Historical Events on July 11

  • 911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
  • 1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan
  • 1244 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city's Christian population and driving out Jews

Victory in Battle

1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium: Flemish coalition defeat the French army of Philip IV

  • 1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  • 1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail on his first major expedition, to the Spice Islands, leading 208 vessels, including 62 treasure ships with 27,800 sailors
  • 1423 Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
  • 1525 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
  • 1536 The Convocation of the clergy subscribe to the Ten Articles, beliefs of the English Church under Henry VIII
  • 1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland
  • 1588 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
  • 1635 Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
  • 1656 The first Quakers to land in America (Boston), Englishwomen Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, are arrested and jailed by the Puritan colonial government. After 5 years imprisonment they are deported back to Barbados

Historic Event

1663 Oxford mathematician John Wallis gives a lecture on Euclid’s parallel postulate, first Western attempt to derive the parallel postulate as a theorem

  • 1673 Netherlands & Denmark sign defense treaty

Victory in Battle

1690 Battle of Drogheda Boyne: King William III defeats deposed King James II of England

  • 1708 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant 'planet' from the Sun for the last time before 1979
  • 1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • 1781 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US

Historic Event

1789 French King Louis XVI dismisses finance minister Jacques Necker, sparking riots in Paris

  • 1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet

Historic Event

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

Historic Publication

1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

  • 1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

Historic Event

1818 English poet John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", and "Gadfly"

  • 1848 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1859 Big Ben's second and current bell first chimes from inside the Clock Tower [1]
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Mountain Virginia - General Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain, Virginia - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863 Battle at Green River, Kentucky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • 1863 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864 Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C. with the Battle of Fort Stevens
  • 1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • 1882 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1888 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • 1889 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city

Historic Invention

1892 US Patent Office says Joseph Swan rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

  • 1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
  • 1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kōkichi Mikimoto, in Japan
  • 1895 Auguste and Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Historic Event

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon headed for the North Pole
  • 1900 Boer General De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns

Sports History

1900 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport

Historic Event

1902 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

Historic Event

1905 Black intellectuals and activists led by W.E.B. Du Bois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

  • 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy"
  • 1912 There are 6 medallists in the Stockholm Olympic pole vault; American Harry Babcock takes gold (3.95m); countrymen Frank Nelson and Marc Wright dead-heat for silver; 3-man dead-heat for bronze

Sports History

1914 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth makes his MLB debut as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox; earns 4-3 win against the Cleveland Naps at Fenway Park

  • 1915 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germany launches an offensive on Fort Souville in France but are defeated by artillery and machine gunners
  • 1916 US Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work
  • 1920 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1921 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • 1922 The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1923 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • 1924 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India

Appointment of Interest

1925 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands names Hendrikus Colijn of the Anti-Revolutionary Party as head of Dutch government

Cricket History

1930 21 year old Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman is 105 at lunch, 220 at tea, and 309 at stumps on the first day in 3rd Test vs England at Leeds; goes on to 334

  • 1931 NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8

Historic Event

1934 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal

  • 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • 1939 7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York NY Yankee/AL manager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees players
  • 1940 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

Historic Event

1940 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

  • 1941 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1943 7th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues

Historic Event

1943 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

  • 1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • 1943 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • 1944 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • 1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1948 1st air bombing of Jerusalem

Sports History

1950 17th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 in 14 at Comiskey Park, Chic Ted Williams breaks his elbow; 1st extra inning All Star Game

  • 1952 British Golf Men's Open, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: 3 titles in 4 years for Bobby Locke of South Africa beating Australian Peter Thomson by a stroke

Presidential Convention

1952 General Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

  • 1954 114°F (45.6°C), Sedgwick, Colorado (ties state record; broken in 2019)
  • 1954 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Mississippi
  • 1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • 1955 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets

Historic Publication

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

  • 1960 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • 1960 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • 1960 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent
  • 1961 30th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 in 10 at Candlestick Park, San Francisco
  • 1961 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
  • 1962 Brothers Hank snd Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
  • 1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
  • 1962 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested

Historic Event

1965 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion

  • 1967 "The Newlywed Game" premieres in the US on ABC TV
  • 1967 38th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 15 at Anaheim Stadium, CA
  • 1967 All star MVP: Tony Perez (Cincinnati Reds)

Music History

1967 Kenny Rogers forms 1st Edition

Sports History

1968 Earl Weaver replaces Hank Bauer as manager of Orioles

Sports History

1968 Start of Colin Cowdrey's 100th Test, 1st person to reach the milestone

Music Single

1969 David Bowie releases the single "Space Oddity" 9 days before Apollo 11 lands on the moon

  • 1969 Rolling Stones release "Honky Tonk Woman"
  • 1971 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines
  • 1971 Phillies Deron Johnson 3 HRs caps his 4 in a row
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a number of bombs in the centre of Belfast injuring a number of people
  • 1973 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 1974 World Football League plays 1st games
  • 1976 1st US football club in Austria forms (FAAFC-1st Austrian American)
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 In pre-game promo at Atlanta County Stadium, 34 couples wed at home plate followed by Championship Wrestling "Headlocks & Wedlocks"
  • 1976 US Open Women's Golf, Rolling Green GC: JoAnne Carner wins in a playoff with Sandra Palmer

Historic Event

1977 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr.

  • 1978 49th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at San Diego Stadium

Sports History

1978 All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers) collects his second award

  • 1978 Auto with liquid gas crashes and explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • 1979 US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia and disintegrates
  • 1980 American hostage Richard Queen freed by Iran militants due to illness
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1981 Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony

Sports History

1981 Sebastian Coe of UK sets record for 1K (2:12.18)

  • 1982 "7 Brides for 7 Brothers" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1982 FIFA World Cup Final, Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain: Italy beats West Germany, 3-1 in front of 90,000
  • 1982 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Portland GC: Miller Barber wins by 4 strokes from Dan Sykes & Gene Littler; his first of 3 Senior Open titles
  • 1983 Lorraine Elizabeth Downes (19), Miss New Zealand, crowned 32nd Miss Universe
  • 1984 55th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at Candlestick Park, San Francisco
  • 1984 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos) awarded for 2nd time
  • 1984 Britain's MusicBox begins satellite transmission to Europe
  • 1984 Government orders air bags or seat belts would be required in cars by 1989
  • 1984 Lucas Mangope re-elected president of Bophuthatswana

Sports History

1985 Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)

  • 1985 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway runs 10,000m in world record 30:13.74
  • 1986 Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
  • 1986 Mary Beth Whitehead christens surrogate Baby M, Sara
  • 1987 Heart's "Alone" single goes #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1987 Orioles' Cal Ripkin becomes 1st to manage 2 sons, as Billy joins Cal

Sports History

1988 Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor

Sports History

1989 60th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Anaheim Stadium, Anaheim All star MVP: Bo Jackson (KC Royals)

  • 1989 President Ronald Reagan sportscasts All Star Game
  • 1990 NYC police arrest "Dartman" (stabbed over 50 women with darts)
  • 1990 Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 Calumet Farm, home to 8 Kentucky Derby winners, files bankruptcy
  • 1991 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1991 Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii

Historic Event

1992 Presidential candidate Ross Perot at NAACP speech calls them "you people"

  • 1993 Mike Smith aboard Sky Beauty wins the Coaching Club American Oaks at Belmont to clinch thoroughbred racing's Triple Tiara for fillies

US Senior Golf Open

1993 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Jack Nicklaus wins by 1 stroke ahead of Tom Weiskopf for his second US Senior title

  • 1994 Suriname guilder devalued to 1USD = SG180 during a period of high inflation
  • 1995 66th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 at Ballpark at Arlington Tx
  • 1995 All star MVP: Jeff Conine (Florida Marlins)

Historic Event

1995 More than 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys are massacred by Bosnian Serbs after they overrun the UN 'safe haven' of Srebrenica on directive of Radovan Karadžić

Album Release

1995 Shaggy releases his third studio album "Bombastic" (Grammy Award Best Reggae Album)

  • 1999 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Des Moines G & CC: Dave Eichelberger wins by 3 strokes ahead of Ed Dougherty for his lone major title
  • 2000 71st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-3 at Turner Field, Atlanta
  • 2001 Iraq resumes oil exports, ending a 5-week halt in protest of a US and British-sponsored UN Security Council resolution

Golf Tournament

2004 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Legends on the Niagara GC: Meg Mallon wins by 4 strokes from Beth Daniel

  • 2004 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Englishman Mark James wins his lone career major title by 1 stroke from José Maria Cañizares of Spain
  • 2006 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India
  • 2006 77th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at PNC Park, Pittsburgh

Film Release

2007 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix", the 5th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released

  • 2007 15th ESPY Awards: LaDainian Tomlinson, Taryne Mowatt win
  • 2010 FIFA World Cup Final, Soccer City, Johannesburg, South Africa: Andrés Iniesta scores an extra time winner as Spain beats the Netherlands, 1-0 for first World Cup title
  • 2010 US Open Women's Golf, Oakmont CC: Paula Creamer wins her first major championship, 4 shots ahead of runners-up Na Yeon Choi and Suzann Pettersen
  • 2011 Neptune completes its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846
  • 2011 US Open Women's Golf, The Boardmoor: Ryu So-yeon wins her first major in a playoff with fellow South Korean Hee Hung Seo

ESPY Awards

2012 20th ESPY Awards: LeBron James, Brittney Griner win

Sports History

2012 Future Basketball Hall of Fame guard Steve Nash is traded by the Phoenix Suns to the Los Angeles Lakers

  • 2012 Police academy suicide bombing kills 20 in Sana'a, Yemen
  • 2012 S/2012 P 1, the fifth moon of Pluto is discovered

Television Premiere

2013 "Orange Is the New Black" premieres on Netflix starring Taylor Schilling, first series to be nominated for comedy and drama Emmy awards

  • 2013 30 people are killed in a wave of bomb and gun attacks across Iraq
  • 2014 The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continue attacks on Gaza

El Chapo Finally Recaptured

2015 Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

2015 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Serena Williams becomes oldest winner in Open era (33) beating Garbiñe Muguruza 6-4, 6-4

  • 2018 Oldest stone tools outside Africa discovered in Lantian country, western China, estimated 2.12 million years old made by hominins
  • 2019 Japan’s Hayabusa2 spacecraft lands on the Ryugu asteroid 300m km (185m miles) from earth for a second time to collect samples
  • 2019 Last models of Volkswagen's Beetle car are produced in Pueblo, Mexico, ending production worldwide after 80 years
  • 2019 US stock markets reach new records, the Dow tops 27,000 points for the first time and the S&P 500 hits 3,000 points

Music History

2021 Billionaire Richard Branson flies to the edge of space on his Virgin Galactic rocket plane in space tourism test

Sports History

2021 Copa América Final, Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro: Argentina beats Brazil, 1-0; Lionel Messi named player of the tournament in his first major international title victory

  • 2021 Rare mass anti-government protests across Cuba due to economic hardships and effects of COVID-19 led to widespread arrests
  • 2021 UEFA European Championship Final, Wembley Stadium, London: Italy wins first Euro title since 1968, 3-2 on penalties over England after scores locked at 1-1 AET

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

2021 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković claims a record equalling 20th Grand Slam title; beats Matteo Berrettini of Italy 6-7, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3

Historic Event

2022 NASA and US President Joe Biden reveal first image from James Webb Space Telescope, cluster of galaxies called SMACS 0723 four billion light-years away, as they appeared 13 billion years ago [1]