Historical Events on January 21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 German King Henry IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1276 Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
  • 1287 The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
  • 1324 Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon
  • 1522 Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
  • 1525 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union
  • 1542 English Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
  • 1664 Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
  • 1677 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), published in Boston
  • 1732 Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
  • 1749 Verona Philharmonic Theatre destroyed by fire. Rebuilt 1754.
  • 1789 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy" is published
  • 1793 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.


1793 Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1813 Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
  • 1813 Spaniard Don Francisco de Paula y Marin plants coffee in Hawaii - 1st record of coffee growing in Hawaii

  • 1818 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
  • 1821 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • 1830 In Portsmouth, Ohio, African Americans forcibly deported

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 1st edition of Charles Dickens' newspaper "The Daily News"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes in Worcester, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1863 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • 1864 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • 1874 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • 1879 Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
  • 1880 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1887 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
  • 1887 Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city
  • 1890 1st issue of "Propria Cures", Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • 1893 Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana)
  • 1894 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • 1899 Opel manufactures its first automobile
  • 1900 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • 1901 Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1903 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
  • 1904 Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno
  • 1907 Kenora Thistles sweep Mont Wanderers in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • 1908 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1908 "Sullivan Ordinance" is passed in NYC, making it illegal for a woman to smoke in public places. It was vetoed 2 weeks later by mayor George B. McClellan Jr.

  • 1910 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1913 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • 1915 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • 1919 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • 1920 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Italian Communist Party founded at Livorno by Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1922 1st slalom ski race run at Murren, Switzerland
  • 1925 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • 1926 Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
  • 1927 1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)
  • 1929 Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End" premieres in London
  • 1932 USSR and Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • 1934 Parisian baker and "student of medieval life" Henri Littière appears in court charged with forcing his adulterous wife Juliette to wear a chastity belt. Having committed the same offence in 1932, he was sentenced to three months in prison and fined 50 francs for cruelty to his wife
  • 1935 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)
  • 1935 WFI-AM in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
  • 1935 The Wilderness Society is founded by conservationists
  • 1938 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "American Way" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Moss Hart
  • 1939 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • 1939 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 Foreign correspondents in Netherlands subjected to censorship
  • 1941 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • 1941 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, Texas
  • 1941 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • 1941 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • 1942 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • 1942 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • 1942 Tito's partisans occupy Foca
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • 1943 Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • 1944 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • 1945 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • 1946 "Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1947 "Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances
  • 1947 Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel
  • 1948 West Indies v England, Test debut of Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • 1950 "Lend an Ear" closes at National Theater NYC after 460 performances
  • 1950 New York jury finds former State Department official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1950 T. S. Eliot's play "The Cocktail Party" premieres in NYC

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1952 Jawaharlal Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • 1954 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
  • 1954 USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, launched on the Thames River in Connecticut
  • 1954 4th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 98-93 (OT) at New York City
  • 1956 "Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden NYC after 849 performances
  • 1956 "The Wizard of Oz" succeeds Harold Ross as editor of "The New Yorker"
  • 1957 KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn't happen)
  • 1958 8th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 130-118 at St. Louis
  • 1960 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
  • 1960 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
  • 1961 "Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1961 KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, Idaho (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
  • 1962 JFK arrives in Uruguay
  • 1962 Snow falls in San Francisco
  • 1964 Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency
  • 1965 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam
  • 1967 AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-23
  • 1967 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1967 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
  • 1968 AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 25-24
  • 1968 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-20
  • 1968 US B-52 bomber with nuclear bomb on board crashes in Greenland
  • 1968 The Battle of Khe Sanh - one of the most publicized and controversial battles of the Vietnam War - begins at the Khe Sanh Air Base
  • 1969 22nd NHL All-Star Game: West beat East 3-3 at Montreal
  • 1971 "Alias Smith & Jones" premieres on ABC TV

  • 1972 Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh territory
  • 1972 Belgian government of Eyskens-Cools forms
  • 1972 Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura become separate states of Indian union
  • 1972 Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory
  • 1973 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 33-28
  • 1973 Leslie Nielson appears on M*A*S*H in "Ringbanger"
  • 1974 Gold hits record $161.31, silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
  • 1975 28th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-1 at Montreal
  • 1976 Supersonic Concorde has its 1st commercial flights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Music release#1 in the Charts

1978 Bee Gees' album "Saturday Night Fever" goes #1 for 24 weeks

Guitarist of the Bee Gees Maurice Gibb
Guitarist of the Bee Gees
Maurice Gibb
  • 1979 Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)
  • 1979 Price of gold increases to record $875 troy oz
  • 1979 Super Bowl XIII: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB
  • 1980 Gold hits record $850 an ounce
  • 1980 Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89' 3" basketball field goal
  • 1981 "Shakespeare's Cabaret" opens at Bijou Theater New York City for 54 performances
  • 1981 Bernhard Goetz is assaulted for 1st time on a New York City subway train
  • 1981 Norman Stronge and his son James (both former Ulster Unionist Members of Parliament) are assassinated by the Irish Republican Army at their home Tynan Abbey, which is then burnt down
  • 1982 "Little Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • 1982 NY Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak

Film release premierFilm Release

1982 Shaolin Temple" martial arts film released, first Hong Kong feature filmed in China, directed by Chang Hsin Yen, starring Jet Li in his debut role

Chinese Actor and Martial Artist Jet Li
Chinese Actor and Martial Artist
Jet Li
  • 1983 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 President Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1983 First supertitles for a live opera performance: "Elektra" at Canadian Opera Company, English titles by Sonya Friedman
  • 1984 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
  • 1985 -19°F (-28°C), Caesar's Head, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1985 -34°F (-37°C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)
  • 1985 Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java
  • 1985 Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr's career record of 270 NHL goals
  • 1985 Jessye Norman sings "Simple Gifts" at the second inauguration of US President Ronald Reagan in Washington
  • 1986 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38°F (3°C), Indiana
  • 1986 Allison J Brown, 17, of Oklahoma, crowned 4th Miss Teen USA
  • 1986 Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed
  • 1986 Czech tennis star Ivan Lendl defeats Boris Becker of Germany 6-2, 7-6, 6-3 to claim the season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title for a third time at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 B.B. King donates his 7,000 record collection to the University of Mississippi

Blues Musician B.B. King
Blues Musician
B.B. King
  • 1987 B.B. King is inducted into the "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame"

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1987 Muddy Waters is inducted into the "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame"

Blues Musician Muddy Waters
Blues Musician
Muddy Waters
  • 1988 US accepts immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children
  • 1989 A woman is assaulted and raped in room of an Oklahoma football player

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL's 2nd all time scorer

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
NHL Star Marcel Dionne
NHL Star
Marcel Dionne
  • 1990 41st NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 12-7 at Pittsburgh
  • 1990 Bob Goodenow succeeds Alan Eagleson as NHL players association executive director

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 John McEnroe becomes 1st ever player to be expelled from the Australian Open

Tennis Player John McEnroe
Tennis Player
John McEnroe
  • 1991 CBS News correspondant Bob Simon and four TV crew captured and held for 40 days by Iraqis in the Persian Gulf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Bill Cowher becomes the head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers, becoming only the second head coach of the team since 1970 (Chuck Noll)

NFL Head Coach Bill Cowher
NFL Head Coach
Bill Cowher
  • 1992 UN serves Libya a resolution to hand over intelligence agents accused of two airliner bombings
  • 1993 Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder
  • 1994 Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)
  • 1994 Lorena Bobbitt found temporarily insane when she cut off her husband's penis

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1995 52nd Golden Globes: "Forrest Gump", Tom Hanks, & Jessica Lange win

Actor Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
Actress Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1996 53rd Golden Globes: "Sense and Sensibility", Nicolas Cage, & Sharon Stone win

Actor Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
Actor and Film Director Mel Gibson
Actor and Film Director
Mel Gibson
  • 1996 Karrie Webb wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament
  • 1996 US male Figure Skating championship won by Rudy Galindo
  • 1997 An inquiry in North Wales names more than 80 child abusers
  • 1998 Pope John Paul II visits Cuba
  • 1999 In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the US Coast Guard intercepts a ship carrying 4,300 kg of cocaine
  • 2001 58th Golden Globes: "Gladiator", Tom Hanks, & Julia Roberts win
  • 2002 The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
  • 2004 Canada: The residence of reporter Juliet O'Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar
  • 2004 NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.
  • 2005 In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots
  • 2007 Awashima Marine Park in Japan catches a video tape of the rare frilled shark.
  • 2007 AFC Championship Game: Indianapolis Colts beat New England Patriots 38-34
  • 2007 NFC Championship Game: Chicago Bears beat New Orleans Saints 39-14
  • 2008 Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.
  • 2008 The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies
  • 2013 30 people are killed in a car bombing in Salamiyeh, Syria
  • 2013 41 people are injured after two trains collide in Vienna, Austria
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 24 are injured after a bus falls down a ravine in Yungas, Bolivia
  • 2013 1 person is killed and 15 are injured by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake in Indonesia
  • 2013 Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Netherlands’ Minister of Finance, becomes the President of the Euro Group
  • 2015 Italian fashion label Gucci names Alessandro Michele as its new creative director

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 More than 2 million people protest worldwide in the 'Women's March' against Donald Trump, with 500,000 marching in Washington D.C.

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017 Adam Hadwin fires only the 7th sub-60 round (59) in PGA Tour history in the 3rd round of the CareerBuilder Challenge at LaQuinta CC
  • 2018 Gambian Dictator Yahya Jammeh finally concedes office and leaves Gambia 2 months after losing the presidential election