Historical Events on February 2

  • 506 Alaric II, king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Lex Romania Visigothorum (or Breviary of Alaric), a collection of Roman law
  • 962 Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor
  • 1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy, succeeding Rudolf III
  • 1119 Guido di Borgogna elected Pope Callistus II
  • 1141 Battle of Lincoln: King Stephen captured by forces loyal to Empress Matilda and commanded by Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester

Black Death

1349 By this date at least 200 people a day were being buried in London as a result of the Black Death

  • 1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross: in a major battle of the War of the Roses Yorkist army of Edward, Earl of March, defeats Lancaster force led by Jasper Tudor
  • 1536 Pedro de Mendoza founds Argentine city of Buenos Aires
  • 1542 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1550 Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, freed
  • 1633 M Rossi's opera "Erminia sul Giordano" premieres in Rome
  • 1637 Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las" premieres in Madrid
  • 1653 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York)

Historic Event

1709 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued by William Dampier after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe

  • 1714 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Jane Shore" premieres in London

Music Premiere

1731 George Frideric Handel's opera "Poro" premieres in London

  • 1732 King Frederik Willem I moves Lutherans towards East-Prussia

Historic Event

1742 British government of Robert Walpole resigns

Music Premiere

1762 Thomas Arne's opera "Artaxerxes" premieres in London

Articles of Confederation

1787 Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation

  • 1795 Joseph Haydn's 102nd Symphony in B premieres
  • 1798 Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • 1802 1st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)
  • 1811 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco

Music Premiere

1823 Gioachino Rossini's opera "Semiramide" premieres in Venice

  • 1829 Madman Jonathan Martin sets York Cathedral on fire, does £60,000 damage
  • 1843 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 1848 1st ship load of Chinese immigrants arrive in San Francisco
  • 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican–American War: US acquires Texas, California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1852 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • 1854 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 1861 The "Organized Incorporated Territory of Nevada" is created, lasting until October 31st, 1864
  • 1864 -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • 1869 James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 1870 Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 1876 Baseball's National League forms at the Grand Central Hotel, NYC with teams in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia and St Louis
  • 1878 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1880 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1887 First Groundhog Day observed at Gobbler's Knob, Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania
  • 1888 Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1892 Bottle cap patented by William Painter
  • 1892 Johnny Briggs takes a hat-trick, England v Australia at the SCG
  • 1892 Longest boxing match under modern rules; 77 rounds in Nameoki, Illinois between Harry Sharpe & Frank Crosby
  • 1894 US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
  • 1899 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • 1900 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
  • 1901 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
  • 1901 Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • 1901 The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000
  • 1906 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • 1909 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • 1912 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)

Historic Event

1913 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • 1913 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • 1914 James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Monarchist riot in Portugal
  • 1920 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • 1920 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • 1920 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • 1922 It was 2:22:22 on 2/2/22

Historic Publication

1922 James Joyce's "Ulysses" first published by Sylvia Beach in Paris (1,000 copies)

  • 1923 Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
  • 1923 US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
  • 1924 International Ski Federation (FIS) forms

1st Winter Olympics

1924 Norway’s Thorleif Haug takes the cross-country double at the Chamonix Winter Olympics when he wins the 18k event; Haug also 50k gold medalist

  • 1925 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925 Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km
  • 1925 NL holds Golden Jubilee Year meeting at same hotel where NL began
  • 1926 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours
  • 1926 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Adelaide: In all-Australian final John Hawkes beats James Willard 6-1, 6-3, 6-1
  • 1926 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Adelaide: Daphne Akhurst Cozens retains title; beats Esna Boyd Robertson 6-1, 6-3
  • 1927 Harry Tierney/Joseph McCarthy's "Rio Rita" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 Ziegfeld Theater (Loew's Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC
  • 1931 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • 1931 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)
  • 1932 Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries
  • 1932 Grimmett takes 14 wickets v South Africa (7-116 & 7-83)
  • 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) organized in the US to provide financial support to state and local governments and to make loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations and other businesses

Historic Event

1933 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Reichstag (Parliament)

Historic Event

1933 Hermann Goering bans Communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany

  • 1933 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning" premieres in Berlin
  • 1934 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism and Nazism
  • 1935 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin

Music History

1940 Frank Sinatra performs at the Lyric Theater in Indianapolis, Indiana, his first as featured singer with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra

  • 1941 US male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
  • 1942 LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • 1942 US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • 1943 Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
  • 1943 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • 1944 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • 1944 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • 1944 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • 1944 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • 1946 "Nellie Bly" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic made
  • 1948 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program

Sports History

1949 American golfing champ Ben Hogan seriously injured in an auto accident

  • 1950 1st broadcast of "What's My Line" on CBS-TV
  • 1950 Morton Gould and Dorothy Field's colonial-era musical "Arms and the Girl", starring Nanette Fabray and Pearl Bailey, opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 134 performances
  • 1951 -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

#1 in the Charts

1952 B.B. King's “3 O’Clock Blues” hits #1 on the US Billboard's R&B hit parade to become his first national hit

Historic Event

1952 Hubert de Givenchy presents his first collection in Paris with Bettina Graziani opening the show

Historic Event

1954 "The Nutcracker" ballet choreographed by George Balanchine with Maria Tallchief as the Sugar Plum Fairy opens in New York, establishes its popularity in the US

  • 1954 Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 113 pts in basketball game

Historic Event

1954 President Eisenhower announces the detonation of the world's 1st hydrogen bomb (tested in 1952)

  • 1954 Snow falls on Gibraltar
  • 1955 1st presidential news conference on network TV-Eisenhower on ABC
  • 1956 Despite a severe ankle injury Tenley Albright leads an American 1-2 in the women's figure skating at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics; Carol Heiss takes the silver medal
  • 1956 The Coasters sign with Atlantic Records
  • 1957 "Candide" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 73 performances
  • 1957 UN adopts a resolution calling for Israeli troops to leave Egypt
  • 1958 Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic
  • 1958 WRIK (now WLUZ) TV channel 7 in Ponce, PR (PTC) begins broadcasting

Music Concert

1959 Buddy Holly's last performance at Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa [1]

Contract of Interest

1959 Vince Lombardi signs a 5 year contract to coach NFL Green Bay Packers

  • 1960 Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss
  • 1961 Dutch Prince Bernhard opens new RAI building in Amsterdam
  • 1962 1st pole vault over 16' (4.88m) (John Uelses-16', Melrose Games)
  • 1962 8 of 9 planets align for 1st time in 400 years
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 Helen Shapiro begins tour (Beatles are part of undercard)

Hall of Fame

1964 Elected to Baseball Hall of Fame - Red Faber, Burleigh Grimes, Tim Keefe, Heinie Manush, John Montgomery Ward, & Miller Huggins

  • 1964 GI Joe, debuts as a popular American boy's toy
  • 1964 Sjoukje Dijkstra (Neth) wins Olympic gold for figure skating
  • 1965 Joe Orton's "Loot" premieres in Brighton
  • 1966 Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir dispute as number one item for the proposed Indo-Pak ministerial talks after 1965 war.
  • 1967 Bolivia adopts its constitution
  • 1967 Formation of American Basketball Association is announced
  • 1968 Springer Publishers in West Berlin, bombed
  • 1969 KMST TV channel 46 in Monterey-Salinas, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 Stan Coveleski & Waite Hoyt are voted into Baseball Hall of Fame

Golden Globes

1970 27th Golden Globes: Anne of the Thousand Days, John Wayne, & Genevieve Bujold

Sports History

1970 Pete Maravich becomes 1st to score 3,000 college basketball points

Historic Event

1971 Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote and appoints himself President (dictator) of Uganda

  • 1971 US Congressional Black Caucus organizes with Charles C. Diggs Jr. its first Chair
  • 1972 Angry demonstrators burn the British Embassy in Dublin to the ground in protest at the shooting dead of 13 people on 'bloody sunday'
  • 1972 Lefty Gomez, Ross Youngs & William Harridge selected for Baseball Hall of Fame

Theater Premiere

1972 Tom Stoppard's play "Jumpers" premieres in London

  • 1973 "Midnight Special" rock music show debuts on NBC-TV
  • 1973 Richard Helms, ends term as 8th director of CIA; succeeded by James R Schlesinger (until July)

Sports History

1973 Test debut of champion New Zealand cricket all-rounder Sir Richard Hadlee; drawn 1st Test v Pakistan, Wellington

#1 in the Charts

1974 Barbra Streisand's 1st #1 hit, "The Way We Were"

  • 1974 Playmobil toys debut at the Nuremberg Toy Fair, designed by Hans Beck and produced by the Brandstätter Group

Catholic Encyclical

1974 Pope Paul VI encyclical "To Honor Mary"

  • 1974 Smallest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Golden State-1,641)
  • 1974 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.
  • 1975 Army offensive against rebels in Eritrea

Sports History

1975 US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill

  • 1975 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • 1976 "Rich Little Show" debuts on NBC-TV
  • 1976 "The Honeymooners Second Honeymoon" airs on TV
  • 1976 Roger Connor, Fred Lindstrom & umpire Cal Hubbard elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1977 Burn up of Salyut 4 Space Station (USSR)
  • 1977 Toronto's Ian Turnbull scores 5 goals, NHL REcord for a defenseman
  • 1980 FBI releases details of Abscam, a sting operation that targeted 31 elected & public officials for bribes for political favors
  • 1980 Mexican boxer Salvador Sánchez dethrones Danny “Little Red” Lopez as WBC world featherweight champion with a 13th-round TKO in Phoenix, AZ; Lopez champion since November 1976, 8th defence
  • 1982 Government troops and Muslim fundamentalists battle in Hamah, Syria
  • 1983 CBS' premiere of fact based WW2 drama "The Scarlet and the Black", based on the life of Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty

Historic Event

1983 Chicago Archbishop Joseph L Bernardin is among 18 new cardinals named by Pope John Paul II

  • 1984 1st Soap Opera Digest Awards - Days of Our Lives wins
  • 1984 Lebanese army fights in Beirut

Sports History

1985 US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

Theatrical Finale

1986 "Jerome Kern Goes to Hollywood" closes at Ritz NYC after 13 performances

  • 1986 Dalai Lama meets Pope John Paul II in India
  • 1986 NFL Pro Bowl, Aloha Stadium, Honolulu, HI: NFC beats AFC, 28-24; MVP: Phil Simms, NY Giants, QB
  • 1986 Oscar Arias Sanchez elected president of Costa Rica
  • 1987 KC Royal pitcher Dennis Leonard (3X 20 game winner), retires
  • 1987 Philippines adopts constitution

Sports History

1988 David Boon's 6th Test Cricket century, 184* v England at Sydney

  • 1989 0°F (-18°C) or below in 15 US states
  • 1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk promises to free Nelson Mandela & legalizes ANC & 60 other political organisations
  • 1991 Aravinda De Silva scores 267 v NZ at Wellington
  • 1991 NH snaps its 32-game losing streak at home beating Holy Cross, 72-56

#1 in the Charts

1991 Sting scores his second UK #1 album with 'The Soul Cages'

  • 1991 US postage is raised from 25 cents to 29 cents
  • 1992 Australian Kieren Perkins swims 1,500m freestyle short course world record, 14:32.40 at AIS, Canberra, Australia
  • 1992 Danny Everett runs world record 400m indoor (45.02 sec)
  • 1992 David Boon's 13 Test Cricket century, 107 v India at Perth

Music History

1992 IRS & Willie Nelson settle on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M)

  • 1992 NFL Pro Bowl, Aloha Stadium, Honolulu, HI: NFC beats AFC, 21-15; MVP: Michael Irvin, Dallas Cowboys, WR
  • 1993 Frito Lay pays court ordered $2,500,000 to Tom Wait for using his song
  • 1993 Irina Privalova runs world record 50m indoor (6.05 sec)

Historic Event

1993 Václav Havel becomes the first president of an independent Czech Republic, after the split with Slovakia

  • 1995 "Molière Comedies" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • 1995 Henry Olonga no-balled for throwing in Zimbabwe-Pakistan Test Cricket
  • 1995 US space shuttle Discovery launched

Film & TV History

1996 Ali Landry, 22, (Louisiana), crowned 45th Miss USA

  • 1997 "Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus" closes at Gershwin NYC
  • 1997 NFL Pro Bowl, Aloha Stadium, Honolulu, HI: AFC beats NFC, 26-23 (OT); MVP: Mark Brunell, Jacksonville Jaguars, QB

Sports History

1997 Scotty Bowman becomes first coach in NHL history to win 1,000 games

  • 1998 Daniel Baldwin hospitalized in NYC for cocaine overdose
  • 1998 Philippine DC-9 crashes apparently killing all 104 on board
  • 2002 52nd NHL All-Star Game, Staples Center, Los Angeles, CA: World beats North America, 8-5; MVP: Éric Dazé, Chicago Blackhawks, RW
  • 2003 53rd NHL All-Star Game, Office Depot Centre, Sunrise, FL: West beats East, 6-5; MVP: Danny Heatley, Atlanta Thrashers, LW

#1 in the Charts

2003 Jennifer Lopez starts a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with "All I Have"