On This Day

Historical Events on December 7

  • 43 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and politician is assassinated in Formiae
  • 185 Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)
  • 1354 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
  • 1696 Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.
  • 1703 Great storm of 1703 hits Southern England - thousands killed, Royal Navy losses 13 ships and around 1,500 seamen
  • 1703 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703
  • 1724 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1732 The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.
  • 1741 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia

Scientific Discovery

1804 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Election of Interest

1808 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

  • 1835 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway

Election of Interest

1836 Martin Van Buren elected the 8th President of the United States

  • 1842 New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
  • 1862 Battle of Hartsville, TN
  • 1862 Battle of Prairie Grove, AR
  • 1864 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

Historic Event

1868 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

  • 1872 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • 1875 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • 1876 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked

Thomas Edison's Phonograph

1877 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"

  • 1885 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • 1889 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • 1891 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • 1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1900 Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body radiation.
  • 1902 Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899
  • 1907 Eugene Corri becomes 1st referee in a boxing ring
  • 1907 The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha

Historic Invention

1909 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

  • 1911 Leslie J Stuart's musical "Betsy" premieres in NYC
  • 1911 National Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
  • 1912 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt
  • 1917 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

Historic Event

1917 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

  • 1920 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • 1920 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921 KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1924 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925 Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC

Music History

1925 Noël Coward's "Easy Virtue" premieres in NYC

  • 1926 Gas refrigerator patented
  • 1929 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hillcrest CC: Defending champion Leo Diegel defeats Johnny Farrell, 6 & 4 in the final
  • 1930 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Fresh Meadows CC: American based Scotsman Tommy Armour defeats Gene Sarazen 1 up in the final for the 2nd of his 3 major titles

Sports History

1931 After scoring 226 in 1st Test in Brisbane, Don Bradman belts 219 for NSW against the visiting South Africa at the Sydney Cricket Ground

  • 1932 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY

Scientific Discovery

1934 Wiley Post discovers the jet stream

  • 1935 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Winnipeg Pegs (later Blue Bombers) defeat Hamilton Tigers, 18-12
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work

Contract of Interest

1937 Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams

  • 1937 Russian chess player Alexander Alekhine recaptures his final world title from Dutch grand master Max Euwe by a large margin (+10−4=11)
  • 1938 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio

Hall of Fame

1939 Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame

  • 1939 William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland
  • 1940 CFL Grey Cup (Game 2), Lansdowne Park, Ottawa: Ottawa beats Toronto Balmy Beach, 12-5
  • 1940 North Africa: British counter offensive under general O'Connor
  • 1940 The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew
  • 1941 Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
  • 1941 German siege of Tobruk ends after 8 months

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Imperial Japanese Navy with 353 planes attack the US fleet at Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, killing 2,403 people

  • 1941 Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
  • 1941 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
  • 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • 1944 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • 1946 Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119
  • 1949 15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart (end), Notre Dame
  • 1952 KKTV TV channel 11 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1953 WCCB TV channel 18 in Charlotte, North Carolina (IND/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Japanese government of Joshida resigns
  • 1954 KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel (NBC)
  • 1956 Australian swimmer Murray Rose claims his 3rd gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics when he wins the 1,500m in 17:58.9; also wins 400m & 4 x 200m relay
  • 1956 American diver Pat McCormick wraps up the women's double when she wins the 10m platform gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with 84.85 points; also won the 3m springboard gold
  • 1956 Soviet artistic gymnast Larisa Latynina takes her gold medal tally to 4 at the Melbourne Olympics; wins teams and individual all-round titles having earlier won vault and floor exercise sections
  • 1957 Tony Kubek of the Yanks selected as AL Rookie of the Year
  • 1958 Romulo Betancourt elected President of Venezuela
  • 1959 "Saratoga" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
  • 1960 Ivory Coast claims independence from France
  • 1962 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Ian Meckiff no-balled for throwing against the South Africans
  • 1963 First use of the instant replay machine invented by CBS in a US Army vs Navy football game

Music History

1964 George Harrison changes his company's name from Mornyork to Harrisongs

Excommunication

1965 Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of 2 churches in 1054

  • 1966 A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
  • 1967 The Beatles' clothing store "Apple Boutique" opens at 94 Baker Street, London
  • 1967 Elmer Bernstein and Carolyn Leigh's musical "How Now, Dow Jones", starring Tony Roberts, and directed by George Abbott, opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater, NYC; runs for 220 performances

Music Recording

1967 Otis Redding records his song "(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay", co-written and produced by guitarist Steve Cropper at Stax Studios in Memphis Tennessee

  • 1968 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1968 Richard Dodd returns a library book his great grandfather took out in 1823 from the University of Cincinnati
  • 1970 Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of LA Zen Center, receives dharma
  • 1970 West Germany & Poland normalize relations
  • 1971 "Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
  • 1971 Wings release their 1st album "Wild Life"
  • 1971 An off duty member of the Ulster Defence Regiment is shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

The Blue Marble

1972 Apollo 17 launched, the final manned lunar landing mission where the crew takes the famous "blue marble" photo of the entire Earth

Historic Event

1972 Philippine's first lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant

  • 1973 Orioles sell pitcher Eddie Watt to the Phillies
  • 1973 Phillies sell infielder-outfielder Cesar Tovar to the Texas Rangers

Music History

1973 Paul McCartney & Wings release "Band on the Run" in the UK

  • 1975 10th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 3-0 vs Sabres
  • 1975 Archbishop Makarios returns Cyprus
  • 1975 Indonesian army occupies East Timor

Sports History

1975 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase wins his 4th season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 rout of Björn Borg of Sweden in Stockholm

Historic Event

1976 UN Security Council endorses Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General for second 5 year term

  • 1977 Islander Billy Smith's 10th shut-out opponent-Black Hawks 4-0

NHL Record

1978 Islander's Mike Bossy's 1st career hat trick

Film Premier

1979 "Star Trek: The Motion Picture" first movie of the series premieres directed by Robert Wise, starring William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy

  • 1980 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)

Sports History

1980 PGA Seniors' Championship Men's Golf, Turnberry Isle CC: Arnold Palmer wins with a birdie on the 1st playoff hole against Paul Harney

  • 1981 Spain becomes a member of the NATO
  • 1982 Suriname army under Desi Bouterse fires on radio station building
  • 1982 In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr. becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the US.
  • 1982 Dos Erres massacre in Guatemala during country's civil war, 171 people killed led by Santos López Alonzo
  • 1983 2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Sports History

1984 Allan Border's 1st Test Cricket match as captain (v WI Adelaide)

  • 1985 51st Heisman Trophy Award: Bo Jackson, Auburn (RB)
  • 1985 Atlantis (61-B) returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1985 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert-Lloyd 6-2, 4-6, 6-2 for her 3rd and final Australian singles crown

  • 1986 NBC premiere of miniseries "Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna" (Part 1)
  • 1987 43 die in Pacific Southwest Airline crash in California (man shot pilots)
  • 1987 Gorbachev arrives in US for a summit meeting
  • 1987 Palestinian uprising against Israel in West Bank

Historic Event

1988 PLO delegation lead by Yasser Arafat proclaims the State of Palestine, recognizing the existence of the State of Israel for the first time

  • 1988 6.9 earthquake in Spitak, Armenia kills 25,000-50,000 people and leaves up to 500,000 homeless
  • 1988 Gorbachev announces 10% unilateral Soviet troop reductions at UN

Historic Event

1988 Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall St crowds upon arrival in NYC

  • 1988 NHL NY Islanders fire head coach Terry Simpson, and replace him with former coach Al Arbour

Contract of Interest

1988 MLB Texas Rangers sign free-agent pitcher Nolan Ryan to a one-year contract

  • 1989 C Coleman & D Zippel's musical "City of Angels" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1990 Iraqi Parliament endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages

Engagement of Interest

1990 Ted Turner & Jane Fonda announce their engagement

  • 1991 A J Kitt, US, wins World Skiing Cup
  • 1992 Galileo spacecraft passes North Pole of Moon (Peary Crater)
  • 1993 Henri Konan Bedie names himself President of Ivory coast

Music History

1993 American singer Robert Goulet undergoes prostate cancer surgery

  • 1993 The Long Island Rail Road massacre: Passenger Colin Ferguson murders six people and injures 19 others on the LIRR in Nassau County, New York.

Music Awards

1994 5th Billboard Music Awards: Ace of Base & Mariah Carey win

Radio History

1994 Radio personality Howard Stern talks a man out of attempting suicide

  • 1995 NBA settles strike of referees, refs to return on Dec 12
  • 1995 US space probe Galileo begins orbiting Jupiter

Historic Event

1995 Irish poet Seamus Heaney receives the Novel Prize for Literature at a ceremony in Stockholm [1] [2]

  • 1995 American rock band The Grateful Dead break up
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), lands
  • 1996 1st Big 12 Championship Game: Texas beats #3 Nebraska, 37-27
  • 1996 Australian rugby union team ends 12-game European tour unbeaten after 39-19 victory over the Barbarians at Twickenham; Wallabies fullback Matt Burke scores 2 tries and lands 4 conversions, 2 penalties
  • 1999 The RIAA files a lawsuit against the Napster file-sharing client, on charges of copyright infringement.
  • 2003 The Conservative Party of Canada is officially recognized after the merger of the Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.

Album Release

2004 Diana DeGarmo releases her debut album, “Blue Skies”

  • 2005 Rigoberto Alpizar, a passenger on American Airlines Flight 924 who allegedly claimed to have a bomb, is shot and killed by a team of US federal air marshals at Miami International Airport.

Television Debut

2005 U.S. debut of the second part of two-part TV biopic miniseries "Pope John Paul II" on CBS

  • 2006 A tornado struck Kensal Green, North West London, seriously damaging around 150 properties.
  • 2007 The Hebei Spirit oil spill began in South Korea after a crane barge being towed by tug collided with the very large crude carrier, Hebei Spirit.
  • 2010 Iceland officially leaves the recession with growth of 1.2% in the third quarter
  • 2014 Typhoon Hagupit hits central Philippines; millions flee homes for shelter
  • 2014 The Syrian military accuse Israel of carrying out two air strikes on Syria
  • 2014 Mayor of Paris calls for diesel cars to be banned from the French Capital by 2020, in order to reduce pollution
  • 2014 The Archbishop of Canterbury claims that he is more shocked by the plight of Britain's hunger-stricken poor than suffering in African refugee camps
  • 2014 Human Rights Watch Asia Division call for investigation into Indonesian security forces shooting of peaceful protesters

Historic Event

2015 Time Magazine readers name Bernie Sanders their 'person of the year'

  • 2015 Beijing issues its 1st ever red alert for pollution

Historic Event

2015 US Presidential candidate Donald Trump proposes banning all Muslims from entering the US

  • 2016 Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi resigns 3 days after losing a referendum to reform the constitution
  • 2016 Pakistan International Airways plane crashes north of Islamabad, killing all 48 on board, including singer turned preacher Junaid Jamshed
  • 2016 6.5 earthquake in Aceh province, Indonesia kills at least 97 people
  • 2017 Naples' pizza spinning given UNESCO intangible heritage status along with Germany's organ music, Kyrgystan's Kok boru and India's Kumbh festival
  • 2017 Australia's parliament votes to legalize gay marriage
  • 2017 Virtual currency Bitcoin rises in value, passing $18,440 on some exchanges
  • 2017 Unrest in West Bank and Gaza, schools closed and a general strike in response to America's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital

Football Awards

2017 Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid forward Cristiano Ronaldo wins his 5th award to equal Lionel Messi's record; 2nd consecutive win for Ronaldo

  • 2017 Pantone's 2018 Colour of the Year is Ultra Violet
  • 2017 Former US gymnastics physician Larry Nasser is sentenced to 60 years on child pornography charges
  • 2017 Crumbling French château La Mothe-Chandeniers in Les Trois-Moutiers is bought by 9,000 people
  • 2017 Mosconi Cup nine-ball pool, Las Vegas, Nevada: Europe scores 8th straight title with an 11-4 rout of US; MVP: Joshua Filler (Germany)
  • 2018 Former Italy national football coach Cesare Prandelli is appointed manager of Serie A club Genoa CFC replacing Ivan Juric; first time in history all 20 Serie A managers are all Italian

Election of Interest

2018 Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is elected the new leader of Germany's Christian Democratic Union party, replacing Angela Merkel

  • 2018 Court filings by US federal prosecutors and Special Counsel Robert Mueller against Michael Cohen appear to implicate President Donald Trump on campaign fraud and Russian dealings

Film & TV History

2018 Comedian Kevin Hart steps down as 2019 Oscars host after his history of homophobic statements is revealed

  • 2018 Brazilian spiritual healer João Teixeira de Faria accused of sexual abuse by four women, over 200 more come forward in next week
  • 2018 Mosconi Cup nine-ball pool, London, England: US ends Europe's 8-year run with an 11-9 win; MVP: Skyler Woodward (USA)

Film Premier

2019 Greta Gerwig's film adaption of Louisa May Alcott's novel "Little Women" starring Saoirse Ronan premieres at MoMA in New York

  • 2020 Breaking, the competitive form of breakdancing, confirmed as an Olympic sport for the Paris 2024 games
  • 2020 Coca-Cola named the world's No. 1 plastic polluter, in Break Free From Plastic's annual brand audit
  • 2020 Most of California begins second lockdown as hospitals come under strain and the state records average of 21,000 COVID-19 cases a day
  • 2020 Australian states celebrate "Freedom Day" easing COVID-19 restrictions in Victoria and New South Wales
  • 2020 Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo wins a second term in the country's general elections

Music History

2020 Bob Dylan sells his entire songwriting catalog of more than 600 songs to the Universal Music Publishing Group for over $300 million