On This Day

Historical Events on January 23

  • 393 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor
  • 909 John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.
  • 971 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1265 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1368 In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1490 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
  • 1546 Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1552 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • 1570 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Historic Event

1571 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

  • 1579 Union of Utrecht signed by Northern Habsburg counties of Holland and Zeeland, and provinces of Utrecht and Groningen, marking the beginning of protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1631 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1637 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1643 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War

Historic Publication

1656 French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

  • 1668 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.

Historic Event

1779 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)

  • 1789 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 1793 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized

Dutch Fleet Captured

1795 War of the First Coalition: French cavalry captures 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns near the port of Den Helder - rare instance of cavalry capturing a fleet

  • 1796 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of the Council of 500
  • 1812 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833 Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845 Uniform US election day for President & VP authorized

Historic Event

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

  • 1849 US Patent granted for an envelope-making machine to Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson

Historic Event

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • 1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge
  • 1856 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • 1859 Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
  • 1862 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • 1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • 1870 Marias Massacre: Approximately 200 Piegan Blackfeet Indians (mostly women, children, and elderly men) killed by US Army, in Montana Territory, spawning outrage and preventing the military from regaining control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs [1] [2]
  • 1879 US National Archery Association forms in Crawfordsville, Indiana

Historic Event

1889 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

  • 1894 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1896 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • 1897 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

Historic Event

1899 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic

Historic Event

1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

  • 1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator
  • 1908 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • 1909 1st radio rescue at sea
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague

Coup d'état

1913 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

  • 1916 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • 1920 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies
  • 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)

Historic Event

1924 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

Historic Event

1926 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC

  • 1928 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
  • 1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
  • 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 1932 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • 1933 20th amendment, which changed the date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January, is ratified
  • 1934 New York Rangers' left wing Murray Murdoch plays his 400th straight NHL game in a 5-2 win over Ottawa Senators at Madison Square Garden, NYC; streak reaches 508 consecutive games
  • 1936 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Historic Event

1937 Karl Radek and sixteen others go on trial in Moscow as part of the Great Purge, many are sentenced to death

  • 1940 Pianist Ignaz Paderewski becomes premier of Polish government in exile
  • 1941 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • 1941 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • 1942 Battle of Rabaul: Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943 Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • 1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured

Music History

1943 Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

Music History

1944 Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

  • 1944 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers with an NHL record 37 points; also record consecutive goals & most lopsided game, 15-0
  • 1945 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Historic Event

1945 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA

Sports History

1948 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 201 in 4th Test win v India in Adelaide; Sid Barnes 112 and Lindsay Hassett 198no in Australian total 674

  • 1948 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • 1950 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
  • 1950 AP picks "Miracle Braves" of 1914 as greatest sports upset
  • 1950 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950 NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense & defense)
  • 1950 Rebel army of Dutch military officer Raymond Westerling occupies Bandung, Java
  • 1951 3rd Emmy Awards: Alan Young Show, Alan Young and Gertrude Berg win
  • 1953 Future Australian cricket captain and coach Bobby Simpson makes his 1st-class debut for NSW at 16 years and 357 days
  • 1953 NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
  • 1953 NFL's National & American conference become Eastern & Western conference
  • 1954 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • 1954 Equal longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history ends - 18 games, 16 wins, 2 ties
  • 1955 KORK (now KVBC) TV channel 3 in Las Vegas, Nevada (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • 1957 Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee disc (originally called the "Pluto Platter" until 1958)
  • 1957 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever speech defending India's stand on Kashmir at the UN - 8 hours over 2 days
  • 1958 "Body Beautiful" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • 1958 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
  • 1958 Pakistani cricket batsman Hanif Mohammad scores record 337 runs in 970 minutes in drawn 1st Test v West Indies at Bridgetown, longest innings in Test history

NBA All-Star Game

1959 9th NBA All-Star Game, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, Mi: West beats East, 124-108; MVPs: Elgin Baylor, Minneapolis Lakers, F; Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks, C; first co-winners of MVP award

  • 1960 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • 1961 Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films
  • 1961 Venezuela adopts constitution

Historic Event

1962 British intelligence officer Kim Philby defects to USSR

  • 1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1962 "Jules et Jim", based on the novel by Henri-Pierre Roché, directed by François Truffau and starring Jeanne Moreau is released
  • 1964 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

Theater Premiere

1964 Arthur Miller's play "After the Fall" premieres in NYC

  • 1965 "King Family Show" (musical variety) premieres on ABC TV
  • 1965 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber

Sports History

1965 Boston Celtic center Bill Russell misses all 14 shots in 104-100 loss to Philadelphia 76ers, led by newly acquired Wilt Chamberlain

Sports History

1967 Stan Musial is named GM of Cards

  • 1968 Joe Medwick elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1968 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1968 18th NBA All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden, NYC: East beats West, 144-124; MVP: Hal Greer, Philadelphia 76ers, PG
  • 1969 Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
  • 1970 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • 1970 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)
  • 1971 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
  • 1971 UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row
  • 1971 Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Britain allowed to sell arms to S. Africa, after Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ends in compromise

Sports History

1972 Ard Schenk becomes European all-round skating champion

  • 1972 Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi
  • 1972 Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
  • 1972 22nd NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: AFC beats NFC, 26-13; MVPs: Jan Stenerud, Kansas City Chiefs, PK; Willie Lanier, Kansas City Chiefs, LB

NBA All-Star Game

1973 23rd NBA All-Star Game, Chicago Stadium: East beats West, 104-84; MVP: Dave Cowens, Boston Celtics, C

  • 1973 Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs
  • 1973 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims

Historic Event

1973 US President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

Agreement of Interest

1973 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi announces that the 1954 operating agreement between a consortium of oil companies and Iran will not be renewed when it expires in 1979

  • 1974 1st edition of women's magazine "Story"
  • 1975 "Barney Miller" premieres on ABC TV
  • 1975 Former Pittsburgh Pirates slugger Ralph Kiner is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1976 Ian Redpath hits his only 2 sixes in Cricket Tests, v WI Adelaide
  • 1976 Wash Caps end 25 game winless streak (0-22-3) beat NY Rangers 7-5
  • 1976 The Provisional Irish Republican Army truce of February 1975 is officially brought to an end
  • 1976 The results to U.S. advice columnist Ann Landers' question (if they could do it all over, would parents still become parents) state that 70% of 10,000 responding parents were negative about being parents

Album Release

1976 RCA releases "Station to Station", David Bowie's 10th studio album, recorded in Los Angeles; it peaks in the U.S. charts at No.3, and No. 5 in the U.K.

  • 1977 $1.5-million Serge Lepage dress exhibited, Paris
  • 1977 Mini-series "Roots" premieres on ABC
  • 1978 Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris
  • 1978 NFL Pro Bowl, Tampa Stadium: NFC beats AFC, 14-13; MVP: Walter Peyton, Chicago Bears, RB
  • 1978 Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer.

Hall of Fame

1979 NY/SF Giants / New York Mets center fielder Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

  • 1981 1st Richard Nixon museum opens in San Clemente California
  • 1981 Jochem Bird elected mayor of West Berlin

Sports History

1981 Mike Bossy becomes 1st in NHL to score 50 goals in 50 games

  • 1981 Red Sox trade Fred Lynn to Angels for Frank Tanana and Joe Rudi
  • 1982 Urbe Blanca (cow) produces record 110 kg of milk, Cuba (approx date)
  • 1982 World Airways DC-10 skids at Boston Logan Airport killing 2

Television Premiere

1983 "A-Team" with Mr T premieres on NBC

Sports History

1983 Tennis great Björn Borg announces retirement at 26 (5 x Wimbledon, 6 x French Open)

  • 1983 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14.7 million
  • 1983 In NBA, Portland scores all 17 pts in overtime to beat Houston 113-96
  • 1983 Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean
  • 1983 Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:40.97)
  • 1983 "Mud Bowl", Miami Dolphins beat the New York Jets 14-0 in the AFC Championship Game on a wet, muddy field, which negated the Jets significant speed and skill advantage
  • 1983 AFC Championship, Miami Orange Bowl: Miami Dolphins beat New York Jets, 14-0

Sports History

1983 Ivan Lendl scores a 6–4, 6-4, 6–2 win over American John McEnroe to claim back-to-back ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis titles at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1984 Buffalo Sabres become the first team in NHL history to win 10 straight road games with a 5-3 victory at Boston
  • 1984 Greatest unpaced 1-hr bicycle distance, F Moser (Italy), 51.15 km

Pro Wrestling

1984 Hulk Hogan defeats Iron Sheik to win his 1st World Wrestling Federation title at Madison Gardens, New York

  • 1985 Britains House of Lords debate 1st televised

Music History

1986 "Jerome Kern Goes to Hollywood" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 13 performances

  • 1986 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB

Hall of Fame

1986 Inaugural class of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Chuck Berry; James Brown; Ray Charles; Sam Cooke; Fats Domino; The Everly Brothers; Buddy Holly;. Jerry Lee Lewis; Elvis Presley; Little Richard; Robert Johnson; Jimmie Rodgers; Jimmy Yancey; Alan Freed; John Hammond; and Sam Phillips

  • 1987 Dow Jones rises 64 points then drops 110 points (44.15 pt loss)
  • 1987 Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)

Golden Globes

1988 45th Golden Globes: The Last Emperor, Michael Douglas, & Sally Kirkland win

  • 1988 Bob Benoit bowls 1st 300-pt game in a televised title match

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1988 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Steffi Graf of Germany wins 1st of 3 consecutive Australian singles crowns; beats American Chris Evert 6-1, 7-6

  • 1989 Challenge to "who is a Jew" law filed in Israeli Supreme Court
  • 1989 NBA New Jersey Nets begin a 32+ game road losing streak
  • 1989 100s feared dead after a powerful earthquake strikes the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan
  • 1990 Australian cricketer Dean Jones scores twin test tons vs. Pakistan at Adelaide Oval
  • 1991 World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
  • 1991 Bagogwe Massacre of Tutsi in and around Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda
  • 1992 "Visit" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances

Golden Globes

1993 50th Golden Globes: "Scent of a Woman", Al Pacino, & Emma Thompson win

Sports History

1993 Graham Gooch scores his 100th 100, on tour at Cuttack

  • 1993 Indian Airlines B737 crashes at Aurangabad, killing 61

Historic Event

1993 NY Newsday reports Oregan Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women

Sports History

1993 US female Figure Skating championship won by Nancy Kerrigan

  • 1994 Bernie Kosar is 2nd QB to throw TD passes in AFC & NFC Champ games
  • 1994 Worldwide Day for peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina
  • 1994 AFC Championship, Rich Stadium, Orchard Park, NY: Buffalo Bills beat Kansas City Chiefs, 30-13
  • 1994 NFC Championship, Texas Stadium, Irving: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers, 38-21
  • 1996 Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test NZ v Zimbabwe
  • 1996 The first version of the Java programming language released

Historic Event

1998 Pope John Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba

  • 1998 Denver Nuggets tie the NBA single-season record of 23 consecutive losses set by the Vancouver Grizzlies in 1995-96; streak ends with a 99-81 win the next day against the LA Clippers

NBA Record

1998 Michael Jordan scores in double figures for 800th consecutive game in a 100-98 OT win over New Jersey; adds 40 more double-figure scoring games to his NBA record before retiring for the second time (1998)

  • 2000 AFC Championship, Alltel Stadium, Jacksonville: Tennessee Titans beat Jacksonville Jaguars, 33-14
  • 2000 NFC Championship, Trans World Dome, St. Louis: St. Louis Rams beat Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 11-6
  • 2000 Dallas' Don Nelson becomes the 6th coach in NBA history to win 900 career games when the Mavericks defeat the Detroit Pistons, 99-91 at The Palace of Auburn Hills
  • 2001 The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
  • 2002 Reporter Daniel Pearl kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently murdered.
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.