Historical Events on February 21

  • 362 Athanasius returns to Alexandria


1173 Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury

  • 1245 Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after having confessed to torture and forgery

Historic Event

1431 Joan of Arc's first day of interrogation during her trial for heresy

  • 1440 The Prussian Confederation is formed

Historic Event

1564 Philip II routes Cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comte

  • 1574 Spanish garrison of Middelburg, Netherlands, surrenders
  • 1598 Boris Godunov crowned Tsar of Russia
  • 1613 Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov
  • 1673 Michiel de Ruyter appointed lt-admiral-general of Dutch fleet
  • 1675 Prince William of Orange appointed viceroy of Gelderland

Historic Event

1746 Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces

Historic Event

1764 John Wilkes is thrown out of English House of Commons for his "Essay on Women"

  • 1777 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • 1782 US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint
  • 1792 US Congress passes Presidential Succession Act
  • 1795 Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
  • 1797 Trinidad, West Indies, a Spanish colony, surrenders to the British
  • 1804 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for the 1st time, along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
  • 1808 Russia invades Finland, then part of the Swedish Kingdom, with 24,000 troops
  • 1821 Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • 1828 1st American Indian newspaper in US, "Cherokee Phoenix", published
  • 1842 1st known sewing machine patented in US by John Greenough of Washington, D.C.
  • 1846 1st US woman telegrapher is Sarah G. Bagley of Lowell, Massachusetts

Historic Publication

1848 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

Historic Event

1852 George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

  • 1853 US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • 1857 Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • 1857 US issues flying eagle cents
  • 1858 Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1861 Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
  • 1861 Steeple of Chichester Cathedral collapses despite the desperate efforts of 70 workmen

Victory in Battle

1862 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Valverde, Confederate Arizona (now New Mexico)

  • 1862 US Confederate Constitution and presidency come into effect, last until the end of the Civil War in 1865
  • 1864 -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
  • 1864 1st US Catholic parish church for black worshippers dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1866 Lucy B. Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • 1874 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • 1878 World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • 1882 NYC's 24 hour race begins, winner with most mileage in 24 hours
  • 1883 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • 1885 Washington Monument dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1887 1st US bacteriology laboratory opens (Brooklyn)
  • 1887 Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday

Historic Event

1895 NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

  • 1901 In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA
  • 1902 Dr. Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • 1903 Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, D.C.
  • 1904 National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming, Michigan
  • 1907 SS Berlin sinks off the Hook of Holland (142 dead)
  • 1909 John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London
  • 1910 John Galsworthy's "Justice" premieres in London

Music History

1911 Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto, Berceuse élégiaque, in New York City

  • 1914 Bai Lang ("White Wolf") troops attack Zhanjiang, China
  • 1914 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • 1915 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1916 World War I: Battle of Verdun begins with a German offensive, leads to an estimated 1 million casualties and becomes the longest battle of the entire war (9 months)
  • 1917 British troopship SS Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 646 die
  • 1918 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • 1918 The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • 1919 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
  • 1919 Kurt Eisner, Premier of the Bavarian Republic, is assassinated by a far-right German nationalist in Munich
  • 1919 Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
  • 1921 Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution
  • 1921 The London Conference on the Near East begins: the issue is the Allies' 1920 Treaty of Sevres, which had given part of Turkish Asia Minor to Greece
  • 1922 Airship "Rome" explodes at Hampton Roads, Virginia; 34 die
  • 1922 Britain declares Egypt a sovereign state

Historic Event

1922 Irish Nationalist Eamon De Valera calls a convention of the Sinn Féin, declaring the Republican Government the only legitimate one in all Ireland

  • 1922 WHK-AM in Cleveland, Ohio begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Andre Charlot's musical "Rats" premieres in London
  • 1925 1st issue of "New Yorker" magazine published
  • 1925 Mass meeting of SPD's Reichsbanner Black-Red-Gold in Magdeburg
  • 1927 Franz Lehár's opera "Der Zarewitsch" premieres

Historic Event

1930 Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures" premieres in NYC

  • 1931 Alka Seltzer introduced
  • 1931 Chicago White Sox & NY Giants play 1st exhibition night game
  • 1932 Andre Tardieu becomes Premier of France
  • 1932 US camera exposure meter patented to W.N. Goodwin
  • 1934 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto César Sandino and three others kidnapped and assassinated by the National Guard in Larreynaga
  • 1937 Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile
  • 1937 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War
  • 1939 Belgian government of Pierlot forms

Historic Event

1941 US officer Omar Bradley is promoted to the rank of brigadier general

  • 1942 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht
  • 1943 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • 1944 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • 1945 Battle of Monte Castello (Italy): Allied forces, including the first land battle of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, defeat Germans after three months of fierce fighting in the foothills of the Apennine Mountains
  • 1945 Dutch Archbishop of Utrecht Johannes de Jong calls for help with war casualties following the Nazi occupation of Netherlands from the allies
  • 1945 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945 US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • 1946 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt

Historic Event

1947 1st instant developing camera demonstrated by Edwin Land at the Optical Society of America in NYC

Film & TV History

1947 Whipper Billy Watson beats Bill Longson, to become wrestling champ

  • 1948 NASCAR is incorporated
  • 1949 US TV soap opera "A Woman to Remember" is 1st broadcast on DuMont Television Network
  • 1950 WOI TV channel 5 in Ames-Des Moines, IA (ABC/PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 South Carolina House of Representatives urges "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated by Major League Baseball

Golden Globes

1952 9th Golden Globes: "A Place in the Sun", Fredric March, & Jane Wyman win

  • 1952 Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement)
  • 1953 "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1953 Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81
  • 1957 Dodgers (Fort Worth) & Cubs (LA) "trade" minor league franchises
  • 1958 "Portotino" opens at Adelphi Theater, NYC; runs for 3 performances
  • 1958 British artist Gerald Holtom designs Nuclear Disarmament logo, based on blended semaphore signals for the letters N and D; it later became an international peace symbol
  • 1958 Egypt-Syria as United Arab Republic elect Nasser president (99.9% vote)
  • 1960 Biathlon debuts at the Squaw Valley Winter Olympics; Klas Lestander from Sweden becomes the first Olympic champion ahead of Finland's Antti Tyrväinen and Soviet Aleksandr Privalov
  • 1961 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Physiker" premieres in Zurich
  • 1961 Gabon adopts constitution
  • 1961 Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
  • 1962 Minister De Pous confirms natural gas reserves in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 UK flies 24,000 rolls of Beatles wallpaper to US

Historic Event

1965 Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City

Historic Event

1966 Indonesian President Sukarno dismisses General Nasution

  • 1968 150,000 demonstrate against leftist students in West Berlin
  • 1968 Baseball announces a minimum annual salary of $10,000
  • 1969 1st launching of heavy N-1 rocket at Baikonur Kazakhstan (explodes)

Contract of Interest

1969 Ted Williams signs 5-year contract to manage Washington Senators

  • 1970 Jackson 5 make TV debut on "American Bandstand"
  • 1970 Pathet Lao conquers Xieng Khuang & Muong Suy
  • 1971 Series of tornadoes cuts through Mississippi & Louisiana killing 117
  • 1971 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna
  • 1972 Michael Weller's "Moonchildren" premieres in NYC

Nixon Meets Mao

1972 Richard Nixon becomes the first US President to visit China, normalizing relations between the countries in a meeting with Chinese leader Mao Zedong in Beijing

  • 1972 The first session of the Widgery Tribunal, investigating the events of 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972), is held in Coleraine, County Derry
  • 1973 Chicago Black Hawks, record 262nd NHL game without being shut-out
  • 1973 Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108
  • 1974 Israeli forces leave western Suez
  • 1974 Silver hits record $5.96½ an ounce in London
  • 1974 Yugoslavia adopts constitution

Historic Event

1975 Watergate figures John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman & John D. Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 yrs for conspiracy and obstruction of justice

  • 1976 Cardinal Willebrands installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1976 Cliff Jones' theatrical rock opera "Rockabye Hamlet",starring Beverly D'Angelo closes at Minskoff Theater, NYC, after 7 performances
  • 1977 74 Unification Church couples wed in NYC
  • 1979 2 Iowa girls HS basketball teams play 4 scoreless quarters game was won 4-2 in 4th overtime period
  • 1979 Japan launches Hakucho X-ray satellite & Corsa-B (550/580 km)

Olympic Gold

1980 American speed skater Eric Heiden wins 1,500m in Olympic record 1:55.44; 4th of record 5 gold medal sweep of events at Lake Placid

  • 1980 British figure skater Robin Cousins wins men's singles gold medal at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; goes on to pro career, TV analysis and stage performance & production
  • 1980 East German cross country skier Barbara Petzold wins her second gold medal of the Lake Placid Winter Olympics as part of the women's 4 x 5k relay team; also wins 10k gold
  • 1980 Liechtenstein becomes the smallest country to produce an Olympic champion as Hanni Wenzel wins the women's giant slalom at the Lake Placid Winter Games
  • 1981 Charles Rocket clearly says "f*ck" on "Saturday Night Live"
  • 1981 Japan launches Hinotori satellite to study solar flares (580/640 k)
  • 1981 NASA launches Comstar D-4
  • 1982 "Little Me" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 36 performances

Musical Finale

1982 Musical review of Fats Waller songs "Ain't Misbehavin'" starring Nell Carter and Irene Cara, closes at Longacre Theater, NYC, after 1604 performances, winning 3 Tony and 4 Drama Desk Awards

  • 1983 Donald Davis runs 1 mile backwards in 6 m 7.1 s
  • 1983 NBA San Diego Clippers begin a 29 game road losing streak
  • 1985 Evert van Benthem wins his 13th Elfstedentocht, a long distance 11 city skating race
  • 1985 Largest NBA crowd to date 44,970 (Atlanta at Detroit)

Sports History

1985 National League baseball player Tim Raines is awarded a $1.2 million salary for 1985 by arbitrator

  • 1986 AIDS patient Ryan White returns to classes at Western Middle School
  • 1987 Syrian army marches into Beirut
  • 1988 Gustafson skates world record 10km (13:48.20)
  • 1988 Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation

Meeting of Interest

1989 Pete Rose meets with Commissioner Ueberroth to discuss his gambling

  • 1989 US bust Chinese drug smuggling ring, capturing a record 820 lbs of heroin worth $1 billion at street value

Grammy Awards

1990 "The Batman Theme" by Danny Elfman wins Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition at 32nd Annual Grammy Awards

  • 1990 32nd Grammy Awards: "Wind Beneath My Wings"; "Nick of Time" win

Music History

1991 Neil Simon's stage comedy "Lost in Yonkers" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater, NYC; runs for 780 performances

  • 1991 USSR announces that Iraq has agreed to a proposal to end the Gulf War, but the US calls the plan unacceptable
  • 1992 Kristi Yamaguchi of US wins Olympic gold medal in women's figure skating

NBA All-Star Game

1993 43rd NBA All-Star Game, Delta Center, Salt Lake City, UT: West beats East, 135-132 (OT); MVPs: Karl Malone, Utah Jazz F; John Stockton, Utah Jazz, PG

  • 1993 Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.15 m)
  • 1995 CFL's Sacramento Gold Miners become San Antonio Texans
  • 1995 RAF-pilot Jo Salter is 1st woman to fly in a tornado
  • 1996 Soyuz TM-23, launched into orbit
  • 1997 "Empire Strikes Back, special edition" premieres
  • 1997 NASA's STS 82 (Space Shuttle Discovery 22) lands

Historic Event

1999 Lahore Declaration signed between India's Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistan's Navaz Sharif on use of nuclear weapons

  • 2001 43rd Grammy Awards: "Beautiful Day"; Shelby Lynne win
  • 2002 Canadian world champion women's ice hockey team wins first of 4 consecutive Winter Olympic gold medals with a 3-2 win over the United States at Salt Lake City

Television Debut

2003 Bill Maher's political talk show "Real Time with Bill Maher" debuts on HBO

  • 2004 The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome
  • 2007 Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi resigns from office. His resignation is rejected by the President of Italy, Giorgio Napolitano.
  • 2009 29th Golden Raspberry Awards: "The Love Guru" wins

BAFTA Awards

2010 63rd British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs): "The Hurt Locker" Best Film, Kathryn Bigelow Best Director

  • 2011 Thailand's GDP rose 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2010 after a minor recession caused by GDP contractions of 0.4% in the second quarter and 0.3% in the third quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2012 Yemeni voters go to the polls for a presidential election where the only candidate on the ballot paper is vice-president Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi
  • 2013 21 people are killed and 54 are injured in a bombing in Hyderabad, India
  • 2013 83 people are killed and 250 are injured in a series of bombing attacks in Damascus, Syria
  • 2014 10 words from the 15th C Voynich manuscript have been decoded
  • 2014 11 people are killed after a Libyan Air Force plan crashes in Tunisia
  • 2014 Canada take the curling double at the Sochi Winter Olympics beating Great Britain, 9-3 in the final; also win women's gold medal
  • 2014 Park Seung-hi wins Olympic women's 1,000m short track speed skating gold medal in Sochi for her 2nd gold medal of the Games; 3,000m relay winner
  • 2014 Police in Kiev open fire on protesters: 27 killed and around 570 injured
  • 2014 Viktor An of Russia wins 6th career Olympic short track speed skating gold medal as part of the 5,000m relay team in Sochi; 2nd gold of the day (500m) and 3rd of Games (1,000m)
  • 2015 35th Golden Raspberry Awards: "Saving Christmas" wins worst film
  • 2016 58th Daytona 500: Denny Hamlin wins closest finish in race history - by just 0.01s from Martin Truex Jr
  • 2016 66th Berlin International Film Festival: Italian documentary "Fire at Sea" wins the Golden Bear
  • 2016 Bombings in the Syrian cities of Homs and Damascus kill 140 people, Islamic State claims responsibility
  • 2017 Bodies of 87 African migrants wash ashore at Zawiya, Libya
  • 2017 Plane crashes into shopping centre in Essendon, Melbourne, Australia killing the five people on board
  • 2018 Indian film star Kamal Haasan launches a new political party - Makkal Needhi Mayyam in Tamil Nadu state

Laykyun Sekkya

2018 Laykyun Sekkya, the world's third tallest statue at 116 meters (381 ft) depicting Gautama Buddha completed in Khatakan Taung, Myanmar

  • 2018 Norwegian cross country skiers Martin Johnsrud Sundby, Johannes Høsflot & Klæbo win their 2nd Olympic gold medals in Pyeongchang in the men's team sprint freestyle; trio also wins gold in 4 x 10k relay
  • 2018 Winter Olympics: Jessie Diggins and Kikkan Randall become the first Americans in history to win a cross country gold medal (team sprint)
  • 2019 Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa-2 touches down on asteroid Ryugu on mission to collect rock samples