On This Day

Historical Events on February 1

Events 1 - 200 of 312

  • 772 Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Royal Coronation

1327 Edward III is crowned King of England aged 14, though the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer

  • 1539 Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
  • 1662 Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates

Historic Event

1669 French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion

Historic Event

1713 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.

  • 1717 Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
  • 1732 Parliament of Ratisborn accepts Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance

Historic Event

1783 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

  • 1788 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1789 Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • 1796 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
  • 1809 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 1810 1st insurance company managed by African Americans, The African Insurance Company opens in Philadelphia
  • 1810 Seville, Spain surrenders to the French without a fight
  • 1810 US Population: 7,239,881, African American population: 1,377,808 (19%)

Historic Publication

1814 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication

  • 1814 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840 Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1843 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
  • 1846 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • 1856 Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • 1860 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
  • 1861 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1861 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1862 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Historic Event

1862 Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Sumner meet with President Abraham Lincoln at The White House, Washington

  • 1864 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • 1864 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • 1865 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

Historic Event

1865 General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins

  • 1865 JS Rock, 1st African American lawyer to practise in US Supreme Court, admitted to bar
  • 1867 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1880 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 1883 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 1884 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 1887 Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)
  • 1892 Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite

Music Premiere

1893 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut" premieres in Turin

Film & TV History

1893 Thomas Edison completes worlds 1st movie studio at West Orange, New Jersey

  • 1896 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme" premieres in Turin
  • 1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1898 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • 1902 China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • 1902 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1905 Dutch soccer club ADO Den Haag forms in The Hague; ADO represents the amateur branch of the club
  • 1905 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • 1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 1906 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • 1909 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, opens
  • 1909 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • 1910 1st British labour exchange opens
  • 1910 Dragoumis government forms in Greece

Contract of Interest

1913 American all-round athlete Jim Thorpe signs a contract to play baseball with the New York Giants; unlike his other sporting endeavours the Olympic-medal winner's career in MLB was uninspiring

  • 1914 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play a 10-inning, 3-3 tie in Cairo, Egypt in an exhibition MLB game; part of special 56-game world tour
  • 1914 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • 1914 Tanganyika Railway opens
  • 1917 German Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz announces unrestricted submarine warfare against allied shipping
  • 1918 Franz Lehar's opera "Wo die Lerche singt" premieres in Budapest

Music Premiere

1918 Jerome Kern, Guy Bolton & P. G. Wodehouse's musical premieres in New York

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)

  • 1919 Brooklyn Robins trade former NL MVP Jake Daubert to Cincinnati Reds for outfielder Tommy Griffith; result of a salary grievance
  • 1920 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • 1920 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • 1923 Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Historic Event

1923 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

Music History

1923 Noël Coward's "Young Idea" premieres in London

  • 1924 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens

Historic Event

1924 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union

  • 1925 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1926 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • 1926 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • 1929 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
  • 1929 Pi Alphha Phi, the first Asian-American interest fraternity in the United States, is founded at UC Berkeley
  • 1929 "The Broadway Melody" directed by Harry Beaumont and starring Bessie Love is released. 1st film with sound to win an Oscar (Outstanding Picture 1930)
  • 1930 Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt

Sports History

1932 Australian cricket's master batsman Don Bradman scores 299 not out in 10 wicket 4th Test win vs South Africa in Adelaide; runs out of partners going for 300

  • 1933 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1933 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions

Historic Event

1933 German Parliament is dissolved by President Paul von Hindenburg by the request of new chancellor Adolf Hitler

  • 1934 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1935 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • 1935 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • 1937 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • 1940 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland
  • 1940 NBC performs the first inter-city television broadcast from its station in New York City to another in Schenectady, New York by General Electric relay antennas.

Historic Event

1942 Second Norwegian government of Vidkun Quisling forms

  • 1943 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • 1943 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • 1944 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • 1944 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • 1945 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • 1946 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1946 Norwegian politician Trygve Lie becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1947 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists

Music History

1947 Dmitri Shostakovich named professor at conservatoire of Leningrad

  • 1947 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

Historic Event

1948 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

  • 1948 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1948 Finland goes 1-2 in the Nordic combined event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Heikki Hasu takes gold ahead of teammate Martti Huhtala
  • 1948 Johnny Palmer sets a 36-hole PGA Tour scoring record with rounds of 62-64 in the Tucson Open; finishes runner-up by 1 stroke to Skip Alexander who cards tournament record total 264

Historic Publication

1948 Important South African anti-apartheid novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton is published in the US

  • 1949 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • 1949 RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm)

Historic Event

1950 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

  • 1950 Urko Kekkonen elected president of Finland

Sports History

1950 Green Bay Packers founder, player and coach Curly Lambeau resigns after 31 seasons and 6 NFL titles to his credit

  • 1951 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • 1951 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • 1951 1st telecast of an atomic explosion
  • 1951 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • 1951 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC
  • 1953 "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts

Television Premiere

1953 "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

  • 1953 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • 1953 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • 1953 WEEK TV channel 25 in Peoria, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 1st TV soap opera "Secret Storm" premieres
  • 1954 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
  • 1954 Dutch soccer club De Graafschap "The County" forms in Doetinchem, Netherlands
  • 1954 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Thelma Coyne Long beats Jenny Staley 6-3, 6-4 for the 2nd of her 2 Australian singles titles
  • 1954 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Mervyn Rose wins his first Grand Slam title; beats fellow Australian Rex Hartwig 6-2, 0-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1955 HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • 1955 Hap Day becomes the first man to serve as Toronto Maple Leafs' captain, coach and general manager when he is appointed to run the famous Canadian NHL club
  • 1956 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • 1956 WSAV TV channel 3 in Savannah, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Hayes Alan Jenkins leads only US sweep of Olympic men's figure skating medals at the Cortina d’Ampezzo Winter Games; Ronald Robertson wins silver with bronze to Jenkins' younger brother, David
  • 1957 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline
  • 1957 Gijsbert of Hall appointed mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1957 Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the rotary Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
  • 1957 MLB club owners accept new 5-year pension plan proposed by the players, but reject request to increase minimum salary from $6,000 to $7,500
  • 1958 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
  • 1958 WFTV TV channel 9 in Orlando, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 "Volare" ("Nel blu dipinto di blu") single released by Domenico Modugno (Grammy Award Record of the Year, Song of the Year 1958)
  • 1958 Tommy Taylor scores 2 goals and Duncan Edwards 1, in Manchester United's 5-4 win vs Arsenal at Highbury; pair amongst 7 players killed 5 days later when team’s charter plane crashes at Munich airport
  • 1958 Manchester United beats Arsenal, 5-4 at Highbury in the team's last game on British soil, 5 days prior to the plane crash at Munich airport that killed 7 players
  • 1959 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • 1959 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • 1959 Heiss sisters go 1-2 in US women's Figure Skating C'ships; defending champion Carol wins from Nancy; David Jenkins wins his third straight men's title
  • 1959 WVUE TV channel 8 in New Orleans, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Outfielder Zack Wheat, a Brooklyn Robins favourite of the 1910s and 1920s, is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame; Wheat hit .317 over 19-year career, and batted .300 or better 14 times

Golf Tournament

1959 Senior PGA Championship Men's Golf, PGA National GC: Willie Goggin, using a borrowed set of woods, wins by 1 stroke ahead of Leland Gibson, Paul Runyan and Denny Shute

  • 1960 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1960 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • 1960 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Smith wins first of 11 Australian singles titles; beats fellow Australian Jan Lehane 7-5, 6-2

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1960 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: In a classic all-Australian final Rod Laver beats Neale Fraser 5-7, 3-6, 6-3, 8-6, 8-6; Laver's first Grand Slam title

  • 1961 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful

Historic Event

1961 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

  • 1961 Australian cricket tail-enders Ken Mackay (62no) and Lindsay Kline (15no) hang on for 100 minutes to earn a famous draw on the final day vs West Indies in 4th Test in Adelaide
  • 1962 "New Faces of '62" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • 1962 MLB's National League releases its first 162-game schedule due to expansion (18 games between opponents)
  • 1963 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • 1964 "Stop the World, I Want to Get Off..." closes at Shubert NYC after 556 performances
  • 1964 The Beatles' 1st #1 hit "I Want to Hold Your Hand," topped the Hot 100, stays #1 for 7 weeks before being replaced by "She Loves You", also by The Beatles
  • 1964 Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity
  • 1964 Afobaka Dam is completed on the Suriname River
  • 1964 French sisters Christine Goitschel (gold) and Marielle Goitschel (silver) become first female siblings to win Olympic gold and silver in the same event when they dominate the slalom in Innsbruck
  • 1965 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Brienenoord Bridge in Rotterdam

Historic Event

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. and 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama

Film & TV History

1965 Peter Jennings, 26, becomes anchor of ABC's nightly news

  • 1965 NL adopts emergency team replacement plan to restock any club struck by disaster

Sports History

1965 Former world heavyweight boxing champion Floyd Patterson beats Canadian George Chuvalo by unanimous decision in a 12-round non-title clash at New York’s Madison Square Garden; 'The Ring' names bout Fight of the Year.

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1965 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Australian Margaret Smith wins 6th straight home singles title; beats Maria Bueno of Brazil 5-7, 6-4, 5-2; Bueno retired injured

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1965 Australian Championship Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson wins 3rd consecutive Australian title; beats fellow Australian Fred Stolle 7-9, 2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-1

  • 1967 Severe bushfires in Tasmania destroy $11 million & take 60 lives
  • 1967 WCLP TV channel 18 in Chatsworth, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1967 The 10-team American Basketball Association (ABA) with George Mikan as Commissioner is formed and lasts 9 years; its three-point shot remains a feature of the game

Historic Event

1968 Former US VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

Sports History

1968 Vince Lombardi steps down as NFL Green Bay Packers head coach in favor of longtime assistant Phil Bengtson; stays on as Packers' general manager for 1968

  • 1968 World trade conference Unctad 2 opens in New Delhi

Execution of a Viet Cong Prisoner

1968 Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.

  • 1969 Tim Wood wins second of 3 straight US Men's Figure Skating titles whilst Janet Lynn takes first of her 5 consecutive Women's National Championships in Seattle
  • 1969 WPGH TV channel 53 in Pittsburgh, PA (IND) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1969 In his first start in a Ford, legendary driver Richard Petty wins the Motor Trend 500 at Riverside, California; previous 92 NASCAR victories were in Plymouths

  • 1970 Former MLB Commissioner Ford Frick as well as ex-players Earle Combs and Jesse Haines are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1970 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die
  • 1970 WMAA TV channel 29 in Jackson, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 West-Germany & USSR sign gas contract

Meeting of Interest

1970 Northern Ireland PM Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary James Callaghan to discuss the economy of Northern Ireland

NHL Record

1970 Rangers' goalie Terry Sawchuk records his 447th (and final) victory, and 103rd career shutout when New York beats the Pittsburgh Penguins, 6-0; both are NHL records at the time

  • 1972 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)
  • 1972 Wings release "Give Ireland Back to the Irish" in UK
  • 1972 Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

Appointment of Interest

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)

  • 1972 The Ministry of Defence also issues a detailed account of the British Army's version of events during 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1972 1972 NFL Draft: Walt Patulski from University of Notre Dame first pick by Buffalo Bills

Album Release

1972 "Harvest" 4th studio album by Neil Young is released (best selling album US 1972)