On This Day

Historical Events on January 1 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 495

  • 1942 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • 1943 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • 1943 Negro Baseball League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown; admitted to hospital for rest and treatment; released in time for pre-season training
  • 1943 Chicago Black Hawks field first trio of brothers to play together in an NHL game; Max, Doug and Reggie Bentley appear for the Hawks in a 6-5 win over the New York Rangers at Chicago Stadium
  • 1944 1st feature-length foreign movie "African Journey", shown on TV, NYC
  • 1944 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • 1944 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of US 7th Army
  • 1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • 1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Historic Event

1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • 1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
  • 1947 Benelux agrees to work related issues
  • 1947 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
  • 1947 WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, D.C. (MET) begins broadcasting
  • 1948 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Sports History

1948 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman scores 132 on first day of 3rd Test v India; follows up with 127no in 2nd innings; Australia wins by 233

  • 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • 1948 Orissa province accedes to India
  • 1948 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • 1948 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • 1948 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
  • 1949 KPRC TV channel 2 in Houston, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 KTTV TV channel 11 in Los Angeles, CA (MET) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
  • 1949 Arguably cricket's greatest ever batsman, ex-Australian captain Don Bradman is knighted; first time a cricketer is bestowed with the honour solely for his contribution to the game
  • 1950 Dutch government raises all wages 5%, minimally fl. 5 per week

Battle of Interest

1950 Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China

  • 1950 The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India.
  • 1951 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines

Music History

1952 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 5th string quartet

  • 1953 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • 1953 WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1953 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • 1953 The first TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK
  • 1954 KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Rose & Cotton Bowl are 1st sport colorcasts
  • 1954 WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast

Historic Event

1954 Yugoslav parliament chairman and Vice President Milovan Djilas criticizes communism

  • 1954 NBC broadcasts 1st live color US coast-to-coast telecast, the Tournament of Roses Parade, from Pasadena, California
  • 1955 Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1955 WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, FL (CBS) begins
  • 1956 KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, Nebraska (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
  • 1956 WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people

Music History

1957 Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince & the Pauper," premieres in London

  • 1957 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep
  • 1957 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year)

Historic Event

1957 George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

  • 1957 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest.
  • 1958 BOAC Britannia flies London to NY in a record 7h57m
  • 1958 European Economic Community, better known as the European Common Market starts operation
  • 1958 WMBD TV channel 31 in Peoria, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1959 Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic

  • 1959 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • 1959 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • 1960 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs
  • 1960 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France

Music Concert

1960 Johnny Cash plays first of many free concerts behind bars at San Quentin Prison, California; Merle Haggard among the inmate audience

  • 1960 Montserrat adopts constitution
  • 1960 A photograph of a South African boy in a torn vest is published in the Daily Herald; it was illegal to employ a 'native' under 18 in the mines under the Native Labour Regulation Act
  • 1961 Briggs Stadium, home of baseball's Detroit Tigers is officially renamed Tigers Stadium
  • 1961 Largest check issued, National Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
  • 1961 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
  • 1961 1st AFL Championship, Jeppesen Stadium, Houston; Houston Oilers beat Los Angeles Chargers, 24-16; QB George Blanda 3 TD passes, 3 conversions and a field goal
  • 1962 Beatles' Decca Records audition is unsuccessful - they are told “guitar groups are on the way out..."
  • 1962 Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium
  • 1962 Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa
  • 1962 United States Navy SEALs established.
  • 1963 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
  • 1963 WTEV (now WLNE) TV channel 6 in Providence RI begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1964 KNMT TV channel 12 in Walker, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 KTVS TV channel 3 in Sterling, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Top of the Pops, British pop music television program premieres; acts performing include Dusty Springfield; The Rolling Stones; Dave Clark Five: The Hollies; Swinging Blue; and The Beatles
  • 1965 International Cooperation Year begins
  • 1965 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
  • 1965 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul.

Film & TV History

1965 American actor George Murphy begins his term as Senator of California

  • 1965 49 year old former England international soccer forward Stanley Matthews becomes only player to be awarded a knighthood while still playing (Stoke City)
  • 1966 12 day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway
  • 1966 Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches #1 on the Billboard Hot 100
  • 1966 All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health"
  • 1967 Canadian Amateur Football Association formally becomes successor to Canadian Rugby Football Union; turns over the Grey Cup trophy to the CFL
  • 1967 Second day's play in Calcutta 2nd cricket Test, India v W Indies is cancelled by riots; ticket holders denied access starts trouble outside ground; escalates with fires in stands and pitch damage; WI win by 45
  • 1967 FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different
  • 1967 NFL Championship, Cotton Bowl, Dallas: Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys, 34-27
  • 1967 AFL Championship, War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo: Kansas City Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills, 31-7; QB Len Dawson passes for 2 TDs, RB Mike Garrett runs for 2 TDs
  • 1967 St Helena adopts constitution
  • 1967 Tonga revises constitution
  • 1967 WABW TV channel 14 in Pelham, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 ABC radio splits into 4 networks (Info, Entertainment, Contemp & FM)
  • 1968 Netherlands gets color TV
  • 1968 WDCO TV channel 15 in Cochran, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Pennsylvania Railroad and NYC Central merge into Pennsylvania Central
  • 1969 Jack Kent Cooke, owner of NHL's LA Kings, fines each player $100 for "NOT" arguing with the referee
  • 1969 People's Democracy (PD) begin a march from Belfast to Derry, inspired by ML King's Selma to Montgomery march in the US
  • 1970 "The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT)
  • 1970 Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established
  • 1970 Charles "Chub" Feeney becomes president of baseball's National League
  • 1970 The Netherland Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms
  • 1970 Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect
  • 1970 The University College of Zululand, formerly affiliated to the University of South Africa, attains full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand.
  • 1970 The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), an infantry regiment of the British Army, comes into existence
  • 1970 US Federal oil depletion allowance reduced from 27.5 to 22.0 percent
  • 1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
  • 1972 "Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 690 performances
  • 1972 "On the Town" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 65 performances
  • 1972 "Promises Promises" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 performances
  • 1972 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1972 International Book Year begins
  • 1972 KDSD TV channel 16 in Aberdeen, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Policewomen are enlisted as full members of South African Police Force for the first time.
  • 1973 Britain, Ireland and Denmark become 7th, 8th and 9th members of the European Common Market
  • 1973 West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta)
  • 1973 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Home favourite John Newcombe beats Onny Parun of New Zealand 6-3, 6-7, 7-5, 6-1 for his first Australian title

Sports History

1974 Lee MacPhail takes over as AL president, succeeding Joe Cronin

  • 1974 NBC radio begins on the hour news 24 hours a day (following CBS lead)
  • 1974 World Population Year begins
  • 1974 With effect from this date the New Zealand government terminates all tariff preferences previously granted to South Africa

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1974 Australian Open Men's Tennis: American Jimmy Connors wins his only Australian title; beats home favourite Phil Dent 7-6, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3

  • 1974 Ernie DiGregorio of Buffalo hands out 25 assists in the Braves' 120-119 win over Portland, establishing an NBA single-game record for assists by a rookie

Historic Event

1975 H. R. Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell and Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes

  • 1975 International Women's Year begins
  • 1975 Sweden adopts constitution
  • 1975 U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers
  • 1975 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Home favourite John Newcombe wins 7th and last career Grand Slam singles title; beats Jimmy Connors of the US 7-5, 3-6, 6-4, 7-6
  • 1976 "A Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater, NYC after 92 performances

Liberty Bell

1976 Liberty Bell moves to new home across the street from Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • 1976 NBC replaces "peacock" logo with large block "N"; Design of new logo approached $1M, and was subject to copyright infringement suit costing NBC an additional $800K
  • 1976 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields

Sports History

1976 After 45 years of coaching, Paul Brown (Cleveland Browns; Cincinnati Bengals) announces his retirement from the National Football League

  • 1977 1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means)
  • 1977 Belgium reapportions 2,359 communities into 596
  • 1977 Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77
  • 1978 Alex Bradford, Vinnette Carroll, and Micki Grant's musical "Your Arm's Too Short To Box With God" closes at Lyceum Theatre, NYC, after 429 performances and 1 Tony Award
  • 1978 Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213
  • 1978 News editor Donald Woods finally arrives in London after escaping the apartheid regime in South Africa
  • 1978 Los Angeles Police chief Edward Davis retires from police force

AFC Championship

1978 AFC Championship, Mile High Stadium, Denver: Denver Broncos beat Oakland Raiders, 20-17

  • 1978 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium, Irving: Dallas Cowboys beat Minnesota Vikings, 23-6
  • 1979 International Year of the Child begins
  • 1979 Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established
  • 1979 US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations
  • 1979 John Y. Brown attends his first game as owner of the Boston Celtics NBA franchise after trading the Buffalo Braves to previous Celtics owner, Irving H. Levin
  • 1980 Chrysler UK renamed Talbot
  • 1980 International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins
  • 1980 Mob storms Russian embassy in Tehran
  • 1980 Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal
  • 1980 Sweden changes order of succession to throne
  • 1980 Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1980 Australian Open Women's Tennis: In an all-American final Barbara Jordan wins her first and only Grand Slam singles title; beats Sharon Walsh 6-3, 6-3

Historic Event

1980 Comic strip "The Far Side" by Gary Larson debuts in The San Francisco Chronicle

  • 1981 Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community
  • 1981 International Year for the Disabled begins
  • 1981 Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing
  • 1981 Roger Smith becomes CEO of General Motors

Historic Publication

1981 Peruvian novelist Mario Vargas Llosa publishes his historical novel "The War of the End of the World"

  • 1982 30 Something stars Ken Olin & Patricia Wettig meet, later they marry
  • 1982 Peru's Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1982 MTA launches a 5 year capital program to upgrade the NYC subway system

Historic Event

1982 Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland

  • 1983 PGA inaugurates all-exempt tour
  • 1983 World Communications Year begins
  • 1983 TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol
  • 1983 'New age music' radio program "Hearts of Space" makes its national syndication debut on U.S. National Public Radio
  • 1984 AT&T's 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies
  • 1984 Brunei becomes independent of UK
  • 1984 NYC transit fare rises from 75 cents to 90 cents
  • 1985 International Youth Year begins
  • 1985 US's 1st mandatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY)
  • 1985 VH-1 made its broadcasting debut
  • 1985 The Internet's Domain Name System is created.
  • 1985 The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone
  • 1986 Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao

Music History

1986 American singer Barbra Streisand and hairdresser/film producer Jon Peters' romantic relationship ends

  • 1986 International Peace Year begins
  • 1986 NYC transit fare rises from 90 cents to $1.00
  • 1986 Spain & Portugal are 11th & 12th to join European Economic Community
  • 1986 South African Government closes its borders with Lesotho, cutting off important food and fuel supplies, after Lesotho refuses to sign a non-aggression pact
  • 1987 60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico
  • 1987 China's rudimentary civil code in effect
  • 1987 International Year of Shelter for Homeless begins
  • 1988 Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen
  • 1988 Year of the Reader begins
  • 1989 NYC transit fare rises from $1.00 to $1.15
  • 1989 Year of the Young Reader begins

Hopman Cup

1989 1st Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Helena Suková & Miloslav Mečíř win inaugural event for Czechoslovakia; beat Australian pair Hana Mandlíková & Pat Cash 6-2, 6-4 for 2-0 victory

  • 1990 David Dinkins sworn in as 1st African American mayor of New York City
  • 1990 Mitsuko Nishiwaki beats Nakano to become Japan Women wrestling champ
  • 1990 NYC MTA stops token redemption at subway stations
  • 1990 Sports News Network begins operation on cable TV
  • 1990 FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs

Hopman Cup

1990 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario beats American Pam Shriver 6-3, 6-3 to clinch 2-1 win for Spain's first title

  • 1991 5% sales tax on consumer goods & services goes into effect in USSR

Historic Event

1991 Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak

  • 1991 Les Miserables opens at Festival Theatre, Adelaide, Australia
  • 1992 Bush is 1st US President to address Australian Parliament