On This Day

Historical Events on January 26

  • 66 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Historic Event

1340 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

  • 1482 "Pentateuch" the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil
  • 1531 Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
  • 1589 Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
  • 1654 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1666 France declares war on England & Munster

Historic Event

1689 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr

Historic Event

1697 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

  • 1699 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1700 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • 1736 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne
  • 1748 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty

Historic Event

1777 Captain James Cook stops in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) with Resolution, for supplies, on his 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean

Historic Event

1784 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

British Empire

1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • 1789 John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church in the Bronx

Music Premiere

1790 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premieres in Vienna

  • 1797 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 1802 Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia
  • 1833 Gaetano Dinozetti's opera "Lucrezia Borgia" premieres in Milan
  • 1837 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1838 Myall Creek Massacre: about 50 Wirrayaraay indigenous people killed by New South Wales Mounted Police (seven men later the first ever to be hanged for killing Australian Aborigines) [1]
  • 1841 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 1850 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
  • 1857 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville delivers his design for a phonautograph, which created visual images of sound, to the French Academy
  • 1861 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Battle of Interest

1862 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

  • 1863 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1870 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • 1871 The Rugby Football Union is formed at a meeting of 21 clubs at the Pall Mall Restaurant, London, England
  • 1871 US income tax repealed
  • 1875 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881 Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882 France government of Gambetta falls
  • 1884 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 1887 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

Historic Event

1891 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

  • 1895 Alexander Gretchaninov's 1st Symphony premieres in Saint Petersburg, Russia, with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov conducting
  • 1897 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army

Historic Event

1900 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart

Music History

1905 Arnold Schoenberg's "Pelleas und Melissande" premieres in Vienna

  • 1905 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

World's Largest Diamond Discovered

1905 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa

  • 1907 1st US federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1907 John Millington Synge's "Playboy of Western World" opens in Dublin; play claimed as immoral and causes riots
  • 1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III rifle officially introduced into British Military Service, 2nd oldest military rifle still in official use
  • 1907 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1910 Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
  • 1911 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego

Music Premiere

1911 Richard Strauss's opera "Die Rosenkavalier" premieres, Dresden

Sports History

1913 Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing 2 seasons of semi-professional baseball before competing in the Olympics

  • 1914 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • 1914 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • 1915 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established

Historic Event

1918 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

  • 1920 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • 1920 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer
  • 1921 Toronto NHL center Corb Denneny scores 6 goals to lead St. Patricks to a 10-3 win over Hamilton Tigers in Toronto
  • 1922 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Pastoral Symphony" premieres in London

1st Winter Olympics

1924 American skater Charles Jewtraw claims the first ever Winter Olympic gold medal; wins 500m speed skating event in 44.0s at the Chamonix Games in France

  • 1924 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: All-Australian final; Sylvia Lance Harper beats Esna Boyd Robertson 6-3, 3-6, 8-6
  • 1924 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis. Melbourne: James Anderson wins 2nd of 3 Australasian titles; beats fellow Australian Richard Schlesinger 6-3, 6-4, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3
  • 1924 Clas Thunberg of Finland claims his first of 5 gold medals when he wins the 5,000m speed skating in 2:20.8 at the Chamonix Winter Olympics

Film & TV History

1926 John Logie Baird gives the first public demonstration of television in his laboratory in London

Theater Premiere

1927 Maxwell Anderson's play "Saturday's Children" premieres in New York City

  • 1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence

Historic Publication

1929 Rube Goldberg's "The Inventions of Professor Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts, A.K.," cartoon series first published in "Colliers Weekly"

  • 1930 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • 1931 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 "Cimarron" directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Richard Dix and Irene Dunne premieres in New York. 1st western to win Best Outstanding Production/Picture (1931)
  • 1932 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • 1932 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW

Sports History

1934 Australian cricket batting icon Don Bradman scores 128 in just 96 minutes for NSW v Victoria in Sydney; smashes 17 x fours, 4 x sixes

  • 1934 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.

Music History

1936 Joseph Stalin views Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth" but he and his officials leave early and the play is denounced in state press

  • 1939 Federal Hall National Monument established
  • 1939 Filming begins on film adaptation of "Gone With The Wind"

Victory in Battle

1939 Francisco Franco's troops conquer Barcelona

  • 1940 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
  • 1942 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland

Historic Event

1942 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel

Historic Event

1945 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp

  • 1947 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • 1948 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey 6-3, 6-1 for 4th straight Australian single title
  • 1948 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his 3rd Australian title; beats fellow Australian and doubles partner John Bromwich 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
  • 1949 WHIO TV channel 7 in Dayton, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Australia's Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 comes into force granting Australian citizenship and nationality to all people born or naturalised in Australia including First Nations people
  • 1950 Constitution of independent India comes into effect, Rajendra Prasad elected India's first president
  • 1951 Mel Ott & Jimmie Foxx elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1952 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1954 Groundbreaking begins on Disneyland
  • 1956 VII Winter Olympic Games open in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
  • 1956 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • 1957 Francis Poulenc's opera "Dialogue des Carmelites" premieres at La Scala, in Milan
  • 1957 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1957 India annexes Kashmir
  • 1957 Joseph F Cairnes succeeds Lou Perini as President of Milwaukee Braves

Historic Event

1958 H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense

  • 1958 Jack Smith takes over from Art Baker as TV host of "You Asked for It"
  • 1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
  • 1959 Italy government of Fanfani resigns
  • 1959 KOKH TV channel 25 in Oklahoma City, OK (IND/PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Mary Carter Reitano wins her 2nd home singles title; beats Renee Schuurman of South Africa 6-2, 6-3
  • 1959 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: American based Peruvian Alex Olmedo wins his first Grand Slam event; beats Neale Fraser of Australia 6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3
  • 1960 High-school basketball sensation Danny Heater scores 135 points
  • 1960 Oakland Raiders enter the American Football League

Election of Interest

1960 Pete Rozelle elected NFL commissioner on 23rd ballot

#1 in the Charts

1961 "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" by Elvis Presley hits #1

Historic Event

1961 1st woman personal physician to a US President - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)

The Twist Dance Craze

1962 Bishop Burke of Buffalo Catholic dioceses declares Chubby Checker's "The Twist" to be impure and bans it from all Catholic schools

  • 1962 Canadian Marine Service renamed Coast Guard
  • 1962 David Diamond's 7th Symphony, premieres in Philadelphia
  • 1962 US launches Ranger 3, misses Moon by 22,000-mi (37,000-km)
  • 1963 "Milk & Honey" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 543 performances
  • 1963 Major League Rules Committee votes to expand strike zone
  • 1965 South Vietnam military coup under general Nguyen Khanh

World Record

1966 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2:06.2)

  • 1966 The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1967 Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned
  • 1968 Israeli submarine Dakar sinks in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die
  • 1969 "Red, White, & Maddox" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 41 performances
  • 1969 Minister of Health and Social Services William Morgan resigns from the Northern Ireland government
  • 1969 Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1969 1st Australian Open Women's Tennis: Margaret Court wins inaugural Open event; beats American Billie Jean King 6-4, 6-1

  • 1970 Pendleton, Ford & Cryer's "Last Sweet Days of Isaac," premieres in NYC
  • 1970 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Margaret Court beats fellow Australian Kerry Melville Reid 6-1, 6-3; Court retains title for 9th Australian singles crown and 1st leg of her Grand Slam
  • 1970 "Bridge over Troubled Water" 5th and final studio album by Simon & Garfunkel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year, Best Engineered Non-Classical Album 1971)
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1972 Serbian air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives 10,160m fall without parachute - world's highest fall without a parachute
  • 1973 Belgium government of Leburton forms
  • 1974 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

Historic Event

1975 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

  • 1976 Belgium Catholic elite starts amnesty campaign for war criminals

Historic Event

1976 David Mamet's "American Buffalo" premieres in NYC

  • 1976 Israel opens "Good Fence" to Lebanon
  • 1976 NFL Pro Bowl, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans: NFC beats AFC, 23-20; MVP: Billy Johnson, Houston Oilers, WR
  • 1977 Soviet figure skaters Sergei Shakrai & Marine Tcherkasova are 1st to perform a quadruple twist lift in Helsinki
  • 1978 Frank Herbert completes his novel "Destination: Void"
  • 1978 International Ultraviolet Explorer placed in Earth orbit

Historic Event

1978 Mário Soares forms Portuguese government

  • 1978 Strikers riot in Tunisia, killing about 40
  • 1979 "The Dukes of Hazzard" premieres on US TV network CBS
  • 1979 Music Center Vredenburg opens in Utrecht Neth

Music History

1980 175,000 pay to hear Frank Sinatra sing in Rio de Janeiro

  • 1980 Islanders & Whalers play a NHL penalty-free game
  • 1980 Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations
  • 1980 Mary Decker became 1st woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes
  • 1981 Sandeep Patil scores memorable 174 v Australia at Adelaide Oval
  • 1982 In a 9-2 NHL win over Pittsburgh Penguins, the NY Islanders score 4 goals within 1:38, 5 within 2:37 in a 6 goal 1st period
  • 1982 Mauno Koivisto elected president of Finland
  • 1982 For the first time since the 1930s, the unemployed population in UK rises above three million
  • 1983 Dutch British infrared satellite IRAS launched from California
  • 1984 Nordiques' Michel Goulet scored on 9th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1984 US navy exhibits Piasecki helistat-4 helicopters & a blimp able to lift 26 tons-Lakehurst, New Jersey

Sports History

1985 Edmonton Oiler Wayne Gretzky scores 50th goal in 49th game of season

  • 1986 Hein Vergeer becomes European skating champion
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni's rebel army conquers Kampala, Uganda
  • 1986 Super Bowl XX, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, LA: Chicago Bears beat New England Patriots, 46-10; MVP: Richard Dent, Chicago, DE
  • 1987 Hart Foundation beat British Bulldogs for WWF tag team title
  • 1988 "Phantom of the Opera" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 4,000+ performances
  • 1988 Australian 200th anniversary parade of tall ships in Sydney Harbour
  • 1989 "Black & Blue" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 829 performances
  • 1989 AT&T reports 1st loss in 103 years; $1.67 B in 1988

Sports History

1989 Allan Border takes 7-46 against the West Indies at the SCG

  • 1989 Madison Square Garden announces 2-year $100m renovation plan
  • 1989 Test debut of Mark Taylor, Australia v West Indies, Sydney
  • 1989 US computer security expert warns of catastrophic virus
  • 1990 Annular eclipse visible over Antarctica & South Atlantic
  • 1990 Boston Red Sox hires Elaine Weddington as asst GM (highest-ranking African American female in a major-league front office)
  • 1991 "Few Good Men" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 497 performances
  • 1991 Alfaro Vive guerrilla group of Ecuador gives arms to Catholic church
  • 1991 Houston guard Vernon Maxwell is 4th NBAer to score 30 pts in a quarter
  • 1991 Jan Stenerud becomes 1st pure placekicker to make NFL Hall of Fame
  • 1991 NY Lotto pays $90 million to nine winners (#s are 5-15-30-35-46-50)

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1991 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Monica Seles becomes the only Yugoslav player – male or female – to win a Grand Slam singles title; beats Jana Novotná 5-7, 6-3, 6-1

  • 1991 Houston guard Vernon Maxwell becomes 5th player in NBA history to score 30 points in a quarter in Rockets' 103-97 home win over Cleveland; joins Wilt Chamberlain, David Thompson, George Gervin & Michael Jordan
  • 1992 "Little Hotel on the Side" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 41 performances
  • 1992 Super Bowl XXVI, Metrodome, Minneapolis, MI: Washington Redskins beat Buffalo Bills, 37-24; MVP: Mark Rypien, Washington, QB
  • 1992 Australian Open Men's Tennis: American Jim Courier wins 2nd career Grand Slam title and 1st Australian title; beats Stefan Edberg of Sweden 6-3, 3-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1992 8th Sundance Film Festival: "In the Soup" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
  • 1993 West Indies defeat Australia by one run in 4th Test at Adelaide
  • 1993 Everton scores a 3-1 away win over Wimbledon at Selhurst Park in London; lowest ever attendance at an EPL fixture, 3,039

Historic Event

1995 NJ Governor Christine Whitman, dedicates a rest stop to Howard Stern

  • 1995 With a record 6,254,427 ballots cast by fans in NBA All-Star Voting, Detroit's Grant Hill becomes the first rookie to lead all NBA players in All-Star votes received, earning #1 on 1,289,585 ballots
  • 1996 "Les Miserables" opens at Musichall Theatre, Duisburg
  • 1997 "Ideal Husband" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 308 performances
  • 1997 Brunswick World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by John Gant