On This Day

Historical Events on July 10

Victory in Battle

48 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey near the city of Dyrrachium (in what is now Albania)

  • 518 Former peasant Justin I proclaimed Byzantine emperor in the Hippodrome, Constantinople
  • 552 Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 988 The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey

Lady Godiva

1040 Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, according to legend, to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes

  • 1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" ends, longest-sitting parliament at that time
  • 1460 Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton

Treaty of Interest

1520 King Charles V France and King Henry VIII of England sign Treaty of Calais

Historic Event

1553 Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, proclaimed Queen of England, succeeds Edward VI, who proclaimed his half-sisters illegitimate. Reigns for nine days.

  • 1568 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1569 Coronation of John III, King of Sweden
  • 1584 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1598 Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1609 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League

Historic Event

1627 English fleet under George Villiers reach La Rochelle [NS=June 20]

  • 1629 1st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, Massachusetts)

Victory in Battle

1645 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists

  • 1652 England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head - French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet under Cornelis Evertsen

Historic Event

1739 King George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)

Music History

1762 Louis-François Roubiliac's monument to George Frideric Handel is unveiled at Westminster Abbey in London

Historic Event

1775 Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army

Declaration of War

1778 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

Historic Event

1780 The Comte de Rochambeau and his French force of 7,000 land at Newport, Rhode Island, to join the American Revolutionary War

Scientific Discovery

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers

  • 1800 The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent
  • 1806 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
  • 1832 President Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
  • 1847 Urbain Le Leverrier and John Couch Adams, co-discoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel

Historic Event

1850 Millard Fillmore sworn in as President of US (replacing Taylor)

  • 1861 Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia and says Union troops will not enter that state
  • 1863 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi - captured by federals [->JUL 16]
  • 1866 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts

Historic Event

1873 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

  • 1877 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
  • 1884 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
  • 1886 George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • 1890 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • 1892 1st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo

Historic Event

1905 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court

  • 1908 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • 1912 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 1913 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1913 World's official highest recorded temperature at Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California at 134 °F (56.7 °C)
  • 1915 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • 1917 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • 1918 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919 Dutch parliament approves women's right to vote

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate

Sports History

1920 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary

  • 1922 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Gerald Patterson wins his second Wimbledon title; beats Randolph Lycett 6-3, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1923 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • 1923 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • 1924 Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
  • 1924 Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1925 Jury selection takes place in US John T. Scopes evolution trial

  • 1925 USSR's official news agency TASS forms
  • 1925 Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.

US Golf Open

1926 US Open Men's Golf, Scioto CC: Amateur Bobby Jones, winner of the British Open 2 weeks earlier, claims the second of his 4 US Opens, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joe Turnesa

  • 1926 Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • 1928 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • 1929 In game between Pirates and Phillies 9 HRs hit 1 in each inning
  • 1929 US issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
  • 1932 Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
  • 1933 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, NY

Historic Event

1934 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

  • 1934 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, NYC

Baseball Record

1934 NL pitcher Carl Hubbell strikes out Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin for MLB All Star game record for consecutive strikeouts; AL still win, 9-7

  • 1936 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • 1936 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1936 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1936 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • 1936 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles

Baseball Record

1936 Phillies Chuck Klein becomes 4th to hit 4 HRs in a game

Music History

1937 Dutch Django Reinhardt's "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"

  • 1938 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Historic Event

1938 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

  • 1940 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • 1941 Continuation War: Finland invades East Karelia as hostilities with the Soviet Union resume following the German invasion in June
  • 1941 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland

Historic Event

1942 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish women in Ravensbrück concentration camp, in northern Germany

  • 1942 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1943 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • 1943 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • 1944 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Historic Event

1944 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

  • 1945 Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • 1946 Belgian government of Acker resigns
  • 1947 200 die when train derails and falls into a river in Canton, China
  • 1947 Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Philadelphia A's, 3-0

Historic Event

1947 Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee

  • 1948 "Allegro" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 318 performances
  • 1948 "Ballet Ballads" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • 1948 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • 1948 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • 1949 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1949 WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, Rhode Island (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 "Your Hit Parade" premieres on NBC-TV (later CBS), after being broadcast on radio from 1935
  • 1951 18th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 8-3 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • 1951 Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong

British Golf Open

1953 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: In his only Open Championship appearance, Ben Hogan prevails by 4 strokes over Dai Rees, Antonio Cerdá, Peter Thomson, Frank Stranahan

  • 1956 23rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.
  • 1956 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • 1958 1st parking meters installed in England (625 installed)
  • 1958 Ex-king Norodom Sihanoek appointed premier of Cambodia
  • 1960 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • 1960 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Viktor Ponedelnik scores in extra time as Soviet Union beats Yugoslavia, 2-1
  • 1962 32nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at D.C. Stadium, Washington

Historic Event

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia

  • 1962 Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 The Beatles release "A Hard Day's Night", their 3rd studio album
  • 1964 Jesus Alou is 1st Giant in 40 years to get 6 hits in a game
  • 1964 Moïse Tshombé, leader of the Confederation of Tribal Associations of Katanga, becomes Prime Minister of the Congo
  • 1964 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Tony Lema wins his only major title, 5 strokes clear of runner-up and fellow American Jack Nicklaus
  • 1965 Beatles' "VI" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks
  • 1965 Rolling Stones score their 1st US #1 single "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction"
  • 1967 Bobbie Gentry records "Ode to Billie Joe" - single goes on to win 4 Grammys
  • 1967 Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1968 US Major League baseball announces it will split into 2 divisions for 1969
  • 1969 Chilean Association of Librarians created
  • 1971 100th British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale: Lee Trevino wins the first of his consecutive Open Championships, a stroke ahead of Lu Liang-Huan of Taiwan
  • 1971 Failed assassination attempt on King Hassan II of Morocco, 101 killed

Historic Event

1971 National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) founded in US by women including Bella Abzug, Betty Friedan, Shirley Chisholm, Myrlie Evers-Williams and Gloria Steinem

  • 1972 Democratic convention opens in Miami Beach Florida (McGovern)
  • 1972 Herd of stampeding elephants kills 24, Chandka Forest India
  • 1973 Bahamas declares Independence from UK & adopts constitution
  • 1973 John Paul Getty III, grandson of oil tycoon J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome by Italian gangsters wanting a ransom
  • 1974 OPEC ends oil boycott against Netherlands
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Gladys Knight and Pips Summer Series premieres on NBC-TV

Sports History

1975 Test Cricket debut of Graham Gooch, v Australia, out for a pair

  • 1976 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: American Johnny Miller wins his only Open championship, 6 strokes clear of Seve Ballesteros and Jack Nicklaus; Miller's second and last major title
  • 1976 Chemical factory in Seveso, near Milan explodes covering the surrounding area in dioxin
  • 1976 One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial
  • 1977 "Happy End" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 75 performances
  • 1978 Bloodless military coup in Mauritania, President Moktar flees

Film & TV History

1978 World News Tonight premieres on ABC with Max Robinson the first black anchor on a network newscast in the US

Music History

1979 Chuck Berry sentenced to 4 months for $200,000 in tax evasion

  • 1980 Willie Jones hospitalized for heat stroke with record 46.5°C temperature
  • 1980 Sam Shepard's play "True West" premieres at the Magic Theatre in San Francisco [1]
  • 1980 Alexandra Palace in London burnt down for a second time
  • 1981 Walt Disney's "Fox & The Hound" released
  • 1981 CERN achieves 1st proton-antiproton beam collision (570 GeV)
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Film Premiere

1981 "Escape from New York" directed by John Carpenter and starring Kurt Russell and Donald Pleasence, premieres in the US

  • 1982 Miguel Vasquez makes 1st public quadruple somersault on trapeze
  • 1982 Rangers Larry Parrish hits his 3rd grand slam of the week

Historic Event

1982 Samuel Morse's "Gallery of the Louvre" sells for $3,250,000

  • 1982 Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1984 Prolific studio drummer Jim Gordon convicted of murdering his mother and sentenced 16 years to life in prison. Diagnosed with schizophrenia after the killing, he is serving time in a medical / psychiatric prison, and has been denied parole 10 times as of 2018. [1]
  • 1985 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

The Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French foreign intelligence agents blow up the Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbor, New Zealand to prevent it interfering with French nuclear tests in the South Pacific. Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira is killed.

Historic Publication

1985 Playboy (and also Penthouse) publish nude pictures of Madonna

  • 1989 Paula Ivan runs female world record 1 mile (4:15.61)
  • 1990 61st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-0 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
  • 1990 All star MVP: Julio Franco (Texas Rangers)

Film & TV History

1990 Andrew Dice Clay cries on Arsenio Hall Show

Sports History

1990 Final day of Test Cricket for Richard Hadlee as New Zealand go down by 114 runs in 3rd Test v England at Edgbaston

Election of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin sworn in as 1st elected President of the Russian Federation

  • 1991 L'Express Airlines Beechcraft C-99 crashes in Alabama, killing 13
  • 1991 Foreign Minister R.F. Botha of South Africa signs accession to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty on behalf of South Africa
  • 1992 John Ellis becomes CEO of Seattle Mariners
  • 1992 Spaceship Giotto (Halley 1986) approaches comet Grigg-Skjellerup
  • 1992 SuriPop VII, Suriname Popular Song Festival
  • 1992 US Major Soccer League folds after 14 seasons
  • 1993 Melchior Ndadaye becomes 1st Hutu Burundi President, Sylvie Kinigi Prime Minister
  • 1993 Yobes Ondieki runs world record 10km (26:58.38)
  • 1994 "Hedda Gabler" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 33 performances
  • 1994 Nepal premier Girija Prasadkoirala resigns
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs female world record 2K (5:25.36)
  • 1997 Hideki Irabu makes MLB debut as a NY Yankee, beats Tigers 10-3
  • 1997 Louise Woodward's trial begins in Massachusetts Nanny murder trial
  • 1997 RJR Nabisco announces it will replace Joe Camel in new ads
  • 1997 Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests
  • 1998 Roman Catholic sexual abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos
  • 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA: US beats China, 5-4 on penalties; 0-0 a.e.t; US second World Cup
  • 2000 EADS, the world's second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA
  • 2000 A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline

Album Release

2000 Coldplay release their debut album "Parachutes" (Grammy Award Best Alternative Album 2002)

  • 2001 72nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Safeco Field, Seattle
  • 2001 Amerada Hess agrees to acquire Triton Energy for $2.7 billion in cash
  • 2002 At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson
  • 2003 Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. Deadliest Hong Kong traffic accident.
  • 2005 Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage
  • 2005 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Peter Jacobsen wins his second Champions Tour major title by 1 stroke from Hale Irwin
  • 2006 Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board
  • 2007 78th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-4 at AT&T Park, San Francisco
  • 2008 Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a UN Tribunal accusing him of war crimes
  • 2011 British tabloid News of the World publishes its last edition after 168 years in the wake of a phone hacking scandal.
  • 2012 The American Episcopal Church becomes the first to approve a rite for blessing gay marriages