On This Day

Historical Events on January 14

  • 378 General Siyaj K'ak', a Mayan warlord, conquers Tikal and increases the domain of Teotihuacan
  • 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes
  • 1343 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)

Historic Event

1501 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17

Papal Bull

1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery

Treaty of Interest

1526 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

  • 1601 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1639 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • 1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
  • 1659 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1690 The musical instrument, the clarinet is invented in Nürnberg, Germany
  • 1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717 German mob leader and thief "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo

Historic Event

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army leaves Glasgow, Scotland [OS=Jan 3]

  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • 1784 US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War, and forwards it to Great Britain

Music History

1785 Amadeus Mozart completes his "Dissonanzenquartett / "Dissonance quartet" (opus 10)

  • 1794 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Virginia, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

Contract of Interest

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

  • 1799 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti

Assassination Attempt

1858 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

  • 1861 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Historic Event

1864 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • 1868 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868 South Carolina constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • 1873 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark by its inventor, John Wesley Hyatt
  • 1873 Prominent African American Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate (though never seated due to state elections controversy)
  • 1874 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • 1878 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 1897 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed by European expedition led by British mountaineer Edward FitzGerald
  • 1898 Australian cricketer Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)

Music Premiere

1900 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome

  • 1905 Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000
  • 1908 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)

Historic Expedition

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf

  • 1912 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France

Agreement of Interest

1914 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

  • 1916 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • 1918 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1919 John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham and Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
  • 1924 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • 1925 Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin
  • 1927 Toronto Maple Leafs 1st hat trick (Hap Day) vs NY Rangers
  • 1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1932 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah

Hall of Fame

1932 Racing Hall of Fame jockey Eddie Arcaro wins his 1st race

  • 1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • 1935 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: In an all-British final Dorothy Round Little defeats Nancy Lyle 1-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • 1935 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Home favourite Jack Crawford wins his 4th Australian title; beats Fred Perry of England 2-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4

Historic Event

1936 L. M. (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

  • 1938 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • 1939 All commercial ferry services between San Francisco and East Bay end
  • 1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
  • 1940 Commissioner Kenesaw Landis gives free agency to 91 Detroit Tigers
  • 1940 2nd NFL All Star Game, Gilmore Stadium, LA, CA: Green Bay Packers beat NFL All-Stars, 16-7
  • 1942 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • 1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, withdrawal of its troops from Guadalcanal

Historic Event

1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel overseas by airplane

Casablanca Conference

1943 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and other Allied representatives

  • 1943 Montreal Canadiens' left wing Alex Smart becomes the first NHL rookie to score a hat trick in his first NHL game, a 5-1 win at home over the Chicago Black Hawks
  • 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1945 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1946 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • 1946 1946 NFL Draft: Frank Dancewicz from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • 1949 Black and Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • 1950 "As the Girls Go" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 420 performances
  • 1950 US recalls all consular officials from China

NFL Pro Bowl

1951 1st NFL Pro Bowl, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: American Conference beats National Conference, 28-27; MVP: Otto Graham, Cleveland Browns, QB

  • 1952 "Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
  • 1952 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • 1952 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • 1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1953 WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting

Election of Interest

1953 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)

  • 1954 Sandy Wilson's musical "The Boy Friend" opens at Wyndham's Theatre, in London's West End
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation
  • 1955 Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony premieres by the Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by the composer, in Carnegie Hall, New York City
  • 1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1957 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • 1960 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
  • 1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established
  • 1961 Chicago Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL

NFL Pro Bowl

1962 12th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Western Conference beats Eastern Conference, 31-30; MVPs: Jim Brown, Cleveland Browns, RB; Henry Jordan, Green Bay Packers, DT

Historic Event

1963 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

  • 1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later

NBA All-Star Game

1964 14th NBA All-Star Game, Boston Garden: East beats West, 111-107; MVP: Oscar Robertson, Cincinnati Royals, PG

  • 1964 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row

TV Show Appearance

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination

Music Single

1966 David Bowie releases his 1st single "Can't Help Thinking About Me"

  • 1967 20,000 attend Human Be-In, San Francisco
  • 1967 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
  • 1967 New York Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments

Music Single

1967 Sonny & Cher release single "Beat Goes On"

Super Bowl

1968 Super Bowl II, Miami Orange Bowl, Miami, FL: Green Bay Packers beat Oakland Raiders, 33-14; MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB

  • 1969 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
  • 1969 Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
  • 1969 Matt Busby retires from Manchester United
  • 1969 19th NBA All-Star Game, Baltimore Civic Centre: East beats West, 123-112; MVP: Oscar Robertson, Cincinnati Royals, PG
  • 1970 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969
  • 1971 John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs
  • 1972 "Sanford & Son" starring Redd Foxx premieres on NBC TV
  • 1972 WMAH TV channel 19 in Biloxi, Mississippi (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 WMAU TV channel 17 in Bude, Mississippi (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 WMAW TV channel 14 in Meridian, Mississippi (PBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1972 Margrethe II of Denmark becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412

  • 1973 Grateful Dead bass player, Phil Lesh, busted on drugs in California
  • 1973 Super Bowl VII, LA Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles, CA: Miami Dolphins beat Washington Redskins, 14-7; MVP: Jake Scott, Miami, S
  • 1973 Dancer Roy Castle is measured at 1,440 taps/min on BBC TV
  • 1973 2 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the Irish Republican Army

Music Concert

1973 "Aloha from Hawaii", an Elvis Presley concert, becomes the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer

  • 1974 World Football League founded
  • 1975 Anita Wold (Norway) sets women's ski jump distance record-98 m
  • 1975 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • 1975 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England

NBA All-Star Game

1975 25th NBA All-Star Game, Arizona Vets Memorial Coliseum, Phoenix, Az: East beats West, 108-102; MVP: Walt Frazier, NY Knicks, PG

  • 1976 "The Bionic Woman" with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC)

Sports History

1976 Ted Turner becomes CEO of Atlanta Braves

  • 1977 "Fantasy Island" starring Ricardo Montalbán and Hervé Villechaize premieres on ABC TV
  • 1977 RCA releases David Bowie's 11th studio album, "Low"

Historic Event

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

Sports History

1979 John McEnroe wins his first of 3 season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis titles 6–7, 6–3, 7–5 against fellow American Arthur Ashe at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Sports History

1979 Puerto Rican boxer Wilfred Benitez beats WBC welterweight champion Carlos Palomino of Mexico in a 15-round split decision in San Juan, Puerto Rico; becomes two-division champion at the age of 20

  • 1981 US Federal Communications Commission frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish

Music History

1984 Madonna 1st sings "Holiday" on American Bandstand

  • 1984 Ray 'Boom Boom' Mancini scores a 3rd-round TKO of Bobby Chacon to retain his WBA lightweight title in Reno, Nevada; Chacon so severely battered he thanks referee Richard Steele for stopping the fight
  • 1985 16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees

Sports History

1985 Martina Navratilova is 3rd to win 100 tennis tournaments (Connors & Evert)

  • 1985 British pound sinks to record low $US1.11
  • 1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect
  • 1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only the second freely elected President of Guatemala since CIA-sponsored coup in 1954
  • 1987 Catfish Hunter and Billy Williams are elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1989 "Romance/Romance" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 297 performances

Historic Event

1989 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England

  • 1989 29 year old French woman gives birth to sextuplets in Paris
  • 1989 Former Belgian premier Paul Vanden Boeynants kidnapped
  • 1990 11th ACE Cable Awards: CNN wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the events in Beijing, China
  • 1990 Un Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar says he has lost all hope for peace in Gulf

AFC Championship

1990 AFC Championship, Mile High Stadium, Denver: Denver Broncos beat Cleveland Browns 37-21

  • 1990 NFC Championship, Candlestick Park, SF: San Francisco 49ers beat Los Angeles Rams, 30-3
  • 1991 "Barbara DeAngelis Show" premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias sworn in as President of Guatemala
  • 1991 Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys, California
  • 1991 Valentin Pavlov become new premier of USSR

Music History

1993 "Anna Christie" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 54 performances, starring Natasha Richardson and Liam Neeson,

Film & TV History

1993 David Letterman announces his show is moving from NBC to CBS

  • 1993 Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die

NBA Record

1993 Utah Jazz center Mark Eaton blocks 2 shots in a 96-89 win over Seattle SuperSonics; becomes only 2nd player in NBA history (along with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar) to record 3,000 career blocks

  • 1994 Inna Lassovskaya triple-jumps ladies world record (14.61m)
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands
  • 1994 The Duchess of Kent converts to Catholicism, the first member of the Royal Family to do so in more than 300 years
  • 1995 10,000 South Africans attend state funeral of Joe Slovo
  • 1995 16th ACE Cable Awards: John Malone wins the Golden CableACE for outstanding achievements in advancing the development of cable programming

Historic Event

1995 Mexico pledges profits from state-owned Pemex's $7-billion-per-year oil revenues in an effort to secure US congressional approval of loan guarantees; President Clinton approves a $20-billion U.S. aid package for Mexico

Sports History

1995 Vinny Pazienza beats Panamanian boxing legend Roberto Durán in a 12-round unanimous decision in a super middleweight bout in Atlantic City; 2nd time in 6 months Pazienza wears down 43-year-old Duran in a high profile pay-pay-view bout

  • 1996 "Holiday" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1996 "Swinging On a Star" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 97 performances
  • 1996 AFC Championship, Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Indianapolis Colts, 20-16
  • 1996 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium: Dallas Cowboys beat Green Bay Packers, 38-27
  • 1998 100th episode of "Ellen" airs

Sports History

1998 Charles Barkley pleads not guilty to an assault charge

  • 1998 Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis)
  • 1999 Mel Lastman, Mayor of Toronto, calls in the Army to help with snow removal and emergency medical evacuations after major snowstorm hits the city
  • 2000 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.

Music History

2001 Jennifer Lopez scored her first UK No.1 single with 'Love Don't Cost A Thing'

  • 2001 AFC Championship, Network Associates Coliseum, Oakland: Baltimore Ravens beat Oakland Raiders, 16-3
  • 2001 NFC Championship, Giants Stadium, East Rutherford: New York Giants beat Minnesota Vikings, 41-0
  • 2002 UK declared free of foot-and-mouth cattle disease
  • 2004 The national flag of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag" restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years
  • 2005 Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan

Historic Event

2007 Legendary Russian test pilot Marina Popovich is awarded the honorary title "The Hero of the Nation" by the Russian Federation

  • 2008 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a Mercury flyby
  • 2010 Yemen declares war on al-Qaeda
  • 2011 Stampede near Sabarimala in Kerala, India kills 104 devotees and injures 100 more
  • 2011 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2011 16th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Social Network wins Best Film
  • 2012 Suicide bomber kills 53 and injures 130 in Basra, Iraq
  • 2012 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2014 American journalist David Satter is expelled from Russia

Album Release

2014 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 18th studio album "High Hopes", produced with members of the E Street Band, including the deceased Danny Federici and Clarence Clemons

  • 2015 63 people are killed and 70,000 are left homeless after floods devastate Mozambique and Malawi
  • 2016 Sixth republican presidential candidates debate hosted by Fox, held in North Charleston, South Carolina

Historic Event

2019 US President Donald Trump denies he is a Russian agent after NY Times article states the FBI started an investigation and the Washington Post raised issues over a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin

  • 2019 China posts shock drop in trade figures with a 4.4% fall in exports for December and a 7.6% fall in imports
  • 2019 Pawel Adamowicz, Mayor of Gdańsk, Poland, stabbed on stage at charity event. Dies two days later.
  • 2019 US Republican leaders strip Congressman Steve King from House committees after series of racist comments
  • 2019 Americans chance of dying from an accidental opioid overdose higher than a car accident for the first time, according to US National Safety Council
  • 2019 Spinning disk of ice 300m wide, resembling the moon, forms in the Presumpscot river, Westbrook, Maine

Historic Event

2020 US game show Jeopardy "greatest of all time" tournament won by Ken Jennings