Historical Events on January 9

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople
  • 1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

Trial of Joan of Arc

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government

  • 1464 1st meeting of States-General of Netherlands

Columbus Sights Manatees

1493 1st sight of manatees by Christopher Columbus

  • 1522 Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

Massacre of Novgorod

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod

Francis Drake's Circumnavigation

1580 Francis Drake's ship the 'Golden Hind' strikes a reef off the Celebes islands, slips off the next day and sails onward to Java then round the Cape of Good Hope and back to Plymouth in England [1]

  • 1718 France declares war on Spain
  • 1728 Coronation of 12-year old Peter II Alexeyevich as Tsar of Russia takes place in Moscow
  • 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1768 Philip Astley stages the world's first modern circus in London
  • 1792 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1793 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • 1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery

Income Tax

1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

Nelson's State Funeral

1806 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

  • 1811 1st Women's Golf Tournament held

Napoleonic Wars

1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

  • 1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 1847 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
  • 1848 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
  • 1848 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • 1854 Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 1855 Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 1858 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide
  • 1860 Dion Boucicault's stage drama "Jeanie Deans" opens at Laura Keene's Theatre, NYC

Battle of Fort Sumter

1861 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

  • 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • 1866 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1868 Last convict ship the Hougoumont arrives in Fremantle, ending 80 years of penal transportation to Australia [1]
  • 1878 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 1880 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • 1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow
  • 1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1894 William K.L. Dickson's motion picture "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" aka "Fred Ott's Sneeze" receives first US copyright for the format; it was filmed a few days earlier at Edison Studio, West Orange, New Jersey [1]
  • 1901 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • 1903 Baseball's National & American Leagues make peace
  • 1903 Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchase the American League's Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 and move it to NYC (later the NY Yankees)
  • 1903 Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, established
  • 1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds Jules De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • 1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established

Historic Expedition

1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

  • 1912 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • 1915 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated in San Francisco

Gallipoli: Guts, Glory and Defeat

1916 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated

  • 1917 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • 1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1923 Swaraj political party founded in India with Chittaranjan Das as president and Motilal Nehru its secretary
  • 1925 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption

Music History

1927 Dmitri Shostakovich' Octet opus 11 premieres in Moscow

  • 1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died

Theater Premiere

1928 Eugene O'Neill's play "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC

  • 1929 Buddy DeSylva & Lew Brown's musical "Follow Thru" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1930 Architectural firm Albert Kahn Associates becomes the consulting architects for all industrial construction in the Soviet Union

  • 1930 Boston Bruins wins then NHL record 14th straight game
  • 1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction

Music History

1936 Noël Coward's stage drama "Astonished Heart" premieres in London

  • 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians

Theater Premiere

1937 Maxwell Anderson's stage drama "High Tor" premieres at Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 171 performances, wins Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Play

  • 1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940 James Thurber and Elliott Nugent's stage comedy "The Male Animal" premieres at the Cort Theater. NYC; runs for 243 performances
  • 1941 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane

Boxing Title Fight

1942 In his 20th title defence, Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in the 1st round of their rematch to retain his world heavyweight boxing title at New York’s Madison Square Garden

  • 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • 1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Historic Event

1945 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

  • 1946 "Would-Be Gentleman" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 77 performances
  • 1947 "Street Scene" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 148 performances

Historic Event

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

  • 1947 Providence Steamrollers guard Dino Martin becomes the first NBA player to ever score 40 points in a game, in a 91-68 win over Cleveland Rebels at Rhode Island Auditorium
  • 1947 Roger Sessions' 2nd Symphony premieres in San Francisco with Pierre Monteux conducting the San Francisco Symphony,

Music Premiere

1948 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston by the Boston Symphony Orchestra; conducted by Serge Koussevitzky; wins 1947 Pulitzer Prize

  • 1951 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • 1951 Washington Capitals NBA club folds
  • 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • 1952 Karel Sys wins European heavyweight boxing title

Sports History

1952 Marines give notice that they will recall Ted Williams to active duty

  • 1953 Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 116 pts in basketball game
  • 1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • 1954 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • 1954 Bert Olmstead of the Montreal Canadiens, ties NHL record of 8 points in game
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • 1956 Abigail Van Buren's [Pauline Phillips] "Dear Abby" advice column 1st appears in newspapers

Music History

1956 Musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin broadcast live, for a 2nd time, on NBC as part of "Producers' Showcase" series

  • 1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • 1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • 1957 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR

Sports History

1958 In basketball Oscar Robertson (Cin) scores 56, Seton Hall team 54

Television Premiere

1959 "Rawhide" with Clint Eastwood premieres on CBS TV

  • 1959 Dam across Tera River in Northwestern Spain collapses after heavy winter rains, killing 135
  • 1959 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • 1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • 1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • 1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 NFL prohibits grabbing of face masks
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1963 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

  • 1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone
  • 1965 Beatles '65 album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
  • 1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski, barring him from travel abroad

Hey, Hey – We're The Monkees

1967 "More of the Monkees" second album by The Monkees is released

  • 1967 Georgia legislature seats Representative Julian Bond
  • 1967 NFL New Orleans' franchise takes name "Saints"
  • 1968 1st ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon
  • 1969 First trial flight of Concorde supersonic jetliner, Bristol, England

Historic Event

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill travels to London to meet Home Secretary James Callaghan and brief him on the growing violence in Northern Ireland

  • 1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted
  • 1971 "Lovely Ladies, Kind Gentlemen" closes at Majestic Theater, NYC, after 19 performances

Historic Event

1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving's autobiography is a fake

  • 1972 British coal miners begin a national strike, the first for half a century

Sports History

1972 Led by future Lakers star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Milwaukee Bucks beat LA Lakers, 120-104, ending LA's consecutive win streak at 33, the longest winning streak in major league sports history

  • 1972 Retired passenger liner Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour
  • 1973 Luna 21 launched, to Moon
  • 1975 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • 1975 Australia beat England by 171 runs in 4th Test to regain Ashes

Sports History

1976 Bryan Trottier failed in 4th Islander penalty shot

  • 1976 C. W. McCall CB song "Convoy" hits #1 on the country music charts

Music Single

1976 Ringo Starr releases single "Oh My My" in the UK

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1977 Australian Open Men's Tennis: American Roscoe Tanner wins his first and only Grand Slam event; beats Guillermo Vilas of Argentina 6-3, 6-3, 6-3

  • 1977 Revival of George Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" closes at Uris Theater, NYC, after 122 performances

Super Bowl

1977 Super Bowl XI, Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA: Oakland Raiders beat Minnesota Vikings, 32-14; MVP: Fred Biletnikoff, Oakland, WR

  • 1978 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established

Sports History

1979 Bobby Orr's #4 jersey is retired by the Boston Bruins

  • 1979 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W. S. Merwin
  • 1979 High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126th consecutive free throws

Film & TV History

1979 K-Mart pulls Steve Martin's "Let's Get Small" for being in "bad taste"

  • 1979 Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses
  • 1980 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1981 Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal
  • 1982 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; 1st since 1855
  • 1982 Steve D'Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 sec in Mass HS game

Historic Event

1983 British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

  • 1984 "TV's Bloopers & Practical Jokes" premieres on NBC TV (Whoops)
  • 1984 Braves pitcher Pascual Perez is arrested for cocaine possession
  • 1984 EAA moves operations to Oshkosh

Music Single

1984 John Lennon single "Nobody Told Me" released posthumously

Album Release

1984 Rock band Van Halen release their most successful album "1984"

  • 1985 Flames set NHL record 264th regular season game without being shut-out
  • 1986 After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
  • 1986 NY Islanders repeat their greatest shutout margin (9-0) vs Pittsburgh Penguins
  • 1987 Chinese Vietnamese border fights, 1,500 killed
  • 1987 New Nicaraguan constitution takes effect

Historic Event

1988 August Wilson's "Piano Lesson" premieres in Boston

Sports History

1988 US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano

Television Premiere

1989 "Pat Sajak Show" premieres on CBS

  • 1990 64th US manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) launches into orbit
  • 1990 Boston Celtics worst ever (6 pts in 2nd vs NJ Nets) & lose 87-78
  • 1990 US Supreme Court strikes down Dallas' ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses
  • 1991 Baker & Aziz meet in Geneva; talks fail to defuse gulf crisis

Hall of Fame

1991 Baseball officially bans Pete Rose from being elected to Hall of Fame for betting on baseball

Sports History

1991 Chicago's Michael Jordan scores a game-high 40 points to lead the Bulls to a 107-99 win over Philadelphia at the Spectrum; reaches the 15,000 point mark of his career

  • 1991 Dean Smith of NC is 6th to win 700 career coaching basketball games
  • 1992 Alison Halford, Assistant Chief Constable of Merseyside Police (Britain's most senior policewoman) is suspended after allegations of misconduct
  • 1993 Franziska van Almsick swims world record 100m free style (53.33)
  • 1994 14th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record (167.282 pts)
  • 1994 Rintje Ritsma skates world record (156.201 points)
  • 1995 Ecuador & Peru involved in boundary fight
  • 1995 Worker accidentally cuts electrical wires at Newark Airport

Television Debut

1996 1st episode of TV sitcom "3rd Rock from the Sun" by Bonnie and Terry Turner and starring John Lithgow and Kristen Johnston screens on NBC

  • 1997 After 5 days missing, Tony Bullimore rescued alive after his boat capsized in Southern Ocean

Music History

1997 Heart attacks sends singer Frank Sinatra back to hospital

  • 1997 Krzysztof Penderecki's choral symphony "Seven Gates of Jerusalem" premieres in Jerusalem, Israel

Sports History

1998 Anatoly Karpov defeats Viswanathan Anand to retain chess title

  • 1998 Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hrs 8 mins
  • 1998 Boston Red Sox Mo Vaughn pleads not guilty to drunken driving
  • 1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned

Sports History

1998 Hockey News selects Wayne Gretzky as the best NHL player ever

  • 1999 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Mark Philippoussis clinches Australia's unassailable 2-0 lead, (ends 2-1), with a 6-3, 7-6 win over Sweden's Jonas Björkman; Australia's first title

Sports History

2000 Miami Dolphin QB Dan Marino wins his last career NFL game (20-17 vs Seattle)

  • 2001 American version of Belgian reality game show "The Mole" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 2001 Apple announced iTunes at the Macworld Expo in San Francisco, for organizing and playing digital music and videos
  • 2001 Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.

People's Choice Awards

2005 31st People's Choice Awards: Johnny Depp & Julia Roberts win (Motion Picture) and Matt LeBlanc & Marg Helgenberger win (TV)

Election of Interest

2005 Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.

  • 2005 The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.