On This Day

Historical Events on July 13

  • 574 John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Historic Event

1174 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England

  • 1522 Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines
  • 1568 Dean of St. Paul's London, Alexander Nowell perfects a way to bottle beer
  • 1573 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia

Historic Event

1657 Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

  • 1668 Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro" (the Golden Apple or Tomato) premieres in Vienna
  • 1700 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war

Voyage of Discovery

1772 Captain James Cook begins his second voyage to the South Seas aboard the Resolution to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

  • 1787 Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787 US Ordinance of 1787 passed, establishes first organized US territory
  • 1794 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft

Historic Invention

1835 Swedish-American inventor John Ericsson files for a patent for his screw propeller design

  • 1836 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

Historic Event

1837 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

  • 1851 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854 US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon
  • 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford, Virginia (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Murfreesboro, fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee begins (Forrest's Raid), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Tupelo, Mississippi (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15]
  • 1863 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865 Horace Greeley, founder and editor of the "New-York Tribune" reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • 1868 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana

Historic Event

1870 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

  • 1871 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1876 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Indiana takes office
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1881 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats defending champion John Hartley 6-0, 6-1, 6-1 for first of his 7 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1885 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: 5 straight Wimbledon titles for William Renshaw; for second consecutive year he beats Herbert Lawford 7-5, 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
  • 1886 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats Herbert Lawford for the 3rd straight year 6-0, 5-7, 6-3, 6-4 for his 6th consecutive Wimbledon championship
  • 1893 Germany Army Bill is ratified
  • 1895 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats Wilberforce Eaves 4-6, 2-6, 8-6, 6-2, 6-3 for his third Wimbledon singles title
  • 1896 Philadelphia outfielder Ed Delahanty becomes second major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game as Phillies lose 9-8 to Chicago Colts at the West Side Grounds, Chicago
  • 1898 San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
  • 1900 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • 1911 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • 1917 Vision of Virgin Mary appears to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • 1919 Race riots in Longview, Gregg County, Texas
  • 1919 Boston Red Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support in field


1923 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland" but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949

  • 1923 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • 1924 Albin Stenroos wins Olympic marathon (2:41:22.6)
  • 1925 French occupation force begins evacuating country

World Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)

  • 1930 1st-ever football World Cup competition begins in Uruguay
  • 1930 David Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"

Baseball Record

1934 Babe Ruth hits 700th career home run against Detroit

Music History

1935 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer

  • 1935 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • 1936 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • 1936 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • 1938 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Music History

1939 Frank Sinatra makes his recording debut, with The Harry James Orchestra, singing "From the Bottom of My Heart" and "Melancholy Mood"

PGA Championship

1941 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Vic Ghezzi wins his only major title over defending champion Byron Nelson in 38 holes

  • 1941 Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of umpire Ray Snyder
  • 1941 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • 1943 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • 1944 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • 1946 Musical revue "Tidbits of 1946" closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC. after 8 performances
  • 1948 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis


1949 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

Sports History

1950 Doctors remove 7 bone fragments from Ted Williams' elbow

  • 1950 René Pleven forms French government
  • 1951 Great Flood: 2.000,000 acres in Kansas and Missouri in central US are flooded from rain swollen Missouri and Kansas Rivers
  • 1953 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • 1954 21st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-9 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
  • 1954 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
  • 1955 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference of Interest

1955 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

  • 1956 WCBI TV channel 4 in Columbus, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
  • 1960 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Presidential Convention

1960 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

  • 1962 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New Guinea

British Golf Open

1962 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Troon: Arnold Palmer wins his 2nd consecutive Open, 6 strokes clear of runner-up Kel Nagle of Australia

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn, wins his 300th and last MLB game at 43
  • 1963 Indian government announces it will cut last remaining links with South Africa by refusing landing facilities to South African aircraft
  • 1963 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: Bob Charles of New Zealand wins his only major championship in a 36-hole playoff, 8 strokes ahead of runner-up Phil Rodgers; becomes first left-hander to win a major title
  • 1965 36th MLB All Star Game, Metropolitan Stadium, Minnesota: NL wins, 6-5; MVP: Juan Marichal, SF Giants, P
  • 1966 A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada founds the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishna movement) in New York City
  • 1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
  • 1968 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: South African Gary Player wins second of his 3 Open titles, 2 strokes clear of Bob Charles and Jack Nicklaus; 5th of Player's 9 major titles
  • 1968 French government-Couve de Murville forms
  • 1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon

Historic Event

1969 North Ireland loyalist Ian Paisley addresses a crowd at Loughgall, County Antrim, and is reported to have said: "I am anti-Roman Catholic, but God being my judge, I love the poor dupes who are ground down under that system."

  • 1970 Building begins of Amsterdam metro
  • 1970 The annual 'Twelfth' parades passes off without serious incident in Northern Ireland

Sports History

1971 42nd MLB All Star Game, Tiger Stadium, Detroit, MI: AL beats NL, 6-4; MVP: Frank Robinson, Baltimore Orioles, OF

  • 1972 LA Rams (Irsay) & Baltimore Colts (Rosenbloom) swap owners
  • 1972 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1973 Bobby Murcer's 3 homers accounted for all RBIs, beating KC 5-0
  • 1973 Hector de Campora resigns as President of Argentina
  • 1974 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: South African Gary Player wins his 3rd Open Championship, 4 strokes clear of runner-up Peter Oosterhuis of England
  • 1974 India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)
  • 1975 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
  • 1976 47th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia
  • 1976 All star MVP: George Foster (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1976 Court martial begins in USSR for Valery Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)
  • 1976 Last day of Test Cricket for English all-rounder Brian Close, aged 45
  • 1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • 1978 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1978 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • 1978 Lee Iacocca fired as president of the Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford II
  • 1978 Russian dissidents Ginsburg, Piatkus and Sjtsjaranki sentenced to work camps
  • 1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida

Sports History

1979 Calif's Nolan Ryan and Boston's Steve Renko each lose no-hitters in 9th

Music Single

1979 George Harrison releases single "Faster"

  • 1980 US Open Women's Golf, Richland CC: Amy Alcott scores convincing 9 stroke win over runner-up Hollis Stacy
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 53rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Olympic Stadium, Montreal
  • 1982 All star MVP: Dave Conception (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1982 Train crash at Aalter Belgium, 5 killed
  • 1982 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1983 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa

Music Concert

1984 Eddie Van Halen makes a guest appearance, performing "Beat It", in a Jacksons concert, in Dallas, Texas

  • 1984 Jeff Beck quits Rod Stewart's tour after 7 shows
  • 1984 Sergei Bubka of USSR pole vaults a record 5.89 m
  • 1984 The last sitting of an all-white Parliament in South Africa
  • 1985 "Live Aid" concerts held at both Wembley Stadium (London, England) and JFK Stadium (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) raises over $70 million for African famine relief

Sports History

1985 New York Yankees retire Roger Maris (9) and Elston Howard (32) uniforms

  • 1986 Zola Budd and Annette Cowley are banned from the Commonwealth Games, a direct consequence of Britain's refusal to support economic sanctions against the apartheid government of South Africa

Music History

1987 Federal judge throws out Bette Midler's $10 million suit against Ford Motor Co, who used a sound alike voice for their TV commercials

Music Single

1987 Kylie Minogue releases her debut single "Locomotion"

  • 1988 Red Sox replace manager John McNamara with Joe Morgan

Music Concert

1988 Sting performs his 1st Rain Forest benefit at the Kennedy Center, Washington, DC

  • 1991 Bob Milacki & 3 other Baltimore Oriole pitchers no-hit A's 2-0
  • 1992 The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
  • 1993 64th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-3 at Camden Yards, Baltimore

Sports History

1993 All star MVP: Kirby Puckett (Minnesota Twins)

Sports History

1994 Tonya Harding's ex-husband Jeff Gillooly sentenced to 2 years in prison for attack on American Olympic figure skater Nancy Kerrigan

Murder of Interest

1994 Former NFL running back, broadcaster and actor O.J. Simpson (charged with murder) gives hair samples for testing

  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), launches
  • 1996 Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)

Sports History

1997 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Larry Gilbert wins his lone career major title by 3 strokes from Isao Aoki, Bob Dickson, Jack Kiefer and Dave Stockton

US Women's Golf Open

1997 US Open Women's Golf, Pumpkin Ridge GC: Alison Nicholas of England wins her lone major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Nancy Lopez

  • 1997 Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77
  • 1999 70th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Fenway Park, Boston
  • 2001 International Olympic Committee votes to award Beijing the 2008 Summer Olympic Games

Sports History

2003 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Craig Stadler wins his first of 2 Champions Tour major titles by 3 strokes from Tom Kite, Jim Thorpe and Tom Watson

  • 2004 75th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-4 at Minute Maid Park, Houston
  • 2005 TV police procedural "The Closer" debuts on TNT starring Kyra Sedgwick

Album Release

2006 UK singer-songwriter Lily Allen releases her debut album "Alright, Still" (Grammy nominee Best Alternative Music Album)

Historic Event

2008 Brewing company InBev announces deal to buy American brewer Anheuser-Busch for almost $52 billion

Music History

2009 "She Wolf", the lead single from Shakira's eighth album, premieres

  • 2010 81st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at Angel Stadium, Anaheim
  • 2011 Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130
  • 2011 19th ESPY Awards: Dirk Nowitzki, Lindsey Vonn win
  • 2012 China's economic growth drops to 7.6%, its lowest level for three years
  • 2012 19-30 people are killed after a train collides with a truck in Malelane, South Africa
  • 2012 Financially troubled Scottish football club, Rangers, is voted into the third division
  • 2013 #BlackLivesMatter created in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman on trial for the murder of Trayvon Martin
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 40 are injured after a gravel truck collides with a bus in Podolsk, Russia
  • 2013 Ten people are killed after a bus crash in Minas Gerais, Brazil

FIFA World Cup

2014 FIFA World Cup Final, Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Mario Götze scores an extra time winner as Germany beats Argentina, 1-0

Football Awards

2014 FIFA World Cup Awards: Lionel Messi (golden ball), James Rodriguez (golden boot) and Manuel Neuer (Golden gloves)

  • 2014 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Oak Tree National: Scotsman Colin Montgomerie wins by 1 stroke after a 3-hole playoff with Gene Sauers
  • 2014 British Open Women's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: American Mo Martin wins her first major title, 1 shot ahead of runners-up Shanshan Feng and Suzann Pettersen
  • 2015 Greek Credit Crisis: Eurozone agrees conditional deal to lend €86bn over 3 years if Greece passes reforms.
  • 2015 Sandra Bland is found dead in Waller County jail, Texas after spending weekend in jail after a traffic offence. Her family disputes her supposed suicide

Election of Interest

2016 Theresa May is elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Conservative Party MPs

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump arrives in Paris for a 2-day visit with French President Emmanuel Macron

Film Premiere

2017 "Dunkirk" film directed by Christopher Nolan with ensemble cast including Mark Rylance and Tom Hardy premieres in London, England

  • 2018 Chelsea FC sacks high profile manager Antonio Conte despite winning 2016-17 EPL and 2018 FA Cup, replaced by ex-Napoli boss Maurizio Sarri
  • 2018 Kevin Anderson of South Africa beats American John Isner 7-6, 6-7, 6-7, 6-4, 26-24 in the longest (6 hours 36 mins) semi final in Wimbledon history
  • 2018 Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay record $4.7 billion in damages in talc cancer case by jury in US state of Missouri
  • 2018 US Department of Justice charges 12 Russian intelligence officers with cyber-attacks against Democratic officials during 2016 US election
  • 2018 Outline of 5,000 year-old henge discovered at New Grange, Ireland through drought and drone footage
  • 2018 Suicide bombing in Baluchistan, Pakistan, targeting election campaign event kills 128, Islamic State claims responsibility

Film & TV History

2018 Actress Scarlett Johansson withdraws from a transgender film role after criticism of her casting

Historic Event

2018 Large protests in London against US President Donald Trump featuring Trump-like baby blimp as President Trump meets Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

2019 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Simona Halep beats Serena Williams 6-2, 6-2 in just 55 minutes; first Romanian to win a Wimbledon singles title

  • 2019 After Atlantic League-MLB partnership rule changes, Southern Maryland Blue Crabs' outfielder Tony Thomas becomes first player in professional baseball history to steal first base in 7-2 win v Lancaster Barnstormers
  • 2021 91st MLB All Star Game, Coors Field, Denver, CO: AL beats NL, 5-2 for their eighth consecutive victory
  • 2021 "Unprecedented" early fire season in western US as 67 large fires and nearly 918,000 acres reported burnt by Interagency Fire Center [1]

Historic Event

2021 337 die in violent protests and looting in South Africa following the jailing of Jacob Zuma, with more than 200 shopping malls set alight [1]

  • 2022 Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa flees to the Maldives just before leaving office amid nationwide protests and economic unrest [1]

Historic Event

2022 US President Joe Biden lands in Israel to begin a four-day trip to the Middle East