On This Day

Historical Events on February 13

  • 1130 Gregorio de' Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II

Abbasid-Era Baghdad

1258 Baghdad, then a city of 1 million, falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed, tens of thousands slaughtered, ending the Islamic Golden Age

  • 1349 Jews are expelled from Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • 1502 Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres, new Governor of the Indies sets sail for the Indies with fleet of 30 ships, largest-ever fleet to the New World
  • 1503 Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta, Southern Italy
  • 1510 Charles of Gelre conquers Oldenzaal
  • 1545 Willem of Nassau becomes Prince of Orange
  • 1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims

Historic Event

1578 Tycho Brahe first sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system

  • 1601 1st British East India Company voyage departs from London, lead by John Lancaster

Historic Event

1633 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

  • 1651 Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • 1668 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1689 Parliament of England adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • 1692 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
  • 1693 College of William & Mary opens in Williamsburg, Virginia
  • 1706 Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia and Saxon forces, one of Swedish's Greatest victories in the Great Northern War
  • 1741 Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
  • 1755 Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java

Historic Event

1777 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

  • 1782 French fleet occupies St Christopher
  • 1786 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
  • 1795 1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 1799 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • 1809 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1815 The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
  • 1816 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
  • 1826 American Temperance Society forms in Boston
  • 1832 First appearance of cholera in London
  • 1837 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Historic Event

1858 Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

  • 1860 King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 1861 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona

Election of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln declared US President in Washington, D.C.

  • 1861 Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
  • 1862 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • 1864 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi

Historic Event

1866 Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

  • 1867 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards
  • 1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert

Historic Event

1886 Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

  • 1895 Moving picture projector patented
  • 1899 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • 1899 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • 1899 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • 1905 -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • 1907 English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested
  • 1912 England cricket team regains the Ashes
  • 1914 American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers (ASCAP) founded at Hotel Claridge in NYC
  • 1915 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region

Music History

1917 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is arrested in Paris on suspicion that she is a German spy

  • 1920 National Negro Baseball League organizes
  • 1920 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland, allowing Switzerland to rejoin the League
  • 1923 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance", organizes
  • 1925 US Congress makes Supreme Court appeals more difficult
  • 1927 Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated
  • 1928 Clas Thunberg of Finland wins his 3rd Olympic gold medal when he dead-heats with Norway’s Bernt Evensen in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Games
  • 1928 Legendary Norwegian speed skater Ivar Ballangrud wins the first of 2 straight 5,000m Olympic gold medals when he beats Julius Skutnabb of Finland by 9 seconds in St. Moritz
  • 1929 Cruiser Act, USA, approves the construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier
  • 1929 Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop" premieres in Moscow
  • 1932 "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"
  • 1932 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Coral McInnes Buttsworth retains title; beats Kathrine Le Mesurier 9-7, 6-4
  • 1932 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Jack Crawford retains title and repeats previous year's win over Harry Hopman 4-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3, 6-1
  • 1932 A 2-2 final round tie with the US is good enough for Canada to clinch its 4th consecutive Olympic ice hockey gold medal at Lake Placid; Canadian center Walter Monson is tournament top scorer with 11 points
  • 1932 Finland goes 1-2 in the 50k cross country event at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; Veli Saarinen wins gold ahead of teammate Väinö Liikkanen
  • 1934 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1935 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • 1935 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • 1936 Ivar Ballangrud of Norway narrowly misses winning all 4 speed skating events at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Olympics; finishes 2nd in 1,500m just 1.0s behind teammate Charles Mathiesen
  • 1937 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • 1937 Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • 1937 Boston Redskins receive approval from NFL to move to Washington, D.C; to share baseball's Griffith Stadium with first Washington Senators of the American League
  • 1937 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

Sports History

1940 Bradman scores 209* in 161 minutes for South Aust at the WACA

  • 1941 Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council

Historic Event

1942 Hitler's Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled

Historic Event

1943 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front

  • 1943 Women's US Marine Corps created

Bombing of Dresden

1945 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

  • 1945 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • 1945 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • 1946 "The Duchess Misbehaves" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1948 West Indian batsman Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for W Indies in his only Test Cricket innings
  • 1948 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • 1948 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • 1948 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England

Sports History

1952 Future world champion Rocky Marciano knocks out Italian heavyweight boxer Gino Buonvino in the 2nd round at Rhode Island Auditorium, Providence for his 40th straight win

  • 1953 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • 1954 Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
  • 1955 Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
  • 1955 KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland

Conference of Interest

1957 Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans with Martin Luther King Jr. as President

  • 1959 Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
  • 1960 "Beg, Borrow or Steal" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1960 "Saratoga" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 80 performances
  • 1960 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1960 France becomes the 4th nuclear nation by exploding the 70 kilo-ton "Gerboise Bleue" atomic bomb in the French Algerian Sahara desert [1]

Music Recording

1961 Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records

  • 1961 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
  • 1965 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1965 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam
  • 1968 Swedish 10k cross country champion Toini Gustafsson wins her 2nd gold medal at the Grenoble Winter Olympics in the 5k event ahead of Soviet pair Galina Kulakova and Alvetina Kolchina
  • 1968 After winning giant slalom in Innsbruck (1964) French skier Marielle Goitschel takes out the slalom gold medal at the Grenoble Winter Olympics
  • 1969 Mary Hopkin's Postcard album on Apple is released
  • 1969 Suriname government of Pengel resigns
  • 1970 Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
  • 1970 NL offices begins move from Cincinnati to San Francisco (completed Feb 23)
  • 1970 16th National Film Awards (India): "Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1971 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos

Sports History

1971 US Vice President Spiro Agnew hits 2 tee shots into crowd while golfing, injuring 2

  • 1972 "1776" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,217 performances
  • 1972 XI Winter Olympic Games close at Sapporo, Japan

Film Release

1972 "Cabaret", directed by Bob Fosse, based on John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical of the same name, starring Liza Minnelli and Michael York, released

  • 1973 Musical "El Grande de Coca-Cola" premieres in NYC
  • 1973 US dollar devalues 10%
  • 1974 "Rainbow Jones" opens & closes at Music Box Theater NYC

Hall of Fame

1974 James 'Cool Papa' Bell is named to baseball's Hall of Fame

Historic Event

1974 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

  • 1975 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash proclaims Turkish-Cypriot Federation

Olympic Gold

1976 American Dorothy Hamill wins the free skate to clinch the women's figure-skating gold medal at the Innsbruck Winter Olympics

  • 1976 Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 hours
  • 1976 Major-General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes military ruler of Nigeria
  • 1977 "Guys & Dolls" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 239 performances
  • 1977 "Ipi Tombi" closes at Harkness Theater NYC after 39 performances
  • 1977 "Robber Bridegroom" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 145 performances

Sports History

1977 Eric Heiden is 1st American to win world speed skating championship

NBA All-Star Game

1977 27th NBA All-Star Game, MECCA Arena, Milwaukee, Wi: West beats East, 125-124; MVP: Julius Erving, Philadelphia 76ers, F

  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Washington State's Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm
  • 1979 Formation of Guardian Angels crime fighters in New York City
  • 1980 Apollo Computer Inc incorporated
  • 1980 NZ beats West Indies by one wicket in cricket at Dunedin
  • 1980 XIII Winter Olympic Games open in Lake Placid, New York
  • 1981 Longest sentence published by "The New York Times" - 1286 words
  • 1981 A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
  • 1981 31st Berlin International Film Festival: "Hurry, Hurry!" wins the Golden Bear

Music History

1982 Pink Floyd's album "Dark Side of the Moon" marks 402 weeks in the album charts

Sports History

1982 Islander's Bryan Trottier scores 5 goals against Flyers

  • 1983 Bernstein, Levinson & Link's musical "Merlin" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 199 performances
  • 1983 Opener Steve Smith with 117 and Geoff Lawson 3-11 guide Australia to 149 run win over New Zealand in cricket's World Series Cup 2nd Final in Melbourne; win series, 2-0
  • 1983 33rd NBA All-Star Game, The Forum, Inglewood, CA: East beats West, 132-123; MVP: Julius Erving, Philadelphia 76ers, F
  • 1984 6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart & liver transplant
  • 1984 Swedish cross country skier Gunde Svan wins 15k event, the first of 2 gold medals at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics; also wins 4 x 10k relay gold
  • 1984 Karin Enke of East Germany wins her 2nd gold medal of the Sarajevo Winter Games, winning the women's 1,000m in Olympic record 1:21.61; also wins 1,500m gold
  • 1985 Dow Jones closes at 1297.92 (record high) after topping 1300 earlier
  • 1985 Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders
  • 1987 Tigers' Jack Morris awarded $1.85 million salary by arbitrator
  • 1988 XV Winter Olympic Games open in Calgary, Canada
  • 1988 Christine Wachtel runs world record 800m indoor (1:56:40)
  • 1988 European Community plans removal of internal boundaries on Jan 1, 1992
  • 1988 Heike Dreschler long jumps world record indoor (7.37m)
  • 1988 Ronald Weigel runs unofficial world record speed walking (18:11.41)
  • 1989 Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed
  • 1989 Salvadoran army attacks Encuentros hospital, rapes, kills patients
  • 1989 Oklahoma football player Charles Thompson is charged with selling cocaine; he is later sentenced to 2 years in prison
  • 1990 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa

Sports History

1990 Larry Bird (Celtics) ends NBA free throw streak of 71 games

  • 1990 US, Britain & France give Germany OK to reunify
  • 1991 Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel
  • 1991 US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
  • 1991 US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians
  • 1992 "Most Happy Fella" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 229 performances

Sports History

1992 Jose Canseco repeatedly rams his Porsche into wife Esther's BMW

  • 1992 West beats East 14 to 9 in Major Soccer League all star game
  • 1992 42nd Berlin International Film Festival: "Grand Canyon" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1993 Ljubow Kremljowa runs world record 1000m indoor (2:34:84)
  • 1993 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec)
  • 1993 Sergei Bubka pole vaults indoor record (6.14 m)
  • 1994 44th NBA All-Star Game, Target Centre, Minneapolis, MN: East beats West, 127-118; MVP: Scottie Pippen, Chicago Bulls, F
  • 1994 Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.9m
  • 1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5000m 6:34,96
  • 1994 Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200
  • 1995 Howard Stern radio show premieres in San Diego CA on XTRA-FM
  • 1995 West Indies beat NZ by innings & 332, Courtney Walsh 13-55

Sports Awards

1995 3rd ESPY Awards: Steve Young, Bonnie Blair win

  • 1996 Howard Stern announces he will be making the film "Private Parts"
  • 1996 Rock musical "Rent" by Jonathan Larson opens off-Broadway

Album Release

1996 Rapper Tupac Shakur releases his 4th studio album 'All Eyez on Me'

Music History

1996 British boy band Take That officially announce that they are disbanding, prompting UK government to set up counselling phone lines

  • 1996 "The Score" second studio album by Fugees is released (Billboard no. 1 year end Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums 1996)
  • 1997 "Three Sisters" opens at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1997 Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope

Berlin Film Festival

1997 47th Berlin International Film Festival: "The People vs. Larry Flynt" wins the Golden Bear

Historic Event

1997 Joseph Stiglitz becomes Chief Economist of the World Bank

Historic Event

2000 The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies

NBA All-Star Game

2000 49th NBA All-Star Game, Oakland Arena, Oakland, CA: West beats East, 137-127; MVPs: Tim Duncan, San Antonio Spurs, F; Shaquille O'Neal, LA Lakers, C

  • 2001 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
  • 2004 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
  • 2005 47th Grammy Awards: Here We Go Again, Maroon 5 wins

NFL Pro Bowl

2005 NFL Pro Bowl, Aloha Stadium, Honolulu, HI: AFC beats NFC, 38-27; MVP: Peyton Manning, Indianapolis Colts, QB, HI

  • 2007 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement when mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for 2008 presidential election.
  • 2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes an historic apology to Indigenous Australians, especially to the Stolen Generations who suffered forced child removal and assimilation [1]
  • 2008 The LZR Racer Suit is unveiled in NYC; line of competition swimsuits made by Speedo using high-tech fabric of woven elastane-nylon & polyurethane; times went down dramatically; rules changed 2010