Historical Events on July 17

Events 1 - 200 of 225

  • 180 6 inhabitants of Carthage, North Africa executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in this part of the world.
  • 561 John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I
  • 855 St Leo IV dies, ending his reign as Catholic Pope; he will be succeeded by Benedict III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1054 Holy Roman Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV king

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1070 Arnulf III the Hapless becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1203 Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade, Crusaders aboad a Venetian fleet attack the city
  • 1245 Pope bans Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time
  • 1393 Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1429 Dauphin crowned King Charles VII of France (despite having been king since 1422)
  • 1453 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the 100 Years' War
  • 1473 Charles the Stout conquers Nijmegen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 Martin Luther enters into an Augustinian monastery at Erfurt

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1509 Venice recaptures Padua
  • 1549 Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
  • 1552 Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1583 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1585 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1596 At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 Sir Walter Raleigh arrested by forces of King James

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
  • 1686 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defense, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • 1712 Great Britain, Portugal and France sign ceasefire [or 19th]

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1717 George Frideric Handel's "Water Music" premieres on the river Thames in London

  • 1727 Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1740 Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV

MurderMurder of Interest

1762 Catherine II becomes tsarina of Russia following the murder of Peter III

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Captain James Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1775 1st military hospital approved
  • 1791 Members of the French National Guard under command of General Lafayette open fire on crowd of radical Jacobins at Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing up to 50 people
  • 1794 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church
  • 1816 "L'Argus" accidentally discovers raft holding survivors from wrecked French frigate "Méduse." After 13 days at sea only 15 of 151 remain, the rest having been cannibalised, murdered, or committed suicide. This event was made famous by Théodore Gericault’s painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1821 Spain cedes Florida to the US
  • 1841 British humorous and satirycal magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002
  • 1850 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • 1856 The Great Train Wreck of 1856 between Camp Hill and Fort Washington, Pennsylvania kills over 60 people
  • 1858 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room
  • 1861 US Congress authorizes paper money
  • 1861 At Manassas, Virginia General Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, General Johnston is ordered to Manassas
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River Mississippi: USS Potomac Expedition
  • 1862 US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • 1862 United army officially divides corps
  • 1862 John Hunt Morgan's raid reaches Cynthiana, Kentucky
  • 1863 Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • 1863 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • 1864 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • 1866 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • 1867 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • 1878 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • 1879 1st railroad opens in Hawaii
  • 1882 6th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (6-1 2-6 4-6 6-2 6-2)
  • 1885 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats Herbert Lawford 7-5, 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
  • 1886 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats Herbert Lawford 6-0, 5-7, 6-3, 6-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 Arthur Shrewsbury is 1st to score 1,000 runs in Test Cricket
  • 1897 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • 1898 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • 1900 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • 1902 Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL
  • 1902 Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia
  • 1903 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1906 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1911 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • 1912 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • 1914 Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • 1915 Italian offensive at Isonzo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1918 Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings

BattleExecution of the Romanovs

1918 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia
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  • 1919 Finland adopts constitution
  • 1919 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • 1922 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1922 Ty Cobb gets 5 hits in a game for record 4th time in a year

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1923 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • 1924 St Louis Card Jesse Haines no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
  • 1925 Tris Speaker, is 5th to get 3,000 hits

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:11.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1927 21st Tour de France won by Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg
  • 1929 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China
  • 1933 After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Germany under mysterious circumstances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1935 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake
  • 1939 22nd PGA Championship: Henry Picard at Pomonok CC Flushing NY

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1941 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1942 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • 1942 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1942 Transport #6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • 1944 2 ammunition ships explode at Port Chicago, California, killing 322
  • 1944 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • 1948 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • 1948 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

/flags/germanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

1948 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
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  • 1950 Indonesian troops land on Buru, South-Molukka
  • 1950 Suppression of Communism Act comes into force in South Africa
  • 1951 Leopold III, King of the Belgians, abdicates in favour of his son Boudouin I
  • 1951 Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts, is chartered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Shah of Persia Mohammed Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1954 1st major league game where majority of team is black (Dodgers)
  • 1954 Construction of Disneyland commences
  • 1954 Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 1st LPGA Championship, Orchard Ridge CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 3 shots from Louise Suggs

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • 1955 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • 1955 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.
  • 1958 King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation
  • 1958 Peter Shaffer's "Five Finger Exercise" premieres in London
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1959 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
  • 1959 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • 1959 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)

InventionScientific Discovery

1959 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey

Film release premierFilm Premier

1959 "North by Northwest" directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Cary Grant and Eva Marie Saint premieres in Los Angeles

  • 1960 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • 1961 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Roger Maris loses a HR (of his 61) due to a rain-out in 5th

American Baseball Player Roger Maris
American Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • 1962 East Berliner Peter Fechter flees over Berlin Wall
  • 1962 Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft)
  • 1962 Senate rejects medicare for aged
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Telstar soccer team forms in Ijmuiden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Dave DeBusschere hits a single off Bennie Daniels, his 1st and only MLB hit

NBA Forward and MLB Player Dave DeBusschere
NBA Forward and MLB Player
Dave DeBusschere
  • 1964 Don Campbell sets record for turbine vehicle, 690.91 kph (429.31 mph)
  • 1964 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 ANC leader Nelson Mandela, recently sentenced to life imprisonment, is awarded the Joliot Curie Gold Medal for Peace

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1965 WLCY (now WTSP) TV channel 10 in St Petersburg-Tampa, Florida (ABC) begins
  • 1966 "It's a Bird... It's Superman" closes at Alvin NYC after 129 performances
  • 1966 Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
  • 1966 Indians set club record by hitting 7 HR in 15-2 win over Detroit
  • 1966 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3m51s3)
  • 1967 Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act
  • 1967 Race riots in Cairo Illinois
  • 1968 The Beatles' animated film "Yellow Submarine" premieres in London
  • 1968 Bloodless coup in Iraq led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  • 1970 30,000 attend Randall's Island Rock Festival, NYC
  • 1971 Kathy Whitworth/Judy Kimball wins LPGA Four-Ball Golf Championship
  • 1972 1st 2 women begin training as FBI agents at Quantico
  • 1973 Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees
  • 1974 1st quadrophonic studio in UK is open by Moody Blues
  • 1974 Bob Gibson becomes 2nd pitcher to strike-out 3,000 (Cesar Geronimo)
  • 1974 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 John Lennon is ordered to leave US in 60 days

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1975 Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 make 1st US/USSR linkup in space
  • 1975 Four British soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote-controlled bomb near Forkill, County Armagh; attack the first major breach of a February truce
  • 1976 21st modern Olympic games opens in Montreal: 25 African teams (later rising to 33 nations) boycott the games due to New Zealand playing rugby in apartheid South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 NY Yankee manager Billy Martin and Reggie Jackson fight in dug out after Jackson refuses to bunt, causing Martin to suspend him

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1979 50th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-6 at Kingdome, Seattle
  • 1979 All star MVP: Dave Parker (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • 1979 David Gower 200* in England score of 5-633 v India at Edgbaston
  • 1979 Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle flees to Miami
  • 1979 Sebastian Coe runs world record 3:49 mile in Oslo
  • 1979 Simone Veil becomes chairman of European Parliament
  • 1980 Bolivian military coup; General Garcia Meza becomes president

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1980 Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for US president

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1980 Zenko Suzuki becomes Premier of Japan
  • 1981 "This is Burlesque" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • 1981 Humber Estuary Bridge in UK opens, world's longest span (1.4 km)
  • 1981 Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut
  • 1981 Lobby walkways at Kansas City's Hyatt Regency hotel collapse killing 114 and injuring over 200
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta
  • 1981 Glasdrumman ambush: the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a British Army post in South Armagh, killing 1 soldier and injuring another

Sport awardGolf Major

1983 112th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 275 at Royal Birkdale

Golfer Tom Watson
Tom Watson
  • 1983 1st USFL championship (Mich Panthers beats Philadelphia Stars 24-22)
  • 1983 Beth Daniel wins LPGA McDonald's Kids Golf Classic
  • 1984 Pierre Mauroy resigns as Premier of France
  • 1984 Soyuz T-12 carries 3 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 7
  • 1984 US passes National Minimum Drinking Age Act, prohibiting under 21's from buying or possessing alcohol as a condition of receiving State highway funds
  • 1986 Emmy 13th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 7th time
  • 1987 "Les Miserables" opens at Imperial Theatre, Tokyo
  • 1987 10 teens die in Guadalupe River flood (Comfort, Tx)
  • 1987 Don Mattingly is 2nd to hit HRs in 7 straight AL games (en route to 8)
  • 1987 Dow Jones closes above 2,500 (2,510.04) for 1st time
  • 1987 Iran and France break diplomatic relations
  • 1988 117th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots 273 at Royal Lytham
  • 1988 4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute
  • 1988 Colleen Walker wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
  • 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets 100m woman's record (10.49)
  • 1988 Highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco, 103°F (39°C)
  • 1989 1st test flight of US stealth bomber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Paul McCartney releases "This One"

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1989 Reds reliever Kent Tekulve retires after 1,070 appearances
  • 1990 Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1990 NY Yankee Deion Sanders hits an inside park homer

NFL Legend Deion Sanders
NFL Legend
Deion Sanders
  • 1990 Minnesota Twins become 1st team to turn 2 triple plays in a game but lose to Boston Red Sox 1-0
  • 1992 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1993 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time, 51,596 km
  • 1994 123rd British Golf Open: Nick Price shoots a 268 at Turnberry Scotland
  • 1994 Beth Daniel wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup Final: 0-0 a.e.t. but Brazil beats Italy 3-2 on penalties at the RoseBowl in Pasadena, California
  • 1994 French youngster (4) becomes Buddhist Lama Tulkou Kalou Rinpoche

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Hulk Hogan beats Ric Flair to win WCW wrestling championship

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Forbes Magazine announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world with a net worth of $12.9 billion dollars

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates
  • 1996 230 people die when TWA 800 crashes outside of NYC
  • 1996 TWA Flight 800: Off the coast of Long Island, New York, a Paris-bound TWA Boeing 747 explodes, killing all 230 on board
  • 1997 STS 94 (Columbia 23), lands
  • 1997 30th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Russia buries Tsar Nicholas II and family, 80 years after they died