On This Day

Historical Events on January 6

Royal Coronation

1017 Cnut the Great crowned King of England in London by Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury

  • 1066 King Harold I of England crowned, after the death of his brother Edward the Confessor
  • 1099 Henry V crowned German king
  • 1205 Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans
  • 1227 Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre
  • 1322 Stephen Uros III becomes King of Serbia
  • 1352 French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star
  • 1355 Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy
  • 1449 Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.
  • 1453 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria
  • 1494 The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola
  • 1497 Jews are expelled from Graz in Styria, Austria
  • 1579 Northern Hasburg Netherlands counties of Artois and Hainault and city Dowaai sign pro-Spanish and pro-Roman Catholic Union of Arras (Unie van Atrecht)

Historic Event

1617 English court favorite George Villiers is made Earl of Buckingham by King James I

  • 1622 Pope Gregory XV forms Congregatio the Propagande Fide
  • 1639 Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed

Historic Event

1649 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"

  • 1661 The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London
  • 1681 First recorded boxing match is engineered by Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle; his butler vs his butcher
  • 1690 Joseph I, later Holy Roman Emperor and son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans
  • 1720 The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings

Historic Event

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlies' army draws to Glasgow

  • 1773 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • 1781 Battle of Jersey: Major Francis Peirson and his men defeat invading French troops
  • 1784 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople

Historic Event

1802 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland reach Quito, Ecuador

Historic Event

1809 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

  • 1832 New England Anti-Slavery Society organizes (Boston)
  • 1839 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as the "Big Wind"
  • 1842 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India

Historic Event

1853 Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts

  • 1857 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • 1861 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 1861 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • 1870 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna)
  • 1873 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"

Historic Event

1873 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal

  • 1880 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • 1883 Ontario Rugby Football Union forms

Battle of Interest

1887 `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II

  • 1893 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Historic Event

1893 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

  • 1896 1st US women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden

Historic Event

1896 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony

  • 1898 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • 1900 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured

Music History

1900 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1907 Maria Montessori opens her 1st (Montessori) school (Rome)

  • 1912 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Historic Event

1912 Geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt

  • 1913 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • 1914 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • 1921 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • 1922 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments
  • 1924 Francis Poulenc's ballet "Les Biches", choreographed by Bronislava Nijinska, and danced by the Ballets Russe, premieres in Monte Carlo

Sports History

1925 Paavo Nurmi, sets indoor record, 4:13.6 mile & 14:44.6 5,000m

Historic Event

1925 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) as Trotsky and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death

Historic Event

1925 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy

  • 1926 Kees Boeke opens 1st comprehensive school in Holland
  • 1927 US marines return to Nicaragua

Catholic Encyclical

1928 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)

  • 1929 Alexander I establishes a royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia

Historic Event

1929 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

  • 1930 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed

World Record

1930 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman scores 452 not out for New South Wales v Queensland in Sydney; then world record individual score in a first-class match; runs scored in 415 minutes

Historic Invention

1931 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Historic Event

1933 Clyde Barrow kills Tarrant County Deputy Sheriff Malcolm Davis after walking into a trap set for another criminal

  • 1936 Barbara Hanley becomes Canada's 1st woman mayor in Webbwood, Ontario
  • 1937 Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles

Historic Event

1938 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

  • 1940 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.

Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address [1] [2]

  • 1942 Bob Feller, enlists in Navy & reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
  • 1942 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").

Catholic Encyclical

1946 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

  • 1946 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • 1947 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test
  • 1947 Pan American Airlines offers a round-the-world-ticket, the first commercial airline to do so
  • 1950 "Happy As Larry" opens at Coronet Theater, NYC, runs for 3 performances
  • 1950 Britain recognizes Communist government of China
  • 1951 "Pardon Our French" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 100 performances
  • 1951 Indianapolis Olympians beat Rochester Royals, 75-73 in NBA-record 6 overtimes; also the longest game in NBA history
  • 1951 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1953 WKBN TV channel 27 in Youngstown, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1956 KGNS TV channel 8 in Laredo, TX (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group

TV Show Appearance

1957 Elvis Presley makes his 7th & final appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show"

  • 1957 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia
  • 1958 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to E. E. Cummings
  • 1958 WIPR TV channel 6 in San Juan, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 "Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom" with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC
  • 1963 "Oliver!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 774 performances
  • 1964 Charlie Finlay announces he wants to move KC A's to Louisville
  • 1964 Rolling Stones' 1st tour as headline act (with Ronettes)
  • 1965 Geoff Boycott takes 3-47 against South Africa, his best Test bowling

Television Finale

1967 "Milton Berle Show" last airs on ABC-TV

  • 1967 KHTV TV channel 39 in Houston, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 2 homemade buses collided on a mountain road in Terpate, Philippines plunging off a cliff, killing 84, injuring 140
  • 1967 United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
  • 1968 Th Beatles' album "Magical Mystery Tour" goes #1 & stays #1 for 8 weeks
  • 1968 Dr N E Shumway performs 1st US adult cardiac transplant operation
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon

Music Single

1969 The Supremes release single "I'm Livin' In Shame"

  • 1969 WLIW TV channel 21 in Garden City, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Australian boxer Johnny Famechon retains his WBC featherweight title with a 14th-round knockout of Fighting Harada in Tokyo; re-match of questionable 15-round decision in 1969 in his first title defence
  • 1971 Berkeley chemists announces 1st synthetic growth hormones
  • 1971 Cecil Partee elected president pro tem of Illinois state senate

Music Concert

1971 Neil Young returns to his homeland of Canada for his first concert there since his pre-stardom days

  • 1972 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1972 US male Figure Skating championship won by Kenneth Shelley
  • 1972 Vladimir Bukovski is exiled from USSR
  • 1973 "Schoolhouse Rock" premieres on ABC-TV with Multiplication Rock
  • 1974 "CBS Mystery Theater" premieres on radio
  • 1974 United Kingdom begins three-day work week during energy crisis
  • 1974 In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 1975 "AM America" premieres on ABC-TV with Bill Beutel as host
  • 1975 "Wheel Of Fortune" debuts on NBC-TV
  • 1975 A thousand Led Zeppelin fans, waiting overnight inside the lobby of the Boston Garden for tickets to the group's February 4th gig to go on sale, cause a riot and an estimated $30,000 damage
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Sports History

1976 Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million

  • 1977 Charter 77, a document criticising the Czech government's human rights abuses, is published in Prague
  • 1978 1st postage stamp copyrighted by US (Carl Sandburg stamp)
  • 1978 US hand over St Stephan crown to Hungary
  • 1979 The Village People's Y.M.C.A becomes their only UK #1 single. At its peak it sold over 150,000 copies a day.
  • 1980 "1940's Radio Hour" closes at St James Theater NYC after 105 performances

Election of Interest

1980 Indira Gandhi's Congress Party wins elections in India

  • 1980 Phil Flyers set NHL record of 35 straight games without a defeat
  • 1980 The beginning of the first GPS epoch.
  • 1980 AFC Championship, Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Houston Oilers, 27-13
  • 1980 NFC Championship, Tampa Stadium: Los Angeles Rams beat Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 9-0
  • 1981 50th hat trick in Islander history-John Tonelli scored 5 goals
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 41 B mission
  • 1984 Last day of Test cricket for Chappell, Marsh & Lillee
  • 1985 AFC Championship, Miami Orange Bowl: Miami Dolphins beat Pittsburgh Steelers, 45-28
  • 1985 NFC Championship, Candlestick Park, SF: San Francisco 49ers beat Chicago Bears, 23-0
  • 1986 British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns after the 'Westland affair'
  • 1986 Impala Platinum fires 20,000 black mine workers in Johannesburg
  • 1986 Last day in Test cricket for Bob Holland
  • 1986 STS 61-C scrubbed at T-31sec because of liquid oxygen valve problem
  • 1987 100th US Congress convenes
  • 1987 Astronomers at University of California see 1st sight of birth of a galaxy
  • 1990 NY Lotto pays $35 million to one winner (#s are 18-25-26-32-42-44)
  • 1991 "Gypsy" closes at St James Theater NYC after 477 performances
  • 1991 "Real Life With Jane Pauley" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias elected President of Guatemala
  • 1991 Qian Hong swims female world record 50m butterfly (27.30 sec)
  • 1991 Portland Trail Blazers beat the Seattle SuperSonics, 114-111 before a sellout crowd at the Portland Memorial Coliseum; marks the Blazers' 600th consecutive sellout at home
  • 1992 NY Yankees sign free agent Danny Tartabul
  • 1992 Robert Schenkkan's "Kentucky Cycle" premieres in LA

Sports History

1992 Sachin Tendulkar completes 148* v Australia at the SCG

  • 1992 The US Government urges doctors to stop using silicone breast implants, outlining the health effects
  • 1992 Zviad Gamskahurdia, the President of Georgia, flees the country because of the military coup
  • 1993 Bill Wyman announces he will leave Rolling Stones
  • 1993 Jean Mueller discovers comet Mueller/1993a
  • 1993 55 Kashmiri civilians are killed in Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir by Indian Border Security Force units
  • 1994 "The Government Inspector" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 37 performances
  • 1994 Dow-Jones hits record 3803.88

Sports History

1994 US figure skating champion Nancy Kerrigan is attacked by Tonya Harding's bodyguard at the US Championships in Detroit

Sports History

1995 Atlanta Hawks' coach Lenny Wilkens passes the legendary Red Auerbach to become the NBA's all-time winningest coach, with 939 career victories; Hawks beat Washington, 112-90 at the Omni

  • 1995 A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 1996 Record £42 million ($65.2 million) British lottery won by 3 people (2-3-4-13-42-44)

Hopman Cup

1996 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Goran Ivanišević & Iva Majoli win Croatia's first title; at 1 rubber apiece Switzerland's Marc Rosset & Martina Hingis forced to retire at 3-6, 7-6, 4-5 in the deciding doubles rubber

  • 1997 "It's a Slippery Slope" closes at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC
  • 1998 Barry Switzer resigns as Dallas Cowboy coach
  • 1998 Don Sutton selected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1999 An agreement is reached by the NBA and the players union to end a 204-day lockout which shortened the season by 50 games
  • 2000 The flu outbreak in Britain puts pressure on NHS
  • 2000 The last Pyrenean ibex is found dead after being crushed by a tree

Hopman Cup

2001 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Roger Federer beats American Jan-Michael Gambill 6-4, 6-3 to clinch Switzerland's unassailable 2-0 lead, (ends 2-1)

  • 2002 Daniel Bedingfield returns to No.1 on the UK singles chart for the second time with Gotta Get Thru This
  • 2004 Costas Simitis announces his resignation as president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Greece.
  • 2005 Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
  • 2006 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Lisa Raymond & Taylor Dent beat Dutch pair Michaëlla Krajicek & Peter Wessels 4-6, 6-2, 7-6 for a 2-1 win and 4th American title
  • 2009 Israel begins an assault on the Gaza Strip

Film & TV History

2009 Dakota Fanning receives the Rising Star Award at the 20th Annual Palm Springs International Film Festival

Film and TV Awards

2010 36th People's Choice Awards: Johnny Depp & Sandra Bullock win (Movie Star) and Hugh Laurie & Katherine Heigl win (TV Drama)

Film and TV Awards

2011 37th People's Choice Awards: Johnny Depp & Kristen Stewart win (Movie Star) and Hugh Laurie & Lisa Edelstein win (TV Drama)

  • 2012 A suicide bomber blows himself up at a police station in Damascus, Syria, killing 26 people and wounding 63
  • 2013 10 people are killed by a US drone attack in South Waziristan, Pakistan
  • 2013 The NHL reaches an agreement to end a 113 day lockout

Historic Event

2014 Truce begins between Free Syrian Army and forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad in northern Damascus

  • 2015 Randy Johnson, Pedro Martínez, John Smoltz and Craig Biggio are inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 2016 North Korea states that they have successfully conducted their fourth nuclear test, saying it was a hydrogen bomb in a claim disputed by most international experts

Music History

2016 "Star Wars: The Force Awakens" breaks North American box office record, passing the $760.5M taken by "Avatar"

Historic Event

2016 Governor of California Jerry Brown declares state of emergency over methane gas leak on outskirts of Los Angeles

Historic Event

2017 Elizabeth Warren announces her intention to run for a second term as Massachusetts Senator

  • 2018 Tennessee Titans quarterback Marcus Mariota scores a touchdown off own pass in 22-21 victory over Kansas City Chiefs, second NFL quarterback to do so
  • 2018 Oil tanker Sanchi collides with a freighter off the coast of Shanghai with 32 probable deaths
  • 2018 Jon Gruden returns to the NFL as Oakland Raiders head coach after nearly a decade of broadcasting (ESPN Monday Night Football 2009-17)
  • 2018 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Swiss pair Roger Federer & Belinda Bencic clinch 2-1 win over Germany; beat Angelique Kerber & Alexander Zverev 4-3, 4-2; Switzerland's 3rd event success
  • 2019 Record $3.1 million (333.6 million yen) price for giant bluefin tuna at Tokyo's Toyosu fish market bought by sushi restaurant owner Kiyoshi Kimura
  • 2019 Malaysian king Sultan Muhammad V abdicates after two years of rule in historic first

Golden Globes

2019 76th Golden Globes: "The Americans", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Green Book", Glenn Close and Rami Malek among the winners

  • 2020 Crawford Steel executives Sid Spiegel and Gary Stern via holding company S & S Sportsco purchase the Montreal Alouettes from the Canadian Football League
  • 2021 More than 50 pro-democracy activists rounded up and arrested in Hong Kong