Historical Events on December 30

  • 987 French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate king
  • 1317 Pontifical decree "Sancta Romania" against spiritualists

Victory in Battle

1460 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry VI

Historic Event

1610 Hungarian aristocrat Elizabeth Báthory arrested at Csejte Castle on suspicion of killing and torturing hundreds of young girls and women

Historic Event

1621 English King James I cracks Protestation of Parliament

  • 1665 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi departs to Constantinople
  • 1666 Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname
  • 1672 Baron Karl Rabenhaupt occupies Coevorden Neth
  • 1685 Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of Southern Netherlands
  • 1689 Henry Purcell & Nahum Tate's opera "Dido & Aeneas" premieres at Josias Priest's girls' school in Chelsea, London
  • 1703 Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
  • 1731 One of the earliest music concerts in North America held at Peter Pelham's Great Room in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1794 French troops conquer Grave Neth
  • 1809 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston
  • 1813 Danzig surrenders to allied armies
  • 1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is proclaimed.
  • 1836 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1844 Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)
  • 1853 Dinner party held inside life-sized model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur), created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in South London
  • 1854 Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC

Historic Event

1861 Associated Banks in NYC halt gold payments to government and investors, to disrupt Abraham Lincoln's US bank reform program

  • 1869 Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms
  • 1873 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money
  • 1875 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms

Music Premiere

1877 Johannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna

Music Premiere

1879 W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan's comic opera "The Pirates of Penzance" premieres in Paignton, England and at Fifth Avenue Theatre NYC the next day

Music Premiere

1884 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig

  • 1884 William Morris, Eleanor Marx, and others establish the Socialist League, a revolutionary organization in the UK
  • 1888 Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star
  • 1892 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1893 Russia signs military accord with France


1896 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

  • 1896 Stanley Cup, Granite Rink, Winnipeg, Manitoba: Ernie McLea scores a hat-trick as Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5; first SC Challenge game played outside of Montreal
  • 1897 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • 1903 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
  • 1903 Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
  • 1905 Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho
  • 1906 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1906 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • 1907 Abraham Mills' Mills Committee declares baseball was invented in 1839 by future American Civil War general Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown, New York; widely disproven, now known as 'the Doubleday myth'
  • 1908 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers outscore Edmonton HC, 14-9 in 2 game challenge series
  • 1911 English cricketer Sydney Barnes takes 5-6 in 1st 11 overs v Australia at MCG
  • 1913 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)
  • 1915 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
  • 1917 -32°F (-36°C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1917 -37°F (-38°C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)

Historic Event

1918 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

  • 1919 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.

Soviet Union Founded

1922 Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre, Soviet Union organized as a federation of Russian SFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR

Historic Event

1924 Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society

  • 1925 NSW score 705 against Victoria, go from 8-475 to 9-701
  • 1926 Chicago Tribune reports the Tigers threw a 4-game series to the White Sox in 1917 to help Chicago win the pennant (never substantiated)
  • 1926 Paul Eliot Green's "In Abraham's Bosom" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 Japan dedicates 1st subway in Orient (route under 2 miles long)

Music Premiere

1929 Cole Porter's musical "Wake Up And Dream" opens at the Selwyn Theatre, NYC; runs for 136 performances

  • 1929 Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority incorporates
  • 1933 -50°F (-46°C) in Bloomfield, Vermont (state record)
  • 1933 Government disallows NSB-membership for civil service
  • 1933 Jack Badcock scores 274 v Victoria, Tasmania's 1st double-ton
  • 1934 New York Rangers and Boston Bruins battle out a 0-0 tie; first of a 37-game overtime undefeated streak for the Bruins, the longest in NHL history; streak spans over 4 years and includes 27 ties
  • 1935 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia

Film & TV History

1936 Beginning of the "feud" between comedians Fred Allen and Jack Benny on Allen's "Town Hall Tonight" show

  • 1936 United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant

Film Release

1939 "Of Mice and Men", starring Burgess Meredith as George, Lon Chaney Jr. as Lennie, is released

Cricket Record

1939 Bradman scores 267 South Australia v Vic, world record 34th double cricket century

  • 1939 O'Reilly takes 14-45 (8-23 & 6-22) as NSW crush Qld in 2 days
  • 1940 California's 1st freeway, (Arroyo Seco Parkway), opens

The Taming of Winston Churchill

1941 In an emotional speech to the Canadian Parliament Winston Churchill states Britain will never surrender to "Hitler and his Nazi gang" and that "they have asked for total war. Let us make sure they get it". Afterwards Yousef Karsh captures him in his famous photograph, "The Roaring Lion".

  • 1941 Nazis require Dutch physicians to join Nazi organization

Music History

1942 NYC's Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at Paramount Theater, initiating the term "Sinatramania"

  • 1943 Phillies trade Babe Dahlgren to Pitts for Babe Phelps & cash
  • 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair
  • 1944 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne, appointing Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent in 1945
  • 1944 Sergei Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres in Moscow
  • 1947 King Michael of Romania, forced by Communists abdicates his throne, sending him into exlie
  • 1947 Romanian republic proclaimed
  • 1948 "Kiss Me, Kate" opens at New Century Theater NYC for 1077 performances
  • 1948 Cole Porter's musical "Kiss Me Kate" opens at the New Century Theatre, NYC, later transferred to Sam S. Shubert Theatre; runs for 1077 performances
  • 1949 India recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1950 "Sixty Minute Man" record single released by The Dominoes (Billboard Song of the Year 1951)

#1 in the Charts

1950 "Tennessee Waltz" sung by Patti Page hits #1 on the Billboard Pop Chart (stays for 9 weeks)

  • 1950 Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union
  • 1952 Tuskegee Inst reports 1952 as 1st yr in 71 with no lynchings in US
  • 1953 The first ever NTSC color television sets go on sale for about USD at $1,175 each from RCA.

Music Premiere

1954 Harold Arlen and Truman Capote's musical "House of Flowers" premieres at Alvin Theater, NYC; runs for 165 performances

  • 1956 National Football League Championship, Yankee Stadium, NYC: New York Giants beat Chicago Bears, 47-7; Giants' 4th NFL title

Historic Event

1957 Israeli government of Ben-Gurion, resigns

  • 1958 French franc devalued
  • 1959 George Washington, 1st ballistic missile sub commissioned

Music Premiere

1961 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich's 4th Symphony in Moscow (completed 1936)

NFL Championship

1962 National Football League Championship, Yankee Stadium, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat NY Giants, 16-7; MVP: Ray Nitschke, Green Bay, LB

  • 1963 Congress authorizes Kennedy half dollar, in honor of John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 TV game show "Let's Make A Deal," hosted by Monty Hall, debuts on NBC-TV

Historic Event

1964 Edward Albee's "Tiny Alice" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1965 Ferdinand Marcos inaugurated as President of the Philippines

  • 1967 Beatles' "Hello Goodbye" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1967 Great Western Forum opens in LA
  • 1968 -48°F (-44°C), Mazama & Winthrop, Washington (state record)
  • 1968 Frank Sinatra first records "My Way" with lyrics were written by Paul Anka and based on the French song "Comme d'habitude"
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 The financial cost of the disturbances and riots in Northern Ireland during 1969 and 1970 are today estimated to be £5.5 million
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Santry, Dublin.
  • 1971 Long Island NHL franchise purchased (NY Islanders)
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1972 US President Richard Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam & announces peace talks

AFC Championship

1973 AFC Championship, Miami Orange Bowl: Miami Dolphins beat Oakland Raiders, 27-10

  • 1973 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium, Irving: Minnesota Vikings beat Dallas Cowboys, 27-10
  • 1974 Beatles are legally disbanded (4 years after suit was brought)
  • 1975 "Boccaccio" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 7 performances

Ballon d'Or

1975 Ballon d'Or: FC Dynamo Kyiv forward Oleg Blokhin claims award for best European football player ahead of former winners, Bayern Munich defender Franz Beckenbauer and Ajax forward Johan Cruyff

  • 1975 Constitution of Democratic Republic of Madagascar comes into force
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1977 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Evonne Goolagong Cawley wins her 6th career Grand Slam title; beats fellow Australian Helen Gourlay Cawley 6-3, 6-0

  • 1977 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • 1978 Ohio State dismisses Woody Hayes as its football coach
  • 1978 Revival of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "The King & I" closes at Uris Theater, NYC after 719 performances
  • 1979 Rock group, Emerson, Lake & Palmer break up
  • 1979 Togo adopts constitution
  • 1980 "Wonderful World of Disney" last performance on NBC-TV

Ballon d'Or

1980 Ballon d'Or: Bayern Munich forward Karl-Heinz Rummenigge is named best European football player; beats German international teammate Bernd Schuster of FC Barcelona and Saint-Étienne midfielder Michel Platini

Music Single

1981 "That Girl" single released by Stevie Wonder (Billboard Song of the Year -1982)

NHL Record

1981 Wayne Gretzky scores 5 goals and an assist in Edmonton's 7-5 win over Philadelphia; gives Gretzky 50 goals in 39 games, the fastest 50 in 50 in NHL history; also sets NHL record with 15-game assist streak

  • 1982 Anthony Shaffer's "Whodunnit" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 England defeat Australia by three runs at cricket MCG
  • 1982 US Assay Office in New York City, NY closes
  • 1985 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 released
  • 1985 Pakistan restores constitution
  • 1986 Ballon d'Or: Dynamo Kyiv's Ukrainian forward Igor Belanov is named best football player in Europe ahead of Barcelona striker Gary Lineker and Real Madrid forward Emilio Butragueño
  • 1987 Australia hang on for draw v New Zealand at MCG, 1 wkt left 17 runs short

Election of Interest

1987 Premier Mugabe elected President of Zimbabwe

  • 1988 Canadian Senate OK's free trade pact; with US
  • 1988 Former Soviet President Brezhnev's son-in-law sentenced to 12-yr (bribery)
  • 1988 Mercedes-Benz pays $20.2-M fine failed to meet '86 government fuel standard

Historic Event

1988 Oliver North subpoenas US Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush as defense witnesses for his upcoming trial

  • 1989 10th United Negro College Fund raises $12,000,000
  • 1989 Dmitri Volkov swims world record 50m freestyle (27.15 sec)
  • 1990 "Miser" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 93 performances
  • 1990 11th United Negro College Fund raises $10,000,000

Cricket History

1992 Australian cricket spin bowling great Shane Warne takes 7/52 to lead Australia to 139 run win v West Indies in 2nd Test in Melbourne

  • 1992 Last day of Test Cricket for Michael Whitney
  • 1992 Washington defenseman Al Iafrate becomes first player in NHL history to have his shot officially break 100 miles per hour; records 101.4 mph during the Capitals Superskills competition
  • 1993 "Candles, Snow, & Mistletoe" closes at Palace NYC after 7 performances
  • 1993 Vatican recognizes Israel
  • 1995 Lowest ever UK temperature recorded of -27.2°C iat Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands, equaling the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982

Historic Event

1996 Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.

  • 1996 United Nations announces that a total of 21 contracts have been approved for the limited Iraqi oil sales under Resolution 986
  • 1997 An abandoned building collapses on NY's 42nd St, no one hurt
  • 1997 In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, the Wilaya of Relizane massacres, 400 people are killed from four villages.
  • 2000 Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
  • 2003 U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recuses himself and his office from the Plame affair.
  • 2004 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194.
  • 2005 Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin
  • 2006 Madrid Barajas International Airport is bombed.

Sports History

2008 NFL head coach Mike Shanahan is fired by the Denver Broncos

  • 2012 19 people are killed by a suicide bomber in Balochistan, Pakistan
  • 2012 9 people are killed and 26 are injured in a tour bus crash off interstate 84, Oregon, US
  • 2012 The opening of Line 6 of the Beijing subway makes it the longest metro network in the world at 442km
  • 2013 15 people are killed in a trolley-bus bomb attack in Voglograd, Russia
  • 2013 NFL head coach Mike Shanahan is fired by the Washington Redskins
  • 2016 83rd Orange Bowl: #10 Florida State beats #6 Michigan, 33-32
  • 2016 A ceasefire organised by Russia, Iran and Turkey between Syria's government and opposition groups takes effect


2016 British singer-songwriter Ray Davies, of The Kinks, is awarded a knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II

  • 2016 Last day Indians are able to deposit in banks 500 and 1,000 rupee notes which were scrapped only 50 days earlier in an anti-corruption measure
  • 2017 84th Orange Bowl: #6 Wisconsin beats #11 Miami (Florida), 34-24

Sports History

2018 Patrick Mahomes becomes only the 2nd quarterback in NFL history to throw for 5,000 yards and 50 touchdowns during KC Chiefs' 35-3 win over Oakland Raiders; achieves both marks with 3rd quarter 89-yard TD pass to Demarcus Robinson

  • 2019 86th Orange Bowl: #6 Florida beats #24 Virginia, 36-28
  • 2020 Argentina is the first major Latin American country to legalize abortion (signed into law 14 Jan 2021)
  • 2020 San Antonio assistant Becky Hammon becomes first female to coach an NBA team after Spurs head coach Gregg Popovich is ejected in a 121-107 loss to the LA Lakers
  • 2021 Rare winter wildfire destroys nearly 1000 homes at the base of the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, in suburban neighborhoods between Boulder and Denver [1]
  • 2022 "Queen" guitarist and astrophysicist Brian May (75) receives a British knighthood for his service to music and charity [1]