On This Day

Historical Events on January 10

Julius Caesar Crosses the Rubicon

49 BC Julius Caesar defies the Roman Senate and crosses the Rubicon, uttering "alea iacta est" (the die is cast), signaling the start of civil war which would lead to his appointment as Roman dictator for life

  • 69 Roman emperor Galba adopts Marcus Piso Licinianus as Caesar
  • 236 St Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 532 Constantinople chariot racing green and blue supporters due to be executed escape, prompting Nika revolt
  • 1072 Robert Guiscard's Norman force conquers Palermo
  • 1356 German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree

Historic Event

1430 Catholic Order of the Golden Fleece founded in Bruges in celebration of the prosperous and wealthy domains of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy

  • 1430 Order of the Guilder forms
  • 1475 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
  • 1514 Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek & Latin finished
  • 1550 1st sitting of "Vurige Chamber" in Paris

Historic Event

1642 King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford

Historic Event

1663 King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company

  • 1731 Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma and Piacenza

Historic Publication

1776 "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine published, advocating American independence

  • 1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini" premieres in Weimar

Appointment of Interest

1801 William Henry Harrison is appointed as the first governor of the Indiana Territory

  • 1806 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • 1808 Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as Governor-General of Neth Indies
  • 1811 Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes

Music History

1833 Felix Mendelssohn's cantata "Die erste Walpurgisnacht" premieres in Berlin

  • 1839 First tea from leaves of indigenous plants of Assam, India arrives in the United Kingdom [date approximate] [1]
  • 1840 Uniform Penny Post mail system starts throughout the United Kingdom
  • 1853 Charles Reade's play "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1861 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • 1861 US forts & property seized by Mississippi
  • 1861 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 1862 Romney expedition, Confederate Army military expedition begins in Romney, West Virginia (US Civil War)
  • 1863 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman, Arkansas
  • 1863 January uprising begins in Poland
  • 1870 Georgia legislature reconvenes

Historic Event

1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

  • 1878 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 1883 Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P. T. Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 1889 Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • 1890 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres

Catholic Encyclical

1890 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae

  • 1893 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Historic Event

1897 Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman" premieres in Helsingfors

Music History

1897 Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels

  • 1897 Ukrainian bacteriologist Wademar Haffkine performs the first human trial for a vaccine for the plague on himself during the Bombay epidemic

Historic Event

1900 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown

  • 1901 Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont, marking the start of the Texas oil boom (gusher age)
  • 1902 Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam)
  • 1902 Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
  • 1906 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • 1910 1st international air meet in US held, in LA
  • 1910 Lunt-Fontanne Theater (Globe) opens at 205 W 46th St NYC
  • 1911 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
  • 1911 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • 1911 Trumper scored double cricket ton v South Africa, goes on to get 214
  • 1912 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • 1912 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • 1914 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
  • 1914 Norwegian speed skater Oscar Mathisen skates world 500m record in 43.7s in Oslo, Norway
  • 1914 Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Caucasus

Historic Event

1916 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood

  • 1917 The Allied Governments respond to US President Woodrow Wilson's December 1916 note, giving their terms for ending the war

Historic Event

1917 Suffragettes the "Silent Sentinels" first protest outside The White House, in Washington led by Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party

  • 1920 Montreal's Newsy Lalonde scores 6 goals as Canadiens beat Toronto St. Patricks, 14-7 at Mount Royal Arena, Montreal; combined 21 goals an NHL record
  • 1920 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • 1920 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • 1923 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • 1923 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • 1925 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as Governor of Texasr, 2nd US woman governor, 1st ever elected
  • 1925 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed
  • 1927 Fritz Lang's silent film "Metropolis" premieres in Berlin

Music Premiere

1928 George Gershwin, Sigmund Romberg and P. G. Wodehouse's musical "Rosalie" premieres in New York

Historic Event

1928 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

Historic Event

1929 Elmer Rice's "Street Scene" premieres in NYC

  • 1930 Commencement of NZ's 1st Test, v England in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1930 Maurice Allom takes Test hat-trick England v NZ Christchurch
  • 1930 Mordovian Autonomous Region in RSFSR constituted
  • 1932 "Mickey Mouse" & "Silly Symphony" comics syndicated
  • 1932 "Pete the Tramp" cartoon strip by C D Russell debuts
  • 1938 Eduard van Beinum becomes world's 1st conductor at Concert Hall

Historic Event

1938 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris

  • 1938 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
  • 1941 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • 1942 Japan invades North Celebes, Dutch East Indies
  • 1943 Soviet offensive against German 6th and 4th Armies near Stalingrad

Historic Event

1943 1st US President to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

  • 1944 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • 1944 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1945 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • 1945 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • 1946 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • 1946 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey
  • 1947 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 725 performances
  • 1947 British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • 1947 Greek steamer "Himara" strikes a wartime mine in Saronic Gulf south of Athens with loss of 392 of 637 aboard
  • 1948 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • 1949 1st Jewish family show "Goldbergs" premieres on CBS
  • 1949 RCA introduces 45 RPM record
  • 1951 1st jet passenger trip made
  • 1951 UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY

NHL Record

1951 Maurice Richard scores his 16th career hat trick in the Montreal Canadiens' 3-0 win over NY Rangers to bring his career total to 274 goals; passes Howie Morenz as NHL's #2 all-time leading goal scorer

Film Premier

1952 "The Greatest Show on Earth", directed and produced by Cecil B. DeMille, starring James Stewart and Charlton Heston, premieres in New York (Best Picture 1953)

  • 1953 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • 1953 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • 1953 3rd NFL Pro Bowl, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: National Conference beats American Conference, 27-7; MVP: Don Doll, Detroit Lions, DB
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden
  • 1954 A Comet jet airliner crashes in the Mediterranean; 35 people are missing
  • 1955 "Ordet", directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, starring Henrik Malberg, Emil Hass Christensen, is released

Music Recording

1956 Elvis Presley records single "Heartbreak Hotel"

Election of Interest

1957 After Anthony Eden's resignation Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sports History

1957 Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick rules Bing Crosby can keep token stock in Detroit Tigers, even though he owns part of Pittsburgh Pirates

#1 in the Charts

1958 Jerry Lee Lewis' "Great Balls of Fire" reaches #1 on the UK pop charts

  • 1960 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Delmore Schwartz
  • 1962 Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroy 7 villages & kill 3,500
  • 1964 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964 Panama severs diplomatic relations with US
  • 1964 US version of "That Was The Week That Was" premieres
  • 1964 Vee-Jay Records releases "Introducing the Beatles", the 1st Beatles album released in the US
  • 1965 Bollingen prize for poetry awarded to Horace Gregory

NFL Pro Bowl

1965 15th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Western Conference beats Eastern Conference, 34-14; MVPs: Fran Tarkenton, Minnesota Vikings, QB; Terry Barr, Detroit Lions, DB

  • 1965 WKBD TV channel 50 in Detroit, MI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 India & Pakistan sign Tashkent Declaration peace accord
  • 1966 The Georgia House of Representatives votes 184-12 to deny Julian Bond his seat as a result of his opposition to the Vietnam War

Election of Interest

1967 Edward W. Brooke (Sen-R-Mass), takes his seat as the 1st popularly elected African American to the US Senate

  • 1967 Lester Maddox inaugurated as Governor of Georgia
  • 1967 PBS (the National Educational TV) begins as a 70 station network

NBA All-Star Game

1967 17th NBA All-Star Game, Cow Palace, San Francisco, Ca: West beats East, 135-120; MVP: Rick Barry, SF Warriors, SF

  • 1968 US Surveyor 7 lands near lunar crater Tycho
  • 1969 Pirate Radio Station Free Derby begins operation by Northern Ireland
  • 1969 Sweden is the 1st Western country to recognize North Vietnam
  • 1969 USSR's Venera 6 launched for parachute landing on Venus
  • 1970 Preview Center opens at Walt Disney World, Florida - first building to open
  • 1971 "Light, Lively & Yiddish" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 87 performances
  • 1971 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Richard Wilbur
  • 1971 Irish Republican Army (IRA) carry out a 'punishment attack', tarring and feathering 4 men accused of criminal activities in Belfast
  • 1972 Geoge Harrison and Friends' triple live album set "The Concert for Bangladesh" released in UK
  • 1973 Gas tank on Staten Island explodes, 40 die
  • 1973 For the first time graduates studying from home with 'the Open University' receive their degrees
  • 1977 20th hat trick in Islander history - Bobby Nystrom
  • 1977 Steve Allen's "Meeting Of The Minds", a round table talk-show in which he interviews figures from history debuts on PBS
  • 1978 Soyuz 27 launches, carrying 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station

Historic Event

1979 The Sun paper headline is 'Crisis? What Crisis?' as UK Prime Minister James Callaghan denies that the country is in chaos during the 'Winter of Discontent' strike wave

  • 1980 Last broadcast of "The Rockford Files" on NBC
  • 1981 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "general offensive"
  • 1981 John Severin sets 100-mi unicycle speed record, 9 h 21 m
  • 1982 -17°F (27.2°C) in Braemar Grampian (equals UK record)
  • 1982 Petra Schneider swims world record 1500 m freestyle (15:43.31)

NFC Championship

1982 NFC Championship, Candlestick Park, SF: San Francisco 49ers beat Dallas Cowboys, 28-27; "The Catch" - iconic moment in NFL history - Dwight Clark makes fingertip catch for a TD from Joe Montana with 58" remaining; SF goes on to win Super Bowl

  • 1982 NBC's premiere of TV film "Will: G. Gordon Liddy", based on the Watergate conspirator, participant and convict
  • 1982 AFC Championship, Riverfront Stadium, Cincinnati: Cincinnati Bengals beat San Diego Chargers, 27-7 in the "Freezer Bowl"
  • 1983 NY Supreme Court issues a preliminary injunction barring NY Yankees from playing season-opening series against Tigers in Denver
  • 1984 Argentine ex-president and general Reynaldo Bignone arrested
  • 1984 Bulgarian Tupolev 134 crashes at Sofia airport in Bulgaria, 50 die
  • 1984 Clara Peller 1st asks, "Where's the Beef?" in commercial for Wendy's hamburger chain

Hall of Fame

1984 Luis Aparicio, Harmon Killebrew, & D Drysdale elected to Hall of Fame

  • 1984 US re-establishes full diplomatic relations with Vatican after almost 117 years

Historic Event

1985 Daniel Ortega inaugurated as President of Nicaragua for the first time

Sports History

1985 Lenny Wilkens becomes first to coach in 1,000 NBA games when his Seattle SuperSonics defeat the Golden State Warriors, 89-86

  • 1986 Palau signs Compact of Free Association with US
  • 1986 NASA's STS-61-C mission scrubbed T -9m because of bad weather at Florida's Kennedy Space Center

Sports History

1986 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers scores his 34,000th career point during 124-102 win over Indiana Pacers; only NBA player to reach the milestone at that time; remains all-time leader (38,387)

  • 1988 "Don't Get God Started" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 86 performances

Sports History

1989 LA Kings center Wayne Gretzky becomes NHL’s all-time leading scorer in combined regular season & playoff points; 4 assists in 5-4 home win over Edmonton brings his total to 2,011, 1 more than Gordie Howe

  • 1990 "Les Miserables" opens at Mechanic Theatre, Baltimore
  • 1990 NCAA approves random drug testing for college football players
  • 1991 Japan ends routine fingerprinting of all adult ethnic Koreans
  • 1991 US Congress begins debate on Persian Gulf crisis
  • 1992 8th Soap Opera Digest Awards - Days of Our Lives wins
  • 1993 "My Favorite Year" closes at Vivian Beaumont NYC after 37 performances
  • 1993 "Sea Gull" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1993 Maiden flight of Ultrair (Houston to LA)
  • 1994 Trial of Lorena Bobbitt who cut off her husband's penis, begins
  • 1994 Ukraine says it will give up world's 3rd largest nuclear arsenal
  • 1994 Uzbekistan & Kazakhstan agrees to abolish trade tariffs
  • 1995 "Late Late Show" with Tom Snyder premieres on CBS at 12:30 AM; program airs until 1999
  • 1996 Israel frees hundreds of Palestinian prisoners

Sports History

1996 Jimmy Johnson announced as new coach of Miami Dolphins

  • 1996 King Hussein of Jordan visits Israel
  • 1996 Boston guard Dana Barros sinks a 3-point field goal in his 89th straight game, during the Celtics' 113-104 win over Sacramento Kings; NBA record streak ends in next game when he goes 0 from 9
  • 1997 "Rehearsal" closes at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1997 1st Comet of 1997 Discovered: Comet 1997 A1
  • 1997 4,000th episode of "Entertainment Tonight"
  • 1997 Dow Corning provides $295 billion to settle breast implant suits
  • 1997 Italy's new 1,000 lire coin shows divided Germany on map

Historic Event

1997 Arnoldo Aleman sworn in as president of Nicaragua

Hopman Cup

1998 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Karina Habšudová & Karol Kučera beat French pair Mary Pierce & Cédric Pioline 6-3, 6-4 for a 2-1 win, and Slovakia's first title

  • 1998 Utah Jazz head coach Jerry Sloan wins his 600th NBA game with a 111-84 victory at the Houston Rockets

Sports History

1998 Vancouver Canucks veteran center Mark Messier becomes the 6th player in NHL history to record 1,000 assists in a 2-2 tie against the Florida Panthers at General Motors Place

  • 1999 Fatboy Slim (Norman Cook) achieves his third UK No.1 single with 'Praise You'

Film and TV Awards

1999 25th People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Sandra Bullock win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Helen Hunt win (TV)

Television Debut

1999 "The Sopranos", starring James Gandolfini as mobster Tony Soprano, debuts on HBO

  • 2001 A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapses into the sea.
  • 2001 The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge will not be designated as a national monument, the White House announces; a move environmentalist groups had been pressing for to prevent oil drilling
  • 2003 NBA announces Charlotte, N.C. is awarded an NBA expansion franchise to be known as the Charlotte Bobcats and start play in 2004-05; eventually changes to the Charlotte Hornets for the 2014-15 season

Film Awards

2004 9th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King wins Best Film