On This Day

Historical Events on January 8

Victory in Battle

871 Battle of Ashdown: Ethelred I of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great beat invading Danish army

  • 1198 Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
  • 1214 Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
  • 1297 Monaco gains its independence.
  • 1558 French troops under Duc de Guise occupy Calais
  • 1598 Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy

Historic Discovery

1610 Simon Marius. a German astronomer, independently discovers the first three moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo

  • 1656 Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • 1675 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)

Music Premiere

1705 George Frideric Handel's 1st opera "Almira" premieres in Hamburg

  • 1708 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • 1716 Amsterdam gang leader and thief "Sjako" arrested
  • 1734 Premiere of George Frideric Handel's Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
  • 1745 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance

Historic Event

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's troops occupy Stirling, Scotland [NS=Jan 19]

  • 1760 Comet C/1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth

Historic Event

1790 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address

  • 1798 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • 1800 Austrians defeat French in Second Battle of Novi
  • 1800 Wild Boy of Aveyron (approx.12) discovered in southern France after possibly 7 years in the wild, later christened Victor of Aveyron
  • 1806 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa
  • 1811 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • 1815 Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew

Historic Event

1816 Sophie Germain is the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her paper on elasticity

  • 1833 Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
  • 1835 US national debt is $0 for the first and only time in history
  • 1838 Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 1842 Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • 1848 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 1853 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 1856 Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 1857 Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY" premieres in NYC
  • 1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield

Historic Event

1867 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • 1870 US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins

Battle of Interest

1877 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Historic Event

1878 Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley

  • 1884 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • 1889 Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
  • 1894 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • 1897 Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
  • 1901 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • 1902 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Illinois)
  • 1902 The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin

A Crackdown on Lovers in New York

1902 New York state assemblyman Francis G. ​Landon gets a bill passed to criminalize men turning around on a street and "looking at a woman in that way"

  • 1904 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • 1906 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • 1912 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • 1913 Frank Chance becomes NY Yankees manager
  • 1916 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • 1917 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy

Prohibition is Ratified

1918 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol

Historic Event

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

  • 1923 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • 1925 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas
  • 1925 England cricket opening batsman Herbert Sutcliffe follows his 1st innings 176 with 127 in the 2nd innings but his team cannot avoid an 81 run defeat to Australia in the 2nd Test in Melbourne

Historic Event

1926 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • 1929 1st telephone connection between Netherlands & West-Indies
  • 1929 CBS radio network buys WABC in NYC
  • 1929 "Man with a Movie Camera", Soviet experimental documentary film directed by Dziga Vertov, is released
  • 1932 Ratification of present SF City Charter
  • 1934 Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1935 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy
  • 1937 -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • 1940 Britain's 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar)
  • 1942 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
  • 1945 "Youth for Christ" organizes
  • 1945 University of Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team sets an NCAA record by holding Arkansas State to 6 points in a 75-6 win

Historic Event

1947 General George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State

  • 1947 Toronto Maple Leaf rookie Howie Meeker scores 5 goals in a game

Historic Event

1948 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason

  • 1949 "Make Mine Manhattan" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 429 performances
  • 1949 "My Romance" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 95 performances
  • 1949 "Small Wonder" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 134 performances
  • 1951 Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow (the Bermuda petrel) is rediscovered in Bermuda
  • 1952 Jordan adopts constitution
  • 1953 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • 1953 René Mayer forms French government
  • 1954 Jerry Vivino, American rock and R&B saxophonist (Max Weinberg 7; Vivino Brothers), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1955 Furman sets NCAA basketball single-game scoring record with 154 pt
  • 1955 Georgia Tech ends Kentucky's 130-game home basketball win streak
  • 1955 WUNC TV channel 4 in Chapel Hill, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken

#1 in the Charts

1956 Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel" and "Hound Dog" single goes #1 and stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)

  • 1956 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • 1958 Cuban revolutionary forces capture Havana

Historic Event

1959 Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as president of France's 5th Republic

  • 1961 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
  • 1961 The French vote for Algerian independence from French rule in the wake of seven years of guerrilla war
  • 1962 Dutch express train crashes into slow commuter train, 93 die (Neth)

Sports History

1962 21 year old future Hall of Fame golfer Jack Nicklaus makes his first professional appearance; tied 50th in Los Angeles Open

  • 1963 "Mona Lisa", on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art

Music History

1963 Dmitri Shostakovich' Katharina Ismailova premieres in Riga

Historic Event

1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares "War on Poverty"

  • 1965 Senator Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the American natonal flower (it does not pass)
  • 1965 Star of India returned to American Museum of Natural History
  • 1966 The Beatles' "Rubber Soul" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks
  • 1966 The Beatles' "We Can Work It Out" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks

Historic Event

1966 Georges Pompidou re-appointed French Prime Minister and forms new government

  • 1966 The Who and The Kinks perform on the last "Shindig" TV show on ABC

Historic Event

1968 Jacques Cousteau's 1st undersea special on US network TV

Historic Event

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill travels to Dublin to meet with Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch to continue discussions on matters of joint interest to the two governments

  • 1971 29 pilot whales beach themselves & die at San Clemente Island, California
  • 1971 Voyageurs National Park, Minn, established
  • 1972 Dmitri Shostakovich' 15th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • 1972 NCAA announces freshman can play on teams starting in fall
  • 1973 "Tricks" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1973 Greg Chappell's best Test bowling, 5-61 v Pakistan at SCG
  • 1973 Secret peace talks between US & North Vietnam resumed near Paris
  • 1973 USSR launches Luna 21 for Moon landing
  • 1973 Judge Sirica begins the trial of the Watergate burglars in Washington, D.C.
  • 1974 E Wilson Jr's musical "Let My People Come" premieres in NYC
  • 1974 Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York

Historic Event

1975 Judge John Sirica orders release of Watergate's John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison

  • 1976 Franklin Mint strikes 1st gold coins for Netherlands Antilles
  • 1977 Australian Open Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Kerry Melville Reid wins her first and only Grand Slam singles title; beats Dianne Fromholtz Balestrat 7-5, 6-2
  • 1978 Israeli government votes to 'strengthen' settlements in occupied Sinai

Election of Interest

1978 Harvey Milk becomes the 1st openly gay person elected to public office in California

Television Debut

1978 TV series "All Creatures Great and Small" debuts on BBC TV, based on the books by James Herriot, starring Robert hardy and Christopher Timothy

Sports History

1978 American Jimmy Connors beats Björn Borg of Sweden 6-4, 1-6, 6-4 to win his first and only season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis title at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1979 512 die as oil tanker Bantry Bay blows up
  • 1979 Argentina & Chile sign Beagle Canal accord
  • 1979 Today Show gets a new theme song
  • 1979 Vietnamese troops overtook Khmer Rouge & occupy Phnom Penh
  • 1980 Islander Glenn Resch's 20th shut-out opponent-Canucks 3-0
  • 1980 NCAA decides to sponsor women's championships in 5 sports
  • 1981 "Pirates of Penzance" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 772 performances
  • 1981 India all out 63 in one-day international v Australia
  • 1981 Reds become last team to sign a free agent (Larry Biitner)

Pirate Attack

1981 Linda Ronstadt opens in "The Pirates of Penzance" at the Uris Theater, NYC

Historic Event

1981 Isabel Allende begins a letter to her dying grandfather that will become her first novel "The House of the Spirits"

  • 1982 AT&T agrees to divest itself of 22 Bell System companies
  • 1982 Johnny Cash Parkway opens in Hendersonville, Tennessee
  • 1982 Justice Department withdraws antitrust suit against IBM, pending since
  • 1984 NCAA announces that basketball tournament will have 64 teams
  • 1984 Wash Caps Bengt Gustafsson scores 5 goals to beat Philadelphia 7-1
  • 1984 AFC Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Los Angeles Raiders beat Seattle Seahawks, 30-14
  • 1984 NFC Championship, RFK Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Washington Redskins beat San Francisco 49ers, 24-21
  • 1985 Japan launches Sakigake space probe to Halley's Comet

Hall of Fame

1986 Willie McCovey is 16th elected to Hall of Fame in his 1st year

  • 1987 Dow Jones closes above 2,000 for 1st time (2,002.25)
  • 1987 Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games
  • 1988 9th largest NBA crowd 38,873-Chicago at Detroit
  • 1988 Dow Jones down 140.58 points

Historic Event

1988 Hewlett-Packard introduces HP-28S Advanced Scientific Calculator

  • 1988 US female Figure Skating championship won by Debi Thomas
  • 1989 "42nd Street" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 3,486 performances
  • 1989 "Starlight Express" closes at Gershwin Theater in NYC after 761 performances
  • 1989 Boeing 737-400 crashes at Kegworth, England, 46 die
  • 1989 Soviet Union promises to eliminate stockpiles of chemical weapons
  • 1989 Beginning of Japanese Heisei era.
  • 1989 AFC Championship, Riverfront Stadium, Cincinnati: Cincinnati Bengals beat Buffalo Bills, 21-10
  • 1989 NFC Championship, Soldier Field, Chicago: San Francisco 49ers beat Chicago Bears, 28-3
  • 1991 "Davis Rules" with Jonathan Winters & Randy Quaid premieres on ABC-TV

Hall of Fame

1991 Gaylord Perry, Ferguson Jenkins & Rod Carew elected to Hall of Fame

  • 1991 Rod Carew is 22nd player elected to Hall of Fame on 1st try
  • 1991 Tamas Darnyi swims world record 400m medley (4:12.36)

Historic Event

1992 George H. W. Bush gets ill & vomits on Japanese prime minister's lap

Sports History

1993 Michael Jordan's game-high 35 points leads Chicago to 120-95 win over Milwaukee; gives him exactly 20,000 points in 620th game of his NBA career; 2nd-fastest to reach milestone after Wilt Chamberlain (499)

Film & TV History

1993 NBC offers "The Tonight Show" to David Letterman

  • 1993 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Michael Stich beats Emilio Sánchez of Spain 7-5, 6-3 for a 2-0 win, and Germany's first title

Film & TV History

1993 Robert Rodriguez's "El Mariachi" debuts at the Toronto Film Fetsival - will become lowest-budgeted film ever to gross $1 million

  • 1994 Rintje Ritsma skates world record 1500m (1:51.60)
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-18, launches into orbit
  • 1994 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Davis
  • 1995 "Guys & Dolls" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 1143 performances
  • 1995 15th United Negro College Fund raises $12,200,000

Hall of Fame

1995 Philadelphia Phillies 12-time All Star third baseman Mike Schmidt is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame

  • 1996 Blizzard buries eastern US causing at least 50 deaths
  • 1996 For 1st time in 25 years no one is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1998 NY Giant GM George Young resigns to accept NFL position

Historic Event

1998 Unabomber suspect Ted Kaczynski asks to act as his own lawyer

  • 1998 World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Ahmed Yousef sentenced to life

Historic Event

1999 Tree planting protest against the privatisation of Karura Forest, including Wangari Maathai, attacked in Kenya prompting outrage

  • 2000 "Music City Miracle", in AFC Wild Card Playoff, Tennessee Titans defeat Buffalo Bills 22-16 in last 16 seconds with Kevin Dyson, running length of the field for a game-winning touchdown
  • 2000 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Amanda Coetzer & Wayne Ferreira wrap up South Africa's first title (3-0) with an abbreviated 8-1 mixed doubles win over Tamarine Tanasugarn & Paradorn Srichaphan of Thailand

Music Awards

2001 28th American Music Awards: Faith Hill & Kid Rock win

  • 2001 The identities of 2 boys who murdered a toddler in 1993 will be kept secret, the High Court rules

Historic Event

2002 President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.

Historic Event

2004 RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II

  • 2005 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Dominik Hrbatý beats Guillermo Coria of Argentina 6-4, 6-1 for an unassailable 2-0 lead, and 2nd Slovakian title
  • 2006 A magnitude 6.9 earthquake with its epicenter just off the Greek island of Kythira hits much of the country and is felt throughout the entire eastern Mediterranean Sea.
  • 2008 New Jersey officially apologizes for slavery, becoming the first Northern state to do so.

Film and TV Awards

2008 34th People's Choice Awards: Johnny Depp & Reese Witherspoon win (Movie Star) and Patrick Dempsey & Katherine Heigl win (TV)

Sports History

2008 Joe Gibbs retires, for the second time, as head coach of the Washington Redskins

  • 2009 A 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit Costa Rica´s region of Volcan Poás, with an epicenter near Cinchona. It was caused by Varablanca-Angel fault.
  • 2009 14th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: Slumdog Millionaire wins Best Film
  • 2011 Attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store kills 6 and wounds 13, including Giffords
  • 2011 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Americans Bethanie Mattek-Sands & John Isner beat Belgian pair Justine Henin & Ruben Bemelmans 6-1, 6-3 to clinch a 2-1 victory; 6th title for the United States
  • 2012 "The 3:16 Game" AFC Wild Card Playof, underdogs Denver Broncos defeat Pittsburgh Steelers 29–23 with Tim Tebow connecting with Demaryius Thomas on an 80-yard touchdown pass on first scrimmage play of overtime
  • 2013 130 wildfires across Australia’s east coast force thousands to evacuate their homes
  • 2013 2,130 prisoners held by the Syrian government are exchanged for 48 Iranians kidnapped by Syrian rebels

Sports History

2013 Steve Nash records his 10,000th career assist against Houston

Film and TV Awards

2014 40th People's Choice Awards: Johnny Depp & Sandra Bullock win (Movie Star) and Josh Charles & Stana Katić win (Dramatic TV)

El Chapo Finally Recaptured

2016 Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announces the recapture of drug lord Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, six months after he escaped prison

Golden Globes

2017 74th Golden Globes: "Moonlight", Casey Affleck and Isabelle Huppert win

  • 2018 US record year for cost of natural disasters announced - $306 billion in 2017