Historical Events on February 19

Victory in Battle

197 Battle of Lugdunum [Battle of Lyon]: Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Historic Event

356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples

  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstates the veneration of icons in churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1516 Consecration of the Lady Chapel, part of Westminster Abbey, by Henry VII, called "one of the most perfect buildings ever erected in England" [1]
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou gains the title Duke of Brabant, the hereditary sovereign of the Dutch United Provinces

Royal Coronation

1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

  • 1600 Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history
  • 1624 English "Happy Parliament", the final Parliament of King James I opens at Westminster
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Music Premiere

1736 George Frideric Handel's opera"Alexander's Feast" premieres at the Covent Garden Theatre, London

Historic Event

1771 Charles Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)

Historic Event

1797 The Peace of Tolentino : Pope Pius VI cedes Papal territories of Avignon, Venaissin, Ferrara, Bologna, and the Romagna to France

  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Historic Event

1807 US Vice President Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

Historic Discovery

1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III

  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run in Pennsylvania
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 "Enigma Outbreak" of over 60 tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill hundreds, if not over a thousand (hence the "enigma") people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 W.K. Kellogg (after falling out with brother over development credit and wanting to add sugar to cereal) joins Charles D. Bolin in founding the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's

Music Premiere

1910 English premiere of Richard Strauss' opera "Elektra"

Historic Event

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support

No Babies Please!

1914 Four-year old Charlotte May Pierstorff mailed by train from Grangeville, Idaho to her grandparents’ house 73 miles away in most famous 'child in the post' instance

  • 1914 Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini" premieres in Turin
  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Historic Event

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois in Paris

  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer

Music Premiere

1923 Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres

  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 Canada retains the Olympic ice hockey title when they rout Switzerland, 13-0 in the final round in St. Moritz; Canadian left-wing Dave Trottier top scores with 15 points
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1928 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins his 3rd consecutive Olympic men’s figure skating gold medal at St. Moritz; one of only 2 athletes to win gold at both Winter & Summer Games (won figure skating Antwerp 1920)
  • 1928 II Winter Olympic Games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
  • 1928 World champion French team Andrée Joly and Pierre Brunet win the Olympic pairs figure skating gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Games; the couple marry in 1929 and take 2nd straight gold in 1932
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used in Schenectady, NY

Historic Event

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Historic Event

1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers

  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC

Election of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
  • 1942 Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber

Historic Event

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1942 NY Yankees announce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games

Music History

1942 Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra record "I'll Take Tallulah"

  • 1943 German tanks under Major General Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

  • 1946 Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the "outlaw" Mexican League
  • 1947 CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3"
  • 1949 "Inside USA" closes at Century Theater, NYC, after 339 performances

Historic Event

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Groundbreaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 American defending champion Dick Button becomes first figure-skater to land a triple jump in competition; performs a triple loop in the Olympic free skate in Oslo; wins gold medal ahead of Austria’s Helmut Seibt
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Bil Keane's "Family Circus" cartoon strip debuts
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1960 Swedish cross country skier Sixten Jernberg follows his 50k gold medal in Cortina d'Ampezzo (1956) with victory in 30k event at the Squaw Valley Winter Olympics
  • 1960 Three time Canadian world champions Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul win the pairs figure skating Olympic gold medal at Squaw Valley, California
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1961 Henk van der Grift (Neth) becomes world champ all-round skater
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Publication

1963 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

Historic Event

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Historic Event

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

  • 1964 UK flies ½ ton of Beatles wigs to the US
  • 1965 NFL adds 6th official - the line judge
  • 1967 Stien Kaiser becomes world champion lady's skater
  • 1968 1st US teachers' strike (Florida)
  • 1968 Children's educational TV program "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" debuts on NET (now PBS)

Sports History

1970 AL Cy Young Award winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking

  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite

Television Debut

1971 British TV chat show "Parkinson" debuts on BBC1 presented by Michael Parkinson

Music Single

1971 Paul McCartney releases single "Another Day" in UK

Album Release

1971 Progressive rock band Yes release their break-through third studio album "The Yes Album"

  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game

Music History

1972 American singer Harry Nilsson's single "Without You" begins a 4 week run at the top of the charts. [The song was originally written and performed by the English band Badfinger in 1970, and would reach the top ten again with Mariah Carey's 1994 cover.]

  • 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan
  • 1973 "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" single released by Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (Billboard Song of the Year 1973)

Music History

1974 1st American Music Awards: Helen Reddy & Jim Croce win

  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 19th Grammy Awards: "This Masquerade"and Starland Vocal Band win
  • 1977 A's sell pitcher Paul Lindblad to the Rangers for $400,000
  • 1977 Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket with Gilmour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

#1 in the Charts

1977 Manfred Mann's Earth Band's cover of Bruce Springsteen's song "Blinded By The Light" goes to #1

  • 1977 Right wing Rod Gilbert scores a goal and adds an assist in a 5-2 defeat at the NY Islanders to become first player in NY Rangers history (11th in NHL) to score 1,000 career points
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 20th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison takes lead with 11 laps remaining; lowest starting position (33rd) for winner until 2007
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)

Music Premiere

1978 Cy Coleman, Betty Comden & Adolph Green's musical "On The Twentieth Century", starring John Cullum and Madeline Kahn, and Kevin Kline, and directed by Hal Prince, opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 449 performances, wins 5 Tony and 4 Drama Desk Awards

Olympic Gold

1980 American speed skater Eric Heiden wins 1,000m in Olympic record 1:15.18; third of record 5 gold medal sweep of events at Lake Placid

  • 1980 Botham a century & 13 wickets in Jubilee Test Cricket at Bombay
  • 1980 Swedish alpine skier Ingemar Stenmark wins the giant slalom from Andreas Wenzel of Liechtenstein at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; also takes slalom gold
  • 1980 Ulrich Wehling of East Germany wins his third consecutive Olympic gold medal in the Nordic combined event at Lake Placid; winner Sapporo (1972), Innsbruck (1976)
  • 1980 Washington beats Montreal, 3-1 to end the Canadiens' 34 game unbeaten streak against Capitals; Caps 0-32-2 against Montreal since entering NHL in 1974

Music History

1981 George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for "subconscious plagiarism" of his song "My Sweet Lord" from Ronnie Mack's song "He's So Fine"

  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1983 Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million

  • 1983 Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) sets 400 m free style swimming record
  • 1984 "Doonesbury" closes at Biltmore Theater, NYC, after 104 performances
  • 1984 1st brother combo to win Gold & Silver in same event at Olympics (Phil & Steve Mahre-Slalom)

Daytona 500

1984 26th Daytona 500: Cale Yarborough wins for 2nd consecutive year and 4th time in career; last-lap pass to beat Darrell Waltrip

  • 1984 Soviet Union wins its 6th Olympic ice hockey gold medal with a 2-0 win over silver medallists Czechoslovakia at the Sarajevo Winter Games
  • 1984 Swedish cross country skier Thomas Wassberg wins 50k event at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics; his second gold of the Games (4 x 10k relay) and 3rd of his career (15k Lake Placid 1980)
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 XIV Winter Olympic Games close in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashes approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
  • 1985 British soap opera "Eastenders" premieres on the BBC
  • 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
  • 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
  • 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spends 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1986 King Hussein of Jordan severs ties with PLO
  • 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
  • 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
  • 1987 "Stardust" opens at Biltmore Theater, NYC; runs for 102 performances
  • 1987 Less than a month after re-signing, A's pitcher Vida Blue retires
  • 1987 Minnesota sheriff's office arrest FBI's most wanted, Thomas G. Harrelson

Historic Event

1987 US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland

  • 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
  • 1989 "Legs Diamond" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 64 performances

Daytona 500

1989 31st Daytona 500: Darrell Waltrip wins when Hendrick Racing team decides to use fuel strategy, being the only car not to pit in the closing laps

  • 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands

Album Release

1991 Geffen Records releases "Night Ride Home", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 14th studio album

  • 1992 American porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
  • 1992 In a blockbuster NHL trade, Pittsburgh Penguins send Mark Recchi, Brian Benning & LA's 1st round 1992 pick (Jason Bowen) to the Philadelphia Flyers for Kjell Samuelsson, Rick Tocchet & Ken Wregget
  • 1992 Ken Ludwig's musical "Crazy For You" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1622 performances
  • 1992 Professional Spring Football League announces end of operations, 10 days before the scheduled season opener; 10 teams had players in camp and practicing, and rosters cut down to 60 players
  • 1993 "Happy Nation" debut studio album by Ace of Base is released
  • 1993 Kenya Moore, 22, (Michigan), crowned 42nd Miss USA
  • 1995 1st broadcast of "Woman of Independent Means" on NBC-TV
  • 1995 37th Daytona 500: Sterling Marlin wins for 2nd straight year; 3rd driver to achieve back-to-back titles (Richard Petty, Cale Yarborough)
  • 1995 British composer Michael Tippett's last major work "Rose Lake," premieres at Barbican Hall in London, with the London Symphony led by Colin Davis
  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
  • 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec) and European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
  • 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
  • 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
  • 1998 US hockey team destroys their rooms at Olympic village in Japan
  • 2001 An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial
  • 2002 NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
  • 2006 48th Daytona 500: Jimmie Johnson driving from Hendrick Motorsports wins 203 lap race; goes on to win his first championship

NBA All-Star Game

2006 55th NBA All-Star Game, Toyota Centre, Houston, TX: East beats West, 122-120; MVP: LeBron James, Cleveland Cavaliers, F

BAFTA Awards

2006 59th British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs): "Brokeback Mountain" Best Film, Ang Lee Best Director

  • 2007 Blogging website Tumblr is founded by David Karp in New York
  • 2007 Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala
  • 2008 Serzh Sargsyan wins the Armenian Presidential Election
  • 2008 Toshiba announces its formal recall of its HD DVD video format, ending the format war between it and Sony's Blu-Ray Disc
  • 2012 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana'a
  • 2014 After winning the combined gold in Turin (2006), American alpine skier Ted Ligety has to wait 8 years for his next Olympic success, gold in the giant slalom in Sochi
  • 2014 Canadian team Kaillie Humphries and Heather Moyes win their second consecutive Olympic 2-woman bobsleigh gold medal at the Sochi Winter Games
  • 2014 Czech speed skater Martina Sáblíková retains her Olympic 5,000m title (Vancouver 2010) in Sochi; also Vancouver 3,000m gold
  • 2014 Death toll in Ukraine reaches 26 after Government crackdown on protesters
  • 2014 Norwegian biathletes Ole Einar Bjørndalen (sprint gold) and Emil Hegle Svendsen (mass start gold), each win their 2nd gold medal of the Sochi Winter Olympics in the mixed relay
  • 2017 NBA All Star Game, Smoothie King Centre, New Orleans, LA: West beats East, 192-182; MVP: Anthony Davis, New Orleans Pelicans, F
  • 2018 At least 17 killed when a garbage mound collapses in Maputo, Mozambique
  • 2018 Canadian team of Justin Kripps & Alexander Kopacz dead-heat in 3:16.86 with Germans Francesco Friedrich & Thorsten Margis for the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics