On This Day

Historical Events on July 14

  • 982 King Otto II and his Frankish army defeated in pitched battle with Muslim army of al-Qasim at Cape Colonna, Southern Italy
  • 1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II
  • 1420 Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia

Victory in Battle

1535 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis

  • 1581 English Jesuit priest Edmund Campion arrested for sedition in Anglican England (later hung, drawn and quartered)
  • 1682 Composer Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
  • 1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama
  • 1714 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish naval force
  • 1769 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California)
  • 1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California

France Celebrates Bastille Day

1789 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France's national day)

French Revolution

1790 The Fête de la Fédération, attended by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, is held across France on the first anniversary of the French Revolution

French Revolution

1791 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England

  • 1795 The French National Convention decrees "La Marseillaise" by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle France's national anthem
  • 1798 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
  • 1798 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • 1822 Date planned for the slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina by Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas (plot already uncovered in June)
  • 1823 Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1845 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • 1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie
  • 1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Historic Event

1853 US President Franklin Pierce opens World Fair - Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York

  • 1853 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • 1861 General McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia with 40,000 troops
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Wilmington North Carolina - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863 Battle of Falling Waters, Maryland (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 1865 English mountaineer Edward Whymper leads first expedition to climb the Matterhorn (four die on the descent)
  • 1865 The Chickasaw Nation is the last of the Five Tribes to surrender to the Union following the Confederate defeat
  • 1868 Alvin J. Fellows of New Haven, Connecticut patents the tape measure

Historic Event

1870 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

  • 1877 General strike brings US railroad to a standstill
  • 1891 American John T. Smith patents corkboard
  • 1902 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta (reconstructed 1912)
  • 1909 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • 1909 Theobold von Bethmann Hollweg nominated Germany Chancellor
  • 1911 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)

Historic Invention

1914 American engineer Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design

  • 1914 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • 1916 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1916 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 innings for 14 hits in a 0-0 tie vs Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park
  • 1921 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted of killing their shoe company's paymaster and sentenced to death, in Dedham Massachusetts
  • 1927 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
  • 1932 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • 1933 Germany begins mandatory sterilization of people with hereditary illnesses
  • 1933 All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany
  • 1933 Hedley Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44 for Yorkshire at Leyton
  • 1934 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)

Baseball Record

1934 NY Times erroneously declares Babe Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time

  • 1934 Philadelphia Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beating Cincinnati 18-0
  • 1936 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • 1936 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)

Historic Publication

1938 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish African manifesto

  • 1940 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • 1940 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • 1941 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • 1941 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • 1941 Jam rationed in Holland
  • 1942 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • 1942 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 1944 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 1945 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Historic Publication

1946 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

  • 1946 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland

Sports History

1946 Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs

  • 1948 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • 1949 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobný and Vladimir Černík defect while playing in a tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland; Drobny accepts Egyptian citizenship
  • 1950 RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
  • 1951 "Courtin' Time" closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
  • 1951 "Make a Wish" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 performances
  • 1951 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
  • 1951 In his last race, 1948 Triple Crown champion Citation wins the Hollywood Gold Cup by 4 lengths, to become American racing's first millionaire horse.
  • 1952 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)

Historic Event

1953 First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri [1]

  • 1953 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • 1954 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1954 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • 1956 Boston Red Sox pitcher Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0 at Fenway Park, Boston
  • 1957 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • 1958 General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq overthrowing the monarchy

Catholic Encyclical

1958 Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th and last encyclical Meminisse juvat

  • 1959 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • 1961 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • 1962 Borehole for Mont Blanc tunnel finished
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

1963 50th Tour de France: French cyclist Jacques Anquetil wins his 3rd consecutive general classification event; first rider to win Tour 4 times

  • 1964 MLB Baltimore Oriole Bob Johnson's 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
  • 1964 51st Tour de France: Jacques Anquetil of France wins 4th consecutive Tour and is first to claim 5 titles
  • 1965 Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
  • 1965 Israeli Jordanian border fights
  • 1965 US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
  • 1965 52nd Tour de France: In his first year as a professional, Italian Felice Gimondi, a replacement on the Salvarani team, captures overall title ahead of Raymond Poulidor
  • 1966 Richard Speck rapes and kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
  • 1966 53rd Tour de France won by Lucien Aimar of France
  • 1967 Houston Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR, off SF Giant Juan Marichal
  • 1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
  • 1967 The Who begin a US tour opening for Herman's Hermits

Baseball Event

1968 Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick

  • 1968 Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes out 18, beats Reds 6-1 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati
  • 1968 WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting

Film Release

1969 "Easy Rider", directed by Dennis Hopper, starring himself, Peter Fonda and Jack Nicholson, is released

  • 1969 "Futbol War" between El Salvador and Honduras begins
  • 1969 WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 1969 A 67-year-old Catholic civilian dies after being attacked by RUC officers in Dungiven; many consider this the first death of 'the Troubles'

Sports History

1970 41st MLB All Star Game, Riverfront Stadium, Cincinnati, OH: NL beats AL, 5-4; MVP: Carl Yastrzemski, Boston Red Sox, LF

  • 1972 Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic National Committee
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1972 Plate umpire and catcher in a game are brothers; Bill Haller is umpire and Tom Haller is Detroit Tigers catcher; Kansas City Royals win, 1-0
  • 1973 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Troon GC: American Tom Weiskopf wins wire-to-wire by 3 strokes from Johnny Miller and Neil Coles

Music History

1973 Phil Everly storms off stage and declares an end to "The Everly Brothers"

Sports History

1974 Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by umpire from 2 games in 1 day

  • 1974 Bundy victims Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappear, Lake Sammamish, Washington
  • 1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
  • 1976 USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands

Presidential Convention

1976 Democratic Convention in NYC nominates former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter for president and US Senator Walter Mondale, from Minnesota, for vice president

  • 1977 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • 1977 US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1978 Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
  • 1978 Umpire Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
  • 1978 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode" - blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
  • 1983 US politicians Dan Crane (Rep-R-Il) and Gerry Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
  • 1983 Mario Bros. is first released by Nintendo in Japan as an arcade game about an Italian-American plumber
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for remanifest of payloads
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Election of Interest

1984 New Zealand snap election, David Lange's Labour Party defeats Robert Muldoon's National Party

  • 1985 US Open Women's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Kathy Baker (later Guadagnino) wins her first LPGA Tour event and only major title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Judy Clark (later Dickinson)
  • 1985 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • 1985 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • 1986 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
  • 1986 2nd government of Lubbers sworn in

US Women's Golf Open

1986 US Open Women's Golf, NCR CC: Jane Geddes wins by 2 strokes in an 18-hole Monday playoff with South African born Sally Little

  • 1986 Motley Crue's Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
  • 1986 NASA's plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission

Music Single

1986 Paul McCartney releases single "Press", from the album "Press To Play"

  • 1986 Richard Miller becomes the 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
  • 1986 Shalamar's Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
  • 1987 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad

Sports History

1987 All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)

  • 1987 Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million

Historic Event

1987 Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony

Sports History

1987 Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson

  • 1987 Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
  • 1987 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
  • 1988 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak
  • 1988 WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
  • 1989 Jessye Norman sings French national anthem, La Marseillaise at the Place de la Concorde, Paris, to celebrate 200th anniversary of the French Revolution
  • 1990 "Howard Stern's Summer Show" premieres on WWOR-TV (NYC)
  • 1990 Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1991 US Open Women's Golf, Colonial CC: Meg Mallon shoots final round 67 (−4) to finish 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Pat Bradley
  • 1991 Failed military coup in Mali
  • 1992 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
  • 1992 Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery

Sports History

1992 All star MVP: Ken Griffey Jr. (Seattle Mariners)

Historic Event

1992 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz, starting the open source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds release "Linux" soon afterwards

  • 1993 Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow and NY
  • 1994 Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
  • 1995 LA Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
  • 1996 "How To Succeed in Business..." closes at R Rodgers NYC after 548 performances
  • 1996 "Thousand Clowns" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 32 performances

Golf Tournament

1996 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Raymond Floyd wins first of 2 event titles by 2 strokes from Hale Irwin

  • 1996 New York Yankees closer John Wetteland sets MLB record 24 consecutive saves
  • 1996 NY Yanks sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
  • 1997 Bomb in Algiers kills 21 & wounds 40
  • 1998 Violence erupts in Richmond, South Africa, reflecting underlying political tensions between supporters of the ANC and Inkatha Freedom Party

Assassination Attempt

2002 French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations

  • 2002 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Australian Stewart Ginn wins his lone career major title by 1 stroke from American trio Hubert Green, Mike McCullough & Jim Thorpe
  • 2005 38th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2007 Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

Film Premier

2008 "The Dark Knight" directed by Christopher Nolan, starring Christian Bale and Heath Ledger, premieres in New York

  • 2009 80th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Busch Stadium, St Louis
  • 2009 Singapore experiences a seasonally adjusted and annualised growth of 20.4% in the second quarter as a result of increased pharmaceuticals production and construction, bringing the country out of the recession

Sports Awards

2010 18th ESPY Awards: Drew Brees, Lindsey Vonn win

  • 2012 Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
  • 2012 Floods on the Japanese island of Kyushu kill 20 and displace 250,000
  • 2013 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Omaha CC: Kenny Perry wins by 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Fred Funk
  • 2014 The Church of England votes in favor of allowing women to become bishops
  • 2014 The death toll from the West African Ebola outbreak passes 500
  • 2014 The Egyptian government propose a cease fire in the Israel–Gaza conflict
  • 2014 After 7 days, Israel has struck Gaza 1320 times, while Gaza has fired 940 rockets at Israel

Historic Event

2015 Harper Lee's 2nd novel "Go Set A Watchman", an early 1957 version of "To Kill A Mocking Bird" goes on sale in 70 countries

  • 2015 Scientists from the Large Hadron Collider announce the discovery of a new particle called the pentaquark
  • 2015 Arms deal agreed between 6 world powers and Iran limiting Iranian nuclear arms but ending sanctions
  • 2015 86th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-3 at Great American Ball Park, Cincinnati

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

2018 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Angelique Kerber becomes the first German since Steffi Graf (1996) to win Wimbledon beating Serena Williams 6-3, 6-3

  • 2018 Huge iceberg looming over Innaarsuit village, western Greenland prompts evacations in case it calves
  • 2018 Haitian Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant resigns after violent protests against fuel price rises

Historic Event

2018 More than 300 people now reported killed in protests against government of President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua

  • 2018 Civilians killed in Afghan war reaches record high with 1,692 killed in first six months of 2018 says UN

Film & TV History

2018 US President Donald Trump calls the EU a "trade foe" in interview with CBS ahead of meeting with Russian President Putin

  • 2018 Russian covert agent Maria Butina arrested by the FBI in Washington, D.C.., charged with being unregistered foreign agent

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

2019 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković wins longest ever Wimbledon final over Roger Federer 7-6, 1-6, 7-6, 4-6, 13-12 in 4 hours, 57 minutes; his 16th Grand Slam title