On This Day

Historical Events on July 15

  • 971 According to legend English saint Swithun is reburied inside Winchester Cathedral (against his wishes), whereby a terrible storm proceeds to rain for 40 days and nights
  • 1099 City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitudea and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus

Historic Event

1207 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.

Victory in Battle

1240 A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva

  • 1307 Duke Henrik of Corinthia chosen as King of Bohemia

Battle of Grunwald

1410 Battle of Grunwald (First Battle of Tannenburg, Battle of Žalgiris), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen

  • 1500 Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1500 Baglione family massacre at the "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione and Lavinia Colonna in Perugia
  • 1501 Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral arrives back in Lisbon after successfully discovering Brazil and returning from India
  • 1524 Emperor Charles I bans German national synode
  • 1538 Peace talks between Charles I and King Francois I

Historic Event

1662 King Charles II charters Royal Society in London

  • 1741 Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska
  • 1755 French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1779 American troops under General A Wayne conquer Fort Stony Point, NY
  • 1783 World's first steamboat the Pyroscaphe, built by Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans, makes its first voyage on the river Saône in France
  • 1787 Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1789 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris

Rosetta Stone

1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign

  • 1806 Zebulon Pike begins his journey to explore the American Southwest
  • 1808 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples

Victory in Battle

1815 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo

  • 1815 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • 1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome
  • 1830 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 1840 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1850 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • 1856 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862 CSS Arkansas vs USS Carondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo River
  • 1863 President Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1867 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • 1869 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
  • 1870 Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • 1876 Baseball's first official no-hitter: George Bradley of the St Louis Brown Stockings no-hits the Hartford Dark Blues, 2-0
  • 1879 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats Vere St. Leger Goold 6-2, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1880 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reigning champion John Hartley beats Herbert Lawford 6-2, 6-3, 6-2, 2-6, 6-3
  • 1884 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: 4 consecutive Wimbledon titles for William Renshaw; beats Herbert Lawford 6-0, 6-4, 9-7
  • 1888 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1895 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats Helen Jackson 7-5, 8-6 for her first of 5 Wimbledon singles titles

Scientific Discovery

1898 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

  • 1900 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • 1902 Indian born England Test batsman K S Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch for Sussex v Surrey in a county cricket match at Hastings; finishes unbeaten on 234
  • 1904 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • 1906 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam

Baseball Record

1909 Detroit's future Baseball Hall of Fame center-fielder Ty Cobb smashes 2 inside-the-park homers to lead the Tigers to a sweep of the Washington Senators, 9-5 and 7-0

  • 1911 46" of rain (beginning 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect

Olympic Gold

1912 American athlete Jim Thorpe is placed in top 4 in all 10 events, for an Olympic record 8,413 points to win the Decathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982

  • 1914 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 1915 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • 1915 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1916 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)

Historic Event

1916 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle, Washington

  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • 1920 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • 1922 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at Bronx Zoological Park, New York City

US Golf Open

1922 US Open Men's Golf, Skokie CC: Gene Sarazen wins the first of his 7 major titles, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up John Black and 20-year-old amateur Bobby Jones

  • 1922 Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake's musical "Shuffle Along" closes on Broadway, July 15, 1922, after 504 performances
  • 1923 US Open Men's Golf, Inwood CC: Amateur legend Bobby Jones captures his first career major championship, defeating Bobby Cruickshank by 2 strokes in an 18-hole Sunday playoff
  • 1923 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • 1926 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • 1927 British Open Men's Golf, St. Andrews: American Bobby Jones retains title; wins wire-to-wire by 6 shots from Fred Robson & Aubrey Boomer
  • 1927 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • 1928 22nd Tour de France: Defending champion Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg holds yellow jersey from start to finish; his Alcyon team has all 3 podium positions
  • 1929 1st airport hotel opens at Oakland, California
  • 1932 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Ozaukee CC: Jane Weiller beats June Beebe 5 & 4 for golf's only major title

Historic Event

1932 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%

Historic Event

1933 Wiley Post begins 1st solo flight around the world (takes 7d and 19hrs)

  • 1934 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • 1936 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • 1937 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • 1937 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • 1938 Arthur Fagg becomes first batsman in first-class cricket history to score double centuries in both innings of a match; 244 and 202 for Kent v Essex at Colchester
  • 1939 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • 1940 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois

Historic Event

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Historic Event

1941 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

  • 1942 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • 1942 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • 1944 Greenwich Royal Observatory in London damaged by WW II flying bomb [1]

PGA Championship

1945 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Morraine CC: Byron Nelson wins 5th and final major title and 2nd PGA title; beats ex-MLB player Sam Byrd 4 & 3

  • 1946 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • 1948 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman nominated for his 1st full term at Democratic Convention (Philadelphia Convention Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • 1949 "Miss Liberty" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 308 performances
  • 1949 WBTV TV channel 3 in Charlotte, North Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1952 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins
  • 1953 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • 1954 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
  • 1954 1st commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)
  • 1954 KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • 1956 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1957 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1958 President Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

  • 1959 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.

Sports History

1960 Baltimore's future Baseball Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle in the Orioles' 5-2 win over the Chicago White Sox

The Twist Dance Craze

1960 Chubby Checker releases his version of "The Twist" in the US (date approximate)

  • 1960 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • 1961 "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 68 performances

British Golf Open

1961 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: Arnold Palmer wins the first of 2 consecutive Open Championships, a stroke ahead of Welshman Dai Rees

  • 1961 Spain accepts equal rights for men and women
  • 1962 Algeria becomes member of Arab League
  • 1962 Netherlands and Indonesia reach agreement over New Guinea

Sports History

1962 49th Tour de France; Defending champion Jacques Anquetil of France claims his 3rd Tour victory

  • 1963 KAIT TV channel 8 in Jonesboro, AR (ABC) begins broadcasting

Music History

1963 Paul McCartney is fined £17 for speeding

  • 1964 Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans
  • 1965 "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
  • 1965 Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece

Music History

1965 Leonard Bernstein premieres his "Chichester Psalms" for chorus and orchestra at Philharmonic Hall, NYC

Musical Finale

1967 Neil Simon, Cy Coleman, and Dorothy Fields' musical comedy "Sweet Charity" closes at Palace Theater, NYC, after 608 performances; wins a Tony Award for choreography

  • 1967 LA Wolves beat Washington Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Association champions
  • 1967 USSR performs 23-kilo ton nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk, USSR
  • 1967 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: 44 year old Argentine Robert De Vicenzo wins his only major championship, 2 strokes clear of defending champion Jack Nicklaus
  • 1968 "One Life to Live", American soap opera, premieres on TV
  • 1968 Commercial air travel begins between US & USSR
  • 1968 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 NJ Americans moved to Comack & become NY Nets (ABA)
  • 1969 Cincinnati Red Lee May hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader
  • 1970 Denmark beats Italy 2-0 in 1st world female soccer championship

Historic Event

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces he will visit the People's Republic of China

  • 1972 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Lee Trevino claims his second straight Claret Jug; first to successfully defend his title since Arnold Palmer in 1962; wins by 1 stroke from Jack Nicklaus

Music History

1972 "Honky Chateau" becomes Elton John's first No. 1 album in the US, includes hit "Rocket Man"

Sports History

1973 California Angel Nolan Ryan's 2nd no-hitter beats Detroit Tigers, 6-0

  • 1973 Ray Davies announces his retirement from The Kinks, then attempts suicide

Baseball Record

1973 MLB San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey becomes 15th to hit 400 HRs, this one at Candlestick Park against Pittsburgh Pirate's Bob Moose

  • 1974 Military coup on Cyprus: archbishop, President Makarios flees
  • 1974 TV news reporter Christine Chubbuck shoots herself live on WXLT-TV, Florida, first person to commit suicide in a live broadcast
  • 1975 46th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-3 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • 1975 All star MVP: Bill Madlock (Pittsburgh Pirates) & John Matlock (NY Mets)
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 launched; will rendezvous 2 days later
  • 1976 36-hr kidnap of 26 school children and their bus driver in California
  • 1978 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Jack Nicklaus completes 3rd career grand slam; wins by 2 strokes from Ben Crenshaw & Ray Floyd
  • 1979 US Open Women's Golf, Brooklawn CC: Jerilyn Britz wins her first LPGA Tour event (and only major), 2 shots ahead of runners-up Debbie Massey and Sandra Palmer
  • 1979 Morarji Desai resigns as premier of India

Baseball Record

1980 Johnny Bench hits his 314th HR as a catcher which breaks Yogi Berra's record

Historic Event

1980 Billy Carter, the brother of US President Jimmy Carter, registers as a foreign agent of the Libyan government after it was revealed they paid him hundreds of thousands of dollars

  • 1982 Body of Wendy Caulfield, 1st Green River victim, found near Seattle
  • 1982 Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via Dyess AFB, Texas

Historic Event

1982 Senate confirms George P. Shultz as US 60th Secretary of State by vote of 97-0

  • 1983 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France

Film Premiere

1983 Film version of "The Pirates of Penzance", starring Kevin Kline, Linda Ronstadt, and Angela Lansbury premieres in US

  • 1984 US Open Women's Golf, Salem CC: Hollis Stacy wins her 3rd US title by 1 stroke from Rosie Jones

Music Single

1984 John Lennon's single "I'm Stepping Out" released posthumously

  • 1985 Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
  • 1986 57th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at Astrodome, Houston

Sports History

1986 All star MVP: Roger Clemens (Boston Red Sox)

Music History

1987 Boy George barred from British TV show, he may be a bad influence

  • 1987 John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings
  • 1987 State of siege ends in Taiwan

Film Release

1988 "Die Hard" directed by John McTiernan and starring Bruce Willis and Alan Rickman is released in the US

US Women's Golf Open

1990 US Open Women's Golf, Atlanta Athletic Club: Defending champion Betsy King wins consecutive titles, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Patty Sheehan, the leader after each of first 3 rounds

  • 1991 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1991 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 1991 Sandhi Ortiz-DelValle is 1st woman to officiate a men's pro basketball (USBL) game, game between New Haven Skyhawks and Philadelphia Spirit

Historic Event

1992 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed

  • 1992 The Security Council of the UN examine violence in South Africa
  • 1994 Gyula Horn sworn in as premier of Hungary
  • 1994 Israel and Jordan agree to talks in Washington, D.C. on July 25th
  • 1994 NJ Nets Derrek Coleman accused of rape in Detroit
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs 3K (8:21.64)

Rwandan Genocide

1994 Hundreds of thousands of Hutus flee to Zaire in the Congo near the end of the Rwandan Genocide

  • 1995 Northern Virginia begins using new area code 540
  • 1996 After 2,216 consecutive games at shortstop, Cal Ripkin goes to 3rd
  • 1996 MSNBC begins Microsoft internet-NBC TV
  • 1996 Southern Mexico hit with 6.5 earthquake
  • 1996 A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport
  • 1997 Jerold Mackenzie awarded $26.6M (later reduced to $625,000) for being fired from Miller Brewing for sexual harassment for relaying a Seinfeld episode to a co worker
  • 1998 Donatella Versace launches her first couture collection for her brother's Versace label, a year after his murder
  • 1999 The inaugural game at the Seattle Mariners' Safeco Field held in Seattle, Washington
  • 1999 Scientists uncover possible reason for SS Waratah's disappearance 100 years later; The SS Waratah was a luxury steamer which did not reach its destination in 1909, and no trace of the wreckage was ever found
  • 2000 World record Rugby attendance of 108,874 see New Zealand beat Australia, 39-35 in Tri Nations match at Stadium Australia, Sydney; 5 tries each with Andrew Mehrtens' goal kicking (6) the difference
  • 2001 Senior Players Championship Men's Golf, TPC of Michigan: Allen Doyle wins his 2nd Champions Tour major with par on first extra hole of a playoff with Doug Tewell
  • 2002 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is elected 11th President of India (results announced 18th July)
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony
  • 2002 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
  • 2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
  • 2003 74th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-6 at U.S. Cellular Field, Chicago

Appointment of Interest

2005 After declining an offer to remain with the Anaheim Mighty Ducks, Mike Babcock is named head coach of the Detroit Red Wings

Film Premiere

2005 "Wedding Crashers", starring Owen Wilson and Vince Vaughn, premieres

  • 2007 Copa América Final, Maracaibo, Venezuela: Defending champions Brazil win their 8th title with a 3-0 win over Argentina
  • 2009 A 7.9 Magnitude earthquake registers 160km west of Invercargill, New Zealand, creating a small tsunami

Film Release

2009 "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the 6th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released worldwide

  • 2012 39 pilgrims are killed in a bus crash in Parasi, Nepal
  • 2012 A Russian Soyuz rocket with an international team launches for a mission to the International Space Station

Sports History

2012 US Senior Open Men's Golf, Indianwood G &CC: Englishman Roger Chapman wins by 2 strokes ahead of Bernhard Langer, Fred Funk, Corey Pavin & Tom Lehman

  • 2013 13 people are killed by a car bomb in Deir Atiyah, Syria
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 47 are injured in a riot following a boxing match in Indonesia