Historical Events on January 31

Events 1 - 200 of 221

  • 314 St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 876 Charles becomes king of Italy
  • 1504 By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
  • 1531 King Ferdinand of Austria and King John Zapolya of Hungary offically recognise each other
  • 1578 Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcome the Spanish
  • 1596 Catholic League disbanded
  • 1609 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • 1627 Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1675 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • 1679 Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon" premieres in Paris
  • 1696 Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
  • 1747 The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital, London
  • 1779 Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 1804 British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • 1814 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
  • 1817 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
  • 1846 After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1849 Corn Laws abolished in Britain

InventionHistoric Invention

1851 American Gail Borden announces the invention of condensed milk

Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk Gail Borden
Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk
Gail Borden
  • 1851 San Francisco Orphan's Asylum founded, 1st in California
  • 1854 Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 1855 Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 1855 The government of Lord Aberdeen in the United Kingdom falls following heavy scrutiny of the Crimean War
  • 1861 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • 1861 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
  • 1862 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • 1863 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1865 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1867 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • 1871 Millions of birds fly over western San Francisco, darkening the sky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Jesse James gang robs a train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1876 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1891 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto
  • 1893 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • 1895 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • 1900 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
  • 1901 Boer generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1901 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • 1901 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
  • 1904 Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth" premieres
  • 1905 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • 1905 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
  • 1906 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 1911 Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • 1915 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1916 Dutch Girl Guides form
  • 1917 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • 1917 Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement
  • 1918 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

  • 1919 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • 1920 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1920 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • 1920 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University
  • 1925 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
  • 1925 18th Women's Australasian Championships: Daphne Akhurst beats Esna Boyd (1-6, 8-6, 6-4)
  • 1925 18th Men's Australasian Championships: James Anderson beats Gerald Patterson (11-9, 2-6, 6-2, 6-3)
  • 1927 Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
  • 1927 NL President John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants
  • 1928 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
  • 1929 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1930 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1931 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joe Malone scores a record 7 goals
  • 1931 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
  • 1933 French government of Daladier takes power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Adolf Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • 1938 31st Women's Australian Championships: Dorothy Bundy Cheney beats Dorothy Stevenson (6-3, 6-2)
  • 1938 31st Men's Australian Championships: Don Budge beats John Bromwich (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
  • 1940 C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1941 Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1941 British army Layforce commando units set sail
  • 1943 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • 1943 Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad


1944 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

  • 1944 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • 1944 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • 1945 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • 1945 Soviet troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • 1946 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
  • 1948 J D Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the "New Yorker"
  • 1948 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
  • 1949 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
  • 1949 37th Women's Australian Championships: Doris Hart beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (6-3, 6-4)
  • 1949 37th Men's Australian Championships: Frank Sedgman beats John Bromwich (6-3, 6-2, 6-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman publicly announces support for the development of a hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951 39th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Thelma Coyne Long (6-1, 7-5)
  • 1951 39th Men's Australian Championships: Dick Savitt beats Ken McGregor (6-3, 2-6, 6-3, 6-1)
  • 1952 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
  • 1952 Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1953 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • 1953 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • 1953 New York, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
  • 1955 RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
  • 1955 43rd Women's Australian Championships: Beryl Penrose beats Thelma Coyne Long (6-4, 6-3)

Sport awardTennis Open

1955 43rd Men's Australian Championships: Ken Rosewall beats Lew Hoad (9-7, 6-4, 6-4)

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Lew Hoad
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Lew Hoad
  • 1956 French government of Guy Mollet forms
  • 1956 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
  • 1957 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
  • 1957 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 "Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • 1958 James van Allen discovers radiation belt
  • 1958 US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
  • 1959 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1961 Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
  • 1961 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
  • 1961 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide
  • 1961 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
  • 1961 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights

Film release premierFilm Premier

1961 "The Misfits" premieres in NYC, final movie for Clark Gable & Marilyn Monroe

  • 1962 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1962 Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort "USS Falgout", first African American to command a combat ship

Music releaseMusic Recording

1963 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" & "Ruby Baby"

Singer-Songwriter and and Guitarist Tony Sheridan
Singer-Songwriter and and Guitarist
Tony Sheridan
  • 1965 Pud Galvin elected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1966 Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 9 towards Moon
  • 1966 54th Women's Australian Championships: Margaret Court beats Nancy Richey
  • 1966 54th Men's Australian Championships: Roy Emerson beats Arthur Ashe (6-4, 6-8, 6-2, 6-3)
  • 1968 Bobby Simpson takes 5-59 v India in his last Test for ten years
  • 1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia
  • 1968 Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32"), at Agata, USSR
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1970 Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges

Music release#1 in the Charts

1971 "My Sweet Lord" by George Harrison hits #1 on UK pop chart

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
  • 1971 Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands
  • 1971 Special Veterans Committee adds 6 former players and 1 executive to the Baseball Hall of Fame: Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard and George Weiss
  • 1971 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1971 US male Figure Skating championship won by John Misha Petkevich
  • 1971 Dave Bancroft & George Weiss elected to baseball Hall of Fame

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Aretha Franklin sings at Mahalia Jackson's funeral

Soul Singer Aretha Franklin
Soul Singer
Aretha Franklin
  • 1972 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev becomes 11th King of Nepal
  • 1972 Military coup ousts civilian government of Ghana
  • 1972 US launches HEOS A-2 for interplanetary observations (396/244,998)
  • 1972 British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling to House of Commons on 'Bloody Sunday', "The Army returned the fire directed at them with aimed shots and inflicted a number of casualties on those who were attacking them with firearms and with bombs"

Music releaseMusic Single

1975 Barry Manilow's single "Mandy" goes gold

Musician Barry Manilow
Barry Manilow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 John Lennon releases "#9 Dream"

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1975 UCLA defeats Kentucky 92-85 to win the NCAA basketball championship
  • 1976 "Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1
  • 1976 Lance Gibbs becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308

Music awardsMusic Awards

1976 3rd American Music Awards: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win

Singer and actress Olivia Newton-John
Singer and actress
Olivia Newton-John
Country Singer John Denver
Country Singer
John Denver
  • 1977 Frenchman Francois Claustre freed, after 33 months as hostage in Chad
  • 1977 Joe Sewell, Amos Rusie, & Al Lopez elected to baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1977 4th American Music Awards: Olivia Newton-John & Elton John win
  • 1978 "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 101 performances
  • 1978 Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements
  • 1980 Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41
  • 1981 "The Tide Is High" by Blondie hits #1

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1981 38th Golden Globes: Ordinary People, Robert De Niro, & Mary Tyler Moore win

  • 1981 Gaetan Boucher skates world record 1000m (1:13.39)
  • 1982 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman
  • 1982 Gustafson skates world record 10 km (14:26.59)
  • 1982 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Whirlpool Golf Championship of Deer Creek
  • 1982 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 16-13
  • 1982 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
  • 1982 32nd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 120-118 at East Rutherford, New Jersey
  • 1983 In an effort to reduce driving deaths, a new law in UK requires drivers and front-seat passengers to wear seatbelts
  • 1984 36th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-6 at NJ
  • 1984 Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network
  • 1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 "Harrigan 'n Hart" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 South African President PW Botha offers to free Nelson Mandela if he denounces violence

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1986 Mary Lund of Minneapolis, 1st female recipient of an artificial heart receives a donor heart

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1987 44th Golden Globes: Platoon, Bob Hoskins, & Marlee Matlin win

Deaf Actress Marlee Matlin
Deaf Actress
Marlee Matlin
  • 1987 United Steel workers union ratified a concessionary with USX Corp
  • 1988 Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil
  • 1988 Super Bowl XXII: Wash Redskins beat Denver Broncos, 42-10 in San Diego Super Bowl MVP: Doug Williams, Washington, QB
  • 1990 1st McDonalds in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow
  • 1990 1st ever all-sports daily "National" begins publishing
  • 1990 Jushin "Thunder" Liger beats Naoki Sano to become New Japan IWGP champ
  • 1991 Denver Nuggets Michael Adams becomes shortest NBAer to get a triple-double
  • 1991 Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude
  • 1991 "Close-Up", Iranian film directed by Abbas Kiarostami, starring Hossain Sabzian and Mohsen Makhmalbaf, is released
  • 1992 MTA raised tolls on most NYC bridges from $2.50 to $3.00
  • 1993 "St Joan" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1993 Super Bowl XXVII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 52-17 in Pasadena Super Bowl MVP: Troy Aikman, Dallas, QB
  • 1993 81st Men's Australian Open: Jim Courier beats Stefan Edberg (6-2, 6-1, 2-6, 7-5)
  • 1993 81st Women's Australian Open: Monica Seles beats Steffi Graf (4-6, 6-3, 6-2)
  • 1993 9th Sundance Film Festival: "Ruby in Paradise" and "Public Access" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
  • 1994 Barcelona opera theater "Gran Teatro del Liceo" burns down
  • 1994 Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1996 50 people die and many more injured in a suicide bombing in Sri Lanka by separatist Tamil Tigers
  • 1997 "Final Fantasy VII" is released by Square and Sony Computer Entertainment to PlayStation
  • 1998 STS 89 (Endeavour 12) lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Seth MacFarlane's "Family Guy" first airs on Fox

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Super Bowl XXXIII: Denver Broncos beats Atlanta Falcons 34-19 at Pro Player Stadium, Miami, John Elway MVP

NFL Quarterback John Elway
NFL Quarterback
John Elway
  • 1999 87th Men's Australian Open: Yevgeny Kafelnikov beats Thomas Enqvist (4-6, 6-0, 6-3, 7-6)
  • 1999 87th Women's Australian Open: Martina Hingis beats Amelie Mauresmo (6-2, 6-3)
  • 1999 15th Sundance Film Festival: "Three Seasons" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
  • 2000 Alaska Airlines flight 261 MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, California, killing all 88 persons aboard.

MurderMurder of Interest

2000 A fight between Ray Lewis and his companions and another group of people results in the stabbing deaths of Jacinth Baker and Richard Lollar, resulting in the indictment of Lewis 11 days on murder and aggravated-assault charges

NFL Legend Ray Lewis
NFL Legend
Ray Lewis
  • 2000 Family GP Dr Harold Shipman is jailed for life for murdering 15 of his patients, making him Britain's most prolific convicted serial killer
  • 2001 In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.