On This Day

Historical Events on January 22

  • 565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
  • 871 Battle of Basing: Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex
  • 1371 King Robert II of Scotland (1371-90) is crowned, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stewart
  • 1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican
  • 1510 Jews are expelled from Colmar, Alsace
  • 1517 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate

Historic Event

1528 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

Music History

1575 English Queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis & William Byrd music press monopoly

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1584 Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812)

  • 1588 Pope Sixtus V decrees "Immense aeterni" (Reformed curia)
  • 1673 Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated
  • 1689 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords

Historic Event

1689 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)

  • 1690 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French
  • 1758 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia [OS=Jan 11]
  • 1760 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1771 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1775 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1798 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • 1813 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1814 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held in New York City

Historic Event

1816 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

  • 1817 British freighter Diana sinks off Malaya
  • 1824 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast

Historic Event

1831 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ's College, Cambridge, coming tenth out of 171 candidates

  • 1837 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 1840 New Zealand Company settlers arrive aboard the Aurora at Te Whanganui a Tara, which becomes Port Nicholson, Wellington

Historic Event

1842 Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine

  • 1850 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • 1857 National Association of Baseball Players founded in New York

Music Premiere

1859 Johannes Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres in Hanover

  • 1862 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 1863 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • 1873 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die
  • 1877 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
  • 1879 Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa
  • 1879 James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota

The British: 139. Zulu Warriors: 4,000. Let Battle Begin

1879 Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.

  • 1881 "Cleopatra's Needle", a 3,500-year-old Ancient Egyptian obelisk is erected in Central Park, New York [1]
  • 1883 England completes 1st innings victory in Tests vs. Australia at Melbourne Cricket Grounds
  • 1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC
  • 1895 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • 1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation

Historic Event

1901 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

  • 1903 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • 1905 Dutchman Coen de Koning wins the 1,500m, 5,000m & 10,000m at World Allround Speed Skating Championships in Groningen, Netherlands to become 2nd Dutchman to win a world title

1905 Russian Revolution

1905 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'

  • 1906 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • 1908 Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette, violating the 1-day old "Sullivan Ordinance" banning women from smoking in public, and is fined $5. Appearing before the judge she stated “I’ve got as much right to smoke as you have. I never heard of this new law, and I don’t want to hear about it. No man shall dictate to me.”
  • 1909 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • 1910 Opera "Germania" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Paul Claudel's play "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • 1918 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • 1924 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • 1924 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 1926 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits
  • 1930 -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)
  • 1931 French government of Steeg falls
  • 1931 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • 1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia
  • 1931 Jazz trumpeter Clyde McCoy records "Sugar Blues" for Columbia Records; sells over 14 million copies internationally

Music History

1934 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" debuts in Leningrad

Historic Event

1938 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)

  • 1939 Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco dedicated
  • 1940 1st radio broadcast of "Road to Happiness" on CBS
  • 1941 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • 1941 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • 1942 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • 1943 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion of Sicily for July 10th
  • 1943 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, South Dakota
  • 1943 66.34 cm (26.12") precipitation over 24 hour period in Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 1944 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • 1945 Burma highway reopens
  • 1945 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • 1947 1st commercial TV station west of Mississippi opens in Hollywood, California
  • 1948 All time great England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his first Test innings in 1st Test v West Indies in Bridgetown, Barbados
  • 1949 "All for Love" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 121 performances
  • 1949 Chinatown telephone exchange in San Francisco is closed
  • 1951 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom
  • 1951 Fidel Castro is ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter

Theater Premiere

1953 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

  • 1953 1953 NFL Draft: Harry Babcock from University of Georgia first pick by San Francisco 49ers
  • 1955 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms
  • 1956 30 people die in a train crash in Los Angeles
  • 1956 Canadian Football Council forms
  • 1957 Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula
  • 1957 Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested
  • 1958 KRSD (now KEVN) TV channel 7 in Rapid City, SD (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1959 USAF concludes that less than 1% of UFOs are unknown objects

NBA All-Star Game

1960 10th NBA All-Star Game, Convention Hall, Philadelphia, Pa: East beats West, 125-115; MVP: Wilt Chamberlain, Philadelphia Warriors, C

  • 1960 Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title
  • 1962 The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.

Treaty of Interest

1963 Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer

  • 1964 Kenneth Kaunda becomes the first President of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964 World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured in Wisconsin for New York's World Fair
  • 1965 US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite

NFL Pro Bowl

1967 17th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: East beats West, 20-10; MVPs: Gale Sayers, Chicago Bears, HB; Floyd Peters, Philadelphia Eagles, DT

  • 1968 "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premieres on NBC
  • 1968 Apollo Lunar Module is launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made
  • 1968 NBA announces expansion franchise licences awarded to Milwaukee (Bucks) and Phoenix (Suns)

Album Release

1968 "Lady Soul" 14th studio album by Aretha Franklin is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1968)

  • 1969 "Celebration" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 110 performances
  • 1969 Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit
  • 1970 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, Pan American World Airways flies from New York City to London in 6½ hours
  • 1970 Test debut of Barry Richards, South Africa v Australia, Cape Town

Music Recording

1971 John Lennon and Plastic Ono Band record "Power to the People" at his Ascot Sound Studio

  • 1972 An anti-internment march is held at Magilligan strand, County Derry; as the march nears the internment camp it is stopped by members of the Green Jackets and the Parachute Regiment of the British Army, who used barbed wire to close off the beach

Boxing Title Fight

1973 George Foreman TKOs Joe Frazier in 2 rounds to win WBC & WBA heavyweight boxing titles in Kingston, Jamaica; Frazier knocked down 3 times in both 1st & 2nd rounds

  • 1973 Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes most abortions
  • 1973 US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord
  • 1975 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • 1976 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)
  • 1979 10,000s UK public sector workers go on strike

Historic Event

1980 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Yelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky

  • 1980 West Indies beat England 2-0 to win cricket's 1st World Series Cup
  • 1981 40th Islander shut-out opponent-3-0 vs Red Wings-Billy Smith 15th
  • 1981 O A "Bum" Phillips becomes head coach of New Orleans Saints
  • 1982 75% of North America is covered by snow
  • 1983 2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 22 seconds
  • 1983 Houston is 1st NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96
  • 1983 NFC Championship, RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Washington Redskins beat Dallas Cowboys, 31-17
  • 1984 Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women's basketball record with 70 pts
  • 1984 Hilbert van de Thumb becomes European all-round skates
  • 1984 Super Bowl XVIII, Tampa Stadium, Tampa, FL: LA Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9; MVP: Marcus Allen, Los Angeles, RB

Sports History

1984 PGA Seniors' Championship Men's Golf, PGA National GC: Arnold Palmer wins third of 5 Champions Your major titles by 2 strokes from Don January

  • 1985 -30°F (-34°C), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record)
  • 1985 Cold wave damages 90% of Florida's citrus crop
  • 1985 Kelly Hu, 16, of Hawaii, crowned 3rd Miss Teen USA
  • 1986 Ghorbanifar 1st suggests diversion of cash to contras, says North
  • 1987 Blizzard in NJ, as 334 attend Devils-Flame NHL game, NJ wins 7-5
  • 1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism

Sports History

1988 1st-class cricket debut of Brian Lara, Trinidad & Tobago v Leeward Is

Boxing Title Fight

1988 Defending champion Mike Tyson beats former titleholder Larry Holmes by TKO in round 4 at Convention Centre, Atlantic City to retain his undisputed heavyweight boxing title

  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Super Bowl

1989 Super Bowl XXIII, Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami, FL: San Francisco 49ers beat Cincinnati Bengals, 20-16; MVP: Jerry Rice, SF, WR

Super Bowl

1989 After winning his third Super Bowl as head coach of the San Francisco 49ers, Bill Walsh retires

Music Awards

1990 17th American Music Awards: Paula Abdul & Bobby Brown win

  • 1990 Wasim Akram scores Test century (123) at Adelaide
  • 1990 Will Clark, NL's MVP signs a $15M 4-year contract with SF Giants
  • 1990 Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.

Historic Event

1990 President Mikhail Gorbachev sends Red Troops into the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan

  • 1991 Cholera epidemic begins in Peru with first known sufferer, 300,000 people infected over the next 12 months
  • 1992 Sarah, Duchess of York (aka Fergie) wears paper bag over her head on airline ride
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) launches into space
  • 1992 Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77
  • 1994 45th NHL All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden, NYC: East beats West, 9-8; MVP: Mike Richter, NY Rangers, G
  • 1994 5.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Sumatra

Golden Globes

1994 51st Golden Globes: Schlinder's List, Tom Hanks, & Holly Hunter win

  • 1995 Palestinian bomb attack in Beit Lid Israel, 21-22 killed
  • 1997 Space shuttle Atlantis successfully returns to Earth
  • 1998 NHL's Minnesota franchise selects the nickname Wild

Sports History

1998 Rickey Henderson, rejoins Oakland A's for 4th time

  • 1998 STS 89 (Endeavour 12) launches into orbit
  • 1998 World League of American Football renamed as NFL Europe
  • 1999 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India
  • 2001 The British government launches pro-vaccine campaign
  • 2002 Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection
  • 2003 Last successful contact with NASA spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects

Historic Event

2006 Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president

NBA Record

2006 Kobe Bryant scores 81 points in a 122-104 Lakers victory over the Toronto Raptors; second-highest game total in NBA history, behind only Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game (1962)

  • 2006 AFC Championship, Mile High Stadium, Denver: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Denver Broncos, 34-17
  • 2006 NFC Championship, Qwest Stadium, Seattle: Seattle Seahawks beat Carolina Panthers, 34-14
  • 2007 The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada's worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

Film & TV History

2010 Conan O'Brien's last The Tonight Show episode after a big controversy over the Tonight Show timeslot

  • 2012 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Baltimore Ravens, 23-20
  • 2012 NFC Championship, Candlestick Park, SF: New York Giants beat San Francisco 49ers, 20-17 (OT)
  • 2013 A series of Baghdad car bombings kill 17 people
  • 2013 The Bank of Japan doubles its inflation target to 2% and announces open-ended asset purchases for 2014 in the hope of ending deflation
  • 2014 Water vapour is detected on the dwarf planet Ceres
  • 2016 Winter storm conditions strand 500 motorists for 24 hours in Somerset and Bedford counties, about 80 miles southeast of Pittsburgh, on the Pennsylvania Turnpike
  • 2017 Chile declares a State of Emergency and requests international assistance as wildfires rage out of control
  • 2017 NFC Championship, Georgia Dome, Atlanta: Atlanta Falcons beat Green Bay Packers, 44-21
  • 2017 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Pittsburgh Steelers, 36-17
  • 2018 US government ends three-day shutdown after an agreement in Congress to extend funding

Sports History

2018 New Orleans Pelicans' DeMarcus Cousins has 44 points, 24 rebounds & 10 assists in 132-128 double-OT win over Chicago Bulls; 1st player since Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (1972) with 40+ points, 20+ rebounds & 10+ assists

  • 2018 Netflix becomes the largest digital media and entertainment company in the world worth $100 billion
  • 2021 Lloyd Austin confirmed as defense secretary by the US Senate, and the first black head of the Pentagon