On This Day

Historical Events on January 18

  • 336 St Mark elected Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman Emperor Constans is deposed by General Magnentius who proclaims himself the new Emperor
  • 474 Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor

BattleBattle of Interest

532 Nika uprising against Emperor Justinian I in Constantinople fails, 30,000 killed by troops loyal to the Emperor in the Hippodrome

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 1126 Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Qinzong
  • 1307 German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia
  • 1478 Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II

Victory in battleNew Settlement

1535 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1562 The Council of Trent is reopened by Pope Pius IV for its third (and final) session
  • 1591 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1644 Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting
  • 1650 French Prince Louis II of Condé captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1691 English King William III travels to The Hague

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1701 Frederick I and Sophie Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia
  • 1733 1st polar bear exhibited in America in Boston

  • 1776 James Wright, Royal Governor of Georgia, is placed under house arrest by Major Joseph Habersham
  • 1777 San Jose in California founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1779 John Dickinson is appointed a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • 1788 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • 1795 French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1840 The Electro-Magnet, and Mechanics Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 1850 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • 1854 Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico
  • 1862 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1865 Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 1866 Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • 1869 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco

The <b>German</b> EmpireThe German Empire

1871 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1884 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 1884 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
  • 1886 Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England
  • 1896 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)

  • 1896 British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • 1896 First college basketball game with 5 players on each side is conducted by the University of Iowa; invites student athletes from University of Chicago for an experimental game; Chicago beats Iowa 15-12
  • 1900 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1901 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1902 Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama
  • 1903 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • 1905 French government of Combes falls
  • 1908 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • 1911 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • 1913 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • 1915 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • 1915 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1916 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • 1919 Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England
  • 1919 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Composer and musician Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Polish Prime Minister

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1921 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • 1923 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • 1929 "NY Daily Mirror" columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio
  • 1930 -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1930 Dmitri Shostakovich's satirical opera "The Nose" premieres in Leningrad

  • 1933 White Sands National Monument in New Mexico established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1938 Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1941 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • 1942 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

1943 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

Learn More
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Learn More
  • 1943 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • 1944 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music concertMusic Concert

1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
Clarinetist and Bandleader Benny Goodman
Clarinetist and Bandleader
Benny Goodman
  • 1945 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1947 "Red Mill" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 831 performances

AgreementContract of Interest

1947 Detroit Tigers sell Hank Greenberg to Pirates (for $25-35,000)

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • 1947 Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400
  • 1948 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 1948 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • 1949 "They Stand Accused" courtroom drama premieres on CBS (later DuMont)
  • 1949 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • 1950 Christopher Fry's "Venus Observed" premieres in London
  • 1950 Indians pitcher Bob Feller, after 15-14 season, takes $20,000 salary cut to $45,000, pay cut is Feller's own suggestion
  • 1951 1st use of lie detector in Netherlands
  • 1951 Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against GDR"
  • 1951 NFL rules tackles, guards & centers ineligible for forward pass
  • 1951 NFL takes control of failing Baltimore Colts
  • 1951 1951 NFL Draft: Kyle Rote from SMU first pick by New York Giants
  • 1951 Mount Lamington in Papua New Guinea erupts, killing 2,942 people
  • 1954 Amintore Fanfani forms Italian government
  • 1955 Battle of Yijiangshan Islands between Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the People's Liberation Army

Sport awardNBA All-Star Game

1955 5th NBA All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden NYC: East beats West, 100-91; MVP: Bill Sharman, Boston Celtics, G

NBA Guard Bill Sharman
NBA Guard
Bill Sharman
  • 1956 German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army)
  • 1957 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min
  • 1958 Willie O’Ree is the 1st African-American to appear in the NHL, making his debut for the Boston Bruins in a 3-0 victory in Montreal
  • 1960 US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
  • 1960 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board

  • 1961 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat
  • 1962 Southern University closed due to demonstrations
  • 1962 US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10:59)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Al Davis becomes the head coach and general manager of the Oakland Raiders

American Football Coach and Executive Al Davis
American Football Coach and Executive
Al Davis
  • 1964 The Beatles make their first appearance on US Billboard Chart with single "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at #45
  • 1964 Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC)
  • 1965 H L de Vries appointed Dutch governor of Suriname
  • 1966 Robert C Weaver, confirmed as 1st black cabinet member (HUD)

Sport awardNHL All-Star Game

1967 20th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: Montreal Canadiens beat All-Stars, 3-0; MVP: Henri Richard, Montreal, C

Ice Hockey Great Henri Richard
Ice Hockey Great
Henri Richard
  • 1967 Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 "Happy Time" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 286 performances
  • 1968 Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Expanded 4 party Vietnam peace talks began in Paris
  • 1969 United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay, killing all 38 people on-board
  • 1970 Hasse Borjes skates world record 500m in 38.9 sec

Sport awardNFL Pro Bowl

1970 20th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: West beats East, 16-13; MVPs: Gale Sayers, Chicago Bears, HB; George Andrie, Dallas Cowboys, DE

NFL Running Back Gale Sayers
NFL Running Back
Gale Sayers
  • 1971 Ivan Koloff beats Bruno Sammartino in New York, to become WWF champ

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling

Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 1972 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Brian Faulkner bans all parades and marches in Northern Ireland until the end of the year
  • 1972 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested

Sport awardNBA All-Star Game

1972 22nd NBA All Star Game, The Forum, Inglewood, Ca: West beats East, 112-110: MVP: Jerry West, LA Lakers, G, hits a last-second, 20-foot game-winning jumper

NBA Guard Jerry West
NBA Guard
Jerry West
  • 1973 Boston Red Sox sign Orlando Cepeda as 1st player signed as a DH
  • 1973 Islanders break 12 game losing streak, 20 game road winless streak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 John Cleese's final episode on "Monty Python's Flying Circus" on BBC TV

Actor, Comedian John Cleese
Actor, Comedian
John Cleese
Comedian and Actor Michael Palin
Comedian and Actor
Michael Palin
  • 1974 "$6 Million Man" starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV
  • 1974 Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord

  • 1975 "Jeffersons" spinoff from "All in the Family" premieres on CBS
  • 1976 Super Bowl X, Miami Orange Bowl, Miami, FL: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17; MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Pakistan cricket all-rounder Imran Khan takes 6 for 63 in the Australian 2nd innings for a match total of 12 to lead his side to an easy 8 wicket 3rd Test win in Sydney

Cricketer and Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan
Cricketer and Prime Minister of Pakistan
Imran Khan
  • 1977 Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
  • 1977 Australia's worst rail disaster occurs in Sydney, killing 83 people
  • 1978 Geoff Boycott captains England for the 1st time, v Pakistan at Karachi
  • 1978 Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut collapses (no injuries)
  • 1978 Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB
  • 1979 Peter Jenkins finishes "A Walk Across America" at Florence, Oregon
  • 1980 Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce

Music release#1 in the Charts

1980 Pink Floyd's album "The Wall" hits #1

Rock Bassist and Vocalist Roger Waters
Rock Bassist and Vocalist
Roger Waters
Singer-songwriter and Producer David Gilmour
Singer-songwriter and Producer
David Gilmour
  • 1980 Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000
  • 1981 Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets
  • 1981 Punk singer Wendy O. Williams arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity (later cleared)
  • 1981 Phil Smith and Phil Mayfield become the first two people to BASE jump from objects in all four categories (buildings, cliffs, bridges, antennae) after parachuting off a Houston skyscraper

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Swedish tennis star Björn Borg claims his second straight ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6–4, 6–2, 6–2 win over Ivan Lendl at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Tennis Player Björn Borg
Tennis Player
Björn Borg
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ivan Lendl
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ivan Lendl

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 IOC restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals (Pentathlon & Decathlon victories) 70 years after they were taken from him for being paid $25 in semi-pro baseball

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1983 Dick Motta becomes the 5th NBA coach to record 600 wins as his Dallas Mavericks defeat the Golden State Warriors, 112-102 in Oakland
  • 1984 80th Islander & 3rd dual hat trick (Carroll & Bossy) 9-1 win
  • 1985 US renounces jurisdiction of World Court despite previous promise
  • 1986 24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth
  • 1986 AIDS charity record "That's What Friends are For" hits #1
  • 1986 NY Lotto pays $30.5 million to one winner (#s are 19-20-27-34-41-46)
  • 1987 3rd Soap Opera Digest Awards - Days of Our Lives wins
  • 1988 Airliner crashes in SW China, killing all 108 on board
  • 1989 Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC)
  • 1989 IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988
  • 1989 West Indies beat Australia in a rain-affected 3rd final in Sydney to win cricket's World Series Cup Tri-Series, 2-1; match reduced to 18 overs
  • 1990 South Africa says it is reconsidering ban on African National Congress
  • 1990 Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting

  • 1991 Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 US acknowledges CIA and US Army paid Manuel Noriega $320,000 over his career

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1991 WLAF's NY Knights become NY-NJ Knights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Longest tennis match at the Australian Open, Boris Becker beats Italy's Omar Camporese in 5 hours & 11 mins

Tennis Legend Boris Becker
Tennis Legend
Boris Becker
Tennis Player Omar Camporese
Tennis Player
Omar Camporese
  • 1991 Eastern Air Lines goes out of business after 62 years, citing financial problems.

Sport awardNHL All-Star Game

1992 43rd NHL All-Star Game, Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA: Campbell beats Wales, 10-6; MVP: Brett Hull, St. Louis, RW

NHL Legend Brett Hull
NHL Legend
Brett Hull

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

1992 49th Golden Globes: Bugsy, Nick Nolte and Jodie Foster win

Actress Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
  • 1992 Comedian Pat McCormick injured in a car accident

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Martin Luther King Jr. holiday observed in all 50 states of the USA for 1st time

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1993 West Indies beat Australia 2-0 win cricket's World Series Cup
  • 1994 The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute.
  • 1995 Kumble takes 16-99 in match for Karnataka v Kerala

BeatificationPapal Visit

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to Australia

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1996 Baseball owners unanimously approve interleague play in 1997
  • 1997 47th NHL All-Star Game, San Jose Arena, San Jose, CA: East beats West, 11-7; Mark Recchi, Montreal, RW
  • 1997 In north west Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers and seriously wound one other.
  • 1997 Boerge Ousland of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided
  • 1998 "Ragtime" opens at Ford Theater NYC
  • 1998 48th NHL All-Star Game, General Motors Place, Vancouver, BC: North America beats World, 8-7; MVP: Teemu Selanne, Anaheim, RW
  • 1998 ABL All-Star Game at Disney complex in Orlando
  • 1998 Boston Celtics retire Robert Parrish's #00

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

1998 55th Golden Globes: "Titanic", Peter Fonda, & Judi Dench win

Actress Judi Dench
Judi Dench

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Larry Bird returns to Boston as head coach of the Indiana Pacers for the first time, as former Celtics center Robert Parish is honoured by having his No. 00 raised to the Fleet Center rafters

NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend
Larry Bird
  • 2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
  • 2001 New York's Mike Richter picks up his 267th career NHL win to become the winningest goaltender in team history; passes Ed Giacomin; Rangers beat the visiting Toronto Maple Leafs, 2-1 in overtime
  • 2002 Sierra Leone Civil War finally declared over.
  • 2003 A bushfire kills 4 people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.
  • 2004 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Indianapolis Colts, 24-14
  • 2004 NFC Championship, Lincoln Financial Field, Philadelphia: Carolina Panthers beat Philadelphia Eagles, 14-3
  • 2005 The world's largest commercial jet, the Airbus A380, is unveiled in France

  • 2007 Hurricane Kyrill: kills at least 44 in Western Europe: strongest British storm in 17 years kills 14 people, worst German storm since 1999 with 13 deaths and causes container Ship MSC Napoli to be destroyed off coast of Devon

United <b>Nations</b>United Nations

2008 The United Nations announce George Clooney as a UN messenger of peace

  • 2009 AFC Championship, Heinz Field, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Baltimore Ravens, 23-14
  • 2009 NFC Championship, University of Phoenix Stadium: Arizona Cardinals beat Philadelphia Eagles, 32-25
  • 2012 Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) blackout becomes the largest protest in the history of the internet

AgreementContract of Interest

2013 Former New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin is indicted on corruption charges stemming from post-Hurricane Katrina business contracts and bribes

Mayor of New Orleans Ray Nagin
Mayor of New Orleans
Ray Nagin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Brandon Boyd announces his new band, Sons of the Sea

Musician Brandon Boyd
Brandon Boyd

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

2014 20th Screen Actors Guild Awards: Matthew McConaughey and Cate Blanchett win

  • 2015 AB de Villiers makes the fastest century in ODI cricket history from 31 balls against the West Indies
  • 2015 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Indianapolis Colts, 45-7
  • 2015 NFC Championship, CenturyLink Field, Seattle: Seattle Seahawks beat Green Bay Packers, 28-22 (OT)
  • 2016 World's 62 richest people are now as wealthy as half the world's population according to a report published by Oxfam

Hall of fameHall of Fame

2017 Baseball Hall of Fame adds Jeff Bagwell, Tim Raines and Ivan Rodriguez

MLB Outfielder Tim Raines
MLB Outfielder
Tim Raines
  • 2017 NASA and NOAA announce that 2016 was the hottest year on record, surpassing the previous record set in 2015 which itself topped a record set in 2014
  • 2018 First drone rescue of swimmers by lifeguards in New South Wales, Australia
  • 2018 Brazilian surfer Maya Gabeira rides the largest-ever wave by a female surfer at 20.72 m (68 ft) at Praia do Norte in Nazaréin, Portugal
  • 2020 Premiership Rugby announces reigning European and English champions Saracens to be relegated for exceeding salary cap the previous 3 seasons; club fined £5.3m and docked 35 Premiership points