On This Day

Historical Events on January 2

Events 1 - 200 of 206

  • 69 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, Emperor
  • 366 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire
  • 533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names

SpainCompletion of the Reconquista

1492 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula
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The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada
The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1585 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1678 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1776 Austria ends interregation torture

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution
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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
  • 1791 Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1800 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1811 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron

  • 1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • 1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1831 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1832 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
  • 1833 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

CameraFamous Photo

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1843 Richard Wagner's opera "The Flying Dutchman" premieres in Dresden

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • 1861 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Fred Spofforth
  • 1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879 Dr Benjamin Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1879 Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Illinois
  • 1881 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
  • 1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1883 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • 1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • 1890 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • 1893 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • 1893 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • 1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)

  • 1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • 1900 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • 1905 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • 1905 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms

InventionHistoric Invention

1906 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Willis Carrier
  • 1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 1909 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • 1910 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
  • 1911 Brookyln Dodgers President Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000
  • 1913 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1914 Philips installs research department in Eindhoven
  • 1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • 1918 Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
  • 1918 NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
  • 1920 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • 1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • 1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Florida, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • 1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
  • 1929 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • 1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Bradman scores 103* against the Bodyline attack in the 2nd Test

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 Boston Bruins beat New York Rangers in NY 13-3
  • 1933 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
  • 1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
  • 1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania

MurderMurder of Interest

1935 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

  • 1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri
  • 1936 Bradman scores 357 for South Australia v Victoria, 424 minutes, 40 fours
  • 1938 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • 1939 Bradman scores 107 South Australia v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century
  • 1941 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • 1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1942 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • 1945 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • 1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1948 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • 1949 KDKA TV channel 2 in Pittsburgh, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1951 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • 1952 "Pal Joey" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances
  • 1953 NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak
  • 1954 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
  • 1955 1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
  • 1955 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1957 In the first of 4 meetings between the fighters, Gene Fullmer wins the world middleweight boxing title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Sugar Ray Robinson at New York’s Madison Square Garden

Middle/welterweight championship boxer Sugar Ray Robinson
Middle/welterweight championship boxer
Sugar Ray Robinson

Music concertMusic Concert

1958 Dmitri Shostakovich' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY

  • 1959 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • 1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • 1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years
  • 1960 Roger Sessions' 4th Symphony, premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • 1962 Nighttime version of "Password" with Allen Ludden premieres on CBS

MurderAssassination Attempt

1964 Failed assassination attempt on President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1965 Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 NY Jets sign quarterback Joe Namath
  • 1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
  • 1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion

  • 1966 National Football League Championship, Lambeau Field, Green Bay: Green Bay Packers beat Cleveland Browns, 23-12; first NFL title game televised in colour; last one played before Super Bowl era
  • 1968 "Zizi" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1968 Christiaan Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant on Philip Blaiberg
  • 1968 KBHK TV channel 44 in San Francisco, California (IND) begins broadcasting

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1968 Cecil Day-Lewis is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1969 "Fig Leaves Are Falling" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1969 "Soviet Sport" calls Emile Zatopek a public enemy
  • 1969 Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1969 Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Australian Rupert Murdoch gains control of the 'News of the World'

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch
  • 1970 Dutch premiere of musical "Hair" in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US population is 293,200,000; African American population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
  • 1971 A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66
  • 1972 "Rothschilds" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 505 performances
  • 1972 Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars
  • 1972 AFC Championship, Miami Orange Bowl: Miami Dolphins beat Baltimore Colts, 21-0
  • 1972 An anti-internment rally is held in Belfast, North Ireland

Sport awardTennis Open

1972 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Virginia Wade of England wins her first Grand Slam title; beats home favourite Evonne Goolagong 6-4, 6-4

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Virginia Wade
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Virginia Wade
  • 1972 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium, Irving: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers, 14-3
  • 1973 Japanese boxer Masao Ohba retains his WBA flyweight title with a 12th-round knockout of Chartchai Chionoi of Thailand in Tokyo; Ohba dies three weeks later in a car accident

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
  • 1975 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Bowie Kuhn suspends Braves owner Ted Turner for one year due to tampering charges in Gary Matthews free-agency signing

Founder of CNN Ted Turner
Founder of CNN
Ted Turner
  • 1978 Rhino Records releases their 1st album "Wildmania"
  • 1979 30th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 9-0 vs Vancouver
  • 1979 Gavaskar gets twin tons for India for the third time (v WI)

MurderMurder of Interest

1979 Sid Vicious' trial for murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen begins

Musician Sid Vicious
Sid Vicious
  • 1979 Australian Open Women's Tennis: unseeded Australian Christine O'Neil wins her first and only Grand Slam event; beats American Betsy Nagelsen 6-3, 7-6
  • 1980 British Steel workers go on a national strike

Sport awardAustralian Tennis Open

1980 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Guillermo Vilas retains title for 4th and last Grand Slam win; beats American John Sadri 7-6, 6-3, 6-2

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Guillermo Vilas
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Guillermo Vilas
  • 1981 Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65)
  • 1981 Sylvester Clarke knocks out spectator with brick, WI v Pakistan
  • 1982 "Camelot" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1982 Islanders start 23 undefeated home streak (21-0-2) 14 straight wins
  • 1982 "The Epic in Miami", in 85 degree heat (Fahrenheit), the San Diego Chargers defeat the Miami Dolphins 41-38 in overtime in the AFC Divisional Playoff Game, a game that set numerous playoff scoring records
  • 1982 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her 1st of 3 Australian singles crowns; beats Chris Evert-Lloyd 6-7, 6-4, 7-5
  • 1983 "Annie" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 2,377 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Duke Ellington's musical "Sophisticated Ladies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne, NYC after 767 performances

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington

  • 1983 Don Muraco beats Pedro Morales to become WWF Intercontinental Champ
  • 1983 Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
  • 1983 Ken Anderson of Cincinnati completes record 20 consecutive passes
  • 1983 Several African National Congress (ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • 1984 Darryl Cullinan, 16, scores his 1st first-class cricket century
  • 1984 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
  • 1984 Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Philadelphia's 1st black mayor

BattleCoup d'état

1984 Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • 1985 90th hat trick in Islander history-Brent Sutter
  • 1985 Australia beat WI by innings at SCG, Bob Holland 10 match wkts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1985 Nevada-Las Vegas beats Utah 142-140, highest college basketball score
  • 1985 Undefeated BYU becomes college football champions
  • 1986 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 NY Islander, Mike Bossy, scores his 500th goal

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy
  • 1987 Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis
  • 1987 Indiana Pacers beat the Los Angeles Clippers, 116-106 to give coach Jack Ramsay his 800th NBA victory; at the time Ramsey is one of only 2 coaches (with Red Auerbach) to reach milestone
  • 1988 Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1988 Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1988 Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
  • 1989 UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game
  • 1989 "Superwoman" single released by Karyn White (Billboard Song of the Year 1989)
  • 1990 Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)
  • 1990 Sting joins wrestlings 4 Horsemen (Flair, Arn Anderson, Ole Anderson)
  • 1991 Colorado wins its 1st AP national title poll
  • 1992 Test debut of Shane Warne, v India at Sydney
  • 1993 "Gypsy Passion" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 55 performances
  • 1993 Opposing factions in the Bosnian conflict hold meetings with the aim of ending the nine month conflict
  • 1994 "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" closes at Beaumont NYC after 40 performances
  • 1994 "Shakespeare after My Father" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 266 performances
  • 1994 Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57
  • 1995 Bus crashes in Luzon Philippines, 29 killed
  • 1995 Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)
  • 1996 The US deploys troops in Northern Bosnia with the intention of maintaining order and peace between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Columbus OH on WBZX 99.7 FM
  • 1998 Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates & cocaine
  • 1999 A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
  • 2000 19,600 fans watch the Miami Heat beat the Orlando Magic, 111-103 in the first game at the Heat's new American Airlines Arena in Miami
  • 2001 Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 2002 Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • 2004 Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later
  • 2012 Englishman Adrian Lewis retains his PDC World Darts Championship with a 7-3 win over Andy Hamilton at the Alexandra Palace, London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Ray Lewis announces he will retire at the end of the playoffs

NFL Legend Ray Lewis
NFL Legend
Ray Lewis
  • 2014 30 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff and falls 400 ft in Malshej Ghat, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Raúl Castro gives a speech commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Cuban revolution and warns of "neo-liberal and neo-colonial thinking" entering the country

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 The Economist lists Daniel Kahneman as the 7th most influential economist in the world

Economist and Psychologist Daniel Kahneman
Economist and Psychologist
Daniel Kahneman
  • 2016 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr
  • 2017 US House Republicans vote to gut the independent Office of Congressional Ethics, a public uproar forces them to back down the next day
  • 2017 Michael van Gerwen of the Netherlands wins his 2nd PDC World Darts Championship beating defending champion Gary Anderson, 7-3 at the Alexandra Palace, London