Historical Events on January 30

  • 1018 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen

Constitutions of Clarendon

1164 English King Henry II passes the Constitutions of Clarendon, attempting to restrict power of the papal clergy in England - only Thomas Beckett objects, the beginning of their quarrel

  • 1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
  • 1349 Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hungarian king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
  • 1487 Bell chimes invented
  • 1522 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1607 Massive flooding in England destroys around 200 square miles of coastline and results in approximately 2,000 casualties

Keichō Embassy

1615 Japanese Keichō embassy, the first to travel to Europe, headed by Hasekura Tsunenaga meets with Spanish King Philip III in Madrid

Charles I Ransomed

1647 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000

  • 1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War

Cromwell Ritually Executed

1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

  • 1667 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty

Historic Expedition

1774 Captain James Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

  • 1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

French Revolution

1791 Comte de Mirabeau is elected President of the French National Assembly

  • 1797 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • 1798 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument

Pius VI Buried

1800 Pope Pius VI's embalmed remains are finally buried five months after his death in Valance, France

  • 1800 US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1806 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Library of Congress

1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

When I Have Fears

1818 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

  • 1820 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica, claiming it for Britain
  • 1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

Assassination Attempt

1835 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

  • 1841 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1847 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 1854 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858 Charles Hallé founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1858 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1862 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched

Around the World in 80 Days

1873 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

  • 1877 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • 1883 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria

Lovesick Prince in Suicide Pact

1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling in an apparent suicide pact

  • 1889 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • 1892 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
  • 1892 Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
  • 1894 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • 1895 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • 1895 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • 1895 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • 1902 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1907 Korean National Debt Redemption Movement started by Seo Sang-dong of Daegu, attempt by the Korean public to repay debt to Japan to avoid further colonization [1]
  • 1911 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • 1911 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • 1913 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • 1915 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • 1921 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • 1922 World Law Day 1st celebrated

1st Winter Olympics

1924 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins men's figure skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; first to successfully defend his Summer Olympic title (1920) at the Winter Games

  • 1924 Great Britain clinch inaugural Olympic curling gold medal with a 46-4 win over France at the Chamonix Games
  • 1924 Norway’s Thorleif Haug claims first of 3 gold medals at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; wins 50k cross country in a Norwegian sweep of the medals; also 18k and Nordic combined champion
  • 1924 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • 1925 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1927 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • 1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1928 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Frenchman Jean Borotra wins his only Australian title; beats Jack Cummings of Australia 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 5-7, 6-3

  • 1928 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Sydney: Daphne Akhurst wins 3rd title; beats Esna Boyd 7-5, 6-2

Theater Premiere

1928 Eugene O'Neill's play "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC

  • 1930 Russia launches their 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver- from Pavlovsk, USSR.

Film & TV History

1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's drama "The Bathhouse (Bunya)" premieres in Leningrad

Film Premiere

1931 "City Lights", American silent romantic comedy film directed by Charlie Chaplin, starring himself and Virginia Cherrill, premieres at Los Angeles Theater

  • 1932 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
  • 1933 "Lone Ranger" begins a 21-year run on ABC radio

Historic Event

1933 After Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, his former WWI colleague General Erich Ludendorff sends a letter to him stating "this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery"

  • 1933 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Jack Crawford wins his 3rd straight Australian title; beats Keith Gledhill of the US 2-6, 7-5, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1933 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: Joan Hartigan Bathurst beats Coral McInnes Buttsworth 6-4, 6-3
  • 1933 Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
  • 1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • 1934 Adolf Hitler's proclamation on German unified states
  • 1934 Former Australian cricket spin bowler Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 years 298 days as Victoria draws with NSW at the Sydney Cricket Ground

Meeting of Interest

1935 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • 1936 New owners of baseball's Boston Braves survey newspaper journalists to pick a new team nickname; known as 'Bees' in 1940 but return to 'Braves' in 1941
  • 1937 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Vivian McGrath wins his only Grand Slam singles event; beats fellow Australian John Bromwich 6-3, 1-6, 6-0, 2-6, 6-1
  • 1937 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton wins her first of 6 Australian singles titles; beats Emily Hood Westacott 6-3, 5-7, 6-4
  • 1939 Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939 Heavy aftershocks destroy some of Chile

Music History

1940 Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London

  • 1940 Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
  • 1940 Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
  • 1941 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • 1943 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight

Nazi General Friedrich Paulus Surrenders

1943 Adolf Hitler promotes Friedrich Paulus, commander of the 6th Army, to Field Marshal in the hope that he will not surrender

  • 1943 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • 1943 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • 1943 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • 1944 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1945 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • 1945 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • 1946 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime


1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

  • 1948 V Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • 1950 "Robert Montgomery Presents" dramatic anthology premieres on NBC TV
  • 1950 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Sedgman retains title; beats fellow Australian Ken McGregor 6-3, 6-4, 4-6, 6-1

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1950 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-American final Louise Brough beats Doris Hart 6-4, 3-6, 6-4 for her only Australian singles title

  • 1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1952 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • 1952 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • 1952 Paul Creston's 4th Symphony premieres
  • 1954 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
  • 1954 Fanfani government of Italy resigns

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1956 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Lew Hoad beats fellow Australian Ken Rosewall 6-4, 3-6, 6-4, 7-5 for his first Grand Slam title

  • 1956 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Mary Carter Reitano beats fellow Australian Thelma Coyne Long 3-6, 6-2, 9-7 for her 1st Australian singles title

Music Recording

1956 Elvis Presley records his cover version of Carl Perkins' song "Blue Suede Shoes"

  • 1956 Hallgeir Brenden of Norway wins Olympic 15k cross country gold medal at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Games; his 2nd career Olympic title after taking out the 18k event in Oslo (1952)

Civil Rights History

1956 Home of Martin Luther King Jr. is bombed

  • 1956 KRMA TV channel 6 in Denver, CO (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 KTXS TV channel 12 in Sweetwater-Abilene, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Soviet 500m speed skating champion Yevgeni Grishin wins 2nd gold medal of the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics when he dead heats teammate Yuri Mikhatlov in the 1,500m in world record 2:08.6
  • 1958 1st 2-way moving sidewalk goes into service in Dallas, Texas
  • 1958 Dore Schary's "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 MLB Commissioner Ford Frick announces that players and coaches, rather than fans, will vote on selections for the All-Star Game; vote returns to the fans in 1970
  • 1958 UK House of Lords passes bill allowing women to take seats
  • 1959 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • 1959 Danish ocean liner MS Hans Hedtoft sinks on maiden voyage after striking an iceberg off the coast of Greenland;, 95 die

Music Premiere

1959 Paul Hindemith's symphony "Pittsburgh" premieres

  • 1960 African National Party is founded in Chad
  • 1960 CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)
  • 1960 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
  • 1960 Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
  • 1960 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • 1960 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins

Music Single

1961 "I Fall to Pieces" single released by Patsy Cline (Billboard Song of the Year 1961)

  • 1961 Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC

Historic Event

1961 JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps

  • 1961 KAET TV channel 8 in Phoenix, AZ (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Outstanding West Indian spin bowler Lance Gibbs takes hat-trick (Ken Mackay, Wally Grout, Frank Misson) in drawn 4th Test v Australia in Adelaide
  • 1962 2 members of Flying Wallendas' high-wire act killed when their 7-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit
  • 1962 Laughter epidemic begins at a girls' mission school in Kashasha, Tanganyika, goes on to affect 14 schools and over 1000 people

Historic Event

1962 UN General Assembly censures Portugal over Angola

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1963 Ivan Sutherland submits a thesis containing his Sketchpad program, a forerunner to modern-day graphic user interfaces and computer-aided design programs

  • 1964 Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam
  • 1964 Ranger 6 launched; makes perfect flight to Moon, but cameras fail
  • 1965 "The Name Game" by Shirley Ellis hits #3

Funeral of Winston Churchill

1965 State funeral for Winston Churchill at St Paul's Cathedral in London; at the time, the world's largest ever state funeral

  • 1966 -19°F (-28°C), Corinth, Mississippi (state record)
  • 1966 -27°F (-33°C), New Market, Alabama (state record)

World Record

1966 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2:05.2)

Music History

1966 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 11th string quartet

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1967 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson repeats previous year's result; beats American Arthur Ashe 6-4, 6-1, 6-4 for his 5th straight Australian title

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1967 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: American Nancy Richey wins her first and only Australian title; beats home favourite Lesley Turner Bowrey 6-1, 6-4

  • 1968 1968 NFL Draft: Ron Yary from USC first pick by Minnesota Vikings
  • 1968 Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, "Honey"
  • 1968 Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese launch the Tet offensive against South Vietnames and US forces
  • 1969 The Beatles perform their last live gig, a 42 minute concert on the roof of Apple Corps HQ in London, England
  • 1969 US/Canada ISIS 1 launched to study ionosphere
  • 1971 Dennis Lillee takes 5-84 in his 1st Test bowl, v England
  • 1971 UCLA starts 88 basketball game winning streak
  • 1971 Walt Smith and Leon Uris' musical "Ari", based on Uris' novel "Exodus", closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 19 performances
  • 1972 Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during 'the Troubles'
  • 1972 Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations
  • 1973 1973 NFL Draft: John Matuszak from University of Tampa first pick by Houston Oilers
  • 1973 26th NHL All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden, NYC: Eastern Division beats Western Division, 5-4; MVP: Greg Polis, Pittsburgh Penguins, LW
  • 1973 Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts of conspiracy, burglary, and illegal wiretapping
  • 1973 Rock band Kiss plays their 1st show at the Coventry Club in Queens, NY
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Invention

1975 Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention, later to be known as a Rubik's cube

  • 1976 1st-class debut of Dav Whatmore, in Johannesburg
  • 1976 George H. W. Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)
  • 1976 William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA
  • 1977 8th (final) part of "Roots" is most-watched US entertainment show ever (100 million)

Sports History

1977 Allan Border scores 36 in his 1st-class innings (NSW vs Qld)

  • 1977 Edward W Stack replaces Paul Kerr president of Hall of Fame
  • 1978 Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

Radio Premiere

1978 Mutual Broadcasting Network begins airing the late-night "Larry King Show" on radio, from Miami, Florida

  • 1979 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979 Varig 707-323C freighter, flown by the same commander as Flight 820, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.

Historic Event

1980 Edward Albee's "Lady from Dubuque" premieres in NYC

  • 1982 Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
  • 1982 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners

Boxing Title Fight

1982 WBC super welterweight champion Wilfred Benitez of Puerto Rico defeats boxing legend Roberto Durán of Panama in a 15-round unanimous decision at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas

  • 1983 Hilbert van Thumb becomes European skating champ
  • 1983 Super Bowl XVII, Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA: Washington Redskins beat Miami Dolphins, 27-17; MVP: John Riggins, Washington, RB
  • 1988 Hansie Cronje gets a pair in 2nd 1st-class game (OFS v N Tvl)
  • 1989 Five Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor
  • 1989 Joel Steinberg found guilty of 1st degree manslaughter of daughter
  • 1989 Last day of 1st class cricket for Dav Whatmore
  • 1989 Olympian Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident
  • 1989 The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.

NHL Record

1990 LA center Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record by scoring his 100th point of the season for the 11th straight season; milestone comes with an assist in a 5-2 Kings' win over visiting New Jersey Devils