On This Day

Historical Events on February 1

Events 1 - 200 of 308

  • 772 Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

CrownRoyal Coronation

1327 Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1539 Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587 Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1662 Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1669 French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1713 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  • 1717 Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
  • 1732 Parliament of Ratisborn accepts Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1788 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1789 Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen

  • 1796 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
  • 1809 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 1810 1st insurance company managed by African Americans, The African Insurance Company opens in Philadelphia
  • 1810 Seville, Spain surrenders to the French without a fight
  • 1810 US Population: 7,239,881, African American population: 1,377,808 (19%)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1814 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1814 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840 Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1843 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
  • 1846 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • 1856 Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • 1860 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
  • 1861 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1861 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1862 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Sumner meet with President Abraham Lincoln at The White House, Washington

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • 1864 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • 1865 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins


  • 1865 JS Rock, 1st African American lawyer to practise in US Supreme Court, admitted to bar
  • 1867 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1880 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 1883 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 1884 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 1887 Harvey Wilcox of Ks subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood)
  • 1892 Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1893 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut" premieres in Turin

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Thomas Edison completes worlds 1st movie studio at West Orange, New Jersey

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1896 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme" premieres in Turin
  • 1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1898 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • 1902 China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • 1902 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1905 Dutch soccer club ADO Den Haag forms in The Hague; ADO represents the amateur branch of the club
  • 1905 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • 1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 1906 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • 1909 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, opens
  • 1909 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • 1910 1st British labour exchange opens
  • 1910 Dragoumis government forms in Greece
  • 1914 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play a 10-inning, 3-3 tie in Cairo, Egypt in an exhibition baseball game; part of special 56-game world tour
  • 1914 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • 1914 Tanganyika Railway opens
  • 1917 German Großadmiral Alfred von Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
  • 1918 Franz Lehar's opera "Wo die Lerche singt" premieres in Budapest
  • 1918 Jerome Kern, Guy Bolton & P. G. Wodehouse's musical premieres in New York
  • 1918 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)
  • 1919 Brooklyn Robins trade former NL MVP Jake Daubert to Cincinnati Reds for outfielder Tommy Griffith; result of a salary grievance
  • 1920 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • 1920 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • 1923 Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 Noel Coward's "Young Idea" premieres in London
  • 1924 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1925 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1926 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • 1926 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • 1929 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
  • 1929 Pi Alphha Phi, the first Asian-American interest fraternity in the United States, is founded at UC Berkeley
  • 1929 "The Broadway Melody" directed by Harry Beaumont and starring Bessie Love is released. 1st film with sound to win an Oscar (Outstanding Picture 1930)
  • 1930 Arnold Schönbergs opera, Von heute auf Morgen premieres in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Australian cricket's master batsman Don Bradman scores 299 not out in 10 wicket, 4th Test win vs South Africa in Adelaide; runs out of partners going for 300

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1933 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Parliament is dissolved by President Paul von Hindenburg by the request of new chancellor Adolf Hitler

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1935 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • 1935 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy

  • 1937 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • 1940 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland
  • 1940 NBC performs the first inter-city television broadcast from its station in New York City to another in Schenectady, New York by General Electric relay antennas.
  • 1942 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
  • 1943 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • 1943 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • 1944 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • 1944 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • 1945 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • 1946 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1946 Trygve Lie, a Norwegian socialist, becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1947 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Dmitri Shostakovich named professor at conservatoire of Leningrad

  • 1947 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1948 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1948 Finland goes 1-2 in the Nordic combined event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Heikki Hasu takes gold ahead of team mate Martti Huhtala
  • 1948 Johnny Palmer sets a 36-hole PGA Tour scoring record with rounds of 62-64 in the Tucson Open; finishes runner-up by 1 stroke to Skip Alexander who cards tournament record total 264

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1948 Important South African anti-apartheid novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton is published in the US

Author and Apartheid Activist Alan Paton
Author and Apartheid Activist
Alan Paton
  • 1949 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • 1949 RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1950 Urko Kekkonen elected president of Finland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Green Bay Packers founder, player and coach Curly Lambeau resigns after 31 seasons and 6 NFL titles to his credit

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • 1951 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • 1951 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • 1951 1st telecast of an atomic explosion
  • 1951 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • 1951 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

  • 1952 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC
  • 1953 "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts

Appears on tv showTelevision Premiere

1953 "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 1953 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • 1953 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • 1953 WEEK TV channel 25 in Peoria, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 1st TV soap opera "Secret Storm" premieres
  • 1954 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
  • 1954 Dutch soccer club De Graafschap "The County" forms in Doetinchem, Netherlands
  • 1954 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Thelma Coyne Long beats Jenny Staley 6-3, 6-4 for the 2nd of her 2 Australian singles titles
  • 1954 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Mervyn Rose wins his first Grand Slam title; beats fellow Australian Rex Hartwig 6-2, 0-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1955 HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • 1955 Hap Day becomes the first man to serve as Toronto Maple Leafs' captain, coach and general manager when he is appointed to run the famous Canadian NHL club
  • 1956 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • 1956 WSAV TV channel 3 in Savannah, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Hayes Alan Jenkins leads only US sweep of Olympic men's figure skating medals at the Cortina d’Ampezzo Winter Games; Ronald Robertson wins silver with bronze to Jenkins' younger brother, David
  • 1957 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline
  • 1957 Gijsbert of Hall appointed mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1957 Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the rotary Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
  • 1957 MLB club owners accept new 5-year pension plan proposed by the players, but reject request to increase minimum salary from $6,000 to $7,500
  • 1958 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
  • 1958 WFTV TV channel 9 in Orlando, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 "Volare" ("Nel blu dipinto di blu") single released by Domenico Modugno (Grammy Award Record of the Year, Song of the Year 1958)
  • 1958 Tommy Taylor scores 2 goals and Duncan Edwards 1, in Manchester United's 5-4 win vs Arsenal at Highbury; pair amongst 7 players killed 5 days later when team’s charter plane crashes at Munich airport
  • 1959 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • 1959 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • 1959 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • 1959 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

  • 1959 WVUE TV channel 8 in New Orleans, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Outfielder Zack Wheat, a Brooklyn Robins favourite of the 1910s and 1920s, is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame; Wheat hits .317 over 19-year career, and bats .300 or better 14 times

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1959 Senior PGA Championship Men's Golf, PGA National GC: Willie Goggin, using a borrowed set of woods, wins by 1 stroke ahead of Leland Gibson, Paul Runyan and Denny Shute

Golfer Denny Shute
Golfer
Denny Shute
  • 1960 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1960 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • 1960 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Smith wins first of 11 Australian singles titles; beats fellow Australian Jan Lehane 7-5, 6-2

Sport awardAustralian Tennis Open

1960 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: In a classic all-Australian final Rod Laver beats Neale Fraser 5-7, 3-6, 6-3, 8-6, 8-6; Laver's first Grand Slam title

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • 1961 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful
  • 1961 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive
  • 1961 Australian tail-enders Ken Mackay (62no) and Lindsay Kline (15no) hang on for 100 minutes to earn a famous draw on the final day vs West Indies in 4th cricket Test in Adelaide
  • 1962 "New Faces of '62" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • 1962 NL releases its 1st 162-game schedule
  • 1963 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • 1964 "Stop the World, I Want to..." closes at Shubert NYC after 556 performances
  • 1964 The Beatles' 1st #1 hit "I Want to Hold Your Hand," topped the Hot 100, stays #1 for 7 weeks before being replaced by "She Loves You"
  • 1964 Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity
  • 1964 Afobaka Dam is completed on the Suriname River
  • 1964 French sisters Christine Goitschel (gold) and Marielle Goitschel (silver) become first female siblings to win Olympic gold and silver in the same event when they dominate the slalom in Innsbruck
  • 1965 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Brienenoord Bridge in Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma Ala

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Peter Jennings, 26, becomes anchor of ABC's nightly news

Journalist and T.V. News Anchor Peter Jennings
Journalist and T.V. News Anchor
Peter Jennings
  • 1965 NL adopts emergency team replacement plan to restock any club struck by disaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Former world heavyweight boxing champion Floyd Patterson beats Canadian George Chuvalo by unanimous decision in a 12-round non-title clash at New York’s Madison Square Garden; 'The Ring' names bout Fight of the Year.

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson

Sport awardTennis Open

1965 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Australian Margaret Smith wins 6th straight home singles title; beats Maria Bueno of Brazil 5-7, 6-4, 5-2; Bueno retired injured

Tennis Champion Maria Bueno
Tennis Champion
Maria Bueno

Sport awardAustralian Tennis Open

1965 Australian Championship Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson wins 3rd consecutive Australian title; beats fellow Australian Fred Stolle 7-9, 2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-1

Tennis Player Roy Emerson
Tennis Player
Roy Emerson
  • 1967 Severe bushfires in Tasmania destroy $11 million & take 60 lives
  • 1967 WCLP TV channel 18 in Chatsworth, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Former US VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Vince Lombardi steps down as Green Bay Packers head coach in favour of longtime assistant Phil Bengtson; stays on as Packers' general manager for 1968

NFL Coach Vince Lombardi
NFL Coach
Vince Lombardi
  • 1968 World trade conference Unctad 2 opens in New Delhi

VietnamExecution of a Viet Cong Prisoner

1968 Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.
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General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan summarily executes Viet Cong prisoner Nguyễn Văn Lém
General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan summarily executes Viet Cong prisoner Nguyễn Văn Lém
  • 1969 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1969 US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
  • 1969 WPGH TV channel 53 in Pittsburgh, PA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 In his first start driving a Ford, Richard Petty wins the Motor Trend 500 at Riverside, CA; his previous 92 NASCAR victories were in Plymouths
  • 1970 Former MLB Commissioner Ford Frick and ex-players Earle Combs & Jesse Haines are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1970 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die
  • 1970 WMAA TV channel 29 in Jackson, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 West-Germany & USSR sign gas contract

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1970 Northern Ireland PM Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary James Callaghan to discuss the economy of Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1970 Rangers' Terry Sawchuk records his 447th (and final) victory, and 103rd career shutout when New York beats the Pittsburgh Penguins, 6-0; both are NHL records at the time

NHL Legend Terry Sawchuk
NHL Legend
Terry Sawchuk
  • 1972 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)
  • 1972 Wings release "Give Ireland Back to the Irish" in UK
  • 1972 Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1972 The Ministry of Defence also issues a detailed account of the British Army's version of events during 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1972 1972 NFL Draft: Walt Patulski from University of Notre Dame first pick by Buffalo Bills

Music releaseAlbum Release

1972 "Harvest" 4th studio album by Neil Young is released (best selling album US 1972)

Singer-songwriter Neil Young
Singer-songwriter
Neil Young
  • 1973 Outfielder Monte Irvin is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Special Committee on the Negro Leagues; fourth inductee through the committee