On This Day

Historical Events on January 13

Historic Event

532 Nika riots begin in Constantinople, revolt against Emperor Justinian I, prompted by chariot racing

  • 888 Odo (Eudes), Count of Paris, succeeds Charles III the Fat to become King of West Francia (888-898)
  • 1099 Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
  • 1404 The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (it was feared that if any alchemist should succeed it would bring ruin upon the state)

Theater Premiere

1605 Controversial play "Eastward Hoe" by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

  • 1607 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain

Historic Discovery

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter

  • 1621 Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
  • 1630 Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony

Historic Event

1630 Chinese Emperor Chongzhen orders the arrest of military general Yuan Chonghuan

Historic Event

1673 Jean Racine's "Mithridate" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1695 Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland

  • 1733 James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1770 Pierre de Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • 1785 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • 1794 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • 1822 The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus
  • 1830 Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 1840 The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives
  • 1842 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1849 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Company
  • 1863 Chenille yarn making machine patented by William Canter in NYC
  • 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: A force of 58 Union ships and over 8,000 troops converge on Fort Fisher, North Carolina
  • 1869 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.
  • 1873 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office of Louisiana Governor
  • 1874 Battle between jobless and police in NYC leaves 100s injured
  • 1874 US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king

Music Release

1882 Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"

  • 1883 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430

Theater Premiere

1883 Henrik Ibsen's play "En Folkefiende" (An Enemy of the People) premieres in Oslo

  • 1893 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • 1893 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • 1894 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops

Historic Event

1895 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Historic Publication

1898 Emile Zola publishes his open letter "J'accuse" accusing the French government of framing Alfred Dreyfus for sabotage

  • 1902 Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)
  • 1903 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown, Pennsylvania killing 170

Music Premiere

1904 Béla Bartók's symphonic poem "Kossuth" premieres by the Budapest Philharmonic Society in Budapest

  • 1908 Stanley Cup, Montreal Arena, Westmount, Quebec: Montreal Wanderers rout Ottawa Victorias, 13-1 for 2-0 sweep of challenge series
  • 1908 Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • 1910 JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows" premieres in Dublin

Theater Premiere

1911 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin

Historic Event

1911 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

  • 1911 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • 1912 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • 1913 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
  • 1915 Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
  • 1915 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • 1917 Train at Ciurea station in Romania catches fire and explodes, between 800-1,000 die, making it the third worst rail accident in history
  • 1917 Ammunitions ship explosion at Ekonomiia port near Archangel, Russia kills many and injures hundreds
  • 1919 Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
  • 1920 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • 1922 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • 1922 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • 1922 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1923 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

  • 1924 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • 1927 US & Mexico battle over oil interests
  • 1928 RCA and GE install three test television sets in homes in Schenectady, New York allowing American inventor E.F.W. Alexanderson to demonstrate the first home television receiver which delivered a poor and unsteady 1.5 square inch picture
  • 1929 Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
  • 1930 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
  • 1934 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR
  • 1935 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • 1938 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution

Treaty of Interest

1939 Belgian premier signs Burgos Treaty for trade relations with Franco's Spain

  • 1939 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
  • 1942 Allied Conference on war trials
  • 1942 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Historic Invention

1942 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

  • 1942 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • 1942 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter

Conference of Interest

1943 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca, French Morocco for a conference of Allied forces in World War II

  • 1943 Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies
  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • 1943 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • 1945 Sergei Prokofiev's 5th Symphony premieres by the USSR State Symphony Orchestra conducted by Prokofiev, in the Great Hall of Moscow Conservatory
  • 1948 1st country music TV show, "Midwestern Hayride", premieres on WLW-T in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1949 "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances
  • 1951 German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
  • 1953 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • 1953 KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1953 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

NBA All-Star Game

1953 3rd NBA All-Star Game, Allen County Coliseum, Fort Wayne, Indiana: West beats East, 79-75; MVP: George Mikan, Minneapolis Lakers, C

  • 1954 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1954 WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
  • 1957 7th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Western Conference beats Eastern Conference, 19-10; MVPs: Bert Rechichar, Baltimore Colts, K; Ernie Stautner, Pittsburgh Steelers, DT

Radio Premiere

1957 "All that Fall", first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Programme

  • 1958 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
  • 1958 US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
  • 1958 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.

Historic Event

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death

  • 1959 King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
  • 1962 "Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater NYC after 400 performances

Sports History

1962 Philadelphia center Wilt Chamberlain scores 73 points in Warriors' 135-117 win over Chicago Packers; at the time, most points scored in NBA regulation game, and remains tied for 3rd-highest total

The Twist Dance Craze

1962 Chubby Checker's song "The Twist", credited with starting the Twist dance craze, goes to #1 in the charts two years after first reaching number one spot

  • 1963 2nd AFL All Star Game, Balboa Stadium, San Diego, California: Western Division beats Eastern Division, 21-14; MVPs: Curtis McClinton, Dallas Texans, RB; Earl Faison, LA Chargers, DE

NFL Pro Bowl

1963 13th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Eastern Conference beats Western Conference, 30-20; MVPs: Jim Brown, Cleveland Browns, RB; Eugene Lipscomb, Pittsburgh Steelers, DT

Historic Event

1964 John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla] becomes archbishop of Krakow

  • 1964 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1964 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Australian Margaret Smith beats doubles partner Lesley Turner 6-3, 6-2 for her 5th Australian singles crown

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1964 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson retains title; beats fellow Australian Fred Stolle 6-3, 6-4, 6-2

NBA All-Star Game

1965 15th NBA All-Star Game, St. Louis Arena, St. Louis, Mo: East beats West, 124-123; MVP: Jerry Lucas, Cincinnati Royals, F

Appointment of Interest

1966 Robert C. Weaver, 1st Black person selected for cabinet by US President Lyndon B. Johnson (Housing and Urban Development - HUD)

  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Bloodless coup in Togo led by Lt. Col. Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo
  • 1967 London/Decca Records release Rolling Stones' single "Let's Spend the Night Together"
  • 1968 "Hallelujah, Baby!" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 293 performances
  • 1968 "Illya Darling" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 320 performances
  • 1968 Minnesota North Stars NHL player Bill Masterson, suffers head injuries during a game and dies two days later, becoming the 1st player to die as result of a game
  • 1970 Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu flees Biafra into exile, leaving his deputy Philip Effiong to surrender to the Nigerian army, unofficially ending the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970 Riots begin in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast
  • 1971 "Soon" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 3 performances

Sports History

1971 In a high profile NHL trade, the Montreal Canadiens obtain future Hockey Hall of Fame left wing Frank Mahovlich from Detroit, in exchange for Bill Collins, Guy Charron and Mickey Redmond

  • 1972 Bernice Gera wins anti-discrimination case against the National Baseball Congressl, initiated March 15, 1971 to be allowed to umpire
  • 1972 An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghana, while the prime minister is in London
  • 1973 "Tricks" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1973 Lasse Daniel Efskind skates world record 1000m (1:17.6)
  • 1974 Super Bowl VIII, Rice Stadium, Houston, TX: Miami Dolphins beat Minnesota Vikings, 24-7; MVP: Larry Csonka, Miami, RB
  • 1974 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.

Historic Event

1975 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

  • 1976 Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NYC Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata"
  • 1976 Future undisputed world middleweight boxing champion Marvin Hagler suffers his first career loss in a controversial 10-round majority decision to Bobby Watts at the Philadelphia Spectrum

Historic Invention

1976 American inventor Ray Kurzweil and the National Federation of the Blind unveil the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first omni-font optical character recognition system

  • 1978 NASA select its first American women astronauts
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam
  • 1979 YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song
  • 1980 "King of Schnorrers" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 63 performances
  • 1980 Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
  • 1980 Togo's constitution becomes effective
  • 1981 Barbara Sonntag, Colo, crochets record 147 stitches/min for 1/2 hour
  • 1981 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson and Howard Nemerov

NHL Record

1981 Islander's Mike Bossy's 15th career hat trick-4 goals

  • 1982 Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstorm, crashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, D.C., & falls into Potomac River, killing 78

Sports History

1983 AMA urges ban on boxing, cites Muhammad Ali's deteriorating condition

  • 1984 TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV
  • 1985 23rd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1)
  • 1985 99 year old Otto Bucher from Switzerland becomes oldest man to record a hole-in-one at Spanish GC La Manga's 130-yard 12th hole
  • 1985 Blackhawk Doug Wilson failed on 12th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1985 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $17.1 million
  • 1985 Express train derails in Ethiopia, killing at least 428

Sports History

1985 John McEnroe repeats previous year's result with a 7–5, 6–0, 6–4 win over Ivan Lendl to claim back-to-back season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis titles at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Sports History

1985 Playing in his 436th career game, Edmonton center Wayne Gretzky scores his 400th career NHL goal and adds 2 assists in a 5-4 Oilers' win over the Sabres in Buffalo

  • 1986 NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams
  • 1986 South Yemen President Ali Nasser Mohammed's bodyguard shoots opponents
  • 1986 ABC's TV premiere of "The Right of The People", whose writer and director is said to have been inspired by the 14 December 1980 massacre at Bob's Big Boy in Los Angeles
  • 1987 Seven top New York City Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each
  • 1987 West German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking

Sports History

1988 LA Dodger/SD Padre Steve Garvey retires

  • 1988 Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities
  • 1989 "Ryan's Hope" ends 13½ year run on ABC-TV
  • 1989 Computers across Britain hit by "Friday the 13th"/Jerusalem virus
  • 1989 Jerry Parks, Oklahoma defensive back, charged with shooting a teammate
  • 1989 Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
  • 1989 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence

Television Debut

1989 British comedy sketch show series "A Bit of Fry and Laurie" starring Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie debuts on BBC1

  • 1990 Douglas Wilder, 1st elected African American Governor inaugurated (Virginia)
  • 1991 12th ACE Cable Awards: Weather Channel wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the hurricane "Hugo"

Election of Interest

1991 President Mário Soares of Portugal re-elected

  • 1991 Football fans of the Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates clash in Orkney, South Africa leading to a riot and 42 deaths in the Oppenheimer Stadium disaster
  • 1991 Soviet troops continue attack on Vilnius, capital of Lithuania; 13 people killed and 140 injured as
  • 1992 Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins

Historic Event

1992 American serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane

  • 1992 Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II
  • 1993 STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1993 French, British, and US fighter jets launch bombing raids in southern Iraq
  • 1994 Italian government of Carlo Ciampi resigns

Sports History

1994 Tonya Harding's bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt & Derrick Brian Smith arrested & charged with conspiracy in attack of figure skater Nancy Kerrigan

  • 1995 26 HNL teams unanimously ratify agreement to end NHL strike
  • 1995 America3 becomes 1st all-female crew to win an America's Cup race
  • 1997 Radical guerrillas hold 72 hostages and shoot at police outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru
  • 1998 "Patti LaBelle On Broadway" opens at St James Theater NYC
  • 1998 CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-years

Sports History

1999 Basketball superstar Michael Jordan announces his second retirement just prior to start of lockout-shortened 1998-99 NBA season; returns in 2001 with Washington

Historic Event

2000 Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position

  • 2001 Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people
  • 2001 Atlanta Hawks retire Dominique Wilkins' No. 21 in pre-game ceremonies at Philips Arena; joins Bob Pettit and Lou Hudson as the only Hawks to have their numbers retired

Film and TV Awards

2002 28th People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Kelsey Grammer, Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Sports History

2002 In a controversial move, Marty Schottenheimer is fired as head coach of the Washington Redskins after just one season

Music History

2003 Rock musician Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. He was later cleared.

  • 2004 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2004 Toronto's Tom Fitzgerald and Gary Roberts become first teammates in NHL history to play their 1,000th NHL game on the same night as the Maple Leafs beat the visiting Calgary Flames, 4-1
  • 2007 Two thirds of the Venus's southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.
  • 2008 Orlando Magic knock down a then NBA-record 23 3-pointers in 37 attempts (62.2%); Jameer Nelson goes 5-for-5 from beyond the arc as Magic beat the Sacramento Kings, 139-107
  • 2009 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2012 Italian cruiseliner Costa Concordia runs aground at Isola de Giglio, Italy, causing 32 deaths
  • 2014 14 people are killed and 7 are injured after an explosion in an illegal gambling hall in Kaili City, China

Football Awards

2014 FIFA Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid & Portugal forward Cristiano Ronaldo ends Lionel Messi's domination of award; FFC Frankfurt goalkeeper Nadine Angerer takes women's award

  • 2015 TV comedy "Schitt's Creek" created by and starring Eugene Levy and Dan Levy premieres on CBC in Canada
  • 2016 Record Powerball lottery held in America - $1.6 billion, (3 winning tickets)
  • 2017 Cricket all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan scores Bangladesh's top Test score ever (217) during the 1st Test v New Zealand in Wellington
  • 2018 Early-morning ballistic missile alert sent across Hawaii in error, revoked after 38 minutes

Music History

2018 Actor Mark Wahlberg donates his $1.5M re-shoot fee for the film "All The Money In The World" to "Time's Up" movement after revelation co-star Michelle Williams was only paid $1000