Historical Events on July 17

  • 180 6 inhabitants of Carthage, North Africa executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in this part of the world.
  • 561 John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I
  • 855 St Leo IV dies, ending his reign as Catholic Pope; he will be succeeded by Benedict III

Historic Event

1054 Holy Roman Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV king

  • 1070 Arnulf III the Hapless becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1203 Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade; Roman Catholic Crusaders aboard a Venetian fleet attack the city
  • 1245 Pope bans Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time
  • 1393 Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1429 Dauphin crowned King Charles VII of France (despite having been king since 1422)
  • 1453 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the Hundred Years' War

Victory in Battle

1473 Charles the Stout conquers Nijmegen

Historic Event

1505 Martin Luther enters into an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt

  • 1509 Venice recaptures nearby Italian city of Padua
  • 1549 Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
  • 1552 Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1583 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk

Historic Event

1585 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I

  • 1596 At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya

Historic Event

1603 English explorer Walter Raleigh is arrested by forces of King James I of England

  • 1686 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defense, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • 1712 Great Britain, Portugal and France sign ceasefire [or 19th]

Music Premiere

1717 George Frideric Handel's "Water Music" premieres repeatedly on a barge cruising the River Thames in London

  • 1727 Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1740 Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV

Murder of Interest

1762 Catherine II becomes Tsarina of Russia following the murder of Peter III

Historic Event

1774 Captain James Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)

French Revolution

1791 Members of the French National Guard under command of General Lafayette open fire on crowd of radical Jacobins at Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing up to 50 people

  • 1794 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church

Historic Publication

1814 Matthew Flinders publishes "A Voyage to Terra Australis", detailing his circumnavigation of Australia, first to name the continent Australia. He dies a day later. [1]

Historic Event

1816 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"

  • 1841 British humorous and satirical magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002
  • 1850 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • 1856 The Great Train Wreck of 1856 between Camp Hill and Fort Washington, Pennsylvania kills over 60 people
  • 1858 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room
  • 1861 At Manassas, Virginia General Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, General Johnston is ordered to Manassas
  • 1861 US Congress authorizes paper money
  • 1862 John Hunt Morgan's raid reaches Cynthiana, Kentucky
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River Mississippi: USS Potomac Expedition
  • 1862 United army officially divides corps
  • 1862 US army authorized to accept African-Americans as laborers
  • 1863 Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • 1863 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • 1864 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • 1866 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1867 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • 1878 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • 1879 1st railroad opens in Hawaii
  • 1882 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Defending champion William Renshaw beats twin brother Ernest Renshaw 6-1, 2-6, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1885 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Defending champion Maud Watson defeats Blanche Bingley 6–1, 7–5

  • 1886 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley defeats 2-time defending champion Maud Watson 6–3, 6-3
  • 1893 Arthur Shrewsbury is 1st to score 1,000 runs in Test Cricket

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1893 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim wins his first of 2 straight Wimbledon titles beating defending champion Wilfred Baddeley 3-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

  • 1894 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim retains his title beating 2-time champion Wilfred Baddeley 10-8, 6-2, 8-6
  • 1894 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley-Hillyard beats Edith Austin 6-1 6-1 for her 3rd of 6 Wimbledon singles titles
  • 1897 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • 1900 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • 1902 Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia
  • 1902 Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL
  • 1903 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government

Election of Interest

1906 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

  • 1911 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • 1912 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • 1915 Italian offensive at Isonzo

Stormy Birth for the House of Windsor

1917 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

  • 1918 Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings

Execution of the Romanovs

1918 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia

  • 1919 Finland adopts constitution
  • 1919 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • 1922 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto

Baseball Record

1922 Ty Cobb gets 5 hits in a game for record 4th time in a year

  • 1923 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • 1924 St Louis Card Jesse Haines no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0

Baseball Record

1925 Tris Speaker, is 5th to get 3,000 hits

World Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:11.4)

  • 1927 21st Tour de France: Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg claims first of 2 consecutive titles by 1h 48' 21" from Belgian Maurice De Waele
  • 1929 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China
  • 1933 After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Germany under mysterious circumstances

Sports History

1934 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland

  • 1935 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"

Baseball Record

1936 NY Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell begins MLB record 24 game winning streak, beating Pittsburgh Pirates, 6-0 at Forbes Field

Historic Event

1936 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

  • 1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

PGA Championship

1939 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pomonok CC: 1938 Masters champion Henry Picard wins his 2nd major title defeating Byron Nelson with a birdie at the 37th hole

Baseball Record

1941 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland

  • 1942 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • 1942 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record); flooding kills 15
  • 1942 Transport #6 departs Pithiviers, France with 928 French Jews sent to Aushwitz Concentration camp; 45 survive until the war's end
  • 1943 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • 1944 2 ammunition ships explode at Port Chicago, California, killing 322
  • 1944 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • 1948 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • 1948 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

The Berlin Candy Bombers

1948 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'

  • 1950 Indonesian troops land on Buru, South-Molukka
  • 1950 Suppression of Communism Act comes into force in South Africa
  • 1951 Leopold III, King of the Belgians, abdicates in favour of his son Boudouin I
  • 1951 Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts, is chartered

Appointment of Interest

1952 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier

  • 1954 1st major league game where majority of team is black (Dodgers)
  • 1954 Construction of Disneyland commences in Anaheim, California
  • 1954 Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany

LPGA Championship

1955 1st LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Orchard Ridge CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 3 shots from Louise Suggs

  • 1955 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • 1955 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.

Film Release

1956 MGM releases film "High Society", a musical re-working of "The Philadelphia Story" set in Newport, Rhode Island; starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, with songs by Cole Porter

  • 1958 King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation

Music Premiere

1958 Peter Shaffer's musical "Five Finger Exercise" premieres in London

  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands

Film Premiere

1959 "North by Northwest" directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Cary Grant and Eva Marie Saint premieres in Los Angeles

  • 1959 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis

Scientific Discovery

1959 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

  • 1959 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)
  • 1959 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • 1960 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • 1961 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • 1962 East Berliner Peter Fechter flees over Berlin Wall
  • 1962 Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft)
  • 1962 Senate rejects medicare for aged
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

1963 Dave DeBusschere hits a single off Bennie Daniels, his 1st and only MLB hit

  • 1963 Telstar soccer team forms in Ijmuiden

Historic Event

1964 ANC leader Nelson Mandela, recently sentenced to life imprisonment, is awarded the Joliot Curie Gold Medal for Peace

  • 1964 Don Campbell sets record for turbine vehicle, 690.91 kph (429.31 mph)
  • 1964 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 WLCY (now WTSP) TV channel 10 in St Petersburg-Tampa, Florida (ABC) begins
  • 1966 Charles Strouse and Lee Adams' musical "It's a Bird... It's A Plane...It's Superman" closes at Alvin Theatre, NYC. after 129 performances
  • 1966 Indians set club record by hitting 7 HR in 15-2 win over Detroit
  • 1966 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3m51s3)
  • 1967 Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees' tour, after playing 7 of a planned 29 shows
  • 1967 Race riots in Cairo, Illinois
  • 1968 Bloodless coup in Iraq led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  • 1968 The Beatles' animated film "Yellow Submarine" premieres in London
  • 1970 30,000 attend Randall's Island Rock Festival, NYC
  • 1972 1st 2 women begin training as FBI agents at Quantico
  • 1973 Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees
  • 1974 Bob Gibson becomes 2nd pitcher to strike-out 3,000 (Cesar Geronimo)
  • 1974 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

Music History

1974 John Lennon is (again) ordered to leave US in 60 days, due to a 1968 marijuana charge in the UK (he doesn't)

  • 1974 The Moody Blues open 1st quadrophonic recording studio in UK
  • 1975 Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 make 1st US/USSR linkup in space
  • 1975 Four British soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote-controlled bomb near Forkill, County Armagh; attack the first major breach of a February truce
  • 1976 21st modern Olympic games opens in Montreal: 25 African teams (later rising to 33 nations) boycott the games due to New Zealand playing rugby in apartheid South Africa

Historic Event

1976 Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor

Sports History

1978 NY Yankee manager Billy Martin and Reggie Jackson fight in dug out after Jackson refuses to bunt, causing Martin to suspend him

  • 1979 50th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-6 at Kingdome, Seattle
  • 1979 All star MVP: Dave Parker (Pittsburgh Pirates)

Sports History

1979 David Gower 200* in England score of 5-633 v India at Edgbaston

World Record

1979 Sebastian Coe runs world record 3:49 mile in Oslo

  • 1979 Simone Veil becomes chairman of European Parliament
  • 1980 Bolivian military coup; General Garcia Meza becomes president

Presidential Convention

1980 Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for US president

  • 1980 Zenko Suzuki becomes Premier of Japan
  • 1981 "This is Burlesque" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • 1981 Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta
  • 1981 Glasdrumman ambush: the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a British Army post in South Armagh, killing 1 soldier and injuring another
  • 1981 Humber Estuary Bridge in UK opens, world's longest span (1.4 km)
  • 1981 Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut
  • 1981 Lobby walkways at Kansas City's Hyatt Regency hotel collapse killing 114 and injuring over 200
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 1st USFL championship (Mich Panthers beats Philadelphia Stars 24-22)

British Golf Open

1983 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: Defending champion Tom Watson wins his 5th Open Championship, 1 stroke clear of Andy Bean and Hale Irwin; Watson's 2nd consecutive Open win and 3rd in last 4

  • 1984 Pierre Mauroy resigns as Prime Minister of France
  • 1984 Soyuz T-12 carries 3 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 7
  • 1984 US passes National Minimum Drinking Age Act, prohibiting under 21's from buying or possessing alcohol as a condition of receiving federal highway funds

Daytime Emmy Awards

1986 Emmy 13th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 7th time

  • 1987 "Les Miserables" opens at Imperial Theatre, Tokyo
  • 1987 10 teens die in Guadalupe River flood (Comfort, Tx)

Baseball Record

1987 Don Mattingly is 2nd to hit HRs in 7 straight AL games (en route to 8)

  • 1987 Dow Jones closes above 2,500 (2,510.04) for 1st time
  • 1987 Iran and France break diplomatic relations
  • 1988 4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute
  • 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets 100m woman's record (10.49)
  • 1988 Highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco, 103°F (39°C)
  • 1989 1st test flight of US stealth bomber

Music Single

1989 Paul McCartney releases single "This One", from his album "Flowers In The Dirt"

  • 1989 Reds reliever Kent Tekulve retires after 1,070 appearances
  • 1990 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq
  • 1990 Minnesota Twins become 1st team to turn 2 triple plays in a game but lose to Boston Red Sox 1-0

Baseball Record

1990 NY Yankee Deion Sanders hits an inside park homer

  • 1992 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1993 Graeme Obree breaks the world hour cycling record, riding 51.596km on Old Faithful at the Hamar velodrome in Norway [1]
  • 1994 British Open Men's Golf, Turnberry: Nick Price of Zimbabwe claims the second of his 3 major titles and only Claret Jug; wins by 1 stroke from Jesper Parnevik of Sweden
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA: Brazil beats Italy 3-2 on penalties; 0-0 after extra time
  • 1994 French youngster (4) becomes Buddhist Lama Tulkou Kalou Rinpoche

Historic Event

1995 Forbes Magazine announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world with a net worth of $12.9 billion dollars

  • 1996 Paris-bound flight TWA 800, explodes off the coast of Long Island, New York, killing all 230 on board the Boeing 747
  • 1997 30th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 1997 STS 94 (Columbia 23), lands

Film Release

1998 "The Mask of Zorro" directed by Martin Campbell, starring Antonio Banderas, Catherine Zeta-Jones and Anthony Hopkins is released

Historic Event

1998 Russia buries Tsar Nicholas II and family, 80 years after they died

Music History

2001 Craig David releases “Born to Do It” in the United States

  • 2003 36th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2004 Former South African President Nelson Mandela calls for commitment by the world to take action against AIDS
  • 2005 British Open Golf, St. Andrews: Tiger Woods wins his 10th major title wire-to-wire by 5 shots from Scotsman Colin Montgomerie