final run of "20th Century Limited" famed NY-Chicago luxury train

MurderAssassination Attempt

1967 Assassination attempt made on Bob Marley and others during concert rehearsals in Jamaica

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • 1968 MLB Rules Committee adopts a series of changes designed to increase amount of offensive run production; decreases strike zone size and lowers height of pitcher's mound from 15" to 10"; changes are successful
  • 1968 NBC Elvis comeback special airs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 John Lennon is offered role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Claude Ruel resigns as coach of the NHL Montreal Canadiens; replacement Al MacNeil leads Habs to a Stanley Cup championship 5 months later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's jail term

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 India invades West Pakistan and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives and starting the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
  • 1972 CFL Grey Cup, Ivor Wynne Stadium, Hamilton: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeat Saskatchewan Roughriders, 13-10; Tiger-Cats first team in CFL's modern era to win Grey Cup at home
  • 1972 Convair 990A charter crashes in Tenerife Canary Island, 155 die
  • 1973 Pioneer 10 passes Jupiter (1st fly-by of an outer planet) [Dec 4-GMT]
  • 1975 Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
  • 1976 Patrick J Hillery elected President of Ireland
  • 1978 "King of Hearts" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1979 11 trampled to death at Who concert in Cincinnati
  • 1979 45th Heisman Trophy Award: Charles White, Southern California (RB)
  • 1979 Christies auctions a thimble for a record $18,400
  • 1979 Iran accepts constitution
  • 1979 Shadow Traffic begins broadcasting in the New York City metropolitan area.
  • 1980 NY Federal jury finds Reps Thompson D-NJ & Murphy, D-NY, guilty
  • 1980 Don Sutton, the winningest pitcher in Los Angeles Dodgers history, signs a 4-year contract with Houston; Astros career shortened by a patellar fracture; returns to Dodgers in 1988 after stints with 3 other MLB clubs
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 35.7 cm rainfall at Big Fork, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1982 77°F highest December temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1982 After losing his world welterweight boxing titles to Sugar Ray Leonard, Thomas Hearns wins WBC Super Welterweight crown in a majority points decision over Wilfred Benitez at Superdome, New Orleans

Film release premierFilm Release

1982 "Frances", film depicting life of actress Frances Farmer and starring Jessica Lange, first released in the US

Actress Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
  • 1983 "Marilyn: An American Fable" closes at Minskoff NYC after 16 performances
  • 1983 49th Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Rozier, Nebraska (RB)
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1984 Bhopal disaster: Union Carbide pesticide plant leak 45 tons of methyl isocyanate and other toxic compounds in Bhopal, India, kills 2,259 (official figure) - other estimates as high as 16,000 (including later deaths) and over half a million injured

Music releaseMusic Single

1984 "Do They Know It's Christmas" single written by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure and sung by Band Aid is released in the UK

Singer-Songwriter and Political Activist Bob Geldof
Singer-Songwriter and Political Activist
Bob Geldof
  • 1985 23rd Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-lands at Edwards AFB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 7th ACE Cable Awards: Shelley Duvall wins the Golden CableACE for "Faerie Tale Theatre"

  • 1986 Chasing the West Indies 248/5, Sri Lanka is sensationally dismissed for just 55 in cricket's Champions Trophy in Sharjah; Windies pace bowler Courtney Walsh takes 5 for 1 in 4.3 overs
  • 1986 Sri Lanka all out 55 v WI in one-dayer Walsh 5-1 in 4 3 overs
  • 1988 54th Heisman Trophy Award: Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State (RB)
  • 1988 NY Lotto pays $45 million to twelve winner (#s are 1-8-13-18-28-48)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Stefan Edberg of Sweden claims his first and only ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis title with a 4–6, 7–6, 6–3, 6–1 win over defending champion Boris Becker at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Tennis Legend Boris Becker
Tennis Legend
Boris Becker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Hulk Hogan defeats the Undertaker at 'This Tuesday in Texas' at the Freeman Coliseum in San Antonio to become 4-time WWF champion

Professional Wrestler Hulk Hogan
Professional Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release US hostage Alan Steen
  • 1991 White House Chief of Staff John Sununu resigns
  • 1992 UN Security Council votes unanimous for US led forces to enter Somalia
  • 1992 The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo
  • 1995 "Company" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 68 performances
  • 1995 "Holiday" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances

Sport awardDavis Cup

1995 Davis Cup Tennis, Moscow: Pete Sampras beats Russian Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6-2, 6-4, 7-6 for an unassailable 3-1 American lead (ends 3-2)

Tennis Player Pete Sampras
Tennis Player
Pete Sampras
  • 1995 England cricket wicket-keeper Jack Russell dismisses Clive Eksteen with his record 11th catch in 2nd Test v South Africa in Johannesburg
  • 1995 Naeem Akhtar takes 10-28 for Rawalpindi B against Peshawar
  • 1995 Northwestern South Carolina begins using new area code 864
  • 1995 Davis Cup Tennis, Moscow: Pete Sampras beats Russian Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6-2, 6-4, 7-6 to give US a winning 3-1 lead (ends 3-2); record 31st US title
  • 1997 "1776" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC
  • 1997 Golden State Warriors terminates guard Latrell Sprewell's four-year, $32 million NBA contract for attacking coach P.J. Carlesimo
  • 1999 NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere
  • 1999 Worcester cold storage and warehouse fire in Worcester, Massachusetts claims lives of 6 firefighters
  • 1999 Ottawa Senators' right wing Kevin Dineen becomes 5th player in NHL history to score 300 career goals and record 2,000 penalty minutes; picks up a misconduct penalty in 7-4 loss to NJ Devils

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 French Open champion Gustavo Kuerten of Brazil wins the season-ending Tennis Masters Cup for the only time; beats Andre Agassi 6–4, 6–4, 6–4 in the final in Lisbon, Portugal

Tennis Legend Andre Agassi
Tennis Legend
Andre Agassi
  • 2005 XCOR Aerospace makes first manned rocket aircraft delivery of US Mail in Mojave, California.
  • 2005 1st ACC Championship Game: #22 Florida State beats #5 Virginia Tech, 27-22
  • 2006 Davis Cup Tennis, Moscow: Marat Safin beats José Acasuso of Argentina 6-3, 3-6, 6-3, 7-6 to clinch Russia's 3-2 victory
  • 2007 Devastating winter storms cause Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, closing 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days, resulting in at least eight deaths and billions of dollars of damage
  • 2014 Darren Wilson, the police officer who shot dead unarmed black teenager Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, resigns
  • 2014 Australian Rugby star David Pocock is arrested after protesting against a coal mine under construction in an Australian national forest
  • 2014 Protests erupt in cities across the US after a grand jury decides not to charge the New York City police officer who killed Eric Garner with a choke-hold
  • 2015 US Defense Secretary Ash Carter announces all combat roles in US armed forced will be opened to women
  • 2016 US army decides it will not allow an oil pipeline to be built in North Dakota, after months of protests by The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
  • 2017 First pizza party in space held by astronauts of the International Space Station

Conference meetingSummit of Interest

2018 David Attenborough warns collapse of civilisation and the natural world on the horizon at UN climate summit in Poland

Natural History Filmmaker and TV Personality David Attenborough
Natural History Filmmaker and TV Personality
David Attenborough
  • 2018 Dutch court in Arnhem rejects man's request to legally be recognised 20 years younger
  • 2018 7-year old Ryan of Ryan Toysreview is the year's highest-paid YouTube star earning $22 million

Sport awardFootball Awards

2018 Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid midfielder Luka Modrić wins; first time since 2007 that either Lionel Messi or Cristiano Ronaldo doesn't win award; Norwegian striker Ada Hegerberg is inaugural women's winner

Footballer Luka Modrić
Luka Modrić
Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star
Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star Lionel Messi
Football Star
Lionel Messi