On This Day

Historical Events on January 22

  • 565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
  • 871 Battle of Basing: Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex
  • 1371 King Robert II of Scotland (1371-90) is crowned, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stewart
  • 1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican
  • 1510 Jews are expelled from Colmar, Alsace
  • 1517 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1528 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1575 English Queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis & William Byrd music press monopoly

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1584 Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812)
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • 1588 Pope Sixtus V decrees "Immense aeterni" (Reformed curia)
  • 1673 Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated
  • 1689 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords
  • 1689 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)
  • 1690 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French
  • 1758 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia [OS=Jan 11]
  • 1760 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French

  • 1771 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1775 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1798 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • 1813 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1814 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1817 British freighter Diana sinks off Malaya
  • 1824 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ's College, Cambridge, coming tenth out of 171 candidates

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 1840 New Zealand Company settlers arrive aboard the Aurora at Te Whanganui a Tara, which becomes Port Nicholson, Wellington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1850 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • 1857 National Association of Baseball Players founded in New York
  • 1859 Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres in Hanover
  • 1862 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 1863 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • 1873 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die
  • 1877 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
  • 1879 Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa

  • 1879 James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota

The British: 139. Zulu Warriors: 4,000. Let Battle BeginThe British: 139. Zulu Warriors: 4,000. Let Battle Begin

1879 Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
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Young officer Michael Caine awaits the attack of Zulu warriors in the 1964 movie
Young officer Michael Caine awaits the attack of Zulu warriors in the 1964 movie
  • 1883 England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Australia at MCG
  • 1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC
  • 1895 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • 1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1903 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • 1905 Dutchman Coen de Koning wins the 1,500m, 5,000m & 10,000m at World Allround Speed Skating Championships in Groningen, Netherlands to become 2nd Dutchman to win a world title

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

1905 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
  • 1906 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • 1908 Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette, violating the 1-day old "Sullivan Ordinance" banning women from smoking in public, and is fined $5. Appearing before the judge she stated “I’ve got as much right to smoke as you have. I never heard of this new law, and I don’t want to hear about it. No man shall dictate to me.”
  • 1909 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • 1910 Opera "Germania" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Paul Claudel's play "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • 1918 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • 1924 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • 1924 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 1926 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits
  • 1930 -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)
  • 1931 French government of Steeg falls
  • 1931 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • 1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1934 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady MacBeth" premieres in Leningrad

  • 1938 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)
  • 1939 Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco dedicated
  • 1940 1st radio broadcast of "Road to Happiness" on CBS
  • 1941 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • 1941 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • 1942 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • 1943 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion of Sicily for July 10th
  • 1943 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, South Dakota
  • 1943 66.34 cm (26.12") precipitation over 24 hour period in Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 1944 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • 1945 Burma highway reopens
  • 1945 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • 1947 1st commercial TV station west of Mississippi opens in Hollywood, California
  • 1948 Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his 1st Test Cricket innings v WI Barbados
  • 1949 "All for Love" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 121 performances
  • 1949 Chinatown telephone exchange in San Francisco is closed
  • 1951 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom
  • 1951 Fidel Castro is ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1953 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
  • 1953 1953 NFL Draft: Harry Babcock from University of Georgia first pick by San Francisco 49ers

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

1954 11th Golden Globes: The Robe, Spencer Tracy, & Audrey Hepburn win

  • 1955 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms
  • 1956 30 people die in a train crash in Los Angeles
  • 1956 Canadian Football Council forms
  • 1957 Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula
  • 1957 Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested
  • 1958 KRSD (now KEVN) TV channel 7 in Rapid City, SD (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1959 USAF concludes that less than 1% of UFOs are unknown objects

Sport awardNBA All-Star Game

1960 10th NBA All-Star Game, Convention Hall, Philadelphia, Pa: East beats West, 125-115; MVP: Wilt Chamberlain, Philadelphia Warriors, C

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain

  • 1960 Paul Pender beats Sugar Ray Robinson for middleweight boxing title
  • 1962 The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1963 Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1964 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964 World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured in Wisconsin for New York's World Fair
  • 1965 US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite

Sport awardNFL Pro Bowl

1967 17th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: East beats West, 20-10; MVPs: Gale Sayers, Chicago Bears, HB; Floyd Peters, Philadelphia Eagles, DT

NFL Running Back Gale Sayers
NFL Running Back
Gale Sayers
  • 1968 "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premieres on NBC
  • 1968 Apollo Lunar Module is launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made
  • 1968 NBA announces expansion franchise licences awarded to Milwaukee (Bucks) and Phoenix (Suns)

Music releaseAlbum Release

1968 "Lady Soul" 14th studio album by Aretha Franklin is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1968)

Soul Singer Aretha Franklin
Soul Singer
Aretha Franklin
  • 1969 "Celebration" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 110 performances
  • 1969 Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1969 Roy Campanella & Stan Musial elected to baseball Hall of Fame

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1970 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, Pan American World Airways flies from New York City to London in 6½ hours
  • 1970 Test debut of Barry Richards, South Africa v Australia, Cape Town

Music releaseMusic Recording

1971 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Power to the People"

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1972 An anti-internment march is held at Magilligan strand, County Derry; as the march nears the internment camp it is stopped by members of the Green Jackets and the Parachute Regiment of the British Army, who used barbed wire to close off the beach

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1973 George Foreman TKOs Joe Frazier in 2 rounds to win WBC & WBA heavyweight boxing titles in Kingston, Jamaica; Frazier knocked down 3 times in both 1st & 2nd rounds

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Joe Frazier
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Joe Frazier
  • 1973 Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes most abortions
  • 1973 US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord
  • 1975 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • 1976 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)
  • 1979 10,000s UK public sector workers go on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov & Jelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1980 PGA begins a senior golf tour
  • 1980 West Indies beat England 2-0 to win cricket's 1st World Series Cup
  • 1981 40th Islander shut-out opponent-3-0 vs Red Wings-Billy Smith 15th
  • 1981 O A "Bum" Phillips becomes head coach of New Orleans Saints
  • 1982 75% of North America is covered by snow

  • 1983 2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 22 seconds
  • 1983 Houston is 1st NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96
  • 1983 NFC Championship, RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Washington Redskins beat Dallas Cowboys, 31-17
  • 1984 Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women's basketball record with 70 pts
  • 1984 Hilbert van de Thumb becomes European all-round skates
  • 1984 Super Bowl XVIII, Tampa Stadium, Tampa, FL: LA Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9; MVP: Marcus Allen, Los Angeles, RB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Senior PGA Championship Men's Golf, PGA National GC: Arnold Palmer wins third of 5 Champions Your major titles by 2 strokes from Don January

  • 1985 -30°F (-34°C), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record)
  • 1985 Cold wave damages 90% of Florida's citrus crop
  • 1985 Kelly Hu, 16, of Hawaii, crowned 3rd Miss Teen USA
  • 1986 Ghorbanifar 1st suggests diversion of cash to contras, says North
  • 1987 Blizzard in NJ, as 334 attend Devils-Flame NHL game, NJ wins 7-5
  • 1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism
  • 1988 1st-class cricket debut of Brian Lara, Trinidad & Tobago v Leeward Is
  • 1988 1st-class cricket debut of Hansie Cronje, OFS v Transvaal

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1988 Mike Tyson TKOs Larry Holmes in 4 in Atlantic City to retain his undisputed heavyweight boxing title; 38-year old former champion floored 3 times in 4th before fight stopped

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sport awardSuper Bowl

1989 Super Bowl XXIII, Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami, FL: San Francisco 49ers beat Cincinnati Bengals, 20-16; MVP: Jerry Rice, SF, WR

NFL Legend Jerry Rice
NFL Legend
Jerry Rice

Sport awardSuper Bowl

1989 After winning his third Super Bowl as head coach of the San Francisco 49ers, Bill Walsh retires

American Football Coach Bill Walsh
American Football Coach
Bill Walsh

Music awardsMusic Awards

1990 17th American Music Awards: Paula Abdul & Bobby Brown win

Singer & Judge of American Idol Paula Abdul
Singer & Judge of American Idol
Paula Abdul
  • 1990 Wasim Akram scores Test century (123) at Adelaide
  • 1990 Will Clark, NL's MVP signs a $15M 4-year contract with SF Giants
  • 1990 Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 President Mikhail Gorbachev sends Red Troops into the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev

KuwaitKuwaiti Oil Fires

1991 Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraqi forces
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Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
Set alight by retreating Iraqi troops, Kuwaiti oil fires burnt long after the Gulf War finished
  • 1992 Sarah, Duchess of York (aka Fergie) wears paper bag over her head on airline ride
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) launches into space
  • 1992 Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77
  • 1994 45th NHL All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden, NYC: East beats West, 9-8; MVP: Mike Richter, NY Rangers, G

  • 1994 5.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Sumatra

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

1994 51st Golden Globes: Schlinder's List, Tom Hanks, & Holly Hunter win

Actor Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
Actress Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
  • 1995 Palestinian bomb attack in Beit Lid Israel, 21-22 killed
  • 1997 Space shuttle Atlantis successfully returns to Earth
  • 1998 NHL's Minnesota franchise selects the nickname Wild

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Rickey Henderson, rejoins Oakland A's for 4th time

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1998 STS 89 (Endeavour 12) launches into orbit
  • 1998 World League of American Football renamed as NFL Europe
  • 1999 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India
  • 2001 The British government launches pro-vaccine campaign
  • 2002 Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection
  • 2003 Last successful contact with NASA spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects
  • 2006 Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Kobe Bryant scores 81 points in a 122-104 Lakers victory over the Toronto Raptors; second-highest game total in NBA history, behind only Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game (1962)

NBA Guard Kobe Bryant
NBA Guard
Kobe Bryant
  • 2006 AFC Championship, Mile High Stadium, Denver: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Denver Broncos, 34-17
  • 2006 NFC Championship, Qwest Stadium, Seattle: Seattle Seahawks beat Carolina Panthers, 34-14
  • 2007 The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada's worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2010 Conan O'Brien's last Tonight Show episode after a big controversy over the Tonight Show timeslot

TV Host Conan O'Brien
TV Host
Conan O'Brien
  • 2012 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Baltimore Ravens, 23-20
  • 2012 NFC Championship, Candlestick Park, SF: New York Giants beat San Francisco 49ers, 20-17 (OT)
  • 2013 A series of Baghdad car bombings kill 17 people
  • 2013 The Bank of Japan doubles its inflation target to 2% and announces open-ended asset purchases for 2014 in the hope of ending deflation
  • 2014 Water vapour is detected on the dwarf planet Ceres
  • 2016 Winter storm conditions strand 500 motorists for 24 hours on the New Jersey turnpike in Pennsylvania
  • 2017 Chile declares a State of Emergency and requests international assistance as wildfires rage out of control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Jared Kushner is sworn in as Senior Advisor to US President, Donald Trump

Son-in-law and Adviser to Donald Trump Jared Kushner
Son-in-law and Adviser to Donald Trump
Jared Kushner
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017 NFC Championship, Georgia Dome, Atlanta: Atlanta Falcons beat Green Bay Packers, 44-21
  • 2017 AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat Pittsburgh Steelers, 36-17
  • 2018 US government ends three-day shutdown after an agreement in Congress to extend funding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 New Orleans Pelicans' DeMarcus Cousins has 44 points, 24 rebounds & 10 assists in 132-128 double-OT win over Chicago Bulls; 1st player since Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (1972) with 40+ points, 20+ rebounds & 10+ assists

  • 2018 Netflix becomes the largest digital media and entertainment company in the world worth $100 billion
  • 2020 China locks down city of Wuhan and its 11 million people, in effort to control the coronavirus with death toll at 17, over 500 people ill