On This Day

Historical Events on January 3

  • 236 Reign of St Anterus as Catholic Pope ends with his death after only 40 days
  • 269 St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 936 Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
  • 1338 Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent
  • 1407 Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht

Historic Event

1431 Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon

Historic Event

1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine

Martin Luther is Excommunicated

1521 Martin Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church for failing to recant parts of his Ninety-five Theses which started the Protestant Reformation

  • 1638 Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • 1638 Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • 1653 The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India
  • 1667 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland

Historic Event

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army leaves Glasgow, Scotland [NS=Jan 14]

  • 1749 Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1750 Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
  • 1752 East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed

Victory in Battle

1777 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey

  • 1780 Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung
  • 1815 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia

Historic Event

1823 Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

  • 1825 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 1831 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 1833 Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
  • 1834 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
  • 1840 1st deep sea sounding by James Clark Ross in south Atlantic at 2425 fathoms (14,450 feet)

Historic Event

1842 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

  • 1843 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris
  • 1848 Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1852 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1853 Solomon Northup, author of the memoir "Twelve Years a Slave, is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
  • 1861 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 1861 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia

Historic Event

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

  • 1868 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors

Brooklyn Bridge Opens

1870 Construction begins on New York's Brooklyn Bridge; completed May 24, 1883

  • 1871 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • 1872 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 1885 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • 1888 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • 1889 Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood

Historic Event

1889 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche suffers a mental breakdown after supposedly witnessing a horse flogging

  • 1890 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin

Music History

1893 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's final opera "Iolanta", is first performed outside of Russia in Hamburg, Germany

  • 1896 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid
  • 1899 1st known use of the word "automobile", appears in an editorial in The New York Times

Theater Premiere

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

  • 1902 Due to a bad pitch Australian batsman Reggie Duff is held back to No. 10 on Test debut v England at MCG; scores 104
  • 1910 British miners strike for 8 hour working day
  • 1911 US postal savings bank inaugurated
  • 1911 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • 1911 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake

Liberty Bell

1912 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free

  • 1914 Kelman, Cushing, and Heath's musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
  • 1918 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor

Historic Event

1919 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

  • 1919 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization

Music History

1920 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres

Agreement of Interest

1920 Boston Red Sox baseball club owner Harry Frazee announces agreement to sell slugger Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 in cash and a $350,000 loan; start of the 84 year "Curse of the Bambino"

  • 1921 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • 1922 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar

Historic Event

1925 Benito Mussolini dissolves the Italian parliament and proclaims himself dictator of Italy, taking the title "Il Duce" (the Leader)

  • 1926 Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
  • 1929 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS president

Sports History

1929 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman follows up a 1st innings of 79 to score 112 in 3rd Test v England in Melbourne; his 1st of 29 Test centuries

  • 1931 Montreal Maroons centre Nels Stewart scores fastest 2 goals in NHL history with a pair 4 seconds apart in a 5-3 win over Boston Bruins at Montreal Arena
  • 1932 Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
  • 1933 Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1939 Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
  • 1940 WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV
  • 1941 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • 1941 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1941 Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia
  • 1941 American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players
  • 1942 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • 1943 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • 1943 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
  • 1943 Max and Doug Bentley assist on brother Reg's only NHL goal in Chicago Blackhawks' 3-3 tie with the Rangers in NYC; only time in NHL history trio of family members score and assist on a scoring play
  • 1944 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1945 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Historic Event

1945 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits France

  • 1945 Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • 1945 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • 1945 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • 1945 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Historic Event

1946 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

  • 1947 1st opening session of Congress to be televised - it did not happen again until 1977
  • 1948 Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman completes dual Test centuries (132 & 127* [26th Test 100]) in 3rd Test v India in Melbourne
  • 1949 US Representative William Dawson becomes 1st Black to head congressional committee - Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments (now known as Committee on Oversight and Reform)
  • 1949 "Colgate Theater" dramatic anthology series premieres on NBC TV
  • 1949 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • 1949 West Indian cricket batsman Everton Weekes scores 101 in 3rd Test against India in Calcutta; his world record fifth consecutive Test century
  • 1951 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • 1952 "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
  • 1953 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1955 Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
  • 1956 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa
  • 1958 Australian cricket fast bowler Lindsay Kline takes a hat-trick (Eddie Fuller, Hugh Tayfield, Neil Adcock) as South Africa dismissed for 99 in follow-on 2nd Test at Cape Town
  • 1958 The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1959 Alaska admitted as 49th US state

Election of Interest

1961 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected Chairman of US House Education and Labor Committee

  • 1961 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • 1961 An explosion at the Nuclear Reactor Testing Station in Idaho Falls kills three operators
  • 1962 Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome
  • 1963 WOUB TV channel 20 in Athens, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music History

1964 Jack Paar shows a clip of the Beatles singing "She Loves You", and says he understands that science was working on a cure for the phenomenon

  • 1966 Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE
  • 1967 "The Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes
  • 1967 Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion
  • 1967 WJAN TV channel 17 in Canton, OH (IND) begins broadcasting

Music History

1969 John Lennon's "Two Virgins" album declared pornographic in New Jersey

  • 1969 Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr seated by Congress
  • 1970 "Jimmy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 84 performances
  • 1970 Jerry Herman's musical "Mame" closes at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 1508 performances and 3 Tony Awards
  • 1970 Marxist government takes over in Congo
  • 1970 WHAG TV channel 25 in Hagerstown, MD (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 "President's Daughter" closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC after 72 performances

AFC Championship

1971 1st AFC Championship, Memorial Stadium, Baltimore: Baltimore Colts beat Oakland Raiders, 27-17

  • 1971 1st NFC Championship, Kezar Stadium, SF: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers, 17-10
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb in Callender Street, Belfast, injuring over 60 people

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1972 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall retains title for his 4th overall Australian crown; beats fellow Australian Mal Anderson 7-6, 6-3, 7-5

Sports History

1973 A 12-man syndicate led by Michael Burke and George Steinbrenner III buys MLB's New York Yankees from CBS for US$10 million

  • 1974 Arias Navarro succeeds Carrero Blanco as Premier of Spain
  • 1974 Burma accepts its constitution
  • 1974 Gold hits record $121.25 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Miguel Pinero's "Short Eyes," premieres in NYC
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title
  • 1977 Former Home Secretary Roy Jenkins announces his intention to be Britain's first President of the European Commission
  • 1977 "The Police Tapes" premiere on New York City TV station WNET, based somewhat on 1960s NYPD officers who worked in its South Bronx
  • 1978 Indian cricket spin bowler B. S. Chandrasekhar becomes first in Test history to register identical figures in both innings (6 for 52) in Indian innings win over Australia in 3rd Test in Melbourne

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1979 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Guillermo Vilas of Argentina wins 3rd Grand Slam title; beats Australian John Marks 6-4, 6-4, 3-6, 6-3

  • 1980 Gold hits record $634 an ounce
  • 1980 Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan
  • 1981 NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers retire jersey # 34, Austin Carr
  • 1981 Australian cricket captain Greg Chappell scores a masterly 204 v India in the 1st Test in Sydney; home side wins by an innings and 4 runs

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1981 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Czech teenager Hana Mandlíková wins her 1st of 4 career Grand Slam singles titles; beats home favourite Wendy Turnbull 6-0, 7-5

Sports History

1981 American golfer Johnny Miller wins the sport's first $1 million tournament when he beats Seve Ballesteros of Spain in a playoff in the inaugural Million Dollar World Challenge at Sun City, South Africa

  • 1982 Australian Open Men's Tennis: South African Johan Kriek wins first career Grand Slam title; beats American Steve Denton 6-2, 7-6, 6-7, 6-4
  • 1983 Dallas running back Tony Dorsett sets NFL record with 99-yard rush in the Cowboys' 31-27 defeat at Minnesota Vikings
  • 1984 Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson
  • 1985 Future Indian cricket captain Mohammad Azharuddin scores 110 on debut in drawn 3rd Test against England in Kolkata
  • 1985 Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews

Historic Event

1985 Mitch McConnell becomes Senator of Kentucky

Music History

1985 Leontyne Price makes her final operatic appearance in a televised performance of "Aida" at the Metropolitan Opera, New York.

  • 1987 "Oh Coward!" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • 1987 "Smile" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 48 performances

Hall of Fame

1987 Aretha Franklin is the first female artist to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

  • 1988 Israel orders 9 Palestinian "instigators" deported from W Beirut

Historic Event

1988 Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century

Music Concert

1988 Roy Orbison and Friends: A Black and White Night premieres on Cinemax; concert performance includes James Burton; Bonnie Raitt, Bruce Springsteen, Elvis Costello, Tom Waits, and k.d. lang)

  • 1989 Russian newspaper Izvestia gets its 1st commercial advertisement

Historic Event

1990 Panama's leader General Manuel Noriega surrenders to US authorities

  • 1991 Israel reopens consulate in USSR after 23 years

Sports History

1991 Wayne Gretzky becomes fastest and youngest player in NHL history to score 700 goals (886 games at age 29 years, 342 days) in LA Kings’ 6-3 win over the NY Islanders at the Nassau Veteran Memorial Coliseum

  • 1991 8 Iraqi embassy officials are expelled from the UK
  • 1992 32 Cubans defect to the US via helicopter

Sports History

1992 Australian cricket batsman David Boon scores an unbeaten 129 in drawn 3rd Test against India in Sydney; his 11th Test century

  • 1992 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Jakob Hlasek beats Karel Nováček of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for a 2-0 lead (ends 2-1) and Switzerland's first title
  • 1992 English club Wigan pays Widnes a world record rugby league transfer fee of £440,000 for Great Britain international winger Martin Offiah
  • 1993 "Catskills on Broadway" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 452 performances
  • 1993 "Christmas Carol" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 22 performances
  • 1993 "Lost in Yonkers" closes at Richard Rodgers NYC after 780 performances
  • 1993 Musical "Secret Garden" closes at St James Theater NYC after 706 performances
  • 1993 "Tommy Tune Tonite!" closes at Gershwin NYC after 10 performances
  • 1993 Michael Milkin, the "junk bond king", is released from jail after 22 months
  • 1993 "The Comeback", QB Frank Reich leads Buffalo Bills back from a 32-point deficit, to defeat the Houston Oilers 41-38 in overtime in a wild card playoff game, the greatest comeback ever in NFL history

Treaty of Interest

1993 In Moscow, the Start II arms reduction treaty is signed by George H. W. Bush (USA) and Boris Yeltsin (Russia)

  • 1994 "Gray's Anatomy" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 13 performances
  • 1994 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt
  • 1994 Tupolev-154M crashes at Irkutsk, Siberia: 122 killed
  • 1994 35-foot-tall Chief Wahoo, trademark of Indians on top of Stadium since 1962, is taken down, to be moved to Jacob's Field

Historic Event

1994 Restoration of South African citizenship, announced on 15 December 1993 by the South African parliament led by President F. W. de Klerk, becomes effective four months before the first South Africa non-racial polls of 27 April, 1994

  • 1994 Steve Young of the San Francisco 49ers becomes first quarterback to win 3 straight NFL passing titles despite a 37-34 OT loss to the Philadelphia Eagles; first to lodge 3 consecutive passer ratings of 100+
  • 1996 1st clamshell flip mobile phone, the Motorola StarTAC, goes on sale. Eventually 60 million are sold.
  • 1997 Bryant Gumbel co-hosted his final "Today" show on NBC-TV
  • 1997 Zimbabwe cricket fast bowler Eddo Brandes takes ODI hat-trick as home team scores another upset against England, winning by 131 runs and sweeping series, 3-0 in Harare
  • 1997 The People's Republic of China announces it will spend $US27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys
  • 1997 Texas-El Paso head basketball coach Don Haskins becomes 10th coach in NCAA Division I history to record 700 career wins when the Miners edge SMU, 66-64
  • 1998 "Side Show," closes at Richard Rodgers NYC after 91 performances
  • 1998 American "Hee Haw" banjo player Grandpa Jones suffers a stroke
  • 1998 Los Angeles Clippers Bill Fitch coaches his 2,000th NBA game, a 97-88 win against the Dallas Mavericks at the LA Memorial Sports Arena
  • 1999 Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 1999 NASA's Mars Polar Lander launched, mission later fails after communication lost trying to land on Mars (Dec 3 1999)
  • 2002 The Palestinian freighter Karine A is seized by Israeli forces in the Red Sea
  • 2004 Panthers kicker John Kasay ties NFL-playoff record with 5 field goals to lead Carolina to a 29-10 win over Dallas Cowboys in the Wild Card round of playoffs in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 2004 Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.

Film & TV History

2004 After hosting the show for over 30 years, Casey Kasem gives up the hosting duties of "American Top 40" to Ryan Seacrest

Film & TV History

2005 Craig Ferguson becomes the host of "The Late Late Show" on CBS

  • 2007 High profile Miami Dolphins NFL head coach Nick Saban resigns after agreeing to return to college football and take head coaching job at Alabama
  • 2007 National Express has its worst ever coach crash just outside Heathrow Airport.
  • 2009 Israeli ground forces invade Gaza.
  • 2009 The Bitcoin network is created as the first block of the digital currency is mined by a person or group of people using the name Satoshi Nakamoto
  • 2010 Phil Taylor successfully defends his PDC World Darts title with a 7–3 victory over Simon Whitlock of Australia in the final in London; Taylor's 13th PDC and 15th overall world championship
  • 2011 Adrian Lewis of England wins his first PDC World Darts Championship with a 7-5 win over Scotsman Gary Anderson at the Alexandra Palace, London
  • 2013 27 Shiite pilgrims are killed and 60 are injured by a suicide bombing in Musayyib, Iraq