Historical Events on July 22

  • 259 Saint Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II
  • 1099 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem

Historic Event

1139 Pope Innocent II is ambushed and taken captive by the forces of Roger II of Sicily at Galluccio while trying to invade the Kingdom of Sicily

  • 1298 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1306 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1456 Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II
  • 1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured
  • 1489 "Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed

Treaty of Interest

1489 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France

  • 1515 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1535 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1582 Willem of Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 1587 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off North Carolina

Historic Event

1632 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro Palace for King Philip IV

  • 1648 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • 1686 City of Albany, NY chartered
  • 1691 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • 1729 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
  • 1731 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1739 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia and then successfully lays siege to Belgrade
  • 1793 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada
  • 1796 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleaveland. Originally called 'Cleaveland', the public adopted the current name after a newspaper editor noticed the name was too long to fit on the page.
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain

Historic Event

1835 Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia is consecrated, originally commissioned by Elizabeth of Russia

  • 1859 Underarm slow right arm bowler V E Walker takes 10-74 in 1st innings for an All-England Cricket XI v Surrey CCC at The Oval in London

Victory in Battle

1864 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties

  • 1865 Underarm slow right arm bowler V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire in a county cricket match at Old Trafford, Manchester
  • 1893 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • 1898 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • 1901 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • 1901 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • 1905 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • 1912 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • 1912 V Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1916 A bomb explodes during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10
  • 1917 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1918 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • 1919 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London

US Golf Open

1921 US Open Men's Golf, Columbia CC: Englishman Jim Barnes wins the 3rd of his 4 major titles by 9 strokes ahead of runners-up Walter Hagen and Fred McLeod

  • 1922 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
  • 1923 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France

Baseball Record

1923 Washington Senators future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Walter Johnson becomes 1st to reach 3,000 career strikeout milestone (en route to 3,508) with 5 K's in 3-1 win over Cleveland Indians

Sports History

1925 NY Yankees buy future Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop Leo Durocher from Hartford Senators (Eastern League)

  • 1926 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • 1926 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • 1926 Cincinnati Reds right fielder Curt Walker ties National League record of 2 triples in an inning in a 13-1 rout of the Boston Braves
  • 1933 Caterina Jarboro sings "Aida" at the New York Hippodrome, becoming the 1st black female opera singer to perform in the US

Historic Event

1933 Wiley Post completes the 1st solo flight round the world, takes 7 days and 19 hours

Historic Event

1934 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

  • 1935 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1936 Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Johnny Moore hits 3 straight home runs in a 16-4 rout of the Pittsburgh Pirates

Election of Interest

1937 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Historic Event

1937 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

  • 1939 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge in New York

Meeting of Interest

1940 Dutch Prime minister Dirk Jan De Geer meets Adolf Hitler seeking peace talks

  • 1942 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Historic Event

1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

Historic Event

1943 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

  • 1944 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1946 Militant Zionist organization Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46
  • 1947 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • 1950 Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1950 King Leopold returns to Belgium after 6 years in exile
  • 1951 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • 1952 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1954 US Virgin Islands adopt constitution (Revised Organic Act)
  • 1954 WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Philadelphia Phillies beat the St. Louis Cardinals, 5-3 to complete a team record 11-game winning streak; longest win-streak since 1892

Historic Event

1955 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island

Music History

1959 Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D premieres

The Worst Movie Ever

1959 Ed Wood's cult classic "Plan 9 From Outer Space", called one of the worse films ever, premieres

  • 1959 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • 1961 WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 1st US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off
  • 1962 Chicago White Sox outfielder Floyd Robinson goes 6 for 6 (all singles) as WS defeat Boston Red Sox, 7-3 at Fenway Park

PGA Championship

1962 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Aronimink GC: Gary Player of South Africa wins by 1 stroke from Bob Goalby

Boxing Title Fight

1963 In their second clash Sonny Liston once again KOs Floyd Patterson in round 1 at the Convention Center, Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1963 Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule
  • 1967 1st major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC)
  • 1967 Atlanta Braves establish MLB record for number of pitchers called upon in one inning; 5 used in 9th inning of 5-4 defeat to St. Louis Cardinals
  • 1968 Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system

Music History

1969 Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing the peace in Detroit

  • 1969 USSR launches Sputnik 50 & Molniya 1-12 communications satellite
  • 1971 Sudanese military counter-coup under premier Numeiry
  • 1972 10.84" (27.53 cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record)
  • 1972 2 Catholics are abducted, beaten, and shot dead in a Loyalist area of Belfast

Sports History

1972 59th Tour de France: Eddy Merckx of Belgium takes 4th consecutive general classification title as well as points and combination events

  • 1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus
  • 1973 60th Tour de France won by Luis Ocana of Spain
  • 1973 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Rochester: Susie Maxwell Berning wins by 5 from Gloria Ehret & Shelley Hamlin for her third national title

Historic Event

1975 US House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee

  • 1976 "Let My People Come" opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 106 performances

Sports History

1979 66th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France

  • 1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982 Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle
  • 1983 Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world
  • 1983 MLB California Angels outfielder Brian Downing's error ends his record streak at 244 games
  • 1983 Polish Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski lifts martial law after 19 months

Federation Cup

1984 22nd Federation Cup Women's Tennis, São Paulo, Brazil: Czech pair Hana Mandlíková & Helena Suková beat Australians Elizabeth Sayers & Wendy Turnbull 6-2, 6-2 for a 2-1 victory

  • 1984 71st Tour de France won by Laurent Fignon of France
  • 1986 US House of Representatives impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne for tax evasion
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
  • 1987 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1988 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
  • 1989 Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America's Junior Miss

Sports History

1990 77th Tour de France won by Greg LeMond of USA

  • 1990 90th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Phil Mickelson
  • 1990 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Englishman Nick Faldo wins the 2nd of his 3 Open Championships by 5 strokes from runners-up Mark McNulty & Payne Stewart

Historic Event

1991 Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978

Historic Event

1992 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison

  • 1992 Soyuz TM-15 launches

Sports History

1993 NY Yankee Don Mattingly hits his 200th HR

  • 1993 Soyuz TM-17 lands
  • 1994 23rd & last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (since July 16th)
  • 1994 Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center

Murder of Interest

1994 Former NFL running back, broadcaster and actor O.J. Simpson pleads "Absolutely 100% Not Guilty" of murder

  • 1994 Mariners play Red Sox as home team at Fenway, as Kingdome is repaired
  • 1994 Military coup in Gambia: President Dawda Jawara flees
  • 1994 William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1995 Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina
  • 1997 "One Piece", world's best-selling manga and comic series, written and illustrated by Eiichiro Oda first appears serialized in "Weekly Shōnen Jump" in Japan
  • 1997 Fire breaks out at Palais de Chaillot in Paris

Sports History

1997 Greg Maddux throws a complete game with just 76 pitches

  • 1997 The first shipments of oil produced from Kazakhstan's Tengiz field arrive at terminals on the Black Sea for subsequent export through the Bosphoros Strait
  • 1997 The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario
  • 1999 Woodstock '99 music festival begins at Griffiss Park, Rome, New York (runs until 25th); attended by 200,000, ended due to violence

Sports History

2001 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: David Duval wins his only major title by 3 shots from Niclas Fasth of Sweden

  • 2002 Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians
  • 2003 Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard
  • 2004 37th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings
  • 2007 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: Irishman Pádraig Harrington beats Sergio García of Spain by 1 in a 4-hole aggregate playoff to claim his first major championship; first Irishman to win the Open in 60 years
  • 2010 43rd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2011 Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, second a massacre at a youth camp on island of Utøya
  • 2012 99th Tour de France won by Bradley Wiggins of Great Britain
  • 2012 At least 77 people are killed by torrential rain in Beijing, China

Sports History

2012 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St. Annes: South African Ernie Els wins his 2nd Claret Jug, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Adam Scott of Australia

  • 2012 Car bombs kills 20 people and injures 80 in Madaen and Najaf, Iraq
  • 2012 Hashim Amla smashes 311 not out in South Africa's inning and 12 run 1st Test win over England at The Oval; first South African to score a triple-century in Test cricket
  • 2012 Pranab Mukherjee is elected 13th President of India
  • 2013 89 people are killed and 500 are injured by earthquakes in Gansu province, China

Appointment of Interest

2013 Mike Babcock is again named head coach of Team Canada, this time for the 2014 Winter Olympics (they would repeat as gold medalists)

  • 2014 Both the United Arab Emirates and the USA announce aid packages to besieged Gaza
  • 2014 European Union claim that Israel 'has the right to defend itself', but say civilian casualties in Gaza are unacceptable
  • 2014 News broadcaster Al Jazeera claim that its office in Gaza is under attack by the Israeli Defence Force
  • 2015 'Oldest' Qur'an fragments discovered in collection of Birmingham University, radiocarbon testing dates to AD568 - AD645
  • 2016 A man shoots and kills 9 people at the Olympia shopping mall in Munich, Germany and then kills himself

Historic Event

2016 Hillary Clinton announces Virginia Senator Tim Kaine as her Vice Presidential running mate

  • 2016 Japan’s Funai Electric announce they will manufacture world's last videocassette this month
  • 2017 10 die in over-heated tractor-trailer in San Antonio, Texas in human-trafficking incident
  • 2017 South African golfer Branden Grace records lowest round for a men's major championship - 62 in 3rd round at British Open, Royal Birkdale, England
  • 2018 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: Francesco Molinari holds off a pack of players including favourites Rory McIlroy & Justin Rose to win by 2; first Italian to win a major title
  • 2018 Heatwave in Japan kills 11 in one day
  • 2018 Israeli military and allies evacuate over 400 White Helmet Syrian rescue workers from its border with Syria to Jordan
  • 2018 Lone gunman shooting kills 3 including gunman and injures 13 in Toronto, Canada
  • 2018 Seattle basketball guard Sue Bird plays record 500th WNBA game as Storm go down 87-74 to the Atlanta Dream; finishes career on 508 games for Seattle
  • 2018 TV show "Supergirl" announces casting of first live-action transgender superhero, by transgender actor Nicole Maines as Nia Nal

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump threatens Iran in an all-caps tweet of "consequences" in response to speech by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani

  • 2019 Air strikes have killed at least 31 people in Maarat al-Numan, north-western Syria, with Russian planes supporting Syrian government being blamed
  • 2019 French submarine Minerve rediscovered off coast of Toulon, France, after disappearing in 1968 with loss of 52 crew
  • 2019 India's lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2 successfully takes off from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota aiming to be fourth nation to soft-land on the moon

Film & TV History

2019 Marvel superhero film "Avengers: Endgame" becomes the world's highest-grossing film overtaking "Avatar" earning $2.9 billion

  • 2019 NFL Dallas Cowboys named most valuable sports team in the world worth $5 billion, MLB New York Yankees 2nd at $4.6 billion, Real Madrid 3rd with $4.2 billion according to Forbes

Meeting of Interest

2019 Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan meets with US President Donald Trump at the White House in Washington, D.C.

  • 2019 US President Donald Trump says US could win war in Afghanistan in a week "I just don't want to kill 10 million people. If I wanted to win that war, Afghanistan would be wiped off the face of the earth"
  • 2020 California passes New York total for COVID-19 cases (415,763 vs 415,094), though NY death toll much higher

Music History

2020 Kim Kardashian asks for understanding of her husband Kanye West's struggles with his bipolar disorder on Instagram

  • 2021 US at “another pivotal point in this pandemic” says CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky as the Delta variant becomes dominant
  • 2022 Droupadi Murmu is the first tribal politician to be elected President of India (head of state, without executive powers) [1]