On This Day

Historical Events on January 5

  • 1349 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1438 Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463 French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris
  • 1477 Battle of Nancy, Burgundy vs Switzerland, 7,000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy

Victory in Battle

1500 Duke Ludovico Sforza's troops reconquer Milan

  • 1527 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)
  • 1554 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1593 William Louis of Nassau becomes governor/viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1649 Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice (the most popular opera of the 17th century)
  • 1675 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg

Great Frost of 1709

1709 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.

  • 1717 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1757 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776 Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

Historic Expedition

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

  • 1800 1st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service in Baltimore
  • 1804 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1822 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 1828 1st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Historic Event

1836 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

  • 1840 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841 James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1846 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1850 California Exchange opens
  • 1854 Steamship San Francisco wrecked off US eastern seaboard, 300 die
  • 1859 1st steamboat the North Star sails up the northern Red River, America
  • 1861 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1866 Bedřich Smetana's first opera "Branibori v Cechach" ("The Brandenburgers in Bohemia") premieres in Prague
  • 1875 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
  • 1875 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Historic Publication

1886 "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" by Robert Louis Stevenson published by Longmans, Green & Co.

  • 1887 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University
  • 1888 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • 1892 1st successful auroral photograph made
  • 1895 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London

Sports History

1895 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days

Historic Event

1895 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

  • 1896 Isaac Albéniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez" premieres in Barcelona

Scientific Discovery

1896 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

  • 1900 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule
  • 1903 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • 1904 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1904 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1904 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68
  • 1905 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • 1905 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • 1909 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • 1911 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • 1912 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • 1912 The Prague Party Conference takes place.

Historic Event

1914 Industrialist Henry Ford announces his $5 minimum per-day wage, doubled most workers pay from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day

  • 1916 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1918 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • 1919 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1925 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • 1925 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • 1925 French Baseball Federation awards silver medals to John McGraw, Charlie Comiskey, & Hugh Jennings
  • 1925 England cricket openers Herbert Sutcliffe (176) and Jack Hobbs (154) display heroics in their 1st innings but the tourists sink to an 81 run defeat in the 2nd Test against Australia in Melbourne; Sutcliffe also adds 127 in the England 2nd innings
  • 1927 Fox Studios exhibits Movietone
  • 1927 Judge Landis begins 3-day public hearing on charges that 4 games played between Chicago & Detroit in 1917 had been thrown to White Sox
  • 1929 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia

Historic Event

1930 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire"

Meeting of Interest

1930 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house

  • 1931 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League
  • 1933 Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, starting on the Marin County side

Film Premier

1933 "Cavalcade" based on the play by Noël Coward, directed by Frank Lloyd and starring Diana Wynyard and Clive Brook premieres in New York (Best Production/Picture 1934)

  • 1934 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • 1934 National & American baseball leagues select a uniform ball

Sports History

1937 Australian cricket batsmen Jack Fingleton (136) and Don Bradman (out 270 the following day) make then record stand of 346 for 6th wicket in 3rd Test vs England in Melbourne

  • 1937 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • 1940 FCC hears 1st transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal
  • 1940 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1941 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1942 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • 1943 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • 1943 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • 1944 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 1945 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • 1945 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • 1946 "Show Boat" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 417 performances
  • 1949 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Historic Event

1949 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

  • 1950 Carson McCuller's "Member of the Wedding" premieres in NYC
  • 1952 Flying Enterprise sinks

Historic Event

1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

  • 1953 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Historic Event

1953 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

  • 1955 KMSP TV channel 9 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (IND) 1st broadcast

Sports History

1957 Dodgers' Jackie Robinson announces his retirement rather than be traded to the NY Giants

Historic Event

1957 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

  • 1959 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV

Plane Crash

1959 Buddy Holly releases his last record "It Doesn't Matter"; he was killed in a plane crash 29 days later

  • 1960 Continental League, a proposed third major league, gets an assurance of congressional support from NY Senator Kenneth Keating

Music History

1962 Tony Sheridan & Beatles produce "My Bonnie" & "The Saints"

  • 1963 "Camelot" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 873 performances
  • 1963 "Carnival!" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 719 performances

Papal Visit

1964 Pope Paul VI visits Jordan & Israel

  • 1964 AFL Championship, Balboa Stadium, San Diego: San Diego Chargers beat Boston Patriots, 51-10; Chargers RB Keith Lincoln rushes for 206 yards, 2 TDs
  • 1967 KLXA (now KTBN) TV channel 40 in Fontana-San Ana, CA (IND) begins

Historic Event

1968 Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law

Historic Event

1968 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

  • 1969 "Maggie Flynn" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 82 performances
  • 1969 Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman & Karl Shapiro
  • 1969 Neville Williams' "Chronology of the Expanding World" completed
  • 1969 USSR Venera 5 launched for 1st successful planet landing (Venus)

Album Release

1969 Creedence Clearwater Revival release their second album "Bayou Country", featuring singles "Good Golly, Miss Molly" and "Proud Mary"

  • 1970 23,000 Belgian mine workers strike
  • 1970 KPTS TV channel 8 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Soap Opera "All My Children" premieres on ABC
  • 1971 1st one-day international, Australia v England at the MCG
  • 1971 Globetrotters lose 100-99 to NJ Reds, ending 2,495-game winning streak

Sports History

1971 Body of former world heavyweight boxing champion Charles "Sonny" Liston (40) is found by his wife Geraldine at their Las Vegas home; he had been dead for an estimated 6 days; foul play suspected

  • 1972 Largest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Lakers-11,178)
  • 1972 NYC transit fare rises from 30 cents to 35 cents
  • 1972 US President Nixon signs a bill for NASA to begin research on a manned space shuttle

Historic Event

1972 President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed by the newly elected President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

  • 1973 Mali & Niger break diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes German DR

Album Release

1973 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's debut album "Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J."

TV Show Appearance

1974 Raul Julia appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in "Oh, Brother"

  • 1974 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1975 Charlie Smalls' "Wiz" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1672 performances
  • 1975 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • 1975 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • 1976 "MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premieres on PBS
  • 1976 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • 1976 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia at SCG against West Indies
  • 1976 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh
  • 1978 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time
  • 1981 "Nightline" with Ted Koppel extended from 20 mins to 30 mins
  • 1981 Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver confesses that he is the "Yorkshire Ripper" and murdered 13 women
  • 1982 Arkansas judge rules against obligatory teaching of creation

Sports History

1982 Star center Darryl Sittler leaves the Toronto Maple Leafs on medical advice because of mental depression; trade request was taking too long

  • 1984 Greg Chappell scores 182* for Australia in his last Test innings

Sports History

1985 Bryan Trottier failed on 9th Islander penalty shot

  • 1985 Discovery moves to launch pad for STS 51-C mission
  • 1985 Thousands of Jewish refugees are airlifted from Sudan to Israel
  • 1987 Surrogate Baby M case begins in Hackensack, New Jersey
  • 1989 2 French TV newsmen arrested for trying to plant fake bombs on 3 airlines at JFK airport in security test
  • 1989 Baseball signs $400M with ESPN, showing 175 games in 1990
  • 1990 J Donald Crump appointed 8th Commissioner of CFL
  • 1991 "Oh, Kay!" closes at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC after 77 performances
  • 1991 Edwin Jongejans of Netherlands wins 1-metre springboard diving title
  • 1991 Kevin Bradshaw of US Intl scores NCAA Div 1 record 72 pts
  • 1992 "6 Degrees of Separation" closes at Vivian Beaumont NYC after 496 performances
  • 1992 "Crucible" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 32 performances
  • 1992 "On Borrowed Time" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 99 performances
  • 1992 Musical "Peter Pan", starring Cathy Rigby, closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 48 performances

Sports History

1992 Indian cricket all-rounder Ravi Shastri scores 206 in 3rd Test in Sydney before being Shane Warne's first Test wicket, the first of 708 for Australia

Sports History

1993 Brian Lara scores his maiden Test century with 277 for the West Indies v Australia in drawn 3rd Test at the Sydney Cricket Ground

  • 1993 Price is Right model Janice Pennington sues CBS for show accident

Hall of Fame

1993 Reggie Jackson elected to Hall of Fame

  • 1993 Oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil
  • 1993 Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (first legal hanging in America since 1965)
  • 1994 Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.82)
  • 1994 26th NAACP Image Awards: "Sister Act" wins Outstanding Motion Picture
  • 1995 Lockheed C-140 Jetstar crashes at Isfahan, Iran, killing 18
  • 1995 Bill Fitch becomes the 5th coach in NBA history to register 850 career victories with the LA Clippers' 95-93 home win over Philadelphia 76'ers at the LA Memorial Sports Arena

Sports History

1996 Miami Dolphins coach Don Shula announces his retirement

  • 1996 Muralitharan no-balled for throwing in ODI v WI at the Gabba
  • 1996 Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone
  • 1997 "Juan Darien-Carnival Mass" closes at Vivian Beaumont NYC
  • 1997 "Love Thy Neighbor" closes at Booth Theater NYC
  • 1997 "Show Boat" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC
  • 1998 Ice storm knocks out electricity in Quebec & Ontario
  • 1998 Vandals decapitate Copenhagen's Little Mermaid
  • 2001 A report reveals that doctor and former GP Harold Shipman has potentially killed hundreds of patients

Hopman Cup

2002 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Spain wins 2nd title; Arantxa Sánchez Vicario & Tommy Robredo beat American pair Monica Seles & Jan-Michael Gambill 6-4, 6-2 for a 2-1 victory

  • 2005 Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.

Sports History

2007 Bill Cowher resigns as head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers

  • 2007 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Dmitry Tursunov beats Spaniard Tommy Robredo 6-4, 7-5 to give Russia an unassailable 2-0 lead, and first title

Sports History

2010 Mike Shanahan is formally introduced as head coach of the Washington Redskins

Hopman Cup

2013 25th Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Spain wins 4th title; Anabel Medina Garrigues & Fernando Verdasco beat high profile Serbian pair Ana Ivanović & Novak Đoković 6-4, 7-5 to clinch 2-1 victory

  • 2016 First batsman to ever score 1000 runs in a single innings in cricket - 15 year-old Mumbai schoolboy Pranav Dhanawade is 1009 not out
  • 2018 North Korea accepts South Korean invitation for high-level talks
  • 2018 Kitwe in Zambia bans shaking hands and the sale of fresh food in attempt to prevent a cholera outbreak
  • 2018 "Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House" by Michael Wolff is published by Henry Holt and Company

Hopman Cup

2019 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Swiss pair Roger Federer & Belinda Bencic clinch 2-1 win over Germany; beat Angelique Kerber & Alexander Zverev 4-0, 1-4, 4-3; Switzerland's 4th event success

NBA Record

2019 Golden State and Sacramento combine for 41 3-pointers in Warriors' 127-123 win; set new NBA record for 3s in a game; Stephen Curry hits 10 triples while Buddy Hield leads Kings with 8, Justin Jackson adds 5

  • 2019 Orthodox Church of Ukraine granted independence from the Russian Orthodox Church by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew
  • 2019 Chinese government report predicts China's population will peak at 1.44 billion in 2029 before declining
  • 2020 Iran pulls out of the 2015 nuclear deal, will not limit its uranium enrichment

Golden Globes

2020 77th Golden Globes: "1917" Best Drama, "Once Upon a Time in Hollywood" Best Comedy/Musical, acting awards Renée Zellweger, Joaquin Phoenix, Awkwafina, Taron Edgerton

  • 2020 Chinese professor Zhang Yongzhen publishes the first SARS-CoV-2 genome map online, allowing health professionals worldwide to identify COVID-19
  • 2021 Six Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, sign an agreement to ease the blockage with Qatar, in place since 2017
  • 2021 Daily new cases of COVID-19 top 60,000 in the UK as data reveals one in fifty in England had COVID-19 within the last week
  • 2021 In Georgia Senate run-off elections Raphael Warnock (D) defeats Kelly Loeffler (R) and Jon Ossoff (D) defeats David Perdue (R) to give Democrats control of the US Senate
  • 2021 86th Heisman Trophy Award: DeVonta Smith, Alabama (WR)