On This Day

Historical Events on February 11

  • 660 BC Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu

Roman Empire

55 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

  • 385 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope
  • 824 St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope
  • 1543 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army

Historic Event

1543 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and English King Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant

Historic Event

1575 King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe

  • 1659 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • 1720 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia

Historic Event

1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

  • 1790 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 1793 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • 1794 1st session of US Senate open to the public

Election of Interest

1806 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

  • 1808 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 1811 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • 1812 Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • 1814 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • 1826 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1837 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1840 Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment" premieres in Paris
  • 1843 Opera "I Lombardi" premieres in Milan
  • 1851 Inaugural 1st-class cricket match in Australia; Tasmania v Victoria in Launceston; Tasmania wins by 3 wickets
  • 1852 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1854 For the 1st time coal gas is used to light major streets in San Francisco
  • 1855 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
  • 1858 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France

Historic Event

1861 US President-elect Abraham Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.

  • 1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • 1873 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • 1878 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • 1878 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • 1889 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • 1895 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • 1895 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

1896 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

  • 1897 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • 1898 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • 1899 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1899 -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
  • 1902 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels

Music Premiere

1903 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1903 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign

  • 1905 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • 1905 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • 1907 De Master's Dutch government resigns
  • 1907 Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhode Island, 322 die
  • 1908 Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England
  • 1908 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • 1916 Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
  • 1916 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • 1916 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March

Historic Event

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points

  • 1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • 1921 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC

#1 in the Charts

1922 "April Showers" by Al Jolson hits #1

  • 1922 US intervention army leaves Honduras
  • 1922 Influential arts festival Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) opens in São Paulo - the beginning of Modernism in Brazil
  • 1926 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • 1927 US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
  • 1927 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • 1928 II Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland

Historic Event

1929 Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC

  • 1929 Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is made an enclave of Rome
  • 1932 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • 1932 Johan Grøttumsbraaten leads a Norwegian medal sweep of the Nordic combined event at the Lake Placid Games; retains combined title after also winning in St. Moritz
  • 1935 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • 1935 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
  • 1936 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1937 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends

Sports History

1938 Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to win National Boxing Association world heavyweight title

  • 1938 World's first science fiction TV program - a broadcast of the play R.U.R. by Karel Čapek

Historic Event

1941 Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli

  • 1941 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1942 "Archie" comic book debuts

Historic Event

1943 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

  • 1943 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA

Yalta Conference

1945 Declaration of Liberated Europe signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin after the Yalta Conference

  • 1946 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1948 Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140
  • 1948 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • 1948 Test cricket debut of Frank Worrell for the West Indies vs. England at Port-of-Spain
  • 1949 Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title

Music Single

1949 "Lovesick Blues" single released by Hank Williams (Cashbox "Best Hillbilly Record of the Year", Billboard Song of the Year 1949)

  • 1950 "Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hits #1
  • 1950 Englishman Jack Holden wins Empire Games marathon in Auckland, New Zealand in 2:32:57; runs last 9 miles barefoot after his shoes fell apart during the race
  • 1950 4th British Empire Games close in Auckland, New Zealand

Election of Interest

1951 Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

  • 1952 2nd NBA All-Star Game, Boston Garden: East beats West, 108-91; MVP: Paul Arizin, Philadelphia Warriors, F
  • 1953 J Styne and Bob Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • 1953 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • 1953 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1954 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor & Eve Arden win
  • 1956 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • 1957 KUMV TV channel 8 in Williston, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting

Election of Interest

1957 NHL Players Association forms (NYC), Red Wings' Ted Lindsay elected president

  • 1958 Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1958 Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
  • 1958 WTVC TV channel 9 in Chattanooga, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 BBC pioneering series "Your Life in Their Hands" first broadcast presented by Dr. Charles Fletcher, 1st major TV series to deal with medicine
  • 1959 Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)

Film & TV History

1960 Jack Paar walks off his TV show

  • 1961 Robert Weaver sworn in as Administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, the 1st African American to be appointed to a US cabinet-level position
  • 1963 Beatles record 10 tracks for their 1st album
  • 1963 CIA Domestic Operations Division created
  • 1963 American chef Julia Child's show "The French Chef" premieres
  • 1964 Beatles 1st live appearance in US; Washington, D.C. Coliseum
  • 1964 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1965 Braves propose to pay 5 cents from each ticket to bring a new team to Milwaukee

Contract of Interest

1966 SF Giant Willie Mays signs highest contract, $130,000 per year

  • 1968 Israeli-Jordan border fight
  • 1968 Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Washington Bridge, Hudson River New York
  • 1968 Madison Square Garden III closes Madison Square Garden IV opens (NYC)
  • 1969 Diana Crump becomes 1st US woman jockey to ride against men, Hialelah
  • 1969 Dorey Funk Jr beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1970 Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit

Sports History

1970 John Lennon pays £1,344 fines for 96 protesting South African rugby team playing in Scotland

  • 1971 Montreal Canadien John Believau scores his 500th NHL goal
  • 1971 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
  • 1973 1st one-day international for Pakistan & NZ
  • 1973 1st sub 17-min 1,500m female free style swim (Shane Gould 16m56.9s)
  • 1973 Philadelphia 76ers lose their 20th NBA game in a row
  • 1974 Minnesota Twins pitcher Dick Woodson is first of 48 to invoke Major League Baseball's new arbitration rule
  • 1974 Titan-Centaur rocket test launch fails
  • 1974 First Major League Baseball arbitration case; Minnesota Twins pitcher Dick Woodson seeking $29,000 wins; Twins offered $23,000

Historic Event

1974 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

  • 1974 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September

Leadership Contest

1975 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

  • 1975 Tv drama “Sarah T: Portrait of A Teenage Alcoholic”, starring Linda Blair, premieres on US network NBC
  • 1976 Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st African American US Secretary of Army
  • 1976 John Curry wins Britain's first Olympic gold medal in figure skating at Innsbruck Winter Games; finishes men's singles ahead of Soviet skater Vladimir Kovalyov and Canadian Toller Cranston
  • 1977 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)
  • 1978 16 Unification church couples wed in NYC

Sports History

1978 25th hat trick in NY Islander history, Denis Potvin's 2nd

  • 1978 EOKA disbands in Cyprus
  • 1979 Musical "They're Playing Our Song" opens at Imperial NYC for 1082 performances
  • 1979 43 million watch "Elvis!" on ABC

Historic Event

1979 Iran's premier Bakhtiar resigns, Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power

  • 1981 Australia all out 83 v India at MCG chasing 143 to win
  • 1981 Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski

Sports History

1982 Ozzie Smith for Garry Templeton trade finally goes through

Music Recording

1983 "Weird Al" Yankovic records "Ricky" & "Buckingham Blues" debut LP

  • 1983 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18"(46 cm))

Music Single

1983 Single "Total Eclipse of the Heart" sung by Bonnie Tyler and composed by Jim Steinman is released

  • 1984 10th space shuttle mission (41-B)-Challenger 4-returns to Earth

Sports History

1984 Wayne Gretzky sets NHL short handed season scoring record at 11

  • 1985 King Hussein of Jordan & PLO leader Arafat sign accord
  • 1985 Kent Hrbek signs 5-year $6 million contract with Minnesota Twins
  • 1985 Wasim Akram takes 10 wickets in his 2nd Test Cricket, NZ still wins
  • 1986 Activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country

Sports History

1986 Australia beat India 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup, David Boon scores the most runs in the series (418)

  • 1986 Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq
  • 1987 British Airways begins trading stocks
  • 1987 England beat Australia 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup
  • 1987 Philippines constitution goes into effect
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Appointment of Interest

1988 Anthony Kennedy appointed to US Supreme Court

  • 1989 Barbara Clementine Harris consecrated 1st female bishop (Episcopalian)
  • 1989 US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary

NBA All-Star Game

1990 40th NBA All-Star Game, Miami Arena, Miami, FL: East beats West, 130-113; MVP: Magic Johnson, LA Lakers, F

Boxing Title Fight

1990 In a huge upset, James "Buster" Douglas KOs Mike Tyson in 10th round in Tokyo, Japan to win the world heavyweight boxing title

Historic Event

1990 Nelson Mandela released after 27 years imprisonment in South Africa

  • 1990 US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
  • 1991 Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1992 F-16 jet crashes at residential district of Hengelo, Netherlands (No deaths)
  • 1992 Michael Johnson runs indoor world record 400m (44.97 sec)
  • 1993 Irina Privalova runs world record 60m indoor (6.92 secs)

Appointment of Interest

1993 President Clinton selects Janet Reno to be first female US Attorney General

  • 1993 43rd Berlin International Film Festival: "Woman Sesame Oil Maker" and "The Wedding Banquet" win the Golden Bear (tie)
  • 1994 Lu Parker, (South Carolina), crowned 43rd Miss USA
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-60 (Discovery 18), lands
  • 1995 Danyon Loader swims world record 400m freestyle (340.46)
  • 1995 Mark Foster swims world record 50m butterfly (23.55 sec)
  • 1995 Sandra Volker swims European record 50m backstroke (27.67 sec)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-63 (Discovery 19), lands
  • 1995 US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
  • 1995 West Indies score 5-660 against NZ

NBA All-Star Game

1996 46th NBA All-Star Game, Alamodome, San Antonio, TX: East beats West, 129-118; MVP: Michael Jordan, Chicago Bulls, F

Sports History

1997 Bill Parcells becomes head coach of NY Jets

  • 1997 STS 82 (Discovery 22) launches

Historic Event

1998 KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offers Monica Lewinsky $5M for interview

  • 1998 Lyrics to "Candle in the Wind 1997" auctioned for $442,500
  • 1998 48th Berlin International Film Festival: "Central Station" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1999 Pluto moves further away from the sun than Neptune regaining its status as solar system's outermost planet, a title it will retain for 228 years
  • 2001 50th NBA All-Star Game, MCI Centre, Washington, D.C.: East beats West, 111-110; MVP: Allen Iverson, Philadelphia 76ers, G
  • 2007 A national referendum in Portugal legalises non-therapeutic abortion when requested by the woman during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy.

Grammy Awards

2007 49th Grammy Awards: Not Ready To Make Nice, Carrie Underwood wins

  • 2007 60th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Queen" Best Film, Paul Greengrass Best Director
  • 2008 In East Timor, assassination attempts were made on Xanana Gusmao and Jose Ramos-Horta. Both failed.

Historic Event

2009 Uri Geller purchases Lamb Island, Scotland, previously known for its witch trials

  • 2010 60th Berlin International Film Festival: "Honey" wins the Golden Bear

Historic Event

2011 Egyptian Revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests (Arab Spring)