On This Day

Historical Events on January 28

Historic Event

1077 German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII and invited back to the Church after his penitent Walk to Canossa

  • 1099 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria
  • 1262 Flemish Dutch coast ravaged by north westerly storm
  • 1393 Fire during Royal Ball in Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

Historic Event

1495 Pope Alexander VI (Roderic Llançol i de Borgia) gives his son Cesare as hostage to Charles VIII of France

Historic Event

1521 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th; Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther

Historic Event

1547 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as King of England

  • 1561 By Edict of Orleans French persecution of Huguenots is suspended
  • 1573 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.

Historic Event

1581 James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland

  • 1624 Sir Thomas Warner founds the first English colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

Pirate Attack

1671 Welsh pirate Henry Morgan captures Panama City from its Spanish defenders

  • 1689 English parliament resolves that the throne is vacant

Historic Event

1724 The Russian Academy of Sciences founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in a Senate decree. Called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.

  • 1754 Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity
  • 1760 Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants

Election of Interest

1770 Frederick North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after Augustus FitzRoy resigns

  • 1787 Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organizes
  • 1788 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • 1807 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

Historic Publication

1813 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom

  • 1814 Stendahl's 1st book is published
  • 1824 William Kneass becomes 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40)
  • 1830 Opera "Fra Diavolo" by Daniel Auber, premieres in Paris
  • 1846 Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • 1848 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 1851 Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 1855 The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway
  • 1860 Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 1864 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina

Appointment of Interest

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners

  • 1871 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1878 George Coy, Herrick Frost, and Walter Lewis open first commercial telephone exchange, in New Haven, Connecticut [1]
  • 1878 Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 1881 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British

Historic Event

1885 Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

  • 1887 England all out for 45 v Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • 1887 In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

Historic Event

1887 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris

  • 1893 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • 1899 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • 1902 Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1904 1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them
  • 1909 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • 1911 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • 1914 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • 1914 Beverly Hills, California, is incorporated
  • 1915 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • 1915 The United States Coast Guard is created by merging the US Life Saving Service & the US Revenue Cutter Service

Historic Event

1915 US President Woodrow Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

  • 1916 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • 1916 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • 1916 Opera "Goyescas" premieres in New York City
  • 1917 Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California
  • 1918 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • 1918 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1922 J E Clair turns Green Bay franchise back to NFL
  • 1922 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington, D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses, killing 98 patrons
  • 1923 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • 1925 -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)
  • 1927 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj falls
  • 1928 Christopher Hornsrud chosen Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1929 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Adelaide: Daphne Akhurst retains title; beats Louise Bickerton 6-1, 5-7, 6-2
  • 1929 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Colin Gregory wins his only Grad Slam title, beating Richard Schlesinger of Australia 6-2, 6-2, 5-7, 7-5
  • 1932 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)
  • 1932 Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • 1933 French government of Paul Boncour falls
  • 1933 German government of Von Schleicher falls
  • 1933 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali and gradually accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1934 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
  • 1935 Iceland becomes 1st western country to legalize abortion

Music History

1936 Pravda criticizes Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District"

  • 1939 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Emily Hood Westacott beats Nell Hall Hopman 6-1, 6-2 for her only Grand Slam singles title
  • 1939 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Australian John Bromwich wins his 1st Australian title; beats doubles partner Adrian Quist 6-4, 6-1, 6-3
  • 1940 Chicago's Les Cunningham scores 5 points in one period to set an NHL record that stands until 1978; records 2 goals & 3 assists in a 10:04 span during the 3d period of an 8-1 win over Montreal
  • 1941 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • 1942 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • 1942 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • 1942 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • 1943 Chic Blackhawks beats NY Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals
  • 1944 683 British bombers attack Berlin

Music History

1944 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • 1944 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • 1945 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • 1945 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • 1947 "Bay Psalm" book auctioned for a record $151,000

Historic Event

1948 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

  • 1948 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • 1949 NY Giants sign their 1st black players, Monte Irvin & Ford Smith
  • 1949 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • 1950 Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1951 "La Vie Commence Demain" the 1st X-rated movie, depicting artificial insemination, opens in London
  • 1952 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Thelma Coyne Long beats Helen Angwin 6-2, 6-3 for 1st of her 2 Australian singles titles
  • 1952 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Ken McGregor wins his first and only Grand Slam event; upsets fellow Australian Frank Sedgman 7-5, 12-10, 2-6, 6-2
  • 1953 WJTV TV channel 12 in Jackson, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • 1954 1954 NFL Draft: Bobby Garrett from University of Stanford first pick by Cleveland Browns

TV Show Appearance

1956 Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on national TV on the Dorsey Brothers's "Stage Show"

  • 1956 Austrian skier Toni Sailer wins the giant slalom at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics on his way to a sweep of the 3 alpine skiing events at the Games
  • 1956 Italy goes 1-2 in the 2-man bobsleigh at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics; along with silver in 4-man event, the only medals for the home nation at the Games

Television Premiere

1957 "Tonight! America After Dark" premieres, with Jack Lescoulie & Al (Jazzbo) Collins on NBC (between Steve Allen & Jack Paar)

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1957 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Shirley Fry Irvin wins all-American final; beats Althea Gibson 6-3, 6-4 for her only Australian singles title

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1957 Australian Championship Men's Tennis: Ashley Cooper wins 1st of 2 straight Australian titles; beats fellow Australian Neale Fraser 6-3, 9-11, 6-4, 6-2

  • 1958 Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor

Sports History

1958 Dodger catcher Roy Campanella is paralyzed in an automobile wreck

  • 1958 The Lego company patents their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today
  • 1959 Soviet Union wins 62-37 for 1st international basketball loss by US
  • 1960 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington, D.C.

Radio History

1960 "The Goon Show"'s final episode on BBC radio

  • 1960 NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises

Historic Event

1960 A new version of "La fille mal gardée" choreographed by Frederick Ashton debuts by the Royal Ballet with Nadia Nerina debuts at Covent Garden, London

  • 1961 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
  • 1962 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1963 -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)
  • 1963 "Still" single released by Bill Anderson (Billboard no. 1 U.S. Hot Country Singles, 1963)
  • 1965 "The Who" make their 1st appearance on British television programme "Ready Steady Go!"
  • 1967 Rolling Stones release "Let's Spend the Night Together"
  • 1968 29th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Chandler Harper
  • 1968 Goose Goslin & Kiki Cuyler elected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1968 Radiation alert following B-52 crash in Arctic air base of Thule in Greenland
  • 1968 Thai boxer Chartchai Chionoi retains his world flyweight title with a 13th-round TKO of home favourite Efren Torres in Mexico City; first of 3 meetings between the pair
  • 1969 2nd ABA All-Star Game: West 133 beats East 127 at Louisville

Sports History

1969 1969 NFL Draft: O.J. Simpson from USC first pick by Buffalo Bills

  • 1970 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1971 1971 NFL Draft: Jim Plunkett from Stanford University first pick by New England Patriots
  • 1972 Oral Roberts' Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association place "special emphasis on the necessity for a peaceful incident-free day" at the next march on 30 January in an effort to avoid violence
  • 1973 "Barnaby Jones" premieres on CBS TV
  • 1973 Henry Boucha, Detroit Red Wings, scores 6 sec into a game vs Mont
  • 1973 Mickey Welch, George Kelly & Billy Evans elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1973 Ron Howard appears on M*A*S*H in "Sometimes You Hear the Bullet"
  • 1973 In the run up to the first anniversary of 'Bloody Sunday' there is serious rioting in Derry, North Ireland
  • 1974 Sam Thompson, Jim Bottomley, & Jocko Conlan elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1975 8th ABA All-Star Game: East 151 beats West 124 at San Antonio
  • 1975 1975 NFL Draft: Steve Bartkowski from University of California first pick by Atlanta Falcons
  • 1976 E. A. S. Prasanna takes 8-76 to rip through NZ at Eden Park
  • 1976 NBA Atlanta Hawks begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • 1978 Ranger's Don Murdoch failed on 4th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1978 Ted Nugent autographs a fan's arm with his knife
  • 1979 "The Wiz" closes at Majestic Theater in NYC after 1,672 performances
  • 1979 Arthur Kopit's "Wings" premieres in NYC

Conference of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II addresses the Third General Conference of Latin American Episcopate in Puebla, Mexico

  • 1980 USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
  • 1980 New York coach Red Holzman wins his 600th NBA game, only the second (after Red Auerbach) coach at the time to reach the plateau, as the Knicks beat Golden State, 107-103
  • 1981 "5 O'Clock Girl" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 12 performances

Historic Event

1981 William J. Casey becomes 13th director of CIA (until 1987)

  • 1981 Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Italian police rescue US Brigadier General James Dozier, held hostage for six weeks by the Red Brigade of Padua, Italy

NHL Record

1984 Edmonton center Wayne Gretzky's NHL record point scoring streak ends at 51 games when Oilers beaten 4-2 by LA Kings; Gretzky totals 61-92-153 during the period

Golden Globes

1984 41st Golden Globes: Terms of Endearment, Tom Courtenay, Robert Duvall, & Shirley MacLaine win

  • 1984 Record 295,000 dominoes toppled in Fuerth, West Germany

Music History

1985 Charity single "We Are the World" is recorded by supergroup USA for Africa (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie, Quincy Jones, Bruce Springsteen, Stevie Wonder, and other pop stars)

Music Awards

1985 12th American Music Awards: Cyndi Lauper & Lionel Richie win

  • 1985 Houston's Bill Fitch becomes the 6th coach in NBA history to post 600 wins as the Rockets beat the New Jersey Nets, 97-93
  • 1986 "Uptown... It's Hot!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 24 performances

USS Challenger Explodes

1986 Space Shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, with all 7 crew members killed, including Christa McAuliffe who was to be the first teacher in space

  • 1986 Angolan revolutionary and leader of UNITA, Jonas Savimbi visits Washington, D.C.
  • 1987 Wrestler Jim Neidhart indicted for assaulting a flight attendant
  • 1988 South African Mbongeni Ngema's musical "Sarafina!" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • 1988 Canada's Supreme court declares anti-abortion law unconstitutional
  • 1988 Denver Nuggets point guard Michael Adams takes record streak to 79 consecutive games with at least one 3-point field goal in 117-102 loss against Indiana at Market Square Arena; streak ends next game

Sports History

1988 New York Rangers' Marcel Dionne scores a 2nd period power play goal in 5-2 win in Philadelphia; becomes 1st first player in NHL history to get 20 goals in each of his first 17 seasons

Sports History

1989 David Boon completes 7th Test century, 149 v WI at SCG

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1989 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Steffi Graf of Germany beats Czech Helena Suková 6-4, 6-4 for her 6th career Grand Slam title and her 2nd Australian singles crown

  • 1990 "Independent on Sunday" begins publishing in London

Super Bowl

1990 Super Bowl XXIV, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, LA: San Francisco 49ers beat Denver Broncos, 55-10; MVP: Joe Montana, SF, QB

  • 1990 Romanian protest against Ion Iliescu government

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1990 Australian Open Men's Tennis: American-based Czech star Ivan Lendl of wins 8th and last career Grand Slam title; beats Stefan Edberg 4-6, 7-6, 5-2; Edberg retires injured

  • 1991 "A Closer Look" with Faith Daniels premieres on NBC-TV

Music Awards

1991 18th American Music Awards: M.C. Hammer & Janet Jackson

  • 1991 David Boon completes ninth Test century, 121 v England at Adelaide
  • 1991 Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule
  • 1992 David Boon completes twelfth Test century, 135 v India at Adelaide

Sports History

1992 St. Louis right wing Brett Hull becomes 2nd player (after Wayne Gretzky) in NHL history to record back-to-back seasons of 50 goals in 50 games; #50 comes in 3-3 Blues' tie in Los Angeles

  • 1994 Helicopter crashes into office building in San Jose California, 1 dead
  • 1994 Inna Lassovskaja jumps ladies world record (14.78m)
  • 1995 Memphis Mad Dogs granted CFL's 13th franchise

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1995 Australian Open Women's tennis: Mary Pierce of France beats Spain's Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6-3, 6-2 for her 1st career Grand Slam title and her only Australian singles title

  • 1996 "Hello Dolly!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 118 performances
  • 1996 Super Bowl XXX, Sun Devil Stadium, Tempe, AZ: Dallas Cowboys beat Pittsburgh Steelers, 27-17; MVP: Larry Brown, Dallas, CB

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1996 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Boris Becker of Germany wins his 6th and last career Grand Slam title; beats American Michael Chang 6-2, 6-4, 2-6, 6-2

  • 1996 12th Sundance Film Festival: "Welcome to the Dollhouse" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic

Historic Event

1998 Michelangelo's "Christ & the Woman of Samaria" sold for $7.4 million

Super Bowl

2001 Super Bowl XXXV, Raymond James Stadium, Tampa, FL: Baltimore Ravens beat New York Giants, 34-7; MVP: Ray Lewis, Baltimore, LB

Australian Men's Tennis Open

2001 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Andre Agassi retains title; beats Frenchman Arnaud Clement 6-4, 6-2, 6-2 for his 3rd Australian trophy

  • 2001 17th Sundance Film Festival: "The Believer", directed by Henry Bean, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
  • 2002 TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
  • 2006 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Amélie Mauresmo of France wins her first Grand Slam title; beats Justine Henin 6-1, 2-0; Henin retires from stomach cramps

Australian Men's Tennis Open

2007 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Swiss ace Roger Federer successfully defends his title beating Fernando González of Chile 7-6, 6-4, 6-4

  • 2007 23rd Sundance Film Festival: "Padre Nuestro", directed by Christopher Zalla, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic

Execution

2010 Five murderers of Bangladeshi President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman hanged: Lieutenant Colonel Syed Faruq Rahman, Lieutenant Colonel Sultan Shahriar Rashid Khan, Major AKM Mohiuddin Ahmed, Major Bazlul Huda and Lieutenant Colonel Mohiuddin Ahmed